Foreign Direct Investment For Development Maximising Benefits Minimising Costs

Author: OECD
Editor: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264199284
Size: 15,69 MB
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Provides a comprehensive review of the issues related to the impact of FDI on development as well as to the policies needed to maximise the benefits.

Foreign Direct Investment In Developing Countries

Author: Sarbajit Chaudhuri
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 8132218981
Size: 12,85 MB
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In development literature Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is traditionally considered to be instrumental for the economic growth of all countries, particularly the developing ones. It acts as a panacea for breaking out of the vicious circle of low savings/low income and facilitates the import of capital goods and advanced technical knowhow. This book delves into the complex interaction of FDI with diverse factors. While FDI affects the efficiency of domestic producers through technological diffusion and spill-over effects, it also impinges on the labor market, affecting unemployment levels, human capital formation, wages (and wage inequality) and poverty; furthermore, it has important implications for socio-economic issues such as child labor, agricultural disputes over Special Economic Zones (SEZ) and environmental pollution. The empirical evidence with regard to most of the effects of FDI is highly mixed and reflects the fact that there are a number of mechanisms involved that interact with each other to produce opposing results. The book highlights the theoretical underpinnings behind the inherent contradictions and shows that the final outcome depends on a number of country-specific factors such as the nature of non-traded goods, factor endowments, technological and institutional factors. Thus, though not exhaustive, the book integrates FDI within most of the existing economic systems in order to define its much-debated role in developing economies. A theoretical analysis of the different facets of FDI as proposed in the book is thus indispensable, especially for the formulation of appropriate policies for foreign capital.

Foreign Direct Investment In Thailand

Author: Ratchanee Wattanawisitporn
Editor: Cuvillier Verlag
ISBN: 3865374514
Size: 20,12 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Ausl Ndische Direktinvestitionen Illusion Re Wachstumshoffnungen F R Lateinamerika

Author: Sarah Linde
ISBN: 3956362977
Size: 12,11 MB
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Inhaltsangabe:Einleitung: Ausländische Direktinvestitionen gewinnen im internationalen Kapitalverkehr insbesondere seit Beginn der 80er Jahre zunehmend an Bedeutung. Dabei fließt mehr und mehr Geld von Nord nach Süd. Heute entfallen über 30% der weltweiten Direktinvestitionen auf Entwicklungsländer und bilden so deren größten Nettokapitalzufluss . Allein 2005 wurden hier rund 334 Mrd. US-Dollar an ausländischem Kapital investiert. Viele Entwicklungsländer erhofften sich aus dieser neuen Kapitalquelle positive Wachstumseffekte und liberalisierten ihre Märkte, um so ausländische Direktinvestitionen anzuziehen. In der wissenschaftlichen Diskussion werden jedoch sowohl positive als auch negative Auswirkungen von Direktinvestitionen auf das Wirtschaftswachstum des Empfängerlandes erörtert. Wie die Analyse der Effekte ausländischer Direktinvestitionen auf makroökonomische Größen des Empfängerlandes zeigt, müssen FDI nicht zwangsläufig zu Wirtschaftswachstum oder Entwicklung führen. Als Reaktion auf die ausbleibenden Wachstumseffekte der gemäß des neoliberalen Wirtschaftsmodells durchgeführten Privatisierungen werden in einigen lateinamerikanischen Staaten ehemals privatisierte Unternehmen wieder verstaatlicht. Angesichts dieser Entwicklungen lautet die zentrale Forschungsfrage dieser Arbeit, ob die Nationalisierungen womöglich einen größeren Beitrag zum Wirtschaftswachstum eines Entwicklungslandes leisten können, als es ausländische Direktinvestitionen vermögen. Zur Beantwortung dieser Frage wird zunächst die Verstaatlichung der Ölindustrie in Venezuela als Fallbeispiel betrachtet. Der theoretische Analyserahmen basiert dabei auf dem Vergleich von quantitativen Daten ausgewählter, ökonomischer Indikatoren vor und nach der Nationalisierung der Ölförderung. Es soll anhand von ökonomischen Kennzahlen untersucht werden, ob die theoretischen Kosten und Nutzen einer Verstaatlichung auch am konkreten Beispiel der venezolanischen Ölindustrie belegt werden können. Da die Entwicklungen in Venezuela sehr aktuell sind, lassen die vorliegenden Daten noch keine Aussage über die langfristigen Auswirkungen der Nationalisierungspolitik zu. Daher werden in einer zweiten kurzen Fallstudie die Erfahrungen der seit 36 Jahren verstaatlichten chilenischen Kupferminen ausgewertet, um so einen Ausblick auf die möglichen zukünftigen Entwicklungen in Venezuela zu geben. Auch wenn der Zusammenhang zwischen ausländischen Direktinvestitionen und dem Wirtschaftswachstum des [...]

Making Foreign Direct Investment Work For Sub Saharan Africa

Author: Thomas Farole
Editor: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464801274
Size: 15,18 MB
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This book presents the results of a groundbreaking study on spillovers of knowledge and technology from global value-chain oriented foreign direct investment (FDI) in Sub-Saharan Africa, and discusses implications for policymakers hoping to harness the power of FDI for economic development.

Public Policy In International Economic Law

Author: Diane Desierto
Editor: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191026484
Size: 20,35 MB
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States reject inequality when they choose to ratify the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), but to date the ICESCR has not yet figured prominently in the policy calculus behind States' international economic decisions. This book responds to the modern challenge of operationalizing the ICESCR, particularly in the context of States' decisions within international trade, finance, and investment. Differentiating between public policy mechanisms and institutional functional mandates in the international trade, finance, and investment systems, this book shows legal and policy gateways for States to feasibly translate their fundamental duties to respect, protect, and fulfil economic, social and cultural rights into their trade, finance, and investment commitments, agreements, and contracts. It approaches the problem of harmonizing social protection objectives under the ICESCR with a State's international economic treaty obligations, from the designing and interpreting international treaty texts, up to the institutional monitoring and empirical analysis of ICESCR compliance. In examining public policy options, the book takes into account around five decades of States' implementation of social protection commitments under the ICESCR; its normative evolution through the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and the Committee's expanded fact-finding and adjudicative competences under the Optional Protocol to the ICESCR; as well as the critical, dialectical, and deliberative roles of diverse functional interpretive communities within international trade, finance, and investment law. Ultimately, the book shoes how States' ICESCR commitments operate as the normative foundation of their trade, finance, and investment decisions.

Lateinamerika Analysen

Size: 14,87 MB
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The Oxford Handbook Of Economic And Institutional Transparency

Author: Jens Forssbaeck
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199394830
Size: 18,50 MB
Format: PDF
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In recent years, the term 'transparency' has emerged as one of the most popular and keenly-touted concepts around. In the economic-political debate, the principle of transparency is often advocated as a prerequisite for accountability, legitimacy, policy efficiency, and good governance, as well as a universal remedy against corruption, corporate and political scandals, financial crises, and a host of other problems. But transparency is more than a mere catch-phrase. Increased transparency is a bearing ideal behind regulatory reform in many areas, including financial reporting and banking regulation. Individual governments as well as multilateral bodies have launched broad-based initiatives to enhance transparency in both economic and other policy domains. Parallel to these developments, the concept of transparency has seeped its way into academic research in a wide range of social science disciplines, including the economic sciences. This increased importance of transparency in economics and business studies has called for a reference work that surveys existing research on transparency and explores its meaning and significance in different areas. The Oxford Handbook of Economic and Institutional Transparency is such a reference. Comprised of authoritative yet accessible contributions by leading scholars, this Handbook addresses questions such as: What is transparency? What is the rationale for transparency? What are the determinants and the effects of transparency? And is transparency always beneficial, or can it also be detrimental (if so, when)? The chapters are presented in three sections that correspond to three broad themes. The first section addresses transparency in different areas of economic policy. The second section covers institutional transparency and explores the role of transparency in market integration and regulation. Finally, the third section focuses on corporate transparency. Taken together, this volume offers an up-to-date account of existing work on and approaches to transparency in economic research, discusses open questions, and provides guidance for future research, all from a blend of disciplinary perspectives.

Oecd Global Forum On International Investment Attracting International Investment For Development

Author: OECD
Editor: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264101942
Size: 15,62 MB
Format: PDF
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This publication is a collection of conference papers from the OECD Global Forum on International Investment (GFII) held in Shanghai on 5-6 December 2002.