Iris Runge

Author: Renate Tobies
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 303480251X
Size: 11,16 MB
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This book concerns the origins of mathematical problem solving at the internationally active Osram and Telefunken Corporations during the golden years of broadcasting and electron tube research. The woman scientist Iris Runge, who received an interdisciplinary education at the University of Göttingen, was long employed as the sole mathematical authority at these companies in Berlin. It will be shown how mathematical connections were made between statistics and quality control, and between physical-chemical models and the actual problems of mass production. The organization of industrial laboratories, the relationship between theoretical and experimental work, and the role of mathematicians in these settings will also be explained. By investigating the social, economic, and political conditions that unfolded from the time of the German Empire until the end of the Second World War, the book hopes to build a bridge between specialized fields – mathematics and engineering – and the general culture of a particular era. It hopes, furthermore, to build a bridge between the history of science and industry, on the one hand, and the fields of Gender and Women’s Studies on the other. Finally, by examining the life and work of numerous industrial researchers, insight will be offered into the conditions that enabled a woman to achieve a prominent professional position during a time when women were typically excluded from the scientific workforce.

Mathematik Im Prozess

Author: Martin Rathgeb
Editor: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658022744
Size: 13,79 MB
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Der Band thematisiert aus philosophischer, historischer und aus fachdidaktischer Perspektive Fragen wie: Wie hat sich Mathematik in sozialen und historischen Prozessen entwickelt? Welche Rolle spielt sie in der Entwicklungsgeschichte moderner Gesellschaften? Welche Bedeutung hat Mathematik in heutigen gesellschaftlichen und technischen Prozessen, welche Bildungsansprüche ergeben sich daraus? Lassen sich Parallelen und Unterschiede im Vergleich von historischen Entwicklungen und mathematischen Lernprozessen ausmachen? Was kann Geschichte der Mathematik zum Gelingen des Mathematikunterrichts beitragen? Wie prägen allgemeine mathematische Grundaktivitäten unser (alltägliches) Handeln? Historische, philosophische und didaktische Perspektiven auf Prozesse, in denen Mathematik sowie ihr Lehren und Lernen beteiligt sind, erhellen einander dabei wechselseitig.​

Akademische Karrieren Von Naturwissenschaftlerinnen Gestern Und Heute

Author: Ute Pascher
Editor: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3531195441
Size: 17,96 MB
Format: PDF
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Dieser Sammelband untersucht das Leben und die berufliche Rolle von Naturwissenschaftlerinnen im (vor-)letzten Jahrhundert sowie die wissenschaftshistorischen Analysen ihrer Rezeption. Die Beiträgerinnen stellen Ergebnisse aus aktuellen sozialwissenschaftlichen Forschungsvorhaben zur Karriereentwicklung insbesondere von Chemikerinnen vor, analysieren aus einer soziologischen Perspektive die Karriereförderung und stellen gendersensible Praxisbeispiele dar.

Morgen M Chte Ich Wieder 100 Herrliche Sachen Ausrechnen

Author: Renate Tobies
Editor: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden gmbh
ISBN:
Size: 12,58 MB
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English summary: Iris Runge (1888-1966) compared computing in an industrial laboratory with a joyous feeling of childhood: "It's like when you woke up early on Christmas Day with the prospect of being able to play all day with your new things." This book demonstrates how this outstanding technology and business mathematician led to the development of German companies such as Osram and Telefunken, and shows the links between mathematics, experimental research, technology, education, and politics from the empire to the end of World War II. The researcher and later professor of theoretical physics, originally stemming from Huguenot tradition, christened her boat after the Chinese goddess Kuan Yin, who had compassion for the poor and in combination with a dragon also symbolized wisdom, strength and thereby her two worlds: Applied mathematics and advocacy for a just world. German text. German description: Iris Runge (1888-1966) verglich das Rechnen im Industrielabor mit einem beglueckenden Kindheitsgefuehl: aEs ist, wie wenn man frueher Weihnachten aufwachte mit der Aussicht, nun den ganzen Tag mit seinen Sachen zu spielen. Die Beschaftigung mit dieser fruehen, herausragenden Techno- und Wirtschaftsmathematikerin fuehrt in die Entwicklung deutscher Unternehmen wie Osram und Telefunken ein und zeigt die Verflechtungen von Mathematik, Experimentalforschung, Technik, Bildung und Politik vom Kaiserreich bis zum Ende des Zweiten Weltkriegs. Die aus hugenottischer Tradition stammende Forscherin, spatere Professorin fuer theoretische Physik, taufte ihr Boot auf den Namen der chinesischen Gottin Kuan Yin, die Mitgefuehl fuer die Armen und in Kombination mit einem Drachen auch Klugheit, Starke und damit ihre zwei Welten symbolisiert: Angewandte Mathematik und Eintreten fuer eine gerechte Welt.

Matvei Petrovich Bronstein And Soviet Theoretical Physics In The Thirties

Author: Gennady E. Gorelik
Editor: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3034884885
Size: 17,30 MB
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The true history of physics can only be read in the life stories of those who made its progress possible. Matvei Bronstein was one of those for whom the vast territory of theoretical physics was as familiar as his own home: he worked in cosmology, nuclear physics, gravitation, semiconductors, atmospheric physics, quantum electrodynamics, astro physics and the relativistic quantum theory. Everyone who knew him was struck by his wide knowledge, far beyond the limits of his trade. This partly explains why his life was closely intertwined with the social, historical and scientific context of his time. One might doubt that during his short life Bronstein could have made truly weighty contributions to science and have become, in a sense, a symbol ofhis time. Unlike mathematicians and poets, physicists reach the peak oftheir careers after the age of thirty. His thirty years of life, however, proved enough to secure him a place in theGreaterSovietEncyclopedia. In 1967, in describing the first generation of physicists educated after the 1917 revolution, Igor Tamm referred to Bronstein as "an exceptionally brilliant and promising" theoretician [268].

Observations And Predictions Of Eclipse Times By Early Astronomers

Author: J.M. Steele
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401595283
Size: 13,19 MB
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Eclipses have long been seen as important celestial phenomena, whether as omens affecting the future of kingdoms, or as useful astronomical events to help in deriving essential parameters for theories of the motion of the moon and sun. This is the first book to collect together all presently known records of timed eclipse observations and predictions from antiquity to the time of the invention of the telescope. In addition to cataloguing and assessing the accuracy of the various records, which come from regions as diverse as Ancient Mesopotamia, China, and Europe, the sources in which they are found are described in detail. Related questions such as what type of clocks were used to time the observations, how the eclipse predictions were made, and how these prediction schemes were derived from the available observations are also considered. The results of this investigation have important consequences for how we understand the relationship between observation and theory in early science and the role of astronomy in early cultures, and will be of interest to historians of science, astronomers, and ancient and medieval historians.

Neural Networks

Author: Simon Haykin
Editor: IEEE
ISBN: 9780780334946
Size: 13,31 MB
Format: PDF
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Priorities For Research To Reduce The Threat Of Firearm Related Violence

Author: Committee on Priorities for a Public Health Research Agenda to Reduce the Threat of Firearm-Related Violence
Editor: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309284384
Size: 13,58 MB
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In 2010, more than 105,000 people were injured or killed in the United States as the result of a firearm-related incident. Recent, highly publicized, tragic mass shootings in Newtown, CT; Aurora, CO; Oak Creek, WI; and Tucson, AZ, have sharpened the American public's interest in protecting our children and communities from the harmful effects of firearm violence. While many Americans legally use firearms for a variety of activities, fatal and nonfatal firearm violence poses a serious threat to public safety and welfare. In January 2013, President Barack Obama issued 23 executive orders directing federal agencies to improve knowledge of the causes of firearm violence, what might help prevent it, and how to minimize its burden on public health. One of these orders directed the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to, along with other federal agencies, immediately begin identifying the most pressing problems in firearm violence research. The CDC and the CDC Foundation asked the IOM, in collaboration with the National Research Council, to convene a committee tasked with developing a potential research agenda that focuses on the causes of, possible interventions to, and strategies to minimize the burden of firearm-related violence. Priorities for Research to Reduce the Threat of Firearm-Related Violence focuses on the characteristics of firearm violence, risk and protective factors, interventions and strategies, the impact of gun safety technology, and the influence of video games and other media.

Celestial Treasury

Author: Marc Lachièze-Rey
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521800402
Size: 15,41 MB
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A breathtaking survey of the richness of astronomical theories and illustrations through the ages.

It S Been A Good Life

Author: Isaac Asimov
Editor: Prometheus Books
ISBN: 1615921931
Size: 20,48 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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...fascinating...this readable and idiosyncratic self-portrait should attract a whole new generation of readers to Asimov's fine creative works. --Publishers WeeklyNew one-volume autobiography spans Asimov's life for the first time!As one of the most gifted and prolific writers of the twentieth century, Isaac Asimov became legendary for his inexhaustible creativity, wide-ranging intellectual curiosity, and talent for explaining complex subjects in clear, concise prose. While regaling his readers with an incredible opus of almost five hundred entertaining and illuminating science fiction and nonfiction books, he also found time to write a three-volume autobiography. Now these volumes have been condensed into one by Asimov's wife, Janet, who also shares excerpts from letters he wrote to her. Together these writings provide an intimate portrait of a creative genius whose love of learning and playing with ideas is evident on every page.Reading this autobiography is like sitting down with Isaac Asimov and experiencing his witty, engaging, and brilliant personality firsthand. We are treated to many marvelous stories about his upbringing in Depression-era Brooklyn, his early fascination with the new science fiction pulp magazines, the thrill of his first published story, the creation of his well-known story Nightfall, the genesis of the Foundation series, and the evolution of his creative life as a writer.He also reveals his inner thoughts about and experiences with various luminaries in science and science fiction. Above all, Asimov's autobiography conveys unbounded enthusiasm for his craft, the infectious joy of learning and creating, complete intellectual honesty, his strong humanist convictions, and his infinite fund of good humor and optimism even at the end of his life - all told in the lively clear writing style that was his trademark.Although Janet Jeppson Asimov concludes this work with a shocking revelation about her husband's death, the volume is clearly intended as a celebration - as the title suggests - of a wonderful, creative life. As a poignant coda to this work, Janet has appended one short story that was Isaac's favorite, and his 400th essay on this thoughts about science.Janet Jeppson Asimov, M.D. (New York, NY), a retired physician, is the author of twenty books and many short stories and articles. She currently writes a bimonthly science column for a newspaper syndicate.