Discrete Symmetries And Cp Violation

Author: Marco Sozzi
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199296669
Size: 17,55 MB
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This book takes a fresh approach to the teaching of discrete symmetries which are central to fundamental physics: mirror symmetry, matter/anti-matter symmetry, and time reversal. It is self-contained and includes detailed discussions of relevant experiments - conveying some of the fascination and intellectual challenges of experimental physics.

Cern Courier

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Size: 15,94 MB
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Elements Of Phase Transitions And Critical Phenomena

Author: Hidetoshi Nishimori
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199577226
Size: 11,41 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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As an introductory account of the theory of phase transitions and critical phenomena, this book reflects lectures given by the authors to graduate students at their departments and is thus classroom-tested to help beginners enter the field. Most parts are written as self-contained units and every new concept or calculation is explained in detail without assuming prior knowledge of the subject. The book significantly enhances and revises a Japanese version which is a bestseller in the Japanese market and is considered a standard textbook in the field. It contains new pedagogical presentations of field theory methods, including a chapter on conformal field theory, and various modern developments hard to find in a single textbook on phase transitions. Exercises are presented as the topics develop, with solutions found at the end of the book, making the text useful for self-teaching, as well as for classroom learning.

Particle Physics In The Lhc Era

Author: Giles Barr
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191065455
Size: 18,12 MB
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This text gives an introduction to particle physics at a level accessible to advanced undergraduate students. It is based on lectures given to 4th year physics students over a number of years, and reflects the feedback from the students. The aim is to explain the theoretical and experimental basis of the Standard Model (SM) of Particle Physics with the simplest mathematical treatment possible. All the experimental discoveries that led to the understanding of the SM relied on particle detectors and most of them required advanced particle accelerators. A unique feature of this book is that it gives a serious introduction to the fundamental accelerator and detector physics, which is currently only available in advanced graduate textbooks. The mathematical tools that are required such as group theory are covered in one chapter. A modern treatment of the Dirac equation is given in which the free particle Dirac equation is seen as being equivalent to the Lorentz transformation. The idea of generating the SM interactions from fundamental gauge symmetries is explained. The core of the book covers the SM. The tools developed are used to explain its theoretical basis and a clear discussion is given of the critical experimental evidence which underpins it. A thorough account is given of quark flavour and neutrino oscillations based on published experimental results, including some from running experiments. A simple introduction to the Higgs sector of the SM is given. This explains the key idea of how spontaneous symmetry breaking can generate particle masses without violating the underlying gauge symmetry. A key feature of this book is that it gives an accessible explanation of the discovery of the Higgs boson, including the advanced statistical techniques required. The final chapter gives an introduction to LHC physics beyond the standard model and the techniques used in searches for new physics. There is an outline of the shortcomings of the SM and a discussion of possible solutions and future experiments to resolve these outstanding questions. For updates, new results, useful links as well as corrections to errata in this book, please see the book website maintained by the authors: https://pplhcera.physics.ox.ac.uk/

Chemical Dynamics In Condensed Phases

Author: Abraham Nitzan
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198529791
Size: 13,33 MB
Format: PDF
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Graduate level textbook presenting some of the most fundamental processes that underlie physical, chemical and biological phenomena in complex condensed phase systems. Includes in-depth descriptions of relevant methodologies, and provides ample introductory material for readers of different backgrounds.

Kinetic Theory Of Granular Gases

Author: Nikolai V. Brilliantov
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199588139
Size: 17,37 MB
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In contrast to molecular gases (for example, air), the particles of granular gases, such as a cloud of dust, lose part of their kinetic energy when they collide, giving rise to many exciting physical properties. The book provides a self-contained introduction to the theory of granular gases for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduates.

Time Dependent Density Functional Theory

Author: Carsten Ullrich
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199563020
Size: 18,23 MB
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Time-dependent density-functional theory (TDDFT) is a quantum mechanical approach for the dynamical properties of electrons in matter. It's widely used in (bio)chemistry and physics to calculate molecular excitation energies and optical properties of materials. This is the first graduate-level text on the formal framework and applications of TDDFT.

Tutorials In Radiotherapy Physics

Author: Patrick N. McDermott
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 148225168X
Size: 13,29 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The Topics Every Medical Physicist Should Know Tutorials in Radiotherapy Physics: Advanced Topics with Problems and Solutions covers selected advanced topics that are not thoroughly discussed in any of the standard medical physics texts. The book brings together material from a large variety of sources, avoiding the need for you to search through and digest the vast research literature. The topics are mathematically developed from first principles using consistent notation. Clear Derivations and In-Depth Explanations The book offers insight into the physics of electron acceleration in linear accelerators and presents an introduction to the study of proton therapy. It then describes the predominant method of clinical photon dose computation: convolution and superposition dose calculation algorithms. It also discusses the Boltzmann transport equation, a potentially fast and accurate method of dose calculation that is an alternative to the Monte Carlo method. This discussion considers Fermi–Eyges theory, which is widely used for electron dose calculations. The book concludes with a step-by-step mathematical development of tumor control and normal tissue complication probability models. Each chapter includes problems with solutions given in the back of the book. Prepares You to Explore Cutting-Edge Research This guide provides you with the foundation to read review articles on the topics. It can be used for self-study, in graduate medical physics and physics residency programs, or in vendor training for linacs and treatment planning systems.

Modern Quantum Field Theory

Author: Tom Banks
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139473891
Size: 18,43 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Presenting a variety of topics that are only briefly touched on in other texts, this book provides a thorough introduction to the techniques of field theory. Covering Feynman diagrams and path integrals, the author emphasizes the path integral approach, the Wilsonian approach to renormalization, and the physics of non-abelian gauge theory. It provides a thorough treatment of quark confinement and chiral symmetry breaking, topics not usually covered in other texts at this level. The Standard Model of particle physics is discussed in detail. Connections with condensed matter physics are explored, and there is a brief, but detailed, treatment of non-perturbative semi-classical methods. Ideal for graduate students in high energy physics and condensed matter physics, the book contains many problems,which help students practise the key techniques of quantum field theory.

Nonequilibrium Statistical Physics

Author: Noëlle Pottier
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199556881
Size: 10,13 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book presents a united approach to the statistical physics of systems near equilibrium: it brings out the profound unity of the laws which govern them and gathers together results usually fragmented in the literature. It will be useful both as a textbook about irreversible phenomena and as a reference book for researchers.