La Sintassi Del Diritto

Autore: Riccardo Guastini
Editore: G Giappichelli Editore
ISBN: 8834875001
Grandezza: 59,20 MB
Formato: PDF, Mobi
Vista: 4970
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Questo volume è un corso di filosofia del diritto positivo, intesa come la combinazione di due linee di ricerca convergenti: da un lato, la costruzione di concetti idonei a descrivere il diritto vigente (la filosofia del diritto come laboratorio concettuale); dall’altro, l’analisi del discorso dei giuristi e dei giudici (la filosofia del diritto come meta-giurisprudenza). Il volume si articola in sei parti: I. “Linguaggio, norme, diritto”, dove si chiarisce la natura del linguaggio giuridico e si esplora la varietà di norme che si incontrano negli ordinamenti positivi; II. “Dinamica del diritto”, dove si analizzano i modi di produzione del diritto (le fonti), con particolare riguardo alla legge; III. “Costituzione e potere costituente”, dove si analizzano i diversi concetti e i diversi tipi di costituzione; IV. “L’architettura dell’ordinamento”, dove si analizzano i concetti fondamentali (gerarchie normative, validità, antinomie, etc.) necessari a chiarire la struttura degli ordinamenti giuridici; V. “Dall’ordinamento allo stato”, dove si introduce il concetto di stato, si analizzano le funzioni statali fondamentali, e si indaga sulle relazioni tra stato e comunità internazionale; VI. “Interpretazione (e dintorni)”, dove si definiscono i concetti di interpretazione e di applicazione del diritto, e si discute lo statuto epistemologico della scienza giuridica.

Systematic Approaches To Argument By Analogy

Autore: Henrique Jales Ribeiro
Editore: Springer
ISBN: 3319063340
Grandezza: 11,76 MB
Formato: PDF, Mobi
Vista: 646
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The present volume assembles a relevant set of studies of argument by analogy, which address this topic in a systematic fashion, either from an essentially theoretical perspective or from the perspective of it being applied to different fields like politics, linguistics, literature, law, medicine, science in general and philosophy. All result from original research conducted by their authors for this publication. Thus, broadly speaking, this is an exception which we find worthy of occupying a special place in the sphere of the bibliography on the argument by analogy. In effect, most of the contexts of the publications on this topic focus on specific areas, for example everyday discourse, science or law theory, while underestimating or sometimes even ignoring other interdisciplinary scopes, as is the case of literature, medicine or philosophy. The idiosyncrasy of this volume is that the reader and the researcher may follow the development of different theoretical outlooks on argument by analogy, while measuring the scope of its (greater or lesser) application to the aforementioned areas as a whole.

Herbert Rosenfeld At Work

Autore: Herbert A. Rosenfeld
Editore: Routledge
ISBN: 0429914490
Grandezza: 77,77 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Vista: 7782
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Between 1978 and 1985 Dr Herbert Rosenfeld was one of a number of British analysts invited by a group of Societa di Psicoanalisi Italiani members to conduct a series of seminars and supervisions for the purpose of deepening and refining that group's clinical skills and theoretical understanding. This book is an illuminating record of that encounter, and a warm tribute to the significant influence of Rosenfeld's contribution.It is divided into two parts - 'Theoretical' and 'Clinical', and based on a selection of verbatim transcripts recorded at the time. These transcripts, with their dialogical form, succeed in capturing much of the specificity of oral exchange, and thus convey a strong impression of Rosenfeld the man as much as clinician or theoretician. Rosenfeld remained to the end a continuously creative analyst and these 'last thoughts' provide the reader with ample evidence of his undimmed gifts. His subtle intuitions, meticulously close attention to both patient's and analyst's interpretations, and fine appreciation of the intricacies of the analytic encounter, are abundantly present.

Introduction To Computational Genomics

Autore: Nello Cristianini
Editore: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139460153
Grandezza: 67,37 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub
Vista: 7293
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Where did SARS come from? Have we inherited genes from Neanderthals? How do plants use their internal clock? The genomic revolution in biology enables us to answer such questions. But the revolution would have been impossible without the support of powerful computational and statistical methods that enable us to exploit genomic data. Many universities are introducing courses to train the next generation of bioinformaticians: biologists fluent in mathematics and computer science, and data analysts familiar with biology. This readable and entertaining book, based on successful taught courses, provides a roadmap to navigate entry to this field. It guides the reader through key achievements of bioinformatics, using a hands-on approach. Statistical sequence analysis, sequence alignment, hidden Markov models, gene and motif finding and more, are introduced in a rigorous yet accessible way. A companion website provides the reader with Matlab-related software tools for reproducing the steps demonstrated in the book.

Pragmatics And Law

Autore: Alessandro Capone
Editore: Springer
ISBN: 3319303856
Grandezza: 29,37 MB
Formato: PDF, Docs
Vista: 4731
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This volume highlights important aspects of the complex relationship between common language and legal practice. It hosts an interdisciplinary discussion between cognitive science, philosophy of language and philosophy of law, in which an international group of authors aims to promote, enrich and refine this new debate. Philosophers of law have always shown a keen interest in cognitive science and philosophy of language in order to find tools to solve their problems: recently this interest was reciprocated and scholars from cognitive science and philosophy of language now look to the law as a testing ground for their theses. Using the most sophisticated tools available to pragmatics, sociolinguistics, cognitive sciences and legal theory, an interdisciplinary, international group of authors address questions like: Does legal interpretation differ from ordinary understanding? Is the common pragmatic apparatus appropriate to legal practice? What can pragmatics teach about the concept of law and pervasive legal phenomena such as testimony or legal disagreements?

Allowing For Exceptions

Autore: Luís Duarte d'Almeida
Editore: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199685789
Grandezza: 29,52 MB
Formato: PDF, Docs
Vista: 5854
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You find yourself in a court of law, accused of having hit someone. What can you do to avoid conviction? You could simply deny the accusation: 'No, I didn't do it'. But suppose you did do it. You may then give a different answer. 'Yes, I hit him', you grant, 'but it was self-defence'; or 'Yes, but I was acting under duress'. To answer in this way-to offer a 'Yes, but. . .' reply-is to hold that your particular wrong was committed in exceptional circumstances. Perhaps it is true that, as a rule, wrongdoers ought to be convicted. But in your case the court should set the rule aside. You should be acquitted. Within limits, the law allows for exceptions. Or so we tend to think. In fact, the line between rules and exceptions is harder to draw than it seems. How are we to determine what counts as an exception and what as part of the relevant rule? The distinction has important practical implications. But legal theorists have found the notion of an exception surprisingly difficult to explain. This is the longstanding jurisprudential problem that this book seeks to solve. The book is divided into three parts. Part I, Defeasibility in Question, introduces the topic and articulates the core puzzle of defeasibility in law. Part II, Defeasibility in Theory, develops a comprehensive proof-based account of legal exceptions. Part III, Defeasibility in Action, looks more closely into the workings of exceptions in accusatory contexts, including the criminal trial.

Argument Types And Fallacies In Legal Argumentation

Autore: Thomas Bustamante
Editore: Springer
ISBN: 3319161482
Grandezza: 27,70 MB
Formato: PDF
Vista: 5182
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This book provides theoretical tools for evaluating the soundness of arguments in the context of legal argumentation. It deals with a number of general argument types and their particular use in legal argumentation. It provides detailed analyses of argument from authority, argument ad hominem, argument from ignorance, slippery slope argument and other general argument types. Each of these argument types can be used to construct arguments that are sound as well as arguments that are unsound. To evaluate an argument correctly one must be able to distinguish the sound instances of a certain argument type from its unsound instances. This book promotes the development of theoretical tools for this task.

Tales From Both Sides Of The Brain

Autore: Michael S. Gazzaniga
Editore: Harper Collins
ISBN: 0062228811
Grandezza: 75,18 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub
Vista: 8696
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Michael S. Gazzaniga, one of the most important neuroscientists of the twentieth century, gives us an exciting behind-the-scenes look at his seminal work on that unlikely couple, the right and left brain. Foreword by Steven Pinker. In the mid-twentieth century, Michael S. Gazzaniga, “the father of cognitive neuroscience,” was part of a team of pioneering neuroscientists who developed the now foundational split-brain brain theory: the notion that the right and left hemispheres of the brain can act independently from one another and have different strengths. In Tales from Both Sides of the Brain, Gazzaniga tells the impassioned story of his life in science and his decades-long journey to understand how the separate spheres of our brains communicate and miscommunicate with their separate agendas. By turns humorous and moving, Tales from Both Sides of the Brain interweaves Gazzaniga’s scientific achievements with his reflections on the challenges and thrills of working as a scientist. In his engaging and accessible style, he paints a vivid portrait not only of his discovery of split-brain theory, but also of his comrades in arms—the many patients, friends, and family who have accompanied him on this wild ride of intellectual discovery.

Limiting Leviathan

Autore: Larry May
Editore: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199682798
Grandezza: 66,40 MB
Formato: PDF, Docs
Vista: 7891
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Thomas Hobbes wrote extensively about law and was strongly influenced by developments and debates among lawyers of his day; he is considered by many commentators to be one of the first legal positivists. Yet there is no book in English that focuses on Hobbes's legal philosophy. Larry May seeks to fill the gap in the literature by addressing Hobbes's legal philosophy directly, and comparing Leviathan to the Dialogue, as he offers a newinterpretation of Hobbes's views about the connections among law, politics, and morality. He argues that Hobbes is much more amenable to moral, and even legal, limits on the law than he is often portrayed, and shows that Hobbes'sviews can provide a solid grounding for the rules of war and international relations.