Chaos

Author: Kathleen Alligood
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3642592813
Size: 19,93 MB
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BACKGROUND Sir Isaac Newton hrought to the world the idea of modeling the motion of physical systems with equations. It was necessary to invent calculus along the way, since fundamental equations of motion involve velocities and accelerations, of position. His greatest single success was his discovery that which are derivatives the motion of the planets and moons of the solar system resulted from a single fundamental source: the gravitational attraction of the hodies. He demonstrated that the ohserved motion of the planets could he explained hy assuming that there is a gravitational attraction he tween any two ohjects, a force that is proportional to the product of masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them. The circular, elliptical, and parabolic orhits of astronomy were v INTRODUCTION no longer fundamental determinants of motion, but were approximations of laws specified with differential equations. His methods are now used in modeling motion and change in all areas of science. Subsequent generations of scientists extended the method of using differ ential equations to describe how physical systems evolve. But the method had a limitation. While the differential equations were sufficient to determine the behavior-in the sense that solutions of the equations did exist-it was frequently difficult to figure out what that behavior would be. It was often impossible to write down solutions in relatively simple algebraic expressions using a finite number of terms. Series solutions involving infinite sums often would not converge beyond some finite time.

An Introduction To Dynamical Systems And Chaos

Author: G.C. Layek
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 8132225562
Size: 17,62 MB
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The book discusses continuous and discrete systems in systematic and sequential approaches for all aspects of nonlinear dynamics. The unique feature of the book is its mathematical theories on flow bifurcations, oscillatory solutions, symmetry analysis of nonlinear systems and chaos theory. The logically structured content and sequential orientation provide readers with a global overview of the topic. A systematic mathematical approach has been adopted, and a number of examples worked out in detail and exercises have been included. Chapters 1–8 are devoted to continuous systems, beginning with one-dimensional flows. Symmetry is an inherent character of nonlinear systems, and the Lie invariance principle and its algorithm for finding symmetries of a system are discussed in Chap. 8. Chapters 9–13 focus on discrete systems, chaos and fractals. Conjugacy relationship among maps and its properties are described with proofs. Chaos theory and its connection with fractals, Hamiltonian flows and symmetries of nonlinear systems are among the main focuses of this book. Over the past few decades, there has been an unprecedented interest and advances in nonlinear systems, chaos theory and fractals, which is reflected in undergraduate and postgraduate curricula around the world. The book is useful for courses in dynamical systems and chaos, nonlinear dynamics, etc., for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students in mathematics, physics and engineering.

Die Erforschung Des Chaos

Author: John H. Argyris
Editor: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322904415
Size: 16,68 MB
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Das Buch stellt die grundlegenden Konzepte der Chaos-Theorie und die mathematischen Hilfsmittel so elementar wie möglich dar.

Introduction To Discrete Dynamical Systems And Chaos

Author: Mario Martelli
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118031121
Size: 20,33 MB
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A timely, accessible introduction to the mathematics of chaos. The past three decades have seen dramatic developments in the theory of dynamical systems, particularly regarding the exploration of chaotic behavior. Complex patterns of even simple processes arising in biology, chemistry, physics, engineering, economics, and a host of other disciplines have been investigated, explained, and utilized. Introduction to Discrete Dynamical Systems and Chaos makes these exciting and important ideas accessible to students and scientists by assuming, as a background, only the standard undergraduate training in calculus and linear algebra. Chaos is introduced at the outset and is then incorporated as an integral part of the theory of discrete dynamical systems in one or more dimensions. Both phase space and parameter space analysis are developed with ample exercises, more than 100 figures, and important practical examples such as the dynamics of atmospheric changes and neural networks. An appendix provides readers with clear guidelines on how to use Mathematica to explore discrete dynamical systems numerically. Selected programs can also be downloaded from a Wiley ftp site (address in preface). Another appendix lists possible projects that can be assigned for classroom investigation. Based on the author's 1993 book, but boasting at least 60% new, revised, and updated material, the present Introduction to Discrete Dynamical Systems and Chaos is a unique and extremely useful resource for all scientists interested in this active and intensely studied field. An Instructor's Manual presenting detailed solutions to all the problems in the book is available upon request from the Wiley editorial department.

An Introduction To Dynamical Systems

Author: D. K. Arrowsmith
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521316507
Size: 10,68 MB
Format: PDF
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In recent years there has been an explosion of research centred on the appearance of so-called 'chaotic behaviour'. This book provides a largely self contained introduction to the mathematical structures underlying models of systems whose state changes with time, and which therefore may exhibit this sort of behaviour. The early part of this book is based on lectures given at the University of London and covers the background to dynamical systems, the fundamental properties of such systems, the local bifurcation theory of flows and diffeomorphisms, Anosov automorphism, the horseshoe diffeomorphism and the logistic map and area preserving planar maps . The authors then go on to consider current research in this field such as the perturbation of area-preserving maps of the plane and the cylinder. This book, which has a great number of worked examples and exercises, many with hints, and over 200 figures, will be a valuable first textbook to both senior undergraduates and postgraduate students in mathematics, physics, engineering, and other areas in which the notions of qualitative dynamics are employed.

Differential Equations Dynamical Systems And An Introduction To Chaos

Author: Morris W. Hirsch
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123820103
Size: 20,15 MB
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Hirsch, Devaney, and Smale's classic Differential Equations, Dynamical Systems, and an Introduction to Chaos has been used by professors as the primary text for undergraduate and graduate level courses covering differential equations. It provides a theoretical approach to dynamical systems and chaos written for a diverse student population among the fields of mathematics, science, and engineering. Prominent experts provide everything students need to know about dynamical systems as students seek to develop sufficient mathematical skills to analyze the types of differential equations that arise in their area of study. The authors provide rigorous exercises and examples clearly and easily by slowly introducing linear systems of differential equations. Calculus is required as specialized advanced topics not usually found in elementary differential equations courses are included, such as exploring the world of discrete dynamical systems and describing chaotic systems. Classic text by three of the world's most prominent mathematicians Continues the tradition of expository excellence Contains updated material and expanded applications for use in applied studies

Chaos In Discrete Dynamical Systems

Author: Ralph Abraham
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461219361
Size: 13,91 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The materials in the book and on the accompanying disc are not solely developed with only the researcher and professional in mind, but also with consideration for the student: most of this material has been class-tested by the authors. The book is packed with some 100 computer graphics to illustrate the material, and the CD-ROM contains full-colour animations tied directly to the subject matter of the book itself. The cross-platform CD also contains the program ENDO, which enables users to create their own 2-D imagery with X-Windows. Maple scripts are provided to allow readers to work directly with the code from which the graphics in the book were taken.

Dynamical Systems With Applications Using Matlab

Author: Stephen Lynch
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0817681566
Size: 19,80 MB
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This introduction to dynamical systems theory guides readers through theory via example and the graphical MATLAB interface; the SIMULINK® accessory is used to simulate real-world dynamical processes. Examples included are from mechanics, electrical circuits, economics, population dynamics, epidemiology, nonlinear optics, materials science and neural networks. The book contains over 330 illustrations, 300 examples, and exercises with solutions.

Wissenschaft Und Methode

Author: Henri Poincaré
Editor:
ISBN: 9783936532319
Size: 20,40 MB
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I. Forscher und Wissenschaftler: Die Auswahl der Tatsachen / Die Zukunft der Mathematik / Die mathematische Erfindung / Der Zufall II. Die mathematische Schlußweise: Die Relativität des Raumes / Die mathematischen Definitionen und der Unterricht / Mathematik und Logik / Die neue Logik / Die neuesten Arbeiten der Logistiker III. Die neue Mechanik: Mechanik und Radium / Mechanik und Optik / Die neue Mechanik und die Astronomie IV. Die Wissenschaft der Astronomie: Milchstraße und Gastheorie / Die Geodäsie in Frankreich Erläuternde Anmerkungen (von F. Lindemann) "Viele Mathematiker glauben, daß man die Mathematik auf die Gesetze der formalen Logik zurückführen kann. Unerhörte Anstrengungen wurden zu diesem Zwecke unternommen; zur Erreichung des bezeichneten Zieles scheute man sich z.B. nicht, die historische Ordnung in der Entstehung unserer Vorstellungen umzukehren, und man suchte das Endliche durch das Unendliche zu erklären. Für alle, welche das Problem ohne Voreingenommenheit angereifen, glaube ich im folgenden gezeigt zu haben, daß diesem Bestreben eine trügerische Illusion zugrunde liegt. Wie ich hoffe, wird der Leser die Wichtigkeit der Frage verstehen [...]." Henri Poincaré

Instabilities Chaos And Turbulence

Author: Paul Manneville
Editor: Imperial College Press
ISBN: 9781860944918
Size: 13,62 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book is an introduction to the application of nonlinear dynamics to problems of stability, chaos and turbulence arising in continuous media and their connection to dynamical systems. With an emphasis on the understanding of basic concepts, it should be of interest to nearly any science-oriented undergraduate and potentially to anyone who wants to learn about recent advances in the field of applied nonlinear dynamics. Technicalities are, however, not completely avoided. They are instead explained as simply as possible using heuristic arguments and specific worked examples.