Culture Of Honor

Author: Richard E Nisbett
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 0429980779
Size: 11,41 MB
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This is an exploration of the reasons behind the higher rate for homicides among whites in the southern United States. The authors conclude that what makes the difference is not socio-economic class, population density, the legacy of slavery, or the heat of the South, but the traditional "culture of honour", in which a man's reputation is seen as central to his economic survival.

Kriminologische Lebenslaufanalyse Und Biografieforschung Das Bio Psycho Soziale Entwicklungsmodell Nach Friedrich L Sel

Author: Yasmin Hamed-Schrader
Editor: Diplomica Verlag
ISBN: 3959346190
Size: 14,58 MB
Format: PDF
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Seit Menschengedenken spielt die Existenz von Gut und Böse im Menschen eine herausragende Rolle. Auch im religiösen Kontext des Abendlandes ist mit dem theologischen Sachverhalt der Erbsünde und der Zäsur, die diese hervorgebracht hat, das Bewusstsein für die Unterscheidung zwischen diesen beiden Grundelementen entstanden. Ebenso basiert die Dramaturgie eines jeden Märchen auf dieser grundlegenden Unterscheidung und der Erkenntnis, dass mit der Existenz menschlicher Sozialnormen in jedem Bezugssystem die Existenz einer Abweichung dieser Normen einhergeht. Die Ursache des Bösen oder – weniger spirituell – devianter, bisweilen krimineller Verhaltensweisen ist in der Kriminologie, die sich nicht auf die Theorie von der Erbsünde als Urzelle der Delinquenz kapriziert, Grundlagenforschung allererster Güte. Deshalb begnügen sich Kriminologen und Soziologen auch nicht damit solche menschlichen Wesensmerkmale als Determinante qua Geburt hinzunehmen, sondern sind vielmehr seit Jahrhunderten auf der Suche nach den Bedingungsfaktoren für Kriminalität im Lebenslauf. Gleichzeitig steckt in der Bemühung zur Identifizierung kriminogener Umstände in der Biografie auch die Bemühung solche Risiken frühzeitig zu erkennen und dem scheinbaren Determinismus menschlicher Lebenswege entgegenzuwirken.

Paul Ricoeur And The Task Of Political Philosophy

Author: Greg S. Johnson
Editor: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 0739167731
Size: 18,89 MB
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This book offers a sustained engagement with the political philosophy of Paul Ricoeur and demonstrates both the significance of the political in his own thinking throughout his career, and how his understanding of the political offers something valuable to current discussions of issues in political philosophy.

Handbook Of Aggressive Behavior Research

Author: Caitriona Quin
Editor: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
ISBN:
Size: 12,40 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Aggression is a complex social behaviour with multiple causes. In psychology, as well as other social and behavioural sciences, aggression refers to behaviour between members of the same species that is intended to cause pain or harm. Aggression takes a variety of forms among humans and can be physical, mental, or verbal. Aggression should not be confused with assertiveness however, although the terms are often used interchangeably. There are two broad categories of aggression. These include hostile, affective, or retaliatory aggression and instrumental, predatory, or goal-oriented aggression. Empirical research indicates that there is a critical difference between the two, both psychologically and physiologically. Some research indicates that people with tendencies toward affective aggression have lower IQs than those with tendencies toward predatory aggression. If only considering physical aggression, males tend to be more aggressive than females. This new book gathers the latest research from around the world in this field.

Das Macht Paradox

Author: Dacher Keltner
Editor: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593399075
Size: 18,98 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Macht haben, Mensch bleiben Es sind nicht die Ellenbogen, es ist unser Gemeinsinn, der uns Macht verleiht. Doch sobald wir Macht haben und ihren Verführungen erliegen, geht uns die soziale Kompetenz schnell wieder verloren. Wir alle sind Opfer dieses Macht-Paradoxes, sagt der renommierte Psychologe Dacher Keltner. In seinem neuen Buch zeigt er, dass Macht und auch Machtmissbrauch in jedem Winkel unseres sozialen Lebens vorkommen: - In der Arbeitswelt, - in der Familie, - innerhalb von Freundschaften und gesellschaftlichen Gruppen. Macht bestimmt das Leben aller Menschen. Und erst wenn wir einen Blick durch die Brille der Macht werfen, lässt sich dieses Paradox auflösen. Damit die Guten nicht nur an die Macht kommen, sondern empathisch bleiben und sie behalten. Keltners Buch ist eine revolutionäre neue positive Psychologie der Macht. Einer der bedeutendsten Psychologen Amerikas inspiriert uns dazu, auf eine neue Weise über Macht nachzudenken. Sein Buch hilft uns, uns selbst zu verstehen. "Dacher Keltner verändert die Vorstellungen darüber, wie Macht und wie Ungleichheit funktionieren. Es ist nur eine Frage der Zeit, bis seine Ideen sich überall verbreiten. Und im Gegensatz zu anderen Psychologen, die ich kenne, ist er kein Spinner." Michael Lewis, Autor von "The Big Short"

Understanding Culture

Author: Robert S. Wyer
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781848728080
Size: 20,76 MB
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This volume contains contributions from 24 internationally known scholars covering a broad spectrum of interests in cross-cultural theory and research. This breadth is reflected in the diversity of the topics covered in the volume, which include theoretical approaches to cross-cultural research, the dimensions of national cultures and their measurement, ecological and economic foundations of culture, cognitive, perceptual and emotional manifestations of culture, and bicultural and intercultural processes. In addition to the individual chapters, the volume contains a dialog among 14 experts in the field on a number of issues of concern in cross-cultural research, including the relation of psychological studies of culture to national development and national policies, the relationship between macro structures of a society and shared cognitions, the integration of structural and process models into a coherent theory of culture, how personal experiences and cultural traditions give rise to intra-cultural variation, whether culture can be validly measured by self-reports, the new challenges that confront cultural psychology, and whether psychology should strive to eliminate culture as an explanatory variable.

American Book Publishing Record

Author:
Editor:
ISBN:
Size: 11,76 MB
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The British National Bibliography

Author: Arthur James Wells
Editor:
ISBN:
Size: 11,84 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 248
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Hormones Brain And Behavior Five Volume Set

Author:
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080534155
Size: 12,19 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Read: 183
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Hormones, Brain and Behavior, Third Edition offers a state-of-the-art overview of hormonally-mediated behaviors, including an extensive discussion of the effects of hormones on insects, fish, amphibians, birds, rodents, and humans. Entries have been carefully designed to provide a valuable source of information for students and researchers in neuroendocrinology and those working in related areas, such as biology, psychology, psychiatry, and neurology. This third edition has been substantially restructured to include both foundational information and recent developments in the field. Continuing the emphasis on interdisciplinary research and practical applications, the book includes articles aligned in five main subject sections, with new chapters included on genetic and genomic techniques and clinical investigations. This reference provides unique treatment of all major vertebrate and invertebrate model systems with excellent opportunities for relating behavior to molecular genetics. The topics cover an unusual breadth (from molecules to ecophysiology), ranging from basic science to clinical research, making this reference of interest to a broad range of scientists in a variety of fields. Key Features * Contributors from 16 different countries and more than 70 institutions * Unlike any other hormone reference on the market Hormones, Brain and Behavior addresses hormone effects in all major vertebrate and non-vertebrate models * A timely, current reference on an emerging field with each chapter providing an in-depth exploration of the topic * Discusses molecular aspects of hormone function, systems, development, and hormone-related diseases * Addresses hormone effects in both the developing and adult nervous system Topics include: * Mammalian and Non-mammalian Hormone-behavior Systems * Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms of Hormone Actions on Behavior * Development of Hormone-dependent Neuronal Systems * Hormone/Behavior Relations of Clinical Importance

Letzte Fragen

Author: Thomas Nagel
Editor:
ISBN: 9783434461715
Size: 17,48 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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