Juvenile Justice Reform And Restorative Justice

Author: Gordon Bazemore
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1134017782
Size: 17,66 MB
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This book, based on a large-scale research project funded by the National Institute of Justice and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, provides an overview of the restorative justice conferencing programs currently in operation in the United States, paying particular attention to the qualitative dimensions of this, based on interviews, focus groups and ethnographic observation. It provides an unrivalled view of restorative justice conferencing in practice, and what the people involved felt and thought about it. The book looks at four structural variations in the face-to-face form of restorative decision making: family group conferences, victim-offender mediation/dialogue, neighborhood accountability boards, peacemaking circles. The authors address two issues that have received limited research emphasis in restorative justice: the lack of clear and consistent standards, and the absence of testable theories of intervention that reflect what has become a rather diverse practice. In response the authors conclude with a proposed structure for principle-based evaluation designed to test emerging theories of restorative decision making.

Juvenile Justice Reform And Restorative Justice

Author: Gordon Bazemore
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1134017715
Size: 18,14 MB
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Provides an overview of the restorative justice conferencing programs currently in operation in the United States, paying particular attention to the qualitative dimensions of this, based on interviews, focus groups and ethnographic observation.

Juvenile Justice Reform And Restorative Justice

Author: S. Gordon Bazemore
Editor: Willan Pub
ISBN:
Size: 20,85 MB
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During the 1990s restorative justice emerged as an international movement for criminal justice reform, and a number of countries adopted policies encouraging or requiring the use of restorative justice practices as an alternative or in addition to adversarial court proceedings. In the United States, by 1998 over 20 states have changed their juvenile justice codes to incorporate the language of restorative justice, and a dozen states were experimenting actively with restorative justice decision-making or conferencing. By 2001 almost every state in the United States had begin to experiment with such practices.This book, based on a large-scale research project funded by the National Institute of Justice and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, provides an overview of the restorative justice conferencing programs currently in operation in the United States, paying particular attention to the qualitative dimensions of this, based on interviews, focus groups and ethnographic observation. It provides an unrivalled view of restorative justice conferencing in practice, and what the people involved felt and thought about it.The book looks at four structural variations in the face-to-face form of restorative decision-making: family group conferences, victim-offender mediation/dialogue, neighborhood accountability boards, and peacemaking circles. An overriding concern of the book is to build and improve theory, guide future research, and to inform policy and practice in restorative justice decision-making. In doing so it addresses two issues that have received limited research emphasis in restorative justice: the lack of clear and consistent standards that can be used to gauge both the strength and consistency of restorative intervention, and the absence of testable theories of intervention that reflect what has become a rather diverse practice. In response to this the authors conclude the book with a proposed structure for principle-based evaluation designed to test emerging theories of restorative decision-making.

Restorative Juvenile Justice

Author: L. Walgrave
Editor:
ISBN: 9781881798132
Size: 19,76 MB
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Authors from Australia (John Braithwaite, Christine Parker), Europe (Lode Walgrave, Klaus Sessar, ElmarWeitekamp) and North America (Gordon Bazemore, Ray Corrado, Barry Feld, Curt Taylor Griffiths, Susan Guarino-Ghezzi, Russ Immarigeon, Andrew Klein, Maria Schiff, Mark Umbreit, Daniel van Ness) discuss juvenile justice and the response the youth crime.

Youth Offending And Restorative Justice

Author: Adam Crawford
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1134001541
Size: 20,49 MB
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This book provides an empirically grounded, theoretically informed account of recent changes to the youth justice system in England and Wales, focusing on the introduction of elements of restorative justice into the heart of the criminal justice system, and the implementation of referral orders and youth offender panels. Taken together, this amounts to the most radical overhaul of the youth justice system in the last half century, fundamentally changing the underlying values of the system away from an 'exclusionary punitive justice' and towards an 'inclusionary restorative justice'. The book explores the implications of these changes by using the lens of a detailed study of the implementation of referral orders and youth offender panels to explore wider issues about youth justice policy and the integration of restorative justice principles. It draws upon the findings of an in-depth study of the pilots established prior to the national rollout of referral orders in April 2002. The book will be essential reading not only for those involved in the task of implementing the new youth justice, but others with an interest in the criminal justice system and in restorative justice who need to know about the far reaching reforms to the youth justice system and their impact.

Justice For Kids

Author: Nancy E. Dowd
Editor: NYU Press
ISBN: 1479832952
Size: 19,87 MB
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Children and youth become involved with the juvenile justice system at a significant rate. While some children move just as quickly out of the system and go on to live productive lives as adults, other children become enmeshed in the system, developing deeper problems and at times introduced into the adult criminal justice system. Justice for Kids is a volume edited by leading academics and activists that focuses on ways to intervene at the earliest possible point to rehabilitate and redirect—to keep kids out of the system—rather than to punish and drive kids deeper. Nancy Dowd is Director of the Center for Children and Families at the University of Florida Fredric G. Levin College of Law and holds the David H. Levin Chair in Family Law. She is the author of several books, most recently The Man Question: Male Subordination and Privilege (NYU Press).

Rethinking Juvenile Justice

Author: Elizabeth S Scott
Editor: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674043367
Size: 12,84 MB
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What should we do with teenagers who commit crimes? In this book, two leading scholars in law and adolescent development argue that juvenile justice should be grounded in the best available psychological science, which shows that adolescence is a distinctive state of cognitive and emotional development. Although adolescents are not children, they are also not fully responsible adults.

Restorative Justice For Juveniles

Author: Allison Morris
Editor: Hart Publishing
ISBN: 1841131768
Size: 16,36 MB
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Internationally,there is now an acceptance of the need to develop new strategies in criminal justice which reflect restorative justice principles. At the same time, theory, research and practice in restorative justice is making rapid advances. This book provides an up to date and critical account of recent developments. It describes the practice of restorative justice with respect to young offenders in a number of jurisdictions - Australia, Canada, England, New Zealand, South Africa, the United States and various continental European countries. Research findings on the three most common formats - conferencing, victims offender mediation and circles - are presented. Critical issues for the future development of restorative justice are identified. Two main themes run through the collection - the potential of restorative processes to transform criminal justice processes and the potential for aboriginal or indigenous communities to impact on conventional processes. Contributors include active researchers and leading theorists from around the world.

Reforming Juvenile Justice

Author: Committee on Assessing Juvenile Justice Reform
Editor: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309278902
Size: 11,29 MB
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Adolescence is a distinct, yet transient, period of development between childhood and adulthood characterized by increased experimentation and risk-taking, a tendency to discount long-term consequences, and heightened sensitivity to peers and other social influences. A key function of adolescence is developing an integrated sense of self, including individualization, separation from parents, and personal identity. Experimentation and novelty-seeking behavior, such as alcohol and drug use, unsafe sex, and reckless driving, are thought to serve a number of adaptive functions despite their risks. Research indicates that for most youth, the period of risky experimentation does not extend beyond adolescence, ceasing as identity becomes settled with maturity. Much adolescent involvement in criminal activity is part of the normal developmental process of identity formation and most adolescents will mature out of these tendencies. Evidence of significant changes in brain structure and function during adolescence strongly suggests that these cognitive tendencies characteristic of adolescents are associated with biological immaturity of the brain and with an imbalance among developing brain systems. This imbalance model implies dual systems: one involved in cognitive and behavioral control and one involved in socio-emotional processes. Accordingly adolescents lack mature capacity for self-regulations because the brain system that influences pleasure-seeking and emotional reactivity develops more rapidly than the brain system that supports self-control. This knowledge of adolescent development has underscored important differences between adults and adolescents with direct bearing on the design and operation of the justice system, raising doubts about the core assumptions driving the criminalization of juvenile justice policy in the late decades of the 20th century. It was in this context that the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) asked the National Research Council to convene a committee to conduct a study of juvenile justice reform. The goal of Reforming Juvenile Justice: A Developmental Approach was to review recent advances in behavioral and neuroscience research and draw out the implications of this knowledge for juvenile justice reform, to assess the new generation of reform activities occurring in the United States, and to assess the performance of OJJDP in carrying out its statutory mission as well as its potential role in supporting scientifically based reform efforts.

Restorative Justice For Juveniles

Author: Lode Walgrave
Editor: Leuven University Press
ISBN: 9789061869207
Size: 11,92 MB
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A selection of papers presented at the international conference, Leuven, May 12-14, 1997.