Biomimetic And Biohybrid Systems

Author: Nathan F. Lepora
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 9783319424163
Size: 17,82 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Read: 425

This book constitutes the proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Biomimetic and Biohybrid Systems, Living Machines 2016, held in Edinburgh, UK, in July 2016. The 34 full and 27 short papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 63 submissions.The theme of the conference encompasses biomimetic methods for manufacture, repair and recycling inspired by natural processes suchas reproduction, digestion, morphogenesis and metamorphosis.

Crowd Simulation

Author: Daniel Thalmann
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 144714449X
Size: 20,19 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Research into the methods and techniques used in simulating crowds has developed extensively within the last few years, particularly in the areas of video games and film. Despite recent impressive results when simulating and rendering thousands of individuals, many challenges still exist in this area. The comparison of simulation with reality, the realistic appearance of virtual humans and their behavior, group structure and their motion, and collision avoidance are just some examples of these challenges. For most of the applications of crowds, it is now a requirement to have real-time simulations – which is an additional challenge, particularly when crowds are very large. Crowd Simulation analyses these challenges in depth and suggests many possible solutions. Daniel Thalmann and Soraia Musse share their experiences and expertise in the application of: · Population modeling · Virtual human animation · Behavioral models for crowds · The connection between virtual and real crowds · Path planning and navigation · Visual attention models · Geometric and populated semantic environments · Crowd rendering The second edition presents techniques and methods developed since the authors first covered the simulation of crowds in 2007. Crowd Simulation includes in-depth discussions on the techniques of path planning, including a new hybrid approach between navigation graphs and potential-based methods. The importance of gaze attention – individuals appearing conscious of their environment and of others – is introduced, and a free-of-collision method for crowds is also discussed.

Pattern Recognition And Machine Learning

Author: Christopher M. Bishop
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 9781493938438
Size: 13,14 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 688

This is the first textbook on pattern recognition to present the Bayesian viewpoint. The book presents approximate inference algorithms that permit fast approximate answers in situations where exact answers are not feasible. It uses graphical models to describe probability distributions when no other books apply graphical models to machine learning. No previous knowledge of pattern recognition or machine learning concepts is assumed. Familiarity with multivariate calculus and basic linear algebra is required, and some experience in the use of probabilities would be helpful though not essential as the book includes a self-contained introduction to basic probability theory.

The Media Equation

Author: Byron Reeves
Editor: Center for the Study of Language and Information Publications
ISBN: 9781575860527
Size: 19,47 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 342

According to popular wisdom, humans never relate to a computer or a television program in the same way they relate to another human being. Or do they? The psychological and sociological complexities of the relationship could be greater than you think. In an extraordinary revision of received wisdom, Byron Reeves and Clifford Nass demonstrate convincingly in The Media Equation that interactions with computers, television, and new communication technologies are identical to real social relationships and to the navigation of real physical spaces. Using everyday language, the authors explain their novel ideas in a way that will engage general readers with an interest in cutting-edge research at the intersection of psychology, communication and computer technology. The result is an accessible summary of exciting ideas for modern times. As Bill Gates says, '(they) ... have shown us some amazing things'.

Performing Dark Arts

Author: Michael Mangan
Editor: Intellect L & D E F A E
ISBN: 9781841501499
Size: 20,77 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 914

Annotation Magic and conjuring inhabit the boundaries and the borderlands of performance. The conjuror s act of demonstrating the apparently impossible, the uncanny, the marvellous, or the grotesque challenges the spectator's sense of reality. It brings him or her up against their own assumptions about how the world works; at its most extreme, it asks the spectator to re-evaluate his or her sense of the limits of the human. Performing Dark Arts is an exploration of the paradox of the conjuror, the actor who pretends to be a magician. It aims to illuminate the history of conjuring by examining it in the context of performance studies, and to throw light on aspects of performance studies by testing them against the art of conjuring. The book examines not only the performances of individual magicians from Dedi to David Blaine, but also the broader cultural contexts in which their performances were received, and the meanings which they have attracted.

Heterogeneous Information Network Analysis And Applications

Author: Chuan Shi
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319562126
Size: 18,33 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 384

This book offers researchers an understanding of the fundamental issues and a good starting point to work on this rapidly expanding field. It provides a comprehensive survey of current developments of heterogeneous information network. It also presents the newest research in applications of heterogeneous information networks to similarity search, ranking, clustering, recommendation. This information will help researchers to understand how to analyze networked data with heterogeneous information networks. Common data mining tasks are explored, including similarity search, ranking, and recommendation. The book illustrates some prototypes which analyze networked data. Professionals and academics working in data analytics, networks, machine learning, and data mining will find this content valuable. It is also suitable for advanced-level students in computer science who are interested in networking or pattern recognition.

Intelligent Virtual Agents

Author: Yukiko Nakano
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3642331971
Size: 17,75 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 573

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Intelligent Virtual Agents, IVA 2012, held in Santa Cruz, CA, USA, in September 2012. The 17 revised full papers presented together with 31 short papers and 18 poster papers were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on IVAs on learning environments; emotion and personality; evaluation and empirical studies; multimodal perception and expression; narrative and interactive applications; social interaction; authoring and tools; conceptual frameworks.

Information Theory Inference And Learning Algorithms

Author: David J. C. MacKay
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521642989
Size: 16,72 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Read: 541

Fun and exciting textbook on the mathematics underpinning the most dynamic areas of modern science and engineering.

Criminological And Criminal Justice Research Methods

Author: Wesley G. Jennings
Editor: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business
ISBN: 1454833068
Size: 18,17 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Read: 827

This book was written for the many criminology and criminal justice students who are skeptical that research methods will be relevant to their future careers as police or parole officers or defense or prosecuting lawyers. Understanding research goals and methods is essential to successful and effective work in these fields, and this engaging, direct, and, at times, humorous text demonstrates that importance and helps prepare students for that effectiveness and success. Jennings and Reingle offer clear, practical introductions, with extensive, compelling examples, to the essential classical research methods, including ethics, measurement, surveys, secondary data analysis, and sampling, along with emerging new approaches, such as case-control and longitudinal designs and experiments in criminology and criminal justice settings. With its focus on research design, this text provides the information most useful to students as future research consumers, rather than specialized analysts, of research data. The authors' scenario-based treatments of real-world situations and applications facilitate understanding of the full range of criminological and criminal justice research methods and illustrate the usefulness of that understanding for implementing and employing evidence-based policies in whatever agencies or roles students work in or engage with in their future careers. Criminological and Criminal Justice Research Methods offers: A dynamic, authoritative author team professionally involved in theoretical, methodological, empirical, and practical evaluations and applications of criminology and criminal justice research methods A practical, real-world focus on the methodologies most useful in daily criminal justice practice Comprehensive coverage of classical and cutting-edge criminological and criminal justice research methods, including ethics in research, measurement, survey construction and use, secondary data analysis, sampling, and experimental, longitudinal, case-control, and qualitative study design A separate chapter on and frequent, integrated references throughout the text to maintaining an ethical approach to treatment of participants and use of data Interesting, accessible, direct writing, with each chapter building on real-world scenarios to elucidate the nature and applications of research methods Extensive pedagogy in each chapter, from a summary of important concepts, definitions of key terms, and review questions to resources for more in-depth study, including lists of useful websites and references A full range of comprehensive, flexible instructional and learning materials online at

The Economic Dynamics Of Modern Biotechnology

Author: Maureen D. McKelvey
Editor: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 9781845420611
Size: 16,95 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 643

'All would agree that with more than 3, 000 new firms formed in Europe, Japan and the United States focused on biotechnology, and with elegant strides forward in our understanding of genetics, the genome, proteomics and other related fields, a true intellectual, social and industrial revolution is in the making. Maureen McKelvey et al provide fascinating data on firm formation, case studies of emerging business models and cross-regional and national comparisons. The work is a useful beginning in our understanding of an emerging phenomenon.' - James M. Utterback, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, US This book offers a novel insight into the economic dynamics of modern biotechnology, using examples from Europe to reflect global trends. The authors apply theoretical insight to a fundamental enigma of the modern learning society, namely, how and why the development of knowledge and ideas interact with market processes and the formation of industries and firms.