A Un Passo Dalla Forca

Author: Angelo Del Boca
Editor: Baldini & Castoldi
ISBN: 8868652013
Size: 20,20 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 444

La conquista italiana della quarta sponda è costata alle popolazioni della Libia, nell'arco di vent'anni, centomila morti. Un numero enorme di vittime, se si pensa che il Paese contava, al momento dell'invasione, appena ottocentomila abitanti. Dunque un libico su otto ha perso la vita - nei combattimenti, nei lager infernali della Sirtica, nei penitenziari italiani, o appeso alla forca - nel tentativo disperato di difendere la propria patria. Sinora si conosceva il dramma del popolo libico essenzialmente da libri redatti in base a documenti di fonte italiana ed europea, a volte incompleti e spesso poco imparziali. Nel 2006 Angelo Del Boca ha avuto l'opportunità di poter consultare un documento di cui si ignorava l'esistenza: le memorie di Mohamed Fekini, capo della tribù dei Rogebàn, uno dei più irriducibili oppositori della dominazione italiana. A uno storico italiano si prospettava così l'occasione di studiare il pensiero, i sentimenti, le strategie politiche e le trame degli altri e, nello stesso tempo, di mettere a confronto le due versioni dei fatti.

A Un Passo Dalla Forca Atrocit E Infamie Dell Occupazione Italiana Della Libia Nelle Memorie Del Patriota Mohamed Fekini

Author: Angelo Del Boca
Editor: Baldini Castoldi Dalai Edito
ISBN: 9788860732606
Size: 19,52 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 594

A Box Of Sand

Author: Charles Stephenson
Editor: Tattered Flag
ISBN: 0957689276
Size: 16,99 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Read: 163

This is the first book in the English language to offer an analysis of a conflict that, in so many ways, raised the curtain on the Great War. In September 1911, Italy declared war on the once mighty, transcontinental Ottoman Empire _ but it was an Empire in decline. The ambitious Italy decided to add to her growing African empire by attacking Ottoman-ruled Tripolitania (Libya). The Italian action began the rapid fall of the Ottoman Empire, which would end with its disintegration at the end of the First World War. The day after Ottoman Turkey made peace with Italy in October 1912, the Balkan League attacked in the First Balkan War. The Italo-Ottoman War, as a prelude to the unprecedented hostilities that would follow, has so many firsts and pointers to the awful future: the first three-dimensional war with aerial reconnaissance and bombing, and the first use of armored vehicles, operating in concert with conventional ground and naval forces; war fever whipped up by the Italian press; military incompetence and stalemate; lessons in how not to fight a guerrilla war; mass death from disease and 10,000 more from reprisals and executions. Thirty thousand men would die in a struggle for what may described as little more than a scatolone di sabbia _ a box of sand. As acclaimed historian Charles Stephenson portrays in this ground-breaking study, if there is an exemplar of the futility of war, this is it. Apart from the loss of life and the huge cost to Italy (much higher than was originally envisaged), the main outcome was to halve the Libyan population through emigration, famine and casualties. The Italo-Ottoman War was a conflict overshadowed by the Great War _ but one which in many ways presaged the horrors to come. A Box of Sand will be of great interest to students of military history and those with an interest in the history of North Africa and the development of technology in war.

The Vanquished

Author: Robert Gerwarth
ISBN: 0374537186
Size: 11,88 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 184

A Times Literary Supplement Best Book of 2016 An epic, groundbreaking account of the ethnic and state violence that followed the end of World War I—conflicts that would shape the course of the twentieth century For the Western Allies, November 11, 1918, has always been a solemn date—the end of fighting that had destroyed a generation, but also a vindication of a terrible sacrifice with the total collapse of the principal enemies: the German Empire, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire. But for much of the rest of Europe this was a day with no meaning, as a continuing, nightmarish series of conflicts engulfed country after country. In The Vanquished, a highly original and gripping work of history, Robert Gerwarth asks us to think again about the true legacy of the First World War. In large part it was not the fighting on the Western Front that proved so ruinous to Europe’s future, but the devastating aftermath, as countries on both sides of the original conflict were savaged by revolutions, pogroms, mass expulsions, and further major military clashes. In the years immediately after the armistice, millions would die across central, eastern, and southeastern Europe before the Soviet Union and a series of rickety and exhausted small new states would come into being. It was here, in the ruins of Europe, that extreme ideologies such as fascism would take shape and ultimately emerge triumphant. As absorbing in its drama as it is unsettling in its analysis, The Vanquished is destined to transform our understanding of not just the First World War but the twentieth century as a whole.

The Origins Of The Libyan Nation

Author: Anna Baldinetti
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1135245029
Size: 19,54 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Read: 524

Libya is a typical example of a colonial or external creation. This book addresses the emergence and construction of nation and nationalism, particularly among Libyan exiles in the Mediterranean region. It charts the rise of nationalism from the colonial era and shows how it developed through an external Libyan diaspora and the influence of Arab nationalism. From 1911, following the Italian occupation, the first nucleus of Libyan nationalism formed through the activities of Libyan exiles. Through experiences undergone during periods of exile, new structures of loyalty and solidarity were formed. The new and emerging social groups were largely responsible for creating the associations that ultimately led to the formation of political parties at the eve of independence. Exploring the influence of colonial rule and external factors on the creation of the state and national identity, this critical study not only provides a clear outline of how Libya was shaped through its borders and boundaries but also underlines the strong influence that Eastern Arab nationalism had on Libyan nationalism. An important contribution to history of Libya and nationalism, this work will be of interest to all scholars of African and Middle Eastern history.

Religion As Resistance

Author: Eileen Ryan
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190673818
Size: 19,99 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 450

When Italian forces landed on the shores of Libya in 1911, many in Italy hailed it as an opportunity to embrace a Catholic national identity through imperial expansion. After decades of acrimony between an intransigent Church and the Italian state, enthusiasm for the imperial adventure helped incorporate Catholic interests in a new era of mass politics. Others among Italian imperialists-military officers and civil administrators-were more concerned with the challenges of governing a Muslim society, one in which the Sufi brotherhood of the Sanusiyya seemed dominant. Eileen Ryan illustrates what Italian imperialists thought would be the best methods to govern in Muslim North Africa and in turn highlights the contentious connection between religious and political authority in Italy. Telling this story requires an unraveling of the history of the Sanusiyya. During the fall of Qaddafi, Libyan protestors took up the flag of the Libyan Kingdom of Idris al-Sanusi, signaling an opportunity to reexamine Libya's colonial past. After decades of historiography discounting the influence of Sanusi elites in Libyan nationalism, the end of this regime opened up the possibility of reinterpreting the importance of religion, resistance, and Sanusi elites in Libya's colonial history. Religion as Resistance provides new perspectives on the history of collaboration between the Italian state and Idris al-Sanusi and questions the dichotomy between resistance and collaboration in the colonial world.

Teoria Delle Leggi Della Sicurezza Sociale

Author: Giovanni Carmignani
Size: 19,17 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 616

Noi Due All Infinito

Author: Rosalin R.
Editor: Lulu.com
ISBN: 1291730400
Size: 12,71 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Read: 997

Ero arrivata proprio a quel punto: sms del buongiorno e della buona notte. Mi stavo innamorando? Perdutamente, anzi ero proprio persa, come un povero cervo nella foresta incantata di una favola. Quelle attenzioni mi stavano facendo male, potevo abituarmi. E avevamo avuto la stessa idea, nello stesso istante. Gia, quelle cose accadono quando si inizia ad essere complici. Cominciavamo ad essere un tutt'uno. Un'unica cosa. Le nostre teste lavoravano all'unisono. Anche i nostri cuori viaggiavano insieme. Per adesso percorrevano la stessa strada, verso una medesima direzione. Se durante quel viaggio, qualcosa fosse andato storto, cosa sarebbe accaduto? Io mi sarei fatta molto male. Il libro: Viki e una giovane donna con le scelte, a volte molto dure. E poi c'e Andrea, che sconvolge ogni parte della sua piatta vita, rendendola una giostra complicata e piacevole. Emozionante, permette di leggere nelle varie sfaccettature dei personaggi, e nel piu profondo del cuore di ognuno di noi.