Civilizing Argentina

Author: Julia Rodriguez
Editor: Univ of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 9780807877241
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After a promising start as a prosperous and liberal democratic nation at the end of the nineteenth century, Argentina descended into instability and crisis. This stark reversal, in a country rich in natural resources and seemingly bursting with progress and energy, has puzzled many historians. In Civilizing Argentina, Julia Rodriguez takes a sharply contrary view, demonstrating that Argentina's turn of fortune is not a mystery but rather the ironic consequence of schemes to "civilize" the nation in the name of progressivism, health, science, and public order. With new medical and scientific information arriving from Europe at the turn of the century, a powerful alliance developed among medical, scientific, and state authorities in Argentina. These elite forces promulgated a political culture based on a medical model that defined social problems such as poverty, vagrancy, crime, and street violence as illnesses to be treated through programs of social hygiene. They instituted programs to fingerprint immigrants, measure the bodies of prisoners, place wives who disobeyed their husbands in "houses of deposit," and exclude or expel people deemed socially undesirable, including groups such as labor organizers and prostitutes. Such policies, Rodriguez argues, led to the destruction of the nation's liberal ideals and opened the way to the antidemocratic, authoritarian governments that came later in the twentieth century.

2006 2007

Author:
Editor: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 311094149X
Size: 14,31 MB
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Die seit 1971 wieder erscheinende, interdisziplinäre, internationale Rezensionsbibliographie IBR ist eine einmalige Informationsquelle. Die Datenbank weist über 1,1 Millionen vornehmlich die Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften berücksichtigende Buchrezensionen in 6.000 vorwiegend europäischen wissenschaftlichen Zeitschriften nach. 60.000 Eintragungen kommen jedes Jahr hinzu, bieten dem Benutzer Daten zum rezensierten Werk und zur Rezension.

Wie Die Anderen Leben

Author: Vanessa Höse
Editor: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839437741
Size: 10,43 MB
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Die Milieus der Armen und Unangepassten gerieten zu Beginn des 20. Jahrhunderts in den Fokus der argentinischen Presse. Ein neuer Typus moderner Reportagen setzte die »Schattenseiten« von Urbanisierung und Masseneinwanderung fotografisch in Szene und popularisierte sie in bewegenden Enthüllungsberichten für ein breites Lesepublikum. Gleichzeitig entwickelten die Subalternen in den Städten Taktiken der Selbstbehauptung, die sich ebenfalls in diese Artikel eingeschrieben haben. Vanessa Höses kulturhistorische Studie eröffnet eine neue und längst überfällige Perspektive auf die bisherige Forschung zur Sozialen Frage in Argentinien, indem sie die durchdringende Bedeutung der frühen Massenmedien für den Entwurf moderner Sozial- und Nationalstaatlichkeit aufzeigt.

The Routledge History Of Madness And Mental Health

Author: Greg Eghigian
Editor: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1351784390
Size: 10,90 MB
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The Routledge History of Madness and Mental Health explores the history and historiography of madness from the ancient and medieval worlds to the present day. Global in scope, it includes case studies from Africa, Asia, and South America as well as Europe and North America, drawing together the latest scholarship and source material in this growing field and allowing for fresh comparisons to be made across time and space. Thematically organised and written by leading academics, chapters discuss broad topics such as the representation of madness in literature and the visual arts, the material culture of madness, the perpetual difficulty of creating a classification system for madness and mental health, madness within life histories, the increased globalisation of knowledge and treatment practices, and the persistence of spiritual and supernatural conceptualisations of experiences associated with madness. This volume also examines the challenges involved in analysing primary sources in this area and how key themes such as class, gender, and race have influenced the treatment and diagnosis of madness throughout history. Chronologically and geographically wide-ranging, and providing a fascinating overview of the current state of the field, this is essential reading for all students of the history of madness, mental health, psychiatry, and medicine.

Madness In Buenos Aires

Author: Jonathan Ablard
Editor: University of Calgary Press
ISBN: 1552382338
Size: 20,95 MB
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Madness in Buenos Aires : Patients, Psychiatrists and the Argentine State, 1880-1983 examines the interactions between psychiatrists, patients, and their families, and the national state in modern Argentina. This book offers a fresh interpretation of the Argentine state's relationship to modernity and social change during the twentieth century, while also examining the often contentious place of psychiatry in modern Argentina. Drawing on a number of previously untapped archival sources, Jonathan Ablard uses the experience of psychiatric patients as a case study of how the Argentine state developed and functioned over the last century and of how Argentines interacted with it. Ablard argues that the capacity of the Argentine state to provide social services and professional opportunities and to control the populace was often constrained to an extent not previously recognized in the scholarly literature. These limitations, including a shortage of hospitals, insufficient budgets, and political and economic instability, shaped the experiences of patients, their families, and doctors and also influenced medical and lay ideas about the nature and significance of mental illness. Furthermore, these experiences, and the institutional framework in which they were imbedded, had a profound impact on how Argentine psychiatrists discussed, not only mental illness, but also a host of related themes, including immigration, poverty, and the role of the state in mitigating social problems.Copublished with Ohio University Press

Beyond Imported Magic

Author: Eden Medina
Editor: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262526204
Size: 13,32 MB
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The essays in this volume study the creation, adaptation, and use of science and technology in Latin America. They challenge the view that scientific ideas and technology travel unchanged from the global North to the global South -- the view of technology as "imported magic." They describe not only alternate pathways for innovation, invention, and discovery but also how ideas and technologies circulate in Latin American contexts and transnationally. The contributors' explorations of these issues, and their examination of specific Latin American experiences with science and technology, offer a broader, more nuanced understanding of how science, technology, politics, and power interact in the past and present.The essays in this book use methods from history and the social sciences to investigate forms of local creation and use of technologies; the circulation of ideas, people, and artifacts in local and global networks; and hybrid technologies and forms of knowledge production. They address such topics as the work of female forensic geneticists in Colombia; the pioneering Argentinean use of fingerprinting technology in the late nineteenth century; the design, use, and meaning of the XO Laptops created and distributed by the One Laptop per Child Program; and the development of nuclear energy in Argentina, Mexico, and Chile.ContributorsPedro Ignacio Alonso, Morgan G. Ames, Javiera Barandiarán, João Biehl, Anita Say Chan, Amy Cox Hall, Henrique Cukierman, Ana Delgado, Rafael Dias, Adriana Díaz del Castillo H., Mariano Fressoli, Jonathan Hagood, Christina Holmes, Matthieu Hubert, Noela Invernizzi, Michael Lemon, Ivan da Costa Marques, Gisela Mateos, Eden Medina, María Fernanda Olarte Sierra, Hugo Palmarola, Tania Pérez-Bustos, Julia Rodriguez, Israel Rodríguez-Giralt, Edna Suárez Díaz, Hernán Thomas, Manuel Tironi, Dominique Vinck

Darwin S Man In Brazil

Author: David A. West
Editor:
ISBN: 9780813062600
Size: 10,65 MB
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"David West explores Fritz Meuller's (1821-1897) legacy as a Darwinist naturalist and seeks to return him to a cohort of some of the greatest nineteenth-century naturalists who conducted research in Brazil. West advances the theory that Meuller, a great yet often overlooked nineteenth-century German naturalist, was Darwin's closest intellectual kin"--Provided by publisher.

Darwinism In Argentina

Author: Leila Gómez
Editor: Lexington Books
ISBN: 1611483867
Size: 15,76 MB
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Darwinism in Argentina: Major Texts (1845-1909) brings together essays, letters, short-stories, and public lectures by travelers, scientists, writers, and politicians about Darwin and the theory of evolution in nineteenth century Argentina. This selection of texts provides a thorough overview of the socio-ideological implications of the theory of evolution in South America, as well as the intellectual debate this scientific theory promoted in the discourses of fiction, law, history, and medicine in the formation of modern Argentina. Some writers in this book considered the theory of evolution to be Argentinean because Darwin first conceived his theory traveling in the Beagle, across the big cemetery of glyptodont and megatherium fossils on the pampas and in Patagonia. This anthology includes texts from William H. Hudson, Francisco Muniz, Florentino Ameghino, Eduardo Holmberg, Domingo F. Sarmiento, Hermann Burmeister, the Perito Moreno, Leopoldo Lugones, Jose Maria Ramos Mejia, and Jose Ingenieros, among others. Many of these texts have not been translated to English or reprinted until this edition, which was originally published with fewer texts in Spanish in 2008. Leila Gomez s introduction reconstructs the historical-scientific contexts of the Darwinist debate in Argentina, the role of paleontology as modern discipline in South American countries, and the tensions between metropolitan and local scientific knowledge. Both the anthology and the introduction present a panorama of Darwin and evolution in Argentina, and the complex mechanism of inclusion and exclusion of indigenous, African descendants, mestizos, and immigrants in the modern nation. Darwinism in Argentina provides critical perspectives on evolutionism in South America that will interest students and specialists in literature, history, and science."

Eine Kurze Geschichte Der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Editor: DVA
ISBN: 364110498X
Size: 18,56 MB
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Das Kaninchenhaus

Author: Laura Alcoba
Editor: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3458730206
Size: 17,86 MB
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Mit sieben Jahren ist es schwer zu verstehen, warum der Vater im Gefängnis sitzt und die Mutter im Haus heimlich Flugblätter druckt. Aber Laura versteht. Auch, als sie nicht mehr in die Schule gehen soll, wegen der unangenehmen Fragen dort. Auch, als sie im Kofferraum eines Wagens zu ihren Großeltern gefahren wird. Und sie weiß, wie man auf der Straße Verfolger erkennt und warum sie unter falschem Namen lebt. Es sind die Jahre der Militärdiktatur in Argentinien. Die Montoneros, eine bewaffnete Widerstandsbewegung, der Lauras Eltern angehören, haben in dem heruntergekommenen Haus am Rande von La Plata eine geheime Druckerpresse eingerichtet. Nach außen rechtfertigt eine Kaninchenzucht die politischen Umtriebe der Bewegung. Ebenso beschützend wie bedrohlich, wird das Kaninchenhaus zum Unterschlupf für das jäh der Normalität entrissene Kind, das mit banger Faszination die Welt der Erwachsenen betritt. Aus der berührenden Sicht eines siebenjährigen Mädchens erzählt die argentinische Autorin Laura Alcoba von einer Kindheit, die zugleich Schrecken und Zauber birgt.