Creating The Cold War University

Author: Rebecca S. Lowen
Editor: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520917903
Size: 13,20 MB
Format: PDF
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The "cold war university" is the academic component of the military-industrial-academic complex, and its archetype, according to Rebecca Lowen, is Stanford University. Her book challenges the conventional wisdom that the post-World War II "multiversity" was created by military patrons on the one hand and academic scientists on the other and points instead to the crucial role played by university administrators in making their universities dependent upon military, foundation, and industrial patronage. Contesting the view that the "federal grant university" originated with the outpouring of federal support for science after the war, Lowen shows how the Depression had put financial pressure on universities and pushed administrators to seek new modes of funding. She also details the ways that Stanford administrators transformed their institution to attract patronage. With the end of the cold war and the tightening of federal budgets, universities again face pressures not unlike those of the 1930s. Lowen's analysis of how the university became dependent on the State is essential reading for anyone concerned about the future of higher education in the post-cold war era.

The Gold And The Blue Volume One

Author: Clark Kerr
Editor: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520925014
Size: 17,74 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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One of the last century's most influential figures in higher education, Clark Kerr was a leading visionary, architect, leader, and fighter for the University of California. Chancellor of the Berkeley campus from 1952 to 1958 and president of the university from 1958 to 1967, Kerr saw the university through its golden years--a time of both great advancement and great conflict. This absorbing memoir is an intriguing insider's account of how the University of California rose to the peak of scientific and scholarly stature and how, under Kerr's unique leadership, the university evolved into the institution it is today. In this first of two volumes, Kerr describes the private life of the university from his first visit to Berkeley as a graduate student at Stanford in 1932 to his dismissal under Governor Ronald Reagan in 1967. Early in his tenure as a professor, the Loyalty Oath issue erupted, and the university, particularly the Berkeley campus, underwent its most difficult upheaval until the onset of the Free Speech Movement in 1964. Kerr discusses many pivotal developments, including the impact of the GI Bill and the evolution of the much-emulated 1960 California Master Plan for Higher Education. He also discusses the movement for universal access to education and describes the establishment and growth of each of the nine campuses and the forces and visions that shaped their distinctive identities. Kerr's perspective of more than fifty years puts him in a unique position to assess which of the academic, structural, and student life innovations of the 1950s and 1960s have proven successful and to consider what lessons about higher education we might learn from that period. The second volume of the memoir will treat the public life of the university and the political context that conditioned its environment.

The Know It Alls

Author: Noam Cohen
Editor: The New Press
ISBN: 1620972115
Size: 17,84 MB
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Included in Backchannel’s (WIRED.com) “Top Tech Books of 2017” An “important” book on the “pervasive influence of Silicon Valley on our economy, culture and politics.” —New York Times How the titans of tech's embrace of economic disruption and a rampant libertarian ideology is fracturing America and making it a meaner place In The Know-It-Alls former New York Times technology columnist Noam Cohen chronicles the rise of Silicon Valley as a political and intellectual force in American life. Beginning nearly a century ago and showcasing the role of Stanford University as the incubator of this new class of super geeks, Cohen shows how smart guys like Jeff Bezos, Peter Thiel, Sergey Brin, Larry Page, and Mark Zuckerberg fell in love with a radically individualistic ideal and then mainstreamed it. With these very rich men leading the way, unions, libraries, public schools, common courtesy, and even government itself have been pushed aside to make way for supposedly efficient market-based encounters via the Internet. Donald Trump’s election victory was an inadvertent triumph of the "disruption" that Silicon Valley has been pushing: Facebook and Twitter, eager to entertain their users, turned a blind eye to the fake news and the hateful ideas proliferating there. The Rust Belt states that shifted to Trump are the ones being left behind by a "meritocratic" Silicon Valley ideology that promotes an economy where, in the words of LinkedIn founder Reid Hoffman, each of us is our own start-up. A society that belittles civility, empathy, and collaboration can easily be led astray. The Know-It-Alls explains how these self-proclaimed geniuses failed this most important test of democracy.

Making The American Century

Author: Bruce J. Schulman
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199323968
Size: 13,72 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The twentieth century has been popularly seen as "the American Century," a long period in which the United States had amassed the economic resources, the political and military strength, and the moral prestige to assume global leadership. By century's end, the trajectory of American politics, the sense of ever waxing federal power, and the nation's place in the world seemed less assured. Americans of many stripes came to contest the standard narratives of nation building and international hegemony charted by generations of historians. In this volume, a group of distinguished U.S. historians confronts the teleological view of the inexorable transformation of the United States into a modern nation. The contributors analyze a host of ways in which local places were drawn into a wider polity and culture, while at the same time revealing how national and international structures and ideas created new kinds of local movements and local energies. Rather than seeing the century as a series of conflicts between liberalism and conservatism, they illustrate the ways in which each of these political forces shaped its efforts over the other's cumulative achievements, accommodating to shifts in government, social mores, and popular culture. They demonstrate that international connections have transformed domestic life in myriad ways and, in turn, that the American presence in the world has been shaped by its distinctive domestic political culture. Finally, they break down boundaries between the public and private sectors, showcasing the government's role in private life and how private organizations influenced national politics. Revisiting and revising many of the chestnuts of American political history, this volume challenges received wisdom about the twentieth-century American experience.

A Lever Long Enough

Author: Robert McCaughey
Editor: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231537522
Size: 18,76 MB
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In this comprehensive social history of Columbia University's School of Engineering and Applied Science (SEAS), Robert McCaughey combines archival research with oral testimony and contemporary interviews to build a critical and celebratory portrait of one of the oldest engineering schools in the United States. McCaughey follows the evolving, occasionally rocky, and now integrated relationship between SEAS's engineers and the rest of the Columbia University student body, faculty, and administration. He also revisits the interaction between the SEAS staff and the inhabitants and institutions of the City of New York, where the school has resided since its founding in 1864. McCaughey compares the historical struggles and achievements of the school's engineers with their present-day battles and accomplishments, and he contrasts their teaching and research approaches with those of their peers at other free-standing and Ivy League engineering schools. What begins as a localized history of a school striving to define itself within a university known for its strengths in the humanities and the social sciences becomes a wider story of the transformation of the applied sciences into a critical component of American technology and education.

The Boundaries Of Freedom Of Expression Order In American Democracy

Author: Thomas R. Hensley
Editor: Kent State University Press
ISBN: 9780873386920
Size: 19,23 MB
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On Monday, May 4th, 1970, members of the Ohio National Guard fired 61 rounds of bullets into the Kent State University students protesting about the invasion of Cambodia. This work develops the ideas of the first symposium on American democracy established to commemorate the tragedy.

Called To Serve

Author: Florence A. Hamrick
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118240146
Size: 12,92 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Called to Serve Over the past several years, veteran enrollment in universities,community colleges, and vocational programs has increaseddramatically. Called to Serve offers academics andadministrators a handbook highlighting the most current research,program initiatives, and recommendations for creating policies andservices that can help student veterans and service memberssucceed, including: Strategies for organizing and staffing services for veteransand service members Suggestions for creating institutional infrastructures andpolicies related to enrollment, transfer, and degreecompletion Frameworks for working with service members with physical,emotional, and learning disabilities Praise for Called to Serve "An excellent resource tool for key university leadership whodesire to support the success of incoming and current studentveterans." —Renee T. Finnegan, colonel (retired), executivedirector, Military Initiatives and Partnerships, Office of thePresident, University of Louisville "One of the more compelling issues of our time is theintegration of returning veterans and service members into oursociety following their service to our country. This handbook willbe a critical tool in guiding higher education professionals indeveloping strategies to ensure their success in college." —Kevin Kruger, president, NASPA–Student AffairsAdministrators in Higher Education "This timely book explains and presents a new meaning of 'calledto service.' The issues and vignettes bring to life real situationsthat will be facing all campuses. I highly recommend this valuableresource to those looking forward and not back." —Gregory Roberts, executive director,ACPA–College Student Educators International "I have waited over forty years for such a comprehensivehandbook to be written about the challenges, opportunities, andrewards that are associated with providing higher education toAmerica's veterans—our future leaders. Well done." —Robert E. Wallace, Vietnam veteran and executivedirector, Veterans of Foreign Wars of the U.S., WashingtonOffice

My Freshman Year

Author: Rebekah Nathan
Editor: Penguin
ISBN: 9781101042502
Size: 15,83 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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After fifteen years of teaching anthropology at a large university, Rebekah Nathan had become baffled by her own students. Their strange behavior—eating meals at their desks, not completing reading assignments, remaining silent through class discussions—made her feel as if she were dealing with a completely foreign culture. So Nathan decided to do what anthropologists do when confused by a different culture: Go live with them. She enrolled as a freshman, moved into the dorm, ate in the dining hall, and took a full load of courses. And she came to understand that being a student is a pretty difficult job, too. Her discoveries about contemporary undergraduate culture are surprising and her observations are invaluable, making My Freshman Year essential reading for students, parents, faculty, and anyone interested in educational policy.