Biobehavioral Resilience To Stress

Author: Brian J Lukey
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420071788
Size: 16,52 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 951

Military service involves exposure to multiple sources of chronic, acute, and potentially traumatic stress, especially during deployment and combat. Notoriously variable, the effects of stress can be subtle to severe, immediate or delayed, impairing individual and group readiness, operational performance, and—ultimately—survival. A comprehensive compilation on the state of the science, Biobehavioral Resilience to Stress identifies key factors and characteristics that are essential to a scientifically useful and behaviorally predictive understanding of resilience to stress. Contributions from Uniquely Qualified Military and Civilian Experts Initiated by the Military Operational Medicine Research Directorate of the US Army Medical Research and Material Command (USAMRMC), this seminal volume integrates recent research and experience from military and civilian experts in behavioral and social sciences, human performance, and physiology. Each chapter is grounded in vigorous research with emphasis on relevance to a variety of real-world operations and settings, including extreme environments encountered in modern war. Logical Progression, Cross-Disciplinary Appeal Organized into four sections, the text begins with a discussion of the relevant aspects of stress in the context of military life to offer civilian readers a window into contemporary military priorities. Later chapters consider biological, physiological, and genetic factors, psychosocial aspects of resilience, and “community capacity” variables that influence psychological responses to stressful events. This multidisciplinary effort concludes with an overview of emergent themes and related issues to advance the science of resilience toward predictive research, theory, and application for all those—military and civilian—who serve in the national defense.

Promoting Psychological Resilience In The U S Military

Author: Lisa S. Meredith
Editor: Rand Corporation
ISBN: 0833058185
Size: 20,74 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Read: 220

Many programs are available to increase psychological resilience among service members and families, but little is known about their effectiveness. This report reviews existing programs to identify evidence-informed factors for promoting resilience.

Stress And Epigenetics In Suicide

Author: Vsevolod Rozanov
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128052864
Size: 15,53 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Read: 273

Stress and Epigenetics in Suicidediscusses the central role of epigenetic modifications in suicidal behavior. As early-life stress and an individual's ability to cope with such stressors, combined with psychological factors, social factors, and existential and cognitive factors can predispose young people to suicidal behavior and put them at added risk of suicidal behavior later in life, this book provides readers with an overview of the neurobiology of stress, an introduction to the epigenetic changes induced by stress, and an understanding of how vulnerability and resilience to stress are built. It integrates these mechanisms into a biobehavioral model of suicide based on epigenetic marks, gene-environment interactions, and other stressors. More importantly, it provides future direction for research and discusses potential interventions. This book is an ideal and trusted resource for researchers and clinicians who are interested in learning how the environment can affect behavior through genetics, and for those seeking the development of new methods for suicide prevention. Explores the neurobiology of stress and stress-related epigenetics, including discussion of the role of stress-induced epigenetic changes in behavioral, emotional, and cognitive mechanisms and whether these epigenetic marks are transgenerational Provides compelling biobehavioral models of suicide based on genetics, epigenetics, and behavioral adjustment Integrates social, psychological, and existential influences, giving readers a better understanding of the interdisciplinary nature of suicide risk factors Presents future directions for suicide-prevention strategies that incorporate recent research on genomics and stress resilience

Working In High Risk Environments

Author: Douglas Paton
Editor: Charles C Thomas Publisher
ISBN: 039808694X
Size: 13,90 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Read: 903

The impact of events such as the 9/11 terrorist attacks and Hurricane Katrina were felt across the spectrum of organizations. Such events provide vivid illustrations of the exceptional circumstances that emergency and protective service agencies and businesses alike can encounter. The goal of this book is to broaden the perspectives on the populations that need to be included when thinking about high risk groups and from whom insights into resilience and how it is enacted can be sought. The first chapter discusses high risk environments, sustained resilience and stress risk management. Chapter 2 explores family first responders and resilient mothers of special needs children, including case examples. Chapter 3 examines the resilience of Antarctic expeditioners, relationship dynamics, social support, and organizational climate. Information sharing, trust, empowerment and staying cool under pressure is also discussed. Chapter 4 covers business resilience, preventing loss versus facilitating survival, and the role of continuity planning. In Chapter 5, scientific advice for critical decision making, natural hazards and emergency management, uncertainty, team decision making, advice taking, and shared mental models is presented. Chapter 6 covers COP Shot, and the seeds of resiliency. Chapter 7 defines resiliency in high risk groups, and provides a qualitative analysis of law enforcement and elite military personnel. The Johns Hopkins Perspective is explored, focusing on the results and methods of structural modeling. Chapter 8 describes the psychological stress factors in modern military operations, mental hardiness, and leader influence. Chapter 9 pursues the ecological theory of resilience and adaptive capacity in emergency services. Ultimately, the book meets a need on how to respond effectively in a high risk environment, and the information contained will assist agencies and businesses to develop their capacity to adapt to unpredictable and challenging circumstances.

Stress Risk And Resilience In Children And Adolescents

Author: Robert J. Haggerty
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521576628
Size: 15,70 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 134

Many children's behavioral problems have multiple causes, and most children with one problem behavior also have others. The co-occurence and interrelatedness of risk factors and problem behavior is certainly an important area of research. This volume recognizes the complexity of the developmental processes that influence coping and resilience and the roles sociocultural factors play. The contributors focus on four themes that have emerged in the study of risk and coping over the past decade: interrelatedness of risk and problems, individual variability in resilience and susceptibility to stress, processes and mechanisms linking multiple stressors to multiple outcomes, and interventions and prevention. Psychologists, pediatricians, and others involved in the research or care of children will take great interest in this text.

Resilience In Aging

Author: Barbara Resnick
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441902320
Size: 13,59 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 359

The many significant technological and medical advances of the 21st century cannot overcome the escalating risk posed to older adults by such stressors as pain, weakness, fatigue, depression, anxiety, memory and other cognitive deficits, hearing loss, visual impairment, isolation, marginalization, and physical and mental illness. In order to overcome these and other challenges, and to maintain as high a quality of life as possible, older adults and the professionals who treat them need to promote and develop the capacity for resilience, which is innate in all of us to some degree. The purpose of this book is to provide the current scientific theory, clinical guidelines, and real-world interventions with regard to resilience as a clinical tool. To that end, the book addresses such issues as concepts and operationalization of resilience; relevance of resilience to successful aging; impact of personality and genetics on resilience; relationship between resilience and motivation; relationship between resilience and survival; promoting resilience in long-term care; and the lifespan approach to resilience. By addressing ways in which the hypothetical and theoretical concepts of resilience can be applied in geriatric practice, Resilience in Aging provides inroads to the current knowledge and practice of resilience from the perspectives of physiology, psychology, culture, creativity, and economics. In addition, the book considers the impact of resilience on critical aspects of life for older adults such as policy issues (e.g., nursing home policies, Medicare guidelines), health and wellness, motivation, spirituality, and survival. Following these discussions, the book focuses on interventions that increase resilience. The intervention chapters include case studies and are intended to be useful at the clinical level. The book concludes with a discussion of future directions in optimizing resilience in the elderly and the importance of a lifespan approach to aging.

Head Strong

Author: Michael D. Matthews PhD
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199384029
Size: 15,85 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 964

Psychology is the science that will determine who wins and who loses the wars of the 21st century, just as physics ultimately led the United States to victory in World War II. Changes in the world's political landscape coupled with radical advances in the technology of war will greatly alter how militaries are formed, trained, and led. Leadership under fire - and the traits and skills it requires - is also changing. Grant, Lee, Pershing, Patton - these generals would not succeed in 21st century conflicts. In Head Strong: How Psychology Is Revolutionizing War, Michael D. Matthews explores the many ways that psychology will make the difference for wars yet to come, from revolutionary advances in soldier selection and training to new ways of preparing soldiers to remain resilient in the face of horror and to engineering the super-soldier of the future. These advancements will ripple out to impact on the lives of all of us, not just soldiers. Amputees will have "intelligent" life-like prosthetics that simulate the feel and function of a real limb. Those exposed to trauma will have new and more effective remedies to prevent or treat post-traumatic stress disorder. And a revolution in training - based heavily in the military's increasing reliance on immersive simulations - will radically alter how police, fire, and first-responder personnel are trained in the future. At its heart, war is the most human of endeavors. Psychology, as the science of human behavior, will prove essential to success in future war. Authored by a West Point military psychologist, this book is one of the first to expose us to the smarter wars, and the world around them, to come.

Resilience At Work

Author: Salvatore R. Maddi
Editor: AMACOM Div American Mgmt Assn
ISBN: 9780814472606
Size: 20,27 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 969

"Resilience at work explains how to: approach change as a meaningful challenge no matter how stressful the circumstances, and stay committed to your work, rather than detaching and giving up; gain control by understanding the upside and the downside of change, and take actions to influence the beneficial outcomes; [and] turn stressful changes to your advantage and map out sound problem-solving strategies"--P. [2] of cover.

Emotions Stress And Health

Author: Alex J. Zautra
Editor: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195307986
Size: 12,41 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 879

In this volume, Alex Zautra illustrates how experience with difficult or stressful emotional situations can, contrary to popular belief, be beneficial; for example, our ability to adapt to stress can be improved by experiencing difficult moments on emotional intensity. Zautra masterfully integrates research and theory on emotion and stress, identifying a unique and important role for stressful life events. He offers new insights into how stress and emotions can influence health and illness and demonstrates the wide applicability of this perspective across domains of love and marriage, work, aging, and community. By reviewing research on chronic pain, depression, child abuse, and addiction, Zautra also provides new insights into clinical problems.

The Path

Author: Stephen Sideroff
ISBN: 9780996222600
Size: 13,54 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 127

Life is stressful. It's the most identified problem by adults. It is also one of the primary causes of symptoms that send us to the doctor. At the same time, most of us have great resistance to reducing our stress, or "managing" stress. Dr. Sideroff brings his over 40 years of work in the field of psychology as researcher, clinician, professor, trainer and consultant to this most important yet baffling issue of the 21st century. The Path: Mastering the Nine Pillars of Resilience and Success is based on his innovative new model of resilience that considers all factors that contribute to one's ability to navigate and master the challenges of today and live with the greatest level of health and success. His book however, goes beyond simply presenting important and useful information. He identifies and then addresses all the sources of resistance that interferes with addressing this problem. An example of this resistance is found in the concept of Primitive Gestalts that Dr. Sideroff identifies to explain how our brain develop based on childhood lessons and then freezes adaptation that interferes with new learning. Essentially, we adapt to our childhood environment and then get locked into these lessons. Dr. Sideroff is not simply interested in presenting important and useful information for the reader. He wants to make sure that the reader actually follows through and puts these lessons into practice. To do this he anticipates the defenses, blind spots and resistances of the reader and preemptively addresses them. One key factor that he deals with is the typical person's sense of overwhelm when facing the daunting list of behavioral, emotional and cognitive changes one feels they need to make to become resilient. Dr. Sideroff anticipates this and has created a device that he refers to as The Path. As a way of guiding the reader step by step on a journey of growth and increasing mastery he distills the process down to asking one question at any time: "Am I on The Path, or off The Path." As he explains, by working on the nine pillars of resilience, the reader begins to learn how to be on The Path. To avoid overwhelm, one only has to ask that one question, and if they determine that they are off The Path, the book guides them gently back onto The Path. Based on Dr. Sideroff's own brain research and clinical experience, the nine pillars cover such areas as relationship with self, relationship with others, relationship with something greater (spirituality, purpose and service), physical balance and mastery, mental balance and mastery, emotional balance and mastery, presence, flexibility and last, power (defined as the ability to get things done). This comprehensive model and program leaves no one behind in its goal of helping each reader develop greater resilience.