Managing Spent Nuclear Fuel

Author: Tom LaTourrette
Editor: RAND Corporation
ISBN: 9780833051080
Size: 11,14 MB
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Increasing awareness of the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions has renewed interest in nuclear power generation. At the same time, the longstanding logjam over how to manage spent nuclear fuel continues to hamper the expansion of nuclear power. If nuclear power is to be a sustainable option for the United States, methods for managing spent fuel that meet stringent safety and environmental standards must be implemented. This monograph evaluates the main technical and institutional approaches to spent nuclear fuel management and identifies implications for the development of spent fuel management policy. The authors find that on-site storage, centralized interim storage, and permanent geological disposal are generally safe, secure, and low- to moderate-cost approaches with no insurmountable technical obstacles. Advanced fuel cycles enabling spent-fuel recycling could reduce waste repository capacity needs but are difficult to evaluate because they still in early research stages. Public acceptance challenges stand as a major impediment to any technical approach. The analysis shows that the technical approaches can be combined in different ways to form different spent fuel management strategies that can be distinguished primarily in terms of societal preferences in three areas: the disposition of spent fuel, the growth of nuclear power, and intergenerational trade-offs.

Alternative Energy In The Middle East

Author: G. Bahgat
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137264586
Size: 19,74 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Gawdat Bahgat examines alternative energy (renewable and nuclear) in the Middle East. These largely under-utilized resources represent tremendous economic and environmental opportunities.

Civilian Nuclear Waste Disposal

Author: Mark Holt
Editor: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1437989098
Size: 15,58 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The Energy And Security Nexus A Strategic Dilemma Enlarged Edition

Author: Carolyn W. Pumphrey
Editor: Lulu.com
ISBN: 1304056716
Size: 15,21 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Managing The Nuclear Fuel Cycle

Author: Mary Beth Dunham Nikitin
Editor: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1437923232
Size: 13,30 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Contents: (1) Introduction; (2) Renewed Interest in Nuclear Power Expansion: (a) Worldwide Nuclear Power Status; (b) Nuclear Fuel Services Market: Yellowcake; Conversion; Enrichment; Fuel Fabrication; (c) Final Stages of the Fuel Cycle; (d) Waste Disposal and Energy Security; (3) Proposals on the Fuel Cycle: Pres. Bush¿s '04 Proposal; Discussions in the Nuclear Suppliers Group; El Baradei Proposal; IAEA Experts Group/INFCIRC/640; Putin Initiative; Six Country Concept; IAEA Fuel Bank; Congress. Support; World Nuclear Assoc.; IAEA Standby Arrange. System; Multilateral Enrichment Sanctuary Project; Enrichment Bonds; Global Nuclear Energy Partnership; (4) Comparison of Proposals; (5) Prospects for Implementing Fuel Assurance Mechanisms.

Strategy

Author: Great Britain: Nuclear Decommissioning Authority
Editor: The Stationery Office
ISBN: 9780108510472
Size: 17,21 MB
Format: PDF
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The Energy Act 2004 requires the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA), a non-Departmental body, to review and publish its strategy at least every five years. This document also presents the outcome of the NDA's review of the first Strategy published in 2006. This revised Strategy sets out the NDA's strategic direction and mission. The core objective of the NDA is to ensure that the historic civil public sector nuclear legacy sites are decommissioned safely, securely, cost effectively and in ways that protect the environment. As part of this, the NDA is required to operate existing commercial activities and meet current contracts, using revenues generated to offset spend on decommissioning. Much of the original strategy therefore remains the same but the UK Government policy on nuclear energy has changed and a new reactor programme is now envisaged for England and Wales. The decommissioning programme itself has an estimated cost of £45.1 billion. The Strategy can be divided into the following groups: (1) Site restoration - which defines the approach to decommissioning redundant facilities and management of contamination; (2) Spent fuels - which is managing the diverse spent nuclear fuels; (3) Nuclear materials - consists of dealing with the inventory of uranics and plutonium, stored at some site; (4) Integrated Waste Management - concerns the management of all forms of waste arising from operating and decommissioning sites; (5) Business Organisation - looks at maximising commercial income, using assets and capabilities to reduce decommissioning costs; (6) Critical Enablers - seeks to support the NDA's overall mission. The publication is divided into five chapters focusing on these issues, with appendices. The Strategy is effective from April 2011.

Internationalization Of The Nuclear Fuel Cycle

Author: Russian Academy of Sciences
Editor: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309185947
Size: 13,24 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The so-called nuclear renaissance has increased worldwide interest in nuclear power. This potential growth also has increased, in some quarters, concern that nonproliferation considerations are not being given sufficient attention. In particular, since introduction of many new power reactors will lead to requiring increased uranium enrichment services to provide the reactor fuel, the proliferation risk of adding enrichment facilities in countries that do not have them now led to proposals to provide the needed fuel without requiring indigenous enrichment facilities. Similar concerns exist for reprocessing facilities. Internationalization of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle summarizes key issues and analyses of the topic, offers some criteria for evaluating options, and makes findings and recommendations to help the United States, the Russian Federation, and the international community reduce proliferation and other risks, as nuclear power is used more widely. This book is intended for all those who are concerned about the need for assuring fuel for new reactors and at the same time limiting the spread of nuclear weapons. This audience includes the United States and Russia, other nations that currently supply nuclear material and technology, many other countries contemplating starting or growing nuclear power programs, and the international organizations that support the safe, secure functioning of the international nuclear fuel cycle, most prominently the International Atomic Energy Agency.

Disposition Of High Level Waste And Spent Nuclear Fuel

Author: Board on Radioactive Waste Management
Editor: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309073170
Size: 16,43 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Focused attention by world leaders is needed to address the substantial challenges posed by disposal of spent nuclear fuel from reactors and high-level radioactive waste from processing such fuel. The biggest challenges in achieving safe and secure storage and permanent waste disposal are societal, although technical challenges remain. Disposition of radioactive wastes in a deep geological repository is a sound approach as long as it progresses through a stepwise decision-making process that takes advantage of technical advances, public participation, and international cooperation. Written for concerned citizens as well as policymakers, this book was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and waste management organizations in eight other countries.