Genes Environment And Alzheimer S Disease

Author: Orly Lazarov
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128028858
Size: 16,62 MB
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Genes, Environment and Alzheimer's Disease discusses the role that activities such as exercise can play in cardiovascular health, while also highlighting the fact that the last 10 years have brought great discoveries in the strong environmental component of brain disorders, neurodegeneration, and cognitive decline. It is now clear that brain insult is an environmental risk factor for AD, while on the other hand, lifestyle components such as exercise and level of education may play a protective role, delaying the onset and/or severity of the disease. Evidence from experiments in rodent models of Alzheimer’s disease contributes major insight into the molecular mechanisms by which the environment plays its role in AD. Additionally, there are diseases related to lifestyle that may lead to AD. This volume reviews new discoveries related to all these factors, serving as a translational tool for clinicians and researchers interested in genetic and environmental risk factors for the disease. Provides the first volume to link genetic and environmental risk factors for Alzheimer’s disease and dementia Aids researchers and clinicians in understanding the basic mechanisms of Alzheimer’s disease and cognitive decline Brings the basic science and clinical perspectives together in a single volume, facilitating translational possibilities Includes a range of molecular to behavioral components assembled into a single volume that creates an excellent resource for basic and clinical neuroscientists

Gene Environment Interactions

Author: Lucio G. Costa
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0471758035
Size: 12,58 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Understanding the play between heredity and environment, andrelating it to disease causation, is the task of ecogenetics.Gene-Environment Interactions: Fundamentals of Ecogenetics presentsthe first comprehensive survey of this discipline, reflecting itsrelationship with toxicology, epidemiology, pharmacology, publichealth, and other medical and biological fields. Divided into four sections, the text elucidates key basic andadvanced topics: * Section 1 covers fundamentals, including the history of thediscipline, a discussion of the molecular laboratory toolscurrently available to assess genotypes, using such measurements inmolecular epidemiology studies, and the statistical issues involvedin their analysis. * Section 2 focuses on a number of key genetic polymorphismsrelevant for ecogenetics, including enzymes of phase I and phase IImetabolism, enzymes involved in DNA repair, as well as receptorsand ion channels. This highlights characteristics of selected,widely studied genotypic/phenotypic differences, and allowsdiscussion of how given genetic variations can influence responsesto exogenous chemicals. * Section 3 examines gene-environment interactions through adisease-based approach, addressing how genetic polymorphisms caninfluence susceptibility to various diseases. Chapters coverimportant disease conditions such as various types of cancer,neurodegenerative diseases, cardiovascular disease, chronicpulmonary diseases, infectious diseases, diabetes, andobesity. * The final section discusses the ethical, legal, and social issuesthat arise when investigating and evaluating genetic polymorphismsin human populations, as well as the impact of ecogenetics on riskassessment, regulatory policies, and medicine and publichealth. Packed with clear examples illustrating concepts, as well asnumerous tables and figures, Gene-Environment Interactions:Fundamentals of Ecogenetics is a unique resource for a wide rangeof physicians, students, and other specialists.

Alzheimer S Disease A Century Of Scientific And Clinical Research

Author: G. Perry
Editor: IOS Press
ISBN: 1607501759
Size: 15,73 MB
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This publication is a landmark work commemorating the centennial of Alois Alzheimer's discovery of what would be known as Alzheimer's disease (AD). The centennial of Alois Alzheimer’s original description of the disease that would come to bear his name offers a vantage point from which to commemorate the seminal discoveries in the field. It traces how the true importance of AD as the major cause of late life dementia ultimately came to light and narrates the evolution of the concepts related to AD throughout the years and its recognition as a major public health problem, with an estimated 30-40 million people affected by AD today. To identify the breakthroughs, the editors have used citation analysis, landmark papers identified by current researchers, and drew upon their own experience and insights. This process took into account the perspectives of individuals who recall the impact of findings at the time they were made, as well as of scientists today who have the advantage of hindsight in weighing the lasting influence of these findings. Because modern AD research was triggered by the seminal work of Tomlinson, Blessed, and Roth some four decades ago, it is particularly fortunate that the vast majority of these milestone authors are still with us.

Inside The Brain

Author: Ronald Kotulak
Editor: Andrews McMeel Publishing
ISBN: 9780836232899
Size: 15,84 MB
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Explores how the brain learns, how it controls behavior, how it sustains damage and heals itself, and how scientists are searching for ways to keep it young and healthy.

Early Intervention In Psychiatry

Author: Peter Byrne
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118387775
Size: 10,18 MB
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Early intervention (EI) is the single most important advance in mental health care in recent decades, representing a key shift in both theoretical standpoint and service delivery. Early Intervention in Psychiatry clearly describes best practice for extending this approach to all psychiatric disorders. Beginning with the rationale for EI, it informs interventions in people from all age groups across the lifespan, from perinatal to old age. It addresses EI in specific settings, such as primary health care, community health, the general hospital, non-government agencies, and in social movements, and for specific disorders including depression and anxiety, alcohol and substance use, childhood disorders, psychoses, bipolar disorders, eating disorders and borderline personality disorders. Early Intervention in Psychiatry is an essential guide for all psychiatrists, general practitioners, family physicians and public health doctors. It is also a valuable resource for mental health professionals and primary care colleagues, including nurses, social workers, psychologists, occupational therapists, vocational rehabilitation specialists, peer and support workers and for mental health commissioners and policy-makers.

Progress In Alzheimer S And Parkinson S Diseases

Author: Abraham Fisher
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780306459030
Size: 10,36 MB
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This book represents the fourth ina series of international conferences related to Alzheimer's (AD) and Parkinson's (PO) diseases. The first one took place in EHat, Israel in 1985; the second in Kyoto, Japan, in 1989; and the third in Chicago, IL, USA in 1993. This book incorporates the proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Pro gress in Alzheimer's and Parkinson's Diseases, held in EHat, Israel, on May 18-23, 1997. This Conference was the 41st in the series of annual OHOLO Conferences sponsored by the Israel Institute for Biological Research (IIBR). It was also conducted under the aus pices of the Alzheimer's Association Ronald and Nancy Reagan Research Institute, USA. The Conference was attended by 550 participants from 28 countries, representing a broad spectrum of research interests; and included a well-balanced representation from aca demia, clinical institutions and pharmaceutical industry. The four-and-one-half day meeting served as an excellent medium for surveying the current preclinical and clinical develop ments in AD, PO, and other related disorders. The scientific program was divided into 24 oral sessions and daily poster sessions. The conference culminated in a round table discus sion. There were 122 talks and 161 posters. This book incorporates a combination of both.

Handbook Of Cognitive Aging

Author: Scott M. Hofer
Editor: SAGE
ISBN: 145227892X
Size: 10,91 MB
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"Provides a unique perspective. I am particularly impressed with the sections on innovative design and methods to investigate cognitive aging and the integrative perspectives. None of the existing texts covers this material to the same level." —Donna J. La Voie, Saint Louis University "The emphasis on integrating the literature with theoretical and methodological innovations could have a far-reaching impact on the field." —Deb McGinnis, Oakland University The Handbook of Cognitive Aging: Interdisciplinary Perspectives clarifies the differences in patterns and processes of cognitive aging. Along with a comprehensive review of current research, editors Scott M. Hofer and Duane F. Alwin provide a solid foundation for building a multidisciplinary agenda that will stimulate further rigorous research into these complex factors. Key Features Gathers the widest possible range of perspectives by including cognitive aging experts in various disciplines while maintaining a degree of unity across chapters Examines the limitations of the extant literature, particularly in research design and measurement, and offers new suggestions to guide future research Highlights the broad scope of the field with topics ranging from demography to development to neuroscience, offering the most complete coverage available on cognitive aging

Alzheimer S Disease

Author: Patricia R. Callone
Editor: ReadHowYouWant.com
ISBN: 1458765687
Size: 12,37 MB
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The Dignity Within A Handbook for Caregivers, Family, and Friends Of the estimated 5 million Americans who have Alzheimer's disease, more than 70% live at home, with family and friends. Alzheimer's Disease: A Handbook for Caregivers, Family, and Friends is a unique resource for those caregivers so that they can be better equipped to nurture people living with Alzheimer's disease. This expert guide educates the reader on the physical changes in the brain as the disease progresses and outlines what can be done from a caregiver's standpoint at each stage. It stresses the importance of self-care in ensuring that you are prepared to support the person with Alzheimer's disease. Packed with tips and techniques from five authorities in the field, this book answers critical questions such as: What caregiving style will suit me best? What skills are likely to remain as Alzheimer's disease progresses? How do I balance my needs with the needs of the person I'm caring for? How do I find the time to rest and relax? When is it time to consider an assisted living community or a nursing home? And much more! The most important tenet of this book is that we can better care for people with Alzheimer's disease by recognizing the ''essence within'' a person living through the different stages of the disease. This positive approach will help both caregivers and people affected by Alzheimer's disease live with a sense of dignity, importance, and self-esteem.

No Aging In India

Author: Lawrence Cohen
Editor: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520925328
Size: 11,80 MB
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From the opening sequence, in which mid-nineteenth-century Indian fishermen hear the possibility of redemption in an old woman's madness, No Aging in India captures the reader with its interplay of story and analysis. Drawing on more than a decade of ethnographic work, Lawrence Cohen links a detailed investigation of mind and body in old age in four neighborhoods of the Indian city of Varanasi (Banaras) with events and processes around India and around the world. This compelling exploration of senility—encompassing not only the aging body but also larger cultural anxieties—combines insights from medical anthropology, psychoanalysis, and postcolonial studies. Bridging literary genres as well as geographic spaces, Cohen responds to what he sees as the impoverishment of both North American and Indian gerontologies—the one mired in ambivalence toward demented old bodies, the other insistent on a dubious morality tale of modern families breaking up and abandoning their elderly. He shifts our attention irresistibly toward how old age comes to matter in the constitution of societies and their narratives of identity and history.

Advances In Food Biochemistry

Author: Fatih Yildiz
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420007695
Size: 12,77 MB
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Understanding the biochemistry of food is basic to all other research and development in the fields of food science, technology, and nutrition, and the past decade has seen accelerated progress in these areas. Advances in Food Biochemistry provides a unified exploration of foods from a biochemical perspective. Featuring illustrations to elucidate molecular concepts throughout the text, this volume examines a range of issues on the food spectrum, including: water and its relation to food the glycobiology of food components enzymes plant, animal, and human hormones functional foods, herbs, and dietary supplements flavor compounds in foods organic acids interactions between the environment with food components biological and lipid oxidation in foods food safety nutrition and the genetic makeup of individual food components Dr. Fatih Yildiz has published an extensive body of research and has worked on food and nutrition science projects with the FAO, UNIDO, UNICEF, and NATO. Recently he received the Ambassador for Turkey Award from the European Federation of Food Science and Technology. Dr. Yildiz and the contributors to this volume have brought together their decades of experience and expertise to provide a top-notch resource for food science and policy professionals and advanced students on the cutting edge of food research.