Invitation To Biology

Autore: Helena Curtis
Editore: Macmillan
ISBN: 9780879016791
Grandezza: 51,69 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Vista: 6927
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This clearly written, accurate, and well-illustrated introduction to biology seamlessly integrates the theme of evolution while offering expanded, up-to-date coverage of genetic engineering, the immune response, embryological development, and ecological concerns.

Unmarriages

Autore: Ruth Mazo Karras
Editore: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 081220641X
Grandezza: 60,99 MB
Formato: PDF
Vista: 6878
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The Middle Ages are often viewed as a repository of tradition, yet what we think of as traditional marriage was far from the only available alternative to the single state in medieval Europe. Many people lived together in long-term, quasimarital heterosexual relationships, unable to marry if one was in holy orders or if the partners were of different religions. Social norms militated against the marriage of master to slave or between individuals of very different classes, or when the couple was so poor that they could not establish an independent household. Such unions, where the protections that medieval law furnished to wives (and their children) were absent, were fraught with danger for women in particular, but they also provided a degree of flexibility and demonstrate the adaptability of social customs in the face of slowly changing religious doctrine. Unmarriages draws on a wide range of sources from across Europe and the entire medieval millennium in order to investigate structures and relations that medieval authors and record keepers did not address directly, either in order to minimize them or because they were so common as not to be worth mentioning. Ruth Mazo Karras pays particular attention to the ways women and men experienced forms of opposite-sex union differently and to the implications for power relations between the genders. She treats legal and theological discussions that applied to all of Europe and presents a vivid series of case studies of how unions operated in specific circumstances to illustrate concretely what we can conclude, how far we can speculate, and what we can never know.

Crisis Of The 17th Century

Autore: Hugh Redwald Trevor-Roper
Editore: Liberty Fund Inc.
ISBN:
Grandezza: 45,61 MB
Formato: PDF, Kindle
Vista: 6556
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The Crisis of the Seventeenth Century collects nine essays by Trevor-Roper on the themes of religion, the Reformation, and social change. The Civil War, the Restoration, and the Glorious Revolution in England laid the institutional and intellectual foundations of the modern understanding of liberty. Trevor-Roper's essays uncover new pathways to understanding this seminal time. In his longest essay, "The European Witch-craze of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries, " Trevor-Roper points out that "In England the most active phase of witch-hunting coincided with times of Puritan pressure--the reign of Queen Elizabeth and the period of the civil wars--and some very fanciful theories have been built on this coincidence. But...the persecution of witches in England was trivial compared with the experience of the Continent and of Scotland. Therefore...[one must examine] the craze as a whole, throughout Europe, and [seek] to relate its rise, frequency, and decline to the general intellectual and social movements of the time...." Neither Catholic nor Protestant emerges unscathed from the examination to which Trevor-Roper subjects the era in which, from political and religious causes, the identification and extirpation of witches was a central event.

Marriage Litigation In Medieval England

Autore: R. H. Helmholz
Editore: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521035620
Grandezza: 71,81 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Docs
Vista: 7419
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This book tells one part of the long history of the institution of marriage. Questions concerning the formation and annulment of marriage came under the exclusive jurisdiction of the church courts during the Middle Ages. Drawing on unpublished records of these courts, Professor Helmholz describes the practical side of matrimonial jurisdiction and relates it to his outline of the formal law of marriage. He investigates the nature of the cases heard, the procedure used, the people involved and changes over the period covered, all of which add to what is known about marriage and legal practice in medieval England. The concluding assessment of canonical jurisdiction over marriage suggests that the application of the law was more successful than is usually thought.

Marriage In The Western Church

Autore: Philip Lyndon Reynolds
Editore: BRILL
ISBN: 9780391041080
Grandezza: 49,62 MB
Formato: PDF
Vista: 5136
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Author Philip Reynolds examines how marriage acquired a specifically Christian identity in the Latin West during the first millennium after Christ. Beginning with Jesus, everything the Christians did, including getting married, began a process of differentiation. Reynolds offers three themes for theological reflection and interpretation: Jesus teaching, Paul s Letter to the Ephesians, and Paul s justification of marriage as a solution to the problem of sexual desire. Reynolds insights into the Christianization of marriage make this a valuable book at both the scholarly and the practical level.