Making Rights Real

Author: Charles R. Epp
Editor: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226211665
Size: 14,85 MB
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It’s a common complaint: the United States is overrun by rules and procedures that shackle professional judgment, have no valid purpose, and serve only to appease courts and lawyers. Charles R. Epp argues, however, that few Americans would want to return to an era without these legalistic policies, which in the 1970s helped bring recalcitrant bureaucracies into line with a growing national commitment to civil rights and individual dignity. Focusing on three disparate policy areas—workplace sexual harassment, playground safety, and police brutality in both the United States and the United Kingdom—Epp explains how activists and professionals used legal liability, lawsuit-generated publicity, and innovative managerial ideas to pursue the implementation of new rights. Together, these strategies resulted in frameworks designed to make institutions accountable through intricate rules, employee training, and managerial oversight. Explaining how these practices became ubiquitous across bureaucratic organizations, Epp casts today’s legalistic state in an entirely new light.

Invitation To Law And Society Second Edition

Author: Kitty Calavita
Editor: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022629661X
Size: 10,26 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Law and society is a rapidly growing field that turns the conventional view of law as mythical abstraction on its head. Kitty Calavita brilliantly brings to life the ways in which law is found not only in statutes and courtrooms but in our institutions and interactions, while inviting readers into conversations that introduce the field’s dominant themes and most lively disagreements. Deftly interweaving scholarship with familiar examples, Calavita shows how scholars in the discipline are collectively engaged in a subversive exposé of law’s public mythology. While surveying prominent issues and distinctive approaches to both law as it is written and actual legal practices, as well as the law’s potential as a tool for social change, this volume provides a view of law that is more real but just as compelling as its mythic counterpart. With this second edition of Invitation to Law and Society, Calavita brings up to date what is arguably the leading introduction to this exciting, evolving field of inquiry and adds a new chapter on the growing law and cultural studies movement.

Invitation To Law And Society

Author: Kitty Calavita
Editor: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226089983
Size: 19,60 MB
Format: PDF
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Law and Society is a rapidly-growing interdisciplinary field that turns on its head the conventional, idealized view of the “Law” as a magisterial abstraction. Kitty Calavita’s Invitation to Law and Society brilliantly brings to life the ways in which law shapes and manifests itself in the institutions and interactions of human society, while inviting the reader into conversations that introduce the field’s dominant themes and most lively disagreements. Deftly interweaving scholarship with familiar personal examples, Calavita shows how scholars in the discipline are collectively engaged in a subversive exposé of law’s public mythology. While surveying prominent issues and distinctive approaches to the use of the law in everyday life, as well as its potential as a tool for social change, this volume provides a view of law that is more real but just as compelling as its mythic counterpart. In a field of inquiry that has long lacked a sophisticated yet accessible introduction to its ways of thinking, Invitation to Law and Society will serve as an engaging and indispensible guide.

Building The Prison State

Author: Heather Schoenfeld
Editor: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022652101X
Size: 19,93 MB
Format: PDF
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The United States incarcerates more people per capita than any other industrialized nation in the world—about 1 in 100 adults, or more than 2 million people—while national spending on prisons has catapulted 400 percent. Given the vast racial disparities in incarceration, the prison system also reinforces race and class divisions. How and why did we become the world’s leading jailer? And what can we, as a society, do about it? Reframing the story of mass incarceration, Heather Schoenfeld illustrates how the unfinished task of full equality for African Americans led to a series of policy choices that expanded the government’s power to punish, even as they were designed to protect individuals from arbitrary state violence. Examining civil rights protests, prison condition lawsuits, sentencing reforms, the War on Drugs, and the rise of conservative Tea Party politics, Schoenfeld explains why politicians veered from skepticism of prisons to an embrace of incarceration as the appropriate response to crime. To reduce the number of people behind bars, Schoenfeld argues that we must transform the political incentives for imprisonment and develop a new ideological basis for punishment.

Everyday Law On The Street

Author: Mariana Valverde
Editor: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226921891
Size: 20,84 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Toronto prides itself on being “the world’s most diverse city,” and its officials seek to support this diversity through programs and policies designed to promote social inclusion. Yet this progressive vision of law often falls short in practice, limited by problems inherent in the political culture itself. In Everyday Law on the Street, Mariana Valverde brings to light the often unexpected ways that the development and implementation of policies shape everyday urban life. Drawing on four years spent participating in council hearings and civic association meetings and shadowing housing inspectors and law enforcement officials as they went about their day-to-day work, Valverde reveals a telling transformation between law on the books and law on the streets. She finds, for example, that some of the democratic governing mechanisms generally applauded—public meetings, for instance—actually create disadvantages for marginalized groups, whose members are less likely to attend or articulate their concerns. As a result, both officials and citizens fail to see problems outside the point of view of their own needs and neighborhood. Taking issue with Jane Jacobs and many others, Valverde ultimately argues that Toronto and other diverse cities must reevaluate their allegiance to strictly local solutions. If urban diversity is to be truly inclusive—of tenants as well as homeowners, and recent immigrants as well as longtime residents—cities must move beyond micro-local planning and embrace a more expansive, citywide approach to planning and regulation.

Author: مونتسكيو
Editor: ktab INC.
ISBN: 9777194595
Size: 14,31 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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بعض موضوعات الكتاب مسبوق وبعضها غير مسبوق، غير أن الكتاب في مجموعة تام الجدة كامل الإبداع حتى في منهاج المسبوق منه، ولا نقابل هنا بين المؤرخ الفيلسوف الفقيه العربي ابن خلدون ومونتسكيو لنرى أيهما أكثر إبداعا من الآخر وأحق منه في لقب واضع علم السياسة والاجتماع، فلكل منهما نواح أبدع فيها أثكر من الآخر

Author: ميشيل فوكو
Editor: Lebanese Printing Company S.A.L. Dar Al Farabi
ISBN: 995371889X
Size: 16,85 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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يعتبر كتاب (الكلمات والأشياء) ليس أهم ما كتب ميشيل فوكو وعبّر عن فلسفته فحسب، ولكنه كذلك أفضل شاهد على قدرة العقل في إعادة اكتشاف أنظمته المعرفية، ومراجعتها لأول مرة في تاريخ الفلسفة الحديثة خارج الأطر الإيديولوجية التي اعتادت أن تقنعها وتستخدمها. وهو الكتاب الذي يشكل في تحولات الفكر الغربي الراهنة مرجعاً أساسياً لفلسفة الحداثة وعَقْلنة قطائعها التاريخية الرئيسية، وصولاً إلى ما يتجاوزها هي بالذات نحو ما يسمّى اليوم بالحداثة البعدية، أو بما بعد الحداثة. إن ترجمة هذا الكتاب إلى العربية في حد ذاته ، يمدّ الثقافة العربية بمفاتيح لكشف أسرار العقل الغربي، ومنعطفات قطائعه الرئيسية التي شكلت السرّ الأعمق لما يُسمّى بمعجزة التفوّق الغربي. ودراسة العقل لوسائله المعرفية، وتقييمها، فضلاً عن كونها امتياز الحضارة الأعلى وشاهدَها الأمثل على حيويتها وقدرتها على الاحتفاظ بقدرات النهوض وتجديدها. فإنها في الوقت ذاته تجعل من الحداثة، ليس مجرد حالة تأريخية طارئة، بقدر ما هي كينونة مستمرة، ومفاجئة لوعودها بالذات. ترجمة فوكو إلى العربية مساهمة صعبة في تغيير مصطلح القراءة والكتابة، وآليات المعرفة العلمية الشائعة، كما فعل كتاب "الكلمات والأشياء" عند ظهوره في لغته الأصلية. والجهد الذي يتطلبه فهمه ومؤالفته، جهد حقيقي في تغيير عادات العقل العربي. وشروع في ممارسة ما هو الأصعب والحقيقي في مصطلح الحداثة، وتحويله من شعار شبه سياسي، إلى ممارسة العقل ذاته.

Author: Allah
Editor: Idara Ishaat-E-Diniyat
ISBN: 9788171014613
Size: 11,41 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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ISBN:
Size: 14,87 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Author: عبد السلام زيان
Editor: Al Manhal
ISBN:
Size: 19,53 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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كان ذلك منذ سنوات بعيدة عندما صادفتني كلمة "أوبانيشاد" لأول مرة بينما كنت في جولة دِرَاسية في بلاد أرمينيا بالقرب من جبل العرارات (يقال إنَّ سفينة نوح مدفونة داخله). كنت وقتها شابًّا يدرس الأديان والفلسفة. بمرور السنوات، وبتعمقي في البحث، اكتشفت مدى تأثير هذه النصوص التي كتبها حكماء الهندوسية منذ آلاف السنين بذلك الأسلوب البسيط، عن كبار فلاسفة الإغريق كأرسطو وأفلاطون... إلى أبي مدرسة الإسكندرية إفلوطين المصري. كما أدركت تأثيرها المباشر على بعض فلاسفة العصر الحديث مثل شوبنهاور الذي قال: "إن ترجمةَ الأوبانيشاد إلى اللاتينية سنة 1818 هو أكبر إنجاز لهذا القرن مقارنة بكل القرون الماضية