Heavy Metals And Other Pollutants In The Environment

Author: Gennady E. Zaikov
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315341808
Size: 18,55 MB
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This important new volume presents a plethora of research on the distribution of heavy metals in soils and rocks of natural habitats, farmlands, and urbanized areas along with the factors influencing their bioavailability. The authors evaluate the content of organic matter, soil acidity, mineral fertilizers, and more. Developed for ecologists and specialists in the field of environmental protection and the conservation of biological diversity, the book presents the problems of reducing the anthropogenic load on the surrounding countryside and focuses on sustainable agricultural development.

Biological Variables For Monitoring The Effects Of Pollution In Small Catchment Areas

Author: Rein Ratsep
Editor: Nordic Council of Ministers
ISBN: 9788773035412
Size: 20,45 MB
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On cover: Environment. monitoring.

Chemicals As Intentional And Accidental Global Environmental Threats

Author: Elisabeta Chirila
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402050984
Size: 12,80 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This multidisciplinary book presents a critical assessment of our knowledge of chemical threats to environmental security, with special reference to prevention of chemical releases, rapid detection, risk assessment and effective management of emergency situations and long-term consequences of chemical releases. The technologies evaluated concern mainly prevention and management of both intentional and accident releases of chemicals into the environment. The book features contributors from a range of relevant scientific fields.

The Biology And Culture Of Mussels Of The Genus Perna

Author: J. M. Vakily
Editor: WorldFish
ISBN: 9711022702
Size: 15,23 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Physiology Biochemistry And Molecular Biology Of Plant Lipids

Author: John Peter Williams
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792343790
Size: 18,26 MB
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The 12th International Symposium on Plant Lipids was held at the University of Toronto, Canada, from July 7th to 12th, 1996. The conference was attended by over 200 scientists from university, government and corporate laboratories from 24 different countries. The topics covered in the symposium ranged from basic physiology, biochemistry and molecular biology of plant lipids to transformation and genetic engineering of crop plants. Oil seed plants were a particular focus of the symposium. There were 62 oral and 96 posters presentations. A special lecture in memory of the founder of this series of symposium, Terry Galliard, was presented by John Shanklin. This Proceedings Book has been dedicated to Grattan Roughan for his important contributions to our knowledge of plant lipid metabolism. This volume contains manuscripts submitted from most of the presentations at the symposium. It provides a useful summary of the major fields of plant lipid studies and our present state of knowledge. The papers are arranged in eight sections covering the major areas in the field of plant physiology, biochemistry and molecular biology of plant lipids. We would like to thank Valerie Imperial, Rajesh Khetarpal and Mary Williams for their invaluable help in organizing and running the meetings and excursions. John P. Williams, Mobashsher U. Khan and Nora W. Lem Toronto, Canada, October 1996 xvii DEDICATION This volume is dedicated to Grattan Roughan.

Pollution And The Biological Resources Of The Oceans

Author: S.A. Patin
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483100391
Size: 12,12 MB
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Pollution and the Biological Resources of the Oceans discusses the problem of the pollution in the oceans, its effects on marine life, and the precautions observed by different countries and organizations. The book covers topics such as trends and objectives in ecological investigations of pollution; the migration of pollutants in marine ecosystems; the accumulation of pollutants in marine products; and the effects of pollution on marine organisms. The book also covers topics such as the strategies for pollution control - its general features, its different approaches, and the problems it face. An appendix listing the effects of different pollutants on organisms is included . The text is recommended for marine biologists, those working in organizations and agencies that deal with natural resources, and ecotoxicologists, especially those concerned with the effects of pollution on oceans and marine life.

Temperate Horticulture For Sustainable Development And Environment

Author: Larissa I. Weisfeld
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351249371
Size: 11,77 MB
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Ecological and genetic control of plant resistance to unfavorable environmental influences is being carried out all over the world, and new varieties and hybrids of plants are being created, resulting in rich, new information and innovative new methods of cultivation. This new volume, Temperate Horticulture for Sustainable Development and Environment: Ecological Aspects, explores the vast biotic diversity in horticulture, with a focus on sustainable development in today's deteriorating environment. The book offers new technologies for a wide range of horticultural crops, including vegetables, fruit, berries, and flowers. The information presented here is the result of original experiments and study of leading specialists in horticulture, plant breeding, and related areas. Part 1, Innovation in the Field of Vegetable Growing, looks at several completely new methods for increasing the yield of potatoes and cucumbers. The second part. The Arctic Berries: Ecology and Biochemistry presents an abundance of data on the phytocenotic properties of wild-growing and cultivated berry plants and of arctic raspberry and blueberry in natural populations of taiga zones. The authors studied berry crops, cranberry, Arctic bramble, blueberry, Arctic raspberry, cowberry, growing on the boggy soil and peatlands in taiga zones. Part 3, Decorative Plants: Breeding and Biochemistry, provides an overview of winter garden plants and their successful cultivation, looks at the range of resistance to salinization and other stresses of ornamental plants growing, and presents a biochemical analysis of biological active compounds and antioxidants among various species of the genus Aloe. Part 4, on Fruit Growing and Breeding, reviews various technologies for the cultivation of various fruits and presents an overview of data on breeding rare fruit crop. This volume will be useful for the scientific community, ecologists, geneticists, breeders, and industry professionals interested in using science to implement practical applications in production of fruits, vegetables, and flowers.

Radioactivity And Pollution In The Nordic Seas And Arctic

Author: Olaf M. Johannessen
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540498568
Size: 14,14 MB
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This book describes a new tool called the Generic Model System for simulations and assessment of potential radioactive spreading in the Arctic regions. It considers the present and future potential for spreading of radionuclear pollution from sources such as from the major Russian processing plants as well as from European sources such as the UK Sellafield plant. The book combines the expertise of professionals from the radionuclear and climate-change sciences.

Metal Toxicity In Plants Perception Signaling And Remediation

Author: Dharmendra K. Gupta
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642220814
Size: 12,62 MB
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Heavy metal accumulation in soil and water from natural sources or anthropogenic activities have produced severe environmental contamination in some parts of the world due to the persistence of metals in the environment by their accumulation throughout the food chain. The purpose of this book is to present the most recent advances in this field, mainly concerning the uptake and translocation of heavy metals in plants, mechanisms of toxicity, perception of metal and regulation of cell response under metal stress. Another key feature of this book is related to the studies on signaling and remediation processes in recent years, which have taken advantage of recent technological advances including "omic" approaches. In recent years transcriptomic, proteomic and metabolomic studies have become very important tools for analyzing both the dynamics of changes in gene expression and the profiles of protein and metabolites under heavy metal stress. This information is also very useful for plotting the complex signaling and metabolic network induced by heavy metals, in which hormones and reactive oxygen species (ROS) also play an important role. Understanding the mechanism involved in sequestration and hyperaccumulation is very important to developing new strategies of phytoremediation, which are reviewed in several chapters of this book. The information included yields very stimulating insights into the mechanism involved in the regulation of plant responses to heavy metals, which in turn improve our knowledge of cell regulation under metal stress and the use of plants for phytoremediation.

Natural Attenuation Of Contaminants In Soils

Author: Raymond N. Yong
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203508213
Size: 20,27 MB
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Natural attenuation has become widely recognized as an effective and low-cost alternative to more expensive engineered remediation. However, there are uncertainties about natural attenuation√s long-term effects and risks to the environment. There is a particular need to develop a high level of understanding of the natural attenuation processes in order to enable its proper implementation. Natural Attenuation of Contaminants in Soils covers this natural process and its proper implementation. It examines the theoretical processes, case studies, protocols, numerical models, and legal aspects in the natural attenuation of organic and inorganic contaminants. The book provides information for evaluation of natural attenuation as a design tool for construction of land-based waste disposal, and as a management control mechanism for leachate plumes. It also provides information for an in situ procedure for structuring remediation options.