Deformation And Flow Of Polymeric Materials

Author: Helmut Münstedt
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3642554091
Size: 19,18 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book describes the properties of single polymer molecules and polymeric materials and the methods how to characterize them. Molar masses, molar mass distributions and branching structure are discussed in detail. These properties are decisive for a deeper understanding of structure/properties relationships of polymeric materials. This book therefore describes and discusses them in detail. The mechanical behavior as a function of time and temperature is a key subject of the book. The authors present it on the basis of many original results they have obtained in their long research careers. They present the temperature dependence of mechanical properties of various polymeric materials in a wide temperature range: from cryogenic temperatures to the melt. Besides an extensive data collection on the transitions of various different polymeric materials, they also carefully present the physical explanations of the observed phenomena. Glass transition and melting temperatures are discussed, particularly, with their relevance for applications. A comprehensive part of the book deals with properties of polymers in the molten state and their decisive influence on the processing of the materials. The book presents and discusses viscous and elastic properties in detail as a function of molar mass, polydispersity, and branching. This book addresses students of polymer and materials science, as well as other natural sciences. Besides this educational value, it will also serve as a valuable monograph for everyone dealing with polymers and polymeric materials, from research, over development, to applications.

Introduction To Polymer Rheology

Author: Montgomery T. Shaw
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470388447
Size: 20,96 MB
Format: PDF
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"Providing new students and practitioners with an easy-to-understand introduction to the theory and practice an often complicated subject, Introduction to Polymer Rheology incorporates worked problems and problems with appended answers to provide opportunities for review and further learning of more advanced concepts. By limiting the use of mathematics within an approachable format, this introductory overview ensures practicing scientists and engineers understand the concepts underlying the flow behavior of polymer melts, solutions, and suspensions, and are able to interpret experimental data correctly and provide additional insight on a process"--

The Physics Of Deformation And Fracture Of Polymers

Author: A. S. Argon
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521821843
Size: 12,37 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A physical, mechanism-based presentation of the plasticity and fracture of polymers, covering industrial scale applications through to nanoscale biofluidic devices.

Rheological And Morphological Properties Of Dispersed Polymeric Materials

Author: Helmut Münstedt
Editor: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
ISBN: 1569906807
Size: 18,26 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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The rheology of polymer melts plays an important role today in industry and academia. Although several textbooks on this subject are available, with very few exceptions they cover homogeneous products only. This book is unique in that it focuses on heterogeneous systems such as particle-filled materials and polymer blends, which are highly important in the world market. It deals with similarities and differences of the flow properties of these two classes of material, providing both a fundamental and a practical understanding. Key points of the book are the viscous and elastic properties of engineering polymers filled with functional particles and the influence of nanoparticles on rheological properties. Two key aspects of rheological measurements are discussed: the influence of heterogeneous structures on the flow of materials important for processing and the use of rheological means to get an insight into morphological features. Both approaches are applied to particle-filled melts and to polymer blends. In the latter case it is shown in detail in which way the deformation of droplets formed by the dispersed phase can be affected by outer deformation, particularly in elongation.

Rheology And Processing Of Polymeric Materials

Author: Chang Dae Han
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195345988
Size: 16,66 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Volume 1 presents first fundamental principles of the rheology of polymeric fluid including kinematics and stresses of a deformable body, the continuum theory for the viscoelasticity of flexible homogeneous polymeric liquids, the molecular theory for the viscoelasticity of flexible homogeneous polymeric liquids, and the experimental methods for the measurement of the rheological properties of poylmeric liquids. The materials presented are intended to set a stage for the subsequent chapters by introducing the basic concepts and principles of rheology, from both phenomenological and molecular perspectives, ofstructurally simple flexible and homogeneous polymeric liquids. Next, this volume presents the rheological behavior of structurally complex polymeric materials including miscible polymer blends, block copolymers, liquid-crystalline polymers, thermoplastic polyurethanes, immiscible polymer blends, perticulare-filled polymers, organoclay nanocomposites, molten polymers with dissolved gas, and thermosts.

Fundamental Principles Of Polymeric Materials

Author: Christopher S. Brazel
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470505427
Size: 14,59 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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"This new edition introduces the field of polymers, balancing chemistry, physics, and engineering applications. It updates a classic text used in introductory polymer courses, but has not been updated since 1993. This revised and updated edition focuses on new technologies that use polymers, new feedstocks, polymers derived from biological sources, new polymerization strategies, and analysis of polymers. Further, the third edition includes new homework problems and examples. With the updates mentioned, the book now includes the latest concepts while also remaining friendly to students new to the field"--

Computer Simulation Of Polymeric Materials

Author: Japan Association for Chemical Innovation
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 9811008159
Size: 16,38 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book is the first to introduce a mesoscale polymer simulation system called OCTA. With its name derived from "Open Computational Tool for Advanced material technology," OCTA is a unique software product, available without charge, that was developed in a project funded by Japanese government. OCTA contains a series of simulation programs focused on mesoscale simulation of the soft matter COGNAC, SUSHI, PASTA, NAPLES, MUFFIN, and KAPSEL. When mesoscale polymer simulation is performed, one may encounter many difficulties that this book will help to overcome. The book not only introduces the theoretical background and functions of each simulation engine, it also provides many examples of the practical applications of the OCTA system. Those examples include predicting mechanical properties of plastic and rubber, morphology formation of polymer blends and composites, the micelle structure of surfactants, and optical properties of polymer films. This volume is strongly recommended as a valuable resource for both academic and industrial researchers who work in polymer simulation.

Polymer Rheology

Author: Tim A. Osswald
Editor: Hanser Gardner Publications
ISBN: 9781569905173
Size: 17,92 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Rheology unites the seemingly unrelated fields of plasticity and non-Newtonian fluids by recognizing that both these types of materials are unable to support a shear stress in static equilibrium. In this sense, a plastic solid is a fluid. Granular rheology refers to the continuum mechanical description of granular materials. In this book, rheology--the study of the deformation and flow of matter--is treated primarily in the context of the stresses generated during the flow of complex materials such as polymers, colloids, foams, and gels. A rapidly growing and industrially important field, it plays a significant role in polymer processing, food processing, coating and printing, and many other manufacturing processes.

Rheology

Author: Alexander Ya. Malkin
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 1927885221
Size: 11,35 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Rheology: Concepts, Methods and Applications, Third Edition provides a thorough historical and theoretical grounding in the field, and introduces rheology as the method of solving many practical problems in materials science and engineering. The book is practical and relevant for industry, but is also consistent with rheology courses in academia, making it relevant to both academics and accomplished rheologists in industry. The first four chapters discuss various aspects of theoretical rheology and, through examples from numerous studies, show how particular theories, models, or equations can be used in solving different problems. The shared experience and insight contained in these chapters assists practitioners carrying out rheological studies in generating relevant data. This helps to avert costly errors in analysis which are common when data are generated under the wrong conditions, or are incorrectly used. The fifth chapter covers methods of measurement and treatment of raw data—eight groups of methods are discussed in this chapter, providing the reader with many options for experimentation, along with guidance on where and how to use them properly. The final chapter demonstrates how to use rheological methods for different groups of products and manufacturing methods. The usefulness of chemorheological (rheokinetical) measurements is also emphasized. The chapter has a particular emphasis on real-world applications of rheology, and gives practical guidance to enable materials scientists to gather data and solve problems using these methods. This book is a systematic presentation of the subject of rheology—written by two of the foremost researchers in the field—showing the subject as an interrelated system of concepts, principal phenomena, experimental methods, and directions of their application. It also links with other branches of theoretical and applied sciences. Provides substantial experience and insight to assist rheologists working in a range of industries to generate relevant data, avoiding costly errors in analysis Includes eight groups of measurement methods, providing the reader with options so they can choose the most effective for their situation Offers thorough coverage of different applications of rheology, demonstrating how to use rheological methods for different products—from polymeric materials to food products, biological fluids, and electro and magnetic materials

Handbook Of Engineering Polymeric Materials

Author: P. Cheremisinoff
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824797997
Size: 16,58 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Presenting practical information on new and conventional polymers and products as alternative materials and end-use applications, this work details technological advancements in high-structure plastics and elastomers, functionalized materials, and their product applications. The book also provides a comparison of manufacturing and processing techniques from around the world. It emphasizes product characterization, performance attributes and structural properties.