By Order Of The President

Author: Phillip Cooper
Editor:
ISBN: 9780700620111
Size: 15,79 MB
Format: PDF
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"Scholars and citizens alike have endlessly debated the proper limits of presidential action and only gradually begun to understand the nature of the president's special powers and their impact on American life. In this new and much-expanded edition of his path-breaking study, Phillip Cooper again offers a comprehensive and cogent guide to these powers and shows how presidents from George Washington to Barack Obama have used and abused them in trying to realize their visions for the nation"--

Executive Orders

Author: Marcia Amidon Lusted
Editor: Greenhaven Publishing LLC
ISBN: 1534503056
Size: 19,86 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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How much power should the president of the United States possess? This is the key question defining the debate over executive orders. While executive orders have played an important role in key policy changes throughout the United States' history, they can also be perceived as an abuse of power that allows the president to make important decisions without Congress's consent. Through the viewpoints included in this volume, readers will come to better understand what an executive order is and explore the key arguments for and against its usage.

Power Without Persuasion

Author: William G. Howell
Editor: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400874394
Size: 18,13 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Since the early 1960s, scholarly thinking on the power of U.S. presidents has rested on these words: "Presidential power is the power to persuade." Power, in this formulation, is strictly about bargaining and convincing other political actors to do things the president cannot accomplish alone. Power without Persuasion argues otherwise. Focusing on presidents' ability to act unilaterally, William Howell provides the most theoretically substantial and far-reaching reevaluation of presidential power in many years. He argues that presidents regularly set public policies over vocal objections by Congress, interest groups, and the bureaucracy. Throughout U.S. history, going back to the Louisiana Purchase and the Emancipation Proclamation, presidents have set landmark policies on their own. More recently, Roosevelt interned Japanese Americans during World War II, Kennedy established the Peace Corps, Johnson got affirmative action underway, Reagan greatly expanded the president's powers of regulatory review, and Clinton extended protections to millions of acres of public lands. Since September 11, Bush has created a new cabinet post and constructed a parallel judicial system to try suspected terrorists. Howell not only presents numerous new empirical findings but goes well beyond the theoretical scope of previous studies. Drawing richly on game theory and the new institutionalism, he examines the political conditions under which presidents can change policy without congressional or judicial consent. Clearly written, Power without Persuasion asserts a compelling new formulation of presidential power, one whose implications will resound.

The Oxford Handbook Of American Bureaucracy

Author: Robert F. Durant
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199238952
Size: 20,61 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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With engaging new contributions from the major figures in the fields of public administration, public management, and public policy The Oxford Handbook of American Bureaucracy is a key point of reference for anyone working in American politics today.

Calling The Shots

Author: Daniel P. Gitterman
Editor: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 0815729030
Size: 11,80 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Modern presidents are CEOs with broad powers over the federal government. The United States Constitution lays out three hypothetically equal branches of government—the executive, the legislative, and the judicial—but over the years, the president, as head of the executive branch, has emerged as the usually dominant political and administrative force at the federal level. In fact, Daniel Gitterman tells us, the president is, effectively, the CEO of an enormous federal bureaucracy. Using the unique legal authority delegated by thousands of laws, the ability to issue executive orders, and the capacity to shape how federal agencies write and enforce rules, the president calls the shots as to how the government is run on a daily basis. Modern presidents have, for example, used the power of the purchaser to require federal contractors to pay a minimum wage and to prohibit contracting with companies and contractors that knowingly employ unauthorized alien workers. Presidents and their staffs use specific tools, including executive orders and memoranda to agency heads, as instruments of control and influence over the government and the private sector. For more than a century, they have used these tools without violating the separation of powers. Calling the Shots demonstrates how each of these executive powers is a powerful weapon of coercion and redistribution in the president's political and policymaking arsenal.

Guide To The Presidency And The Executive Branch

Author: Michael Nelson
Editor: CQ Press
ISBN: 1452234280
Size: 15,42 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This comprehensive two-volume guide is the definitive source for researchers seeking an understanding of those who have occupied the White House and on the institution of the U.S. presidency. Readers turn Guide to the Presidency and the Executive Branch for its wealth of facts and analytical chapters that explain the structure, powers, and operations of the office and the president’s relationship with Congress and the Supreme Court. The fifth edition of this acclaimed reference completes coverage of the George W. Bush presidency, the 2008 election, and the first 3 years of the presidency of Barack Obama. This includes coverage of their handling of the economic crisis, wars abroad, and Obama’s healthcare initiatives. The work is divided into eight distinct subject areas covering every aspect of the U.S. presidency, and all chapters in each subject area have been revised and updated: Origins and Development of the Presidency, including constitutional beginnings, history of the presidency and vice presidency, and presidential ratings Selection and Removal of the President, including the electoral process, a chronology of presidential elections, removal of the president and vice president, and succession Powers of the Presidency, including the unilateral powers of the presidency and those as chief of state, chief administrator, legislative leader, commander in chief, and chief economist The President, the Public, and the Parties, including presidential appearances, the president and political parties, the president and the news media, the presidency and pop culture, public support and opinion, and the president and interest groups The Presidency and the Executive Branch, including the White House Office, the Office of the Vice President, supporting organizations, the cabinet and executive departments, presidential commissions, and executive branch housing, pay, and perquisites Chief Executive and Federal Government, including the president and Congress, the president and the Supreme Court, and the president and the bureaucracy Presidents, their Families, and Life in the White House and Beyond, including the daily life of the president, the first lady, the first family, friends of presidents, and life after the presidency Biographies of the Presidents, Vice Presidents, First Ladies This new volume also features more than 200 textboxes, tables, and figures. Major revisions cover the supporting White House organizations and the president’s role as chief economist. Additional reference materials include explanatory headnotes, as well as hundreds of photographs with detailed captions.

Sustainable Development In Crisis Conditions

Author: Phillip J. Cooper
Editor: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742531338
Size: 11,93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Sustainable Development in Crisis Conditions takes a broad-based and integrative approach to exploring nation-building and reconstruction in the wake of environmentally destructive warfare.

Untrodden Ground

Author: Harold H. Bruff
Editor: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022621110X
Size: 14,27 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Examines constitutional innovations related to executive power made by each of the nation's forty-four presidents.

Presidential Pork

Author: John Hudak
Editor: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 0815725213
Size: 18,86 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Presidential earmarks? Perhaps even more so than their counterparts in Congress, presidents have the motive and the means to politicize spending for political power. But do they? In Presidential Pork, John Hudak explains and interprets presidential efforts to control federal spending and accumulate electoral rewards from that power. The projects that members of Congress secure for their constituents certainly attract attention. Political pundits still chuckle about the "Bridge to Nowhere." But Hudak clearly illustrates that while Congress claims credit for earmarks and pet projects, the practice is alive and well in the White House, too. More than any representative or senator, presidents engage in pork barrel spending in a comprehensive and systematic way to advance their electoral interests. It will come as no surprise that the White House often steers the enormous federal bureaucracy to spend funds in swing states. It is a major advantage that only incumbents enjoy. Hudak reconceptualizes the way in which we view the U.S. presidency and the goals and behaviors of those who hold the nation's highest office. He illustrates that presidents and their White Houses are indeed complicit in distributing presidential pork—and how they do it. The result is an illuminating and highly original take on presidential power and public policy.