Culture Of Honor

Author: Richard E Nisbett
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 0429980779
Size: 10,70 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This is an exploration of the reasons behind the higher rate for homicides among whites in the southern United States. The authors conclude that what makes the difference is not socio-economic class, population density, the legacy of slavery, or the heat of the South, but the traditional "culture of honour", in which a man's reputation is seen as central to his economic survival.

Culture Of Honor

Author: Richard E Nisbett
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 0429980779
Size: 10,59 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 928
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This is an exploration of the reasons behind the higher rate for homicides among whites in the southern United States. The authors conclude that what makes the difference is not socio-economic class, population density, the legacy of slavery, or the heat of the South, but the traditional "culture of honour", in which a man's reputation is seen as central to his economic survival.

Honor Bound

Author: Ryan P. Brown
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199399883
Size: 16,16 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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"Culture of honor" is what social scientists call a society that organizes social life around maintaining and defending reputation. In an honor culture, because reputation is everything, people will go to great lengths to defend their reputations and those of their family members against real and perceived threats and insults. While most human societies throughout history can be described as "honor cultures," the United States is particularly well known for having a deeply rooted culture of honor, especially in the American South and West. In Honor Bound, social psychologist Ryan P. Brown integrates social science research, current events, and personal stories to explore and explain how honor underpins nearly every aspect of our lives, from spontaneous bar fights to organized acts of terrorism, romantic relationships, mental health and well-being, unsportsmanlike conduct in football, the commission of suicide, foreign policy decisions by political leaders, and even how parents name their babies. Sometimes the effects of living in an honor culture are subtle and easily missed-there are fewer nursing homes in the American south, as more parents live with their children as they age-and sometimes the effects are more dramatic, as in the fact that there are more school shootings in honor states, but they are always relevant. By illuminating a surprising and pervasive thread that has endured in our culture for centuries, Brown's narrative will captivate those raised in these types of honor cultures who wish to understand themselves, and those who wish to better understand their neighbors.

Paul Ricoeur And The Task Of Political Philosophy

Author: Greg S. Johnson
Editor: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 0739167731
Size: 18,17 MB
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This book offers a sustained engagement with the political philosophy of Paul Ricoeur and demonstrates both the significance of the political in his own thinking throughout his career, and how his understanding of the political offers something valuable to current discussions of issues in political philosophy.

Why Honor Matters

Author: Tamler Sommers
Editor: Basic Books
ISBN: 0465098886
Size: 14,34 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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A controversial call to put honor at the center of morality To the modern mind, the idea of honor is outdated, sexist, and barbaric. It evokes Hamilton and Burr and pistols at dawn, not visions of a well-organized society. But for philosopher Tamler Sommers, a sense of honor is essential to living moral lives. In Why Honor Matters, Sommers argues that our collective rejection of honor has come at great cost. Reliant only on Enlightenment liberalism, the United States has become the home of the cowardly, the shameless, the selfish, and the alienated. Properly channeled, honor encourages virtues like courage, integrity, and solidarity, and gives a sense of living for something larger than oneself. Sommers shows how honor can help us address some of society's most challenging problems, including education, policing, and mass incarceration. Counterintuitive and provocative, Why Honor Matters makes a convincing case for honor as a cornerstone of our modern society.

Relative Justice

Author: Tamler Sommers
Editor: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691139938
Size: 13,10 MB
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Drawing on research in anthropology, psychology, and a host of other disciplines, this book argues that cross-cultural variation raises serious problems for theories that propose universally applicable conditions for moral responsibility. It develops a way of thinking about responsibility that takes cultural diversity into account.

The Oxford Handbook Of Evolutionary Perspectives On Violence Homicide And War

Author: Todd K. Shackelford
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199738408
Size: 15,75 MB
Format: PDF
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The Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Perspectives on Violence, Homicide, and War synthesizes the theoretical and empirical work of leading scholars in the evolutionary sciences to produce the first extensive and authoritative review of this literature. Its breadth of coverage is unique, and ensures that the handbook provides essential reading for students and researchers in the fields of psychology, anthropology, criminology, sociology, ethology, biology, and behavioral ecology.

Social Psychology Of Visual Perception

Author: Emily Balcetis
Editor: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1136945539
Size: 13,10 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This volume synthesizes social, cognitive, ecological, evolutionary, and neuroscience research, demonstrating that the way in which people literally perceive the world changes with their cognitions, emotions, goals, motivations, culture, surroundings, and other factors traditionally considered exclusive to social, personality, and cognitive psychology.

Intelligence And How To Get It Why Schools And Cultures Count

Author: Richard E. Nisbett
Editor: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393071413
Size: 18,73 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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“[Nisbett] weighs in forcefully and articulately . . . [using] a thoroughly appealing style to engage . . . throughout.”—Publishers Weekly Who are smarter, Asians or Westerners? Are there genetic explanations for group differences in test scores? From the damning research of The Bell Curve to the more recent controversy surrounding geneticist James Watson’s statements, one factor has been consistently left out of the equation: culture. In the tradition of Stephen Jay Gould’s The Mismeasure of Man, world-class social psychologist Richard E. Nisbett takes on the idea of intelligence as biologically determined and impervious to culture with vast implications for the role of education as it relates to social and economic development. Intelligence and How to Get It asserts that intellect is not primarily genetic but is principally determined by societal influences.

Handbook Of Aggressive Behavior Research

Author: Caitriona Quin
Editor: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
ISBN:
Size: 10,35 MB
Format: PDF
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Aggression is a complex social behaviour with multiple causes. In psychology, as well as other social and behavioural sciences, aggression refers to behaviour between members of the same species that is intended to cause pain or harm. Aggression takes a variety of forms among humans and can be physical, mental, or verbal. Aggression should not be confused with assertiveness however, although the terms are often used interchangeably. There are two broad categories of aggression. These include hostile, affective, or retaliatory aggression and instrumental, predatory, or goal-oriented aggression. Empirical research indicates that there is a critical difference between the two, both psychologically and physiologically. Some research indicates that people with tendencies toward affective aggression have lower IQs than those with tendencies toward predatory aggression. If only considering physical aggression, males tend to be more aggressive than females. This new book gathers the latest research from around the world in this field.