Gangs In Central America

Author: Clare Ribando Seelke
Editor: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1437927637
Size: 16,98 MB
Format: PDF
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Contents: (1) Background on Violent Crime; (2) Scope of the Gang Problem: Defining Gangs; Transnational Gangs; Factors Exacerbating the Gang Problem; Poverty and a Lack of Educ. and Employ. Opport.; Societal Stigmas; Role of the Media; Anti-Gang Law Enforce. Efforts; Prisons in Need of Reform; U.S. Deportations; (3) Country Anti-Gang Efforts: Mano Dura (Heavy-Handed) Anti-Gang Policies; Effects of Mano Dura Policies?; Alternative Approaches; Prospects for Country Prevention and Rehab. Efforts; Regional and Multilateral Efforts; OAS; Multilateral Develop. Banks and Donor Agencies; (4) U.S. Policy: Congressional Interest; U.S. Internat. Anti-Gang Efforts; State Dept.; Justice Dept.; USAID; Policy Approaches and Concerns.

Maras

Author: Thomas Bruneau
Editor: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 0292742436
Size: 15,44 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Sensational headlines have publicized the drug trafficking, brutal violence, and other organized crime elements associated with Central America's mara gangs, but there have been few clear-eyed analyses of the history, hierarchies, and future of the mara phenomenon. The first book to look specifically at the Central American gang problem by drawing on the perspectives of researchers from different disciplinary backgrounds, Maras: Gang Violence and Security in Central America provides much-needed insight. These essays trace the development of the gangs, from Mara Salvatrucha to the 18th Street Gang, in Los Angeles and their spread to El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala, and Nicaragua as the result of members' deportation to Central America; there, they account for high homicide rates and threaten the democratic stability of the region. With expertise in areas ranging from political science to law enforcement and human rights, the contributors also explore the spread of mara violence in the United States. Their findings comprise a complete documentation that spans sexualized violence, case studies of individual gangs, economic factors, varied responses to gang violence, the use of intelligence gathering, the limits of state power, and the role of policy makers. Raising crucial questions for a wide readership, these essays are sure to spark productive international dialogues.

Street Gangs In Central America

Author: José Miguel Cruz
Editor:
ISBN:
Size: 19,19 MB
Format: PDF
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Homies And Hermanos

Author: Robert Brenneman
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199912491
Size: 12,89 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Using the tools of sociological theory, Robert Brenneman seeks to discover why a pot-smoking, gun-wielding "homie" gang member would want to trade in la vida loca for a Bible and the buttoned-down lifestyle of an evangelical hermano (brother in Christ) - and to what extent this strategy works for the many youth who have tried it.

Youth Gangs In Central America

Author: Geoff Thale
Editor:
ISBN:
Size: 20,65 MB
Format: PDF
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Gangs In Central America

Author:
Editor:
ISBN:
Size: 16,29 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The 110th Congress maintains a strong interest in the effects of crime and gang violence in Central America, and its spillover effects on the United States. Since February 2005, more than 1,374 members of the violent Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) gang have been arrested in cities across the United States. These arrests are raising concerns about the transnational activities of Central American gangs. Governments throughout the region are struggling to find the right combination of suppressive and preventive policies to deal with the gangs. Some analysts assert that increasing U.S. deportations of individuals with criminal records to Central American countries may be contributing to the gang problem. Most experts argue that the repressive anti-gangs laws adopted by El Salvador and Honduras have failed to reduce violence and homicides in those countries, and that law enforcement solutions alone will not solve the gang problem. Analysts also predict that illicit gang activities may accelerate illegal immigration and trafficking in drugs, persons, and weapons to the United States, although a recent United Nations report challenges those assertions. Others maintain that contact between gang members across the regions is increasing, and that this tendency may cause increased gang-related violent crime in the United States. Several U.S. agencies have been actively engaged on both the law enforcement and preventive side of dealing with Central American gangs. The National Security Council (NSC) created an inter-agency task force to develop a comprehensive, three year strategy to deal with international gang activity. The strategy, which is now being implemented, states that the U.S. government will pursue coordinated antigang activities through five broad areas: diplomacy, repatriation, law enforcement, capacity enhancement, and prevention.

Gangs And Crime In Latin America

Author:
Editor: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1422332888
Size: 17,27 MB
Format: PDF
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Gangs

Author: Karen L. Kinnear
Editor: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1598841254
Size: 11,98 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Discusses the history of gangs, why people join them, and where they are found, and includes statistical information and summaries of print and nonprint resources.

Drug Cartel And Gang Violence In Mexico And Central America

Author: Robert Kirkland
Editor:
ISBN: 9781516555208
Size: 11,51 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Drug Cartel and Gang Violence in Mexico and Central America: A Concise Introduction gives readers an overview of the issues associated with drugs, cartels, and gangs in Mexico and Central America. The readings are based on years of field research and interviews with regional leaders and local actors. Drug Cartel and Gang Violence in Mexico and Central America covers topics such as the history and growth of Mexican drug cartels and the central role corruption plays in facilitating drug trafficking while simultaneously debilitating the Mexican state's efforts to confront them. The rise of Mexican community-based crime fighting is also discussed, as well as the changing role of Central American gangs, particularly in their relationship with Mexican drug-trafficking organizations. This edition features updated information on Mexican drug cartels and Central American gangs and new material explores generational gangs and insurgency. Compact, yet packed with information and insight, Drug Cartel and Gang Violence in Mexican and Central America can be used in courses on criminal justice, homeland security, and Latin American studies.

Youth Violence In Latin America

Author: G. Jones
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 023010133X
Size: 10,21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This volume provides a systematic overview of the contemporary Latin American youth violence phenomenon. The authors focus specifically on youth gangs, juvenile justice issues, and applied research concerns, providing a rounded and balanced exploration of this increasingly important topic.