Globalized Poverty And Environment

Author: Nathaniel O. Agola
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642397336
Size: 13,36 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book reviews the key conceptions and economic theories of poverty, explains poverty-environment nexus, and finally offers innovative socio-economic and scientific geospatial solutions for the 21st Century. The book makes it possible for our readers to understand poverty thorough a concise review of the major theoretical economic frameworks, measures of poverty, and points out the need to understand rural-urban dichotomy of poverty. We find the theories and measures to be less-than perfect and therefore point out the need to treat these measures and theories as convenient tools lacking perfect accuracy and utmost scientific reliability. It follows then that the supposedly knowledgeably crafted poverty reduction and environmental preservation solutions are inherently imperfect. The economic solutions proposed in this book transcend extant humdrum macroeconomic and policy measures targeting poverty and environmental issues. We point to a new paradigm in which private sector and other stakeholders can create new and inclusive markets where value is co-created and shared. Above all, this book offers timely state-of-the-art geospatial solutions targeting the most pressing global problems of water, e.g., the use of the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) missions to estimate changes in stored water in the water-poverty-environment nexus, pollution, agriculture and disaster management, where geospatial techniques are applied under strong environmental impact assessment regulatory regimes. This book provides a good summary of economic theories of poverty as well as a vivid depiction of the state of environmental degradation in the world. People often work separately on different issues that are, in fact, closely intertwined. The principle of holism is that the whole is greater than the sum of its parts, and I believe that this joint-venture of two experts on poverty and environment has produced something more than a sum of two separate monographs on the issues. Various points raised in this volume are worth heeding when we think of formulation and implementation of a truly effective post-MDGs development agenda. Yoichi Mine, Professor of Human Security and African Area Study, Graduate School of Global Studies, Doshisha University, Japan

Der Einsatz Von Steuerungsinstrumenten Im Umweltschutz In Deutschland Sudafrika Der Volksrepublik China Und Saudi Arabien Im Vergleich

Author: Marius Melzer
Editor: Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH
ISBN: 3832544186
Size: 12,85 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Marius Melzer (geb. 1985) hat erforscht, mit welchen Steuerungsinstrumenten Deutschland, Sudafrika, die Volksrepublik China und Sudafrika im Umweltschutz agieren. Das Kernergebnis der Untersuchung ist, dass nur in Deutschland alle Steuerungsinstrumente (Hierarchie, okonomische Anreize, Kooperation und Information) umfassend zum Umweltschutz eingesetzt werden. In den anderen untersuchten Staaten fuhren das Fehlen der Demokratie sowie eines materiell hohen Wohlstandsniveaus zu einer geringeren Nutzung der okonomischen Anreize, dazu bieten die untersuchten Autokratien kaum Partizipationsmoglichkeiten fur die Zivilgesellschaft. Dadurch erhalt die Verwaltung weniger Informationen und fur die umweltbelastenden Unternehmen bestehen geringere Motivationen in den Umweltschutz zu investieren als in Deutschland.

Scale Governance And Change In Zambezi Teak Forests

Author: Michael Musgrave
Editor: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443889261
Size: 19,87 MB
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The Zambezi Teak forests of western Zambia have been exploited for their timber for over 80 years. The record of this exploitation and the subsequent collapse of the timber industry provide a unique insight into problems around land use change, governance and the interaction between ecology, society and forest management in south-central Africa. A wide-ranging study, this book is as much an examination of methodology for sustainability research as it is a review of land use change, forest management and rural livelihoods. It explores the problem of scale and how using explicit considerations of scale may contribute to an integration between the life sciences and the social sciences that a holistic assessment of sustainable development problems demands. Specific details of land use change in the region are examined over a 30 year period, including the first detailed mapping of changes to the Zambezi Teak forests since logging ceased in the early 1970s. Forest management practices and fire emerge as important drivers of land use change, and the book provides examples of how forest management and governance are important to sustainable development in this sparsely populated and inaccessible region. For readers interested a detailed understanding of the problems of deforestation, land use change and governance in the dry forests of Africa, this book is essential reading. It also provides insights into wider questions of how multidisciplinary studies may be integrated in a holistic synthesis. African dry forests have been widely studied, but few publications examine the problems of land use change and deforestation in this level of detail. The author draws on 20 years of experience in south-central Africa to combine historical records with research on current political, social and governance issues. The result is a landmark publication which covers a depth and breadth that is seldom achieved in studies of African sustainable development.

Essentials Of Human Development A Life Span View

Author: Robert V. Kail
Editor: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1305504585
Size: 16,37 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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ESSENTIALS OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT: A LIFE-SPAN VIEW, 2nd Edition fills the need for a shorter text that emphasizes the essential, defining features of modern research and theory in human development. Using a modified chronological approach and emphasizing the biopsychosocial framework, the text provides: a readable account of human development across the life span; conceptual foundations that enable students to become critical interpreters of developmental information; and an introduction to relevant research and its application to key issues. The text also emphasizes the application of human development research across diverse professional settings, making it ideal for students who are pursuing a career related to psychology or areas such as education, health, and human sciences. Succinct and filled with real-life examples, this text will capture your students' interest while introducing them to the essential issues, forces, and outcomes that make us who we are. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Towards A Better Global Economy

Author: Franklin Allen
Editor: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191035130
Size: 11,95 MB
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Substantial progress in the fight against extreme poverty was made in the last two decades. But the slowdown in global economic growth and significant increases in income inequality in many developed and developing countries raise serious concerns about the continuation of this trend into the 21st century. The time has come to seriously think about how improvements in official global governance, coupled with and reinforced by rising activism of 'global citizens' can lead to welfare-enhancing and more equitable results for global citizens through better national and international policies. This book examines the factors that are most likely to facilitate the process of beneficial economic growth in low-, middle-, and high-income countries. It examines past, present, and future economic growth; demographic changes; the hyperglobalization of trade; the effect of finance on growth; climate change and resource depletion; and the sense of global citizenship and the need for global governance in order to draw longer-term implications, identify policy options for improving the lives of average citizens around the world, and make the case for the need to confront new challenges with truly global policy responses. The book documents how demographic changes, convergence, and competition are likely to bring about massive shifts in the sectoral and geographical composition of global output and employment, as the center of gravity of the global economy moves toward Asia and emerging economies elsewhere. It shows that the legacies of the 2008-09 crisis-high unemployment levels, massive excess capacities, and high debt levels-are likely to reduce the standard of living of millions of people in many countries over a long period of adjustment and that fluctuations in international trade, financial markets, and commodity prices, as well as the tendency of institutions at both the national and international level to favor the interests of the better-off and more powerful pose substantial risks for citizens of all countries. The chapters and their policy implications are intended to stimulate public interest and facilitate the exchange of ideas and policy dialogue.

Development Challenges South South Solutions February 2009 Issue

Author: David South, Writer
Editor: DSConsulting
ISBN:
Size: 15,98 MB
Format: PDF
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Development Challenges, South-South Solutions is the monthly e-newsletter for the United Nations Development Programme’s South-South Cooperation Unit (www.southerninnovator.org). It has been published every month since 2006.

Higher Education In The 21st Century

Author: D.B. Rao
Editor: Discovery Publishing House
ISBN: 9788171416882
Size: 12,31 MB
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Contents: Higher education is the 21st Century; Vision and Action is the result of the World Conference on Higher Education organised by the UNESCO, where the representatives of 182 countries agreed on the higher education we need for the 21st century; for whom, with home, and why for what kind of society and what kind of world. The declarations adopted and the summaries of the themes will give us all direction in higher education.

21st Century Geography

Author: Joseph P. Stoltman
Editor: SAGE
ISBN: 141297464X
Size: 20,97 MB
Format: PDF
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This is a theoretical and practical guide on how to undertake and navigate advanced research in the arts, humanities and social sciences.

Reshaping Globalization

Author: Violetta Zentai
Editor: Central European University Press
ISBN: 9789639241633
Size: 11,23 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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If the importance of globalization were judged by the volume of discussion it has generated, it would surely be a concept of fundamental importance in the contemporary world. And yet, as a concept, globalization is often indigestible, meaning different things to different people, and remaining obscure in its connotations. A virtue of this volume of essays is that the phenomena of globalization are made more approachable by being divided into five discrete themes, each of which forms part of the overall concept and each of which has important implications for policy decisions at the international, regional, and national levels. By differentiating the concept in this way -- into the production of global knowledge, the provision of global public goods, the global trade system, global foreign aid, and global governance -- the analysis is sharpened in an illuminating and stimulating manner. At the same time, the editors, Drs Violetta Zentai and Andrea Krizsan, provide a masterly introductory essay that shows how the various parts make up the whole. The fact that the book is a product of an international conference held at the Central European University shortly after September 11 in 2001, adds a layer to its significance. The Center for Policy Studies at the Central European University and its collaborators deserve praise for such a thorough and timely analysis of these various strands of globalization. Book jacket.

Global Issues

Author: Shirley A. Fedorak
Editor: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442605987
Size: 19,97 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Global Issues is a pedagogically rich text that offers a unique way of looking at contemporary issues, such as food security and global conflict, from a cross-cultural and multidisciplinary perspective. By exploring each issue in depth, students gain an applied understanding of more abstract concepts like conflict, globalization, culture, imperialism, human rights, and gender, while the cross-cultural approach encourages students to view the world from outside the Western box. Designed for introductory-level students in global and international studies, human geography, anthropology, sociology, and development studies, this highly accessible text offers instructors and students a unique way of matching the concepts they learn in the classroom with important issues in the world in which they live and work.