Energy Landscapes Inherent Structures And Condensed Matter Phenomena

Author: Frank H. Stillinger
Editor: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400873975
Size: 10,68 MB
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This book presents an authoritative and in-depth treatment of potential energy landscape theory, a powerful analytical approach to describing the atomic and molecular interactions in condensed-matter phenomena. Drawing on the latest developments in the computational modeling of many-body systems, Frank Stillinger applies this approach to a diverse range of substances and systems, including crystals, liquids, glasses and other amorphous solids, polymers, and solvent-suspended biomolecules. Stillinger focuses on the topography of the multidimensional potential energy hypersurface created when a large number of atoms or molecules simultaneously interact with one another. He explains how the complex landscape topography separates uniquely into individual "basins," each containing a local potential energy minimum or "inherent structure," and he shows how to identify interbasin transition states—saddle points—that reside in shared basin boundaries. Stillinger describes how inherent structures and their basins can be classified and enumerated by depth, curvatures, and other attributes, and how those enumerations lead logically from vastly complicated multidimensional landscapes to properties observed in the real three-dimensional world. Essential for practitioners and students across a variety of fields, the book illustrates how this approach applies equally to systems whose nuclear motions are intrinsically quantum mechanical or classical, and provides novel strategies for numerical simulation computations directed toward diverse condensed-matter systems.

Advances In The Computational Sciences Proceedings Of The Symposium In Honor Of Dr Berni Alder S 90th Birthday

Author: Schwegler Eric
Editor: World Scientific
ISBN: 9813209437
Size: 16,37 MB
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On August 20, 2015, a symposium at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory was held in honor of Berni J. Alder's 90th birthday. Many of Berni's scientific colleagues and collaborators, former students, and post-doctoral fellows came to celebrate and honor Berni and the ground-breaking scientific impact of his many discoveries. This proceedings volume includes contributions from Berni's collaborators and covers a range of topics, including the melting transition in the 2D hard disk system, non-equilibrium fluid relaxation, the role of fluctuations in hydrodynamics, glass transitions, molecular dynamics of dense fluids, shock-wave and finite-strain equation of state relationships, and applications of quantum mechanics in pattern recognition.

Advances In Chemical Physics

Author: Stuart A. Rice
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470431900
Size: 12,74 MB
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The Advances in Chemical Physics series presents the cutting edge in every area of the discipline and provides the field with a forum for critical, authoritative evaluations of advances. It provides an editorial framework that makes the book an excellent supplement to advanced graduate classes, with contributions from experts around the world and a handy glossary for easy reference on new terminology. This series is a wonderful guide for students and professionals in chemical physics and physical chemistry, from academia, government, and industries including chemicals, pharmaceuticals, and polymers.

Metastable Glassy States Under External Perturbations

Author: Corrado Rainone
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319604236
Size: 12,26 MB
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This thesis presents a theoretical analysis of the behavior of glasses under external perturbations, i.e. compression and shear straining. Written in a pedagogical style, it explains every facet of the problem in detail, including many crucial steps that cannot be found in the existing literature—making it particularly useful for students and as an introduction to the subject of glassy physics. In glassy systems the behavior under external compression and shear-strain is quite peculiar. Many complex phenomena are observed and grasping them fully would be a major step toward a complete theory of the glass transition. This thesis makes important advances in this direction, analyzing the behavior of glassy states in painstaking detail and reproducing it in the framework of a recently developed mean field theory for glasses that has proven extremely successful for jamming, demonstrating its predictive power in the context of metastable glassy states obtained through nonequilibrium protocols.

Computer Simulation Studies In Condensed Matter Physics X

Author: David P. Landau
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642468519
Size: 14,40 MB
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Computer Simulation Studies in Condensed-Matter Physics X is devoted to Prof. Masuo Suzuki's ideas, which have made novel, new simulations possible. These proceedings, of the 1997 workshop, comprise three parts that deal with new algorithms, methods of analysis, and conceptual developments. The first part contains invited papers that deal with simulational studies of classical systems. The second of the proceedings is devoted to invited papers on quantum systems, including new results for strongly correlated electron and quantum spin models. The final part contains a large number of contributed presentations.

Dissertation Abstracts International

Size: 15,64 MB
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Author: K.- J. Kim
Editor: Elsevier Science
ISBN: 9780444514172
Size: 19,80 MB
Format: PDF
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This book contains the Proceedings of the 24th International Free Electron Laser Conference and the 9th Free Electron Laser Users Workshop, which were held on September 9-13, 2002 at Argonne National Laboratory. Part I has been reprinted from Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A 507 (2003), Nos. 1-2.

Flow Dynamics

Author: Michio Tokuyama
Editor: Amer Inst of Physics
ISBN: 9780735403246
Size: 13,64 MB
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All manuscripts were peer-reviewed. This book provides up-to-date information on flow dynamics for experimental, theoretical, and computational researchers in various fields, such as physics, chemistry, biology, engineering, polymer science, and computer science. The proceedings contain review articles by leading scientists as well as contributed papers by authors on the forefront of research.

Das Kleine Buch Der Stringtheorie

Author: Steven S. Gubser
Editor: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag
ISBN: 9783827428486
Size: 12,59 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Das kleine Buch der Stringtheorie bietet eine knappe und unterhaltsame Einführung in eines der meistdiskutierten Gebiete der modernen Physik. Die Stringtheorie gilt als eine „Theorie für Alles“, mit der sich sämtliche Grundkräfte der Natur beschreiben lassen. Bisher allerdings konnte sie experimentell nicht bestätigt werden, und unter Physikern wird sie sehr kontrovers diskutiert. Dieses Buch gibt Ihnen die Gelegenheit, sich ein eigenes Bild zu machen!

Directory Of Graduate Research

Author: American Chemical Society. Committee on Professional Training
Size: 16,59 MB
Format: PDF
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Faculties, publications and doctoral theses in departments or divisions of chemistry, chemical engineering, biochemistry and pharmaceutical and/or medicinal chemistry at universities in the United States and Canada.