Forensic Science In Wildlife Investigations

Author: Adrian Linacre
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849304118
Size: 16,21 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The range of species that fall within the realm of wildlife crimes is extensive, ranging from ferns and orchids to bald eagles and great whales. Solving these crimes is rarely dependent on the testimony of witnesses or victims. An ever-increasing number of research groups are applying scientific tests to animal and plant studies alike. However, until now, whatever progress is available in this area has remained scattered through the literature. Forensic Science in Wildlife Investigations focuses on the developing test methods that can be applied to wildlife crimes. In large part, the tests described are drawn from human-based research. Edited by Adrian Linacre, a noted forensic researcher and one of the principal pioneers active in wildlife forensics, this volume collects the work of others working across the world with both plant and animal investigations. While the book contains valuable approaches that lab investigators can employ, the scientific material is written at a level that requires no more than a fundamental knowledge of biology. Any required scientific information is provided in separate boxes. Offering practical guidance, it helps investigators and lab technicians decide on best methods, including a determination of when basic microscopy is sufficient, when DNA testing should occur, and what tests or combination of tests should be executed in a particular circumstance. The text illustrates how to identify the species and geographic region of origin of an unknown sample. Demonstrating the latest methods through real-world case studies, this volume provides the direction and practical advice needed by legal and police professionals seeking to gain the evidence needed to prosecute wildlife crimes.

Wildlife Forensics

Author: Jane E. Huffman
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119954290
Size: 14,54 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Wildlife Forensics: Methods and Applications provides an accessible and practical approach to the key areas involved in this developing subject. The book contains case studies throughout the text that take the reader from the field, to the lab analysis to the court room, giving a complete insight into the path of forensic evidence and demonstrating how current techniques can be applied to wildlife forensics. The book contains approaches that wildlife forensic investigators and laboratory technicians can employ in investigations and provides the direction and practical advice required by legal and police professionals seeking to gain the evidence needed to prosecute wildlife crimes. The book will bring together in one text various aspects of wildlife forensics, including statistics, toxicology, pathology, entomology, morphological identification, and DNA analysis. This book will be an invaluable reference and will provide investigators, laboratory technicians and students in forensic Science/conservation biology classes with practical guidance and best methods for criminal investigations applied to wildlife crime. Includes practical techniques that wildlife forensic investigators and laboratory technicians can employ in investigations. Includes case studies to illustrate various key methods and applications. Brings together diverse areas of forensic science and demonstrates their application specifically to the field of wildlife crime. Contains methodology boxes to lead readers through the processes of individual techniques. Takes an applied approach to the subject to appeal to both students of the subject and practitioners in the field. Includes a broad introduction to what is meant by 'wildlife crime', how to approach a crime scene and collect evidence and includes chapters dedicated to the key techniques utilized in wildlife investigations. Includes chapters on wildlife forensic pathology; zooanthropological techniques; biological trace evidence analysis; the importance of bitemark evidence; plant and wildlife forensics; best practices and law enforcement.

Advanced Topics In Forensic Dna Typing

Author: John Marshall Butler
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123745136
Size: 19,83 MB
Format: PDF
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John M. Butler

Wildlife Forensic Investigation

Author: John E. Cooper
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439813752
Size: 16,19 MB
Format: PDF
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Wildlife forensics is the application of forensic science to the conservation and protection of non-domesticated animals, both in the wild and in captivity. Providing an in-depth introduction to this rapidly evolving field, Wildlife Forensic Investigation: Principles and Practice also chronicles aspects of the history of management, conservation, and environmental protection, with an emphasis on their global importance in the twenty-first century. The book examines the crucial role of wildlife forensic investigation with regard to live animals, dead animals and samples and covers national, regional, and international legislation. While the text particularly focuses on forensic science as it relates to wild animals, it also includes mention of plants and habitats because of their relevance to conservation. The book discusses animal welfare as well as the damage that can be inflicted on humans and property by wildlife. Offering access to sound evidence based on good science and obtained using the best available practices, the book is enhanced by case studies from experts who describe some of their own work. This resource is essential for those involved in a range of endeavours, including investigating wildlife crime, identifying animal remains, ascertaining the circumstances of death of wild species, and other legal proceedings and activities concerning wildlife. The forensic skills described in this book can be applied to a wide range of activities (not necessarily involving the legal process), including environmental impact assessments, insurance claims, governmental and other enquiries, checking of trading standards and the inspection of (for instance) pet-shops, animal boarding establishments, and zoological collections. The authors point out that one of the most important requirements of those persons involved in wildlife forensic work is to retain an open mind. Such personnel should also be conscious of new developments and evolving techniques and be able to anticipate situations where their investigative and scientific skills might be used to advantage—so-called "horizon scanning". Examples of these are given.

Fish Fur Feathers

Author: Federation of Alberta Naturalists
Editor: Nature Alberta
ISBN: 9780969613473
Size: 19,93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Nonhuman Dna Typing

Author: Heather Miller Coyle
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420014778
Size: 10,57 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The association of a suspect with the victim or crime scene through DNA evidence is one of the most powerful statements of complicity in a crime imaginable. No category of evidence has ever had the complete capacity to convict or exonerate an accused so absolutely in the eyes of the public. With the discriminatory powers of DNA and the variety of DNA markers now in regular use, the one thing keeping a third of all cases unsolved is the lack of human DNA evidence. However, the identification of polymorphic genetic loci in cats, dogs, plants, insects, bacteria, and viruses can provide the critical link between suspect and scene in the absence of human DNA. Non-Human DNA Typing: Theory and Casework Applications provides an introduction to the basic science underlying the emerging field of non-human DNA typing. It examines the use of non-human DNA evidence not just in homicide cases, but also in drug trafficking, poaching of endangered species, livestock fraud, and missing persons, as well as the identification of primary and secondary crime scenes. The book demonstrates the recognition, collection, and preservation of biological evidence at a crime scene, techniques of DNA fingerprinting, and DNA profiling. Using a wide variety of examples, applications, and case studies, the author describes the STR analysis of canine and feline samples, insects, and fungi, and their role as evidence in forensic science. Chapters consider the development of testing methods for animal evidence, soil DNA typing, and the use of DNA typing in wildlife investigations. A useful appendix includes an overview of the history of forensic serology and DNA. Combining science, case examples, legal decisions, and references, Non-Human DNA Typing: Theory and Casework Applications presents the forensic and legal applications of non-human DNA evidence for scientists, law enforcement, and attorneys.

Using Forensics Wildlife Crime Scene

Author: Laura M. Sanders Arndt
Editor: NSTA Press
ISBN: 1933531681
Size: 11,42 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Opportunities In Forensic Science Careers

Author: Blythe Camenson
Editor: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 9780071392143
Size: 10,32 MB
Format: PDF
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Opportunities in Forensic Science Careers offers job seekers essential information about a variety of careers within the fascinating field of forensics. It includes training and education requirements, salary statistics, and professional and Internet resources.

Career Opportunities In Forensic Science

Author: Susan Echaore-McDavid
Editor: Infobase Publishing
ISBN: 1438110723
Size: 11,53 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Provides job profiles in the field of forensic science; includes education and training resources, certification program listings, professional associations, and more.

Wildlife Dna Analysis

Author: Adrian Linacre
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118496523
Size: 10,97 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 885
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Clearly structured throughout, the introduction highlights thedifferent types of crime where these techniques are regularly used.This chapter includes a discussion as to who performs forensicwildlife examinations, the standardisation and validation ofmethods, and the role of the expert witness in this type of allegedcrime. This is followed by a detailed section on the science behindDNA typing including the problems in isolating DNA from tracematerial and subsequent genetic analysis are also covered. The bookthen undertakes a comprehensive review of species testing usingDNA, including a step-by-step guide to sequence comparisons. Acomparison of the different markers used in species testinghighlights the criteria for a genetic marker. A full set of casehistories illustrates the use of the different markers used. Thebook details the use of genetic markers to link two or morehairs/feather/leaves/needles to the same individual organism andthe software used in population assignment. The problems andpossibilities in isolating markers, along with the construction ofallele databases are discussed in this chapter. The book concludeswith evaluation and reporting of genetic evidence in wildlifeforensic science illustrated by examples of witnessstatements.