Evolutionary Arguments On Aging Disease And Other Topicsn Aging

Author: Giacinto Libertini
Editor: Azinet
ISBN: 0978870921
Size: 14,64 MB
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Every character of a living being has its function: the teeth are there to chew, the lungs to breathe, the eyes to see, etc. But what is the function of aging, if there even is one?If it is true that the living being is modelled by natural selection, what are the evolutionary needs that bring about limited longevity or variable longevity according to the species? Why does a mouse live less than two years, a tortoise many tens of years and Pinus Aristata not seem to age at all? Are these differences casual or is evolution somehow at the origin of it all, as A. Weismann hypothesized back in the last century?The results are beyond all expectations: it is possible to provide an explanation for the "why of senescence in evolutionary terms.Another important topic is the meaning of disease phenomenon in the context of evolutionary theory. Illness is a set of phenomena that is perfectly anticipated and rationally classifiable by evolutionary theory.This book, printed in Italian in 1983, broached these and other questions with a rigorous evolutionary approach, using mathematical models in its arguments for the graphic expression and the confirmation of the models.

Evolutionary Interpretations Of Aging Disease Phenomenon And Sex

Author: Giacinto Libertini
Editor: Copernican editions
ISBN: 8890648600
Size: 18,70 MB
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The Evolution Of Aging

Author: Theodore C. Goldsmith
Editor: Azinet
ISBN: 0978870905
Size: 12,66 MB
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Goldsmith provides a historical review of biological aging theories including underlying evolution and genetics issues and describes exciting recent discoveries and new theories that are causing renewed interest in aging-by-design.

Aging

Author: L. Robert
Editor: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
ISBN: 3318026530
Size: 10,10 MB
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Aging inspired a large number of theories trying to rationalize the aging process common to all living beings. In this publication the most important environmental and intrinsic mechanisms involved in the aging process and in its pathological consequences are reviewed. Furthermore theoretical and experimental evidence of the most important theoretical elements based on Darwinian evolution, cellular aging, role of cell membranes, free radicals and oxidative processes, receptor-mediated reactions, the extracellular matrix and immune functions as well as the most important environmental and intrinsic mechanisms involved in the aging process and in its pathological consequences are discussed. These presentations of theories and related experimental facts give a global overview of up to date concepts of the biology of the aging process and are of essential reading not only for specialists in this field but also for practitioners of scientific, medical, social and experimental sciences.

The Story Of The Human Body

Author: Daniel Lieberman
Editor: Vintage
ISBN: 030774180X
Size: 15,98 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In this book the author, a Harvard evolutionary biologist presents an account of how the human body has evolved over millions of years, examining how an increasing disparity between the needs of Stone Age bodies and the realities of the modern world are fueling a paradox of greater longevity and chronic disease. It illuminates the major transformations that contributed key adaptations to the body: the rise of bipedalism; the shift to a non-fruit-based diet; the advent of hunting and gathering, leading to our superlative endurance athleticism; the development of a very large brain; and the incipience of cultural proficiencies. The author also elucidates how cultural evolution differs from biological evolution, and how our bodies were further transformed during the Agricultural and Industrial Revolutions. While these ongoing changes have brought about many benefits, they have also created conditions to which our bodies are not entirely adapted, the author argues, resulting in the growing incidence of obesity and new but avoidable diseases, such as type 2 diabetes. The author proposes that many of these chronic illnesses persist and in some cases are intensifying because of 'dysevolution,' a pernicious dynamic whereby only the symptoms rather than the causes of these maladies are treated. And finally, he advocates the use of evolutionary information to help nudge, push, and sometimes even compel us to create a more salubrious environment. -- From publisher's web site.

An Introduction To Biological Aging Theory

Author: Theodore Goldsmith
Editor: Azinet
ISBN: 0978870913
Size: 14,97 MB
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Why do we age? The answer to this question is critical to our ability to prevent and treat highly age-related diseases such as cancer and heart disease that now cause the deaths of most people in the developed world. This short book provides an overview of biological aging theories including history, current status, major scientific controversies, and implications for the future of medicine. Major topics include: human mortality as a function of age, aging mechanisms and processes, the programmed vs. non-programmed aging controversy, empirical evidence on aging, and the feasibility of anti-aging and regenerative medicine. Evolution theory is essential to aging theories. Theorists have been struggling for 150 years to explain how aging, deterioration, and consequent death fit with Darwin's survival of the fittest concept. This book explains how continuing genetics discoveries have produced changes in the way we think about evolution that in turn lead to new thinking about the nature of aging.

How Men Age

Author: Richard G. Bribiescas
Editor: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400883261
Size: 18,62 MB
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While the health of aging men has been a focus of biomedical research for years, evolutionary biology has not been part of the conversation—until now. How Men Age is the first book to explore how natural selection has shaped male aging, how evolutionary theory can inform our understanding of male health and well-being, and how older men may have contributed to the evolution of some of the very traits that make us human. In this informative and entertaining book, renowned biological anthropologist Richard Bribiescas looks at all aspects of male aging through an evolutionary lens. He describes how the challenges males faced in their evolutionary past influenced how they age today, and shows how this unique evolutionary history helps explain common aspects of male aging such as prostate disease, loss of muscle mass, changes in testosterone levels, increases in fat, erectile dysfunction, baldness, and shorter life spans than women. Bribiescas reveals how many of the physical and behavioral changes that we negatively associate with male aging may have actually facilitated the emergence of positive traits that have helped make humans so successful as a species, including parenting, long life spans, and high fertility. Popular science at its most compelling, How Men Age provides new perspectives on the aging process in men and how we became human, and also explores future challenges for human evolution—and the important role older men might play in them.

Ageing Evidence

Author:
Editor: The Stationery Office
ISBN: 9780104007280
Size: 14,24 MB
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Emerging And Evolving Topics In Multiple Sclerosis Pathogenesis And Treatments

Author: Anne C. La Flamme
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319255436
Size: 20,26 MB
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Over the past decade, we have made great advances in the field of multiple sclerosis (MS) research, and this book focuses on those advances in MS pathogenesis and treatment. While some of these advances have been through new approaches and ideas that have emerged in the last decade such as the newly identified protective role that amyloid proteins may play in MS or the use of helminths to treat autoimmune diseases, others have evolved from previous theories and ideas that have only now gained momentum and a deeper understanding such as the role of HLA or gender in MS susceptibility. This book covers these emerging and evolving topics and highlights the substantial advancements made in elucidation of the factors regulating susceptibility or disease progression, identification of new ways to monitor or predict MS pathology, and development of new strategies for treating MS.

Religion In Human Evolution

Author: Robert N. Bellah
Editor: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674063090
Size: 11,45 MB
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This ambitious book probes our biological past to discover the kinds of lives that human beings have imagined were worth living. Bellah’s theory goes deep into cultural and genetic evolution to identify a range of capacities (communal dancing, storytelling, theorizing) whose emergence made religious development possible in the first millennium BCE.