Military Justice

Author: Lawrence J. Morris
Editor: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0275993663
Size: 13,90 MB
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The goal of this book is to provide an overview of the theory and practice of military justice, so that the interested reader-- especially the nonlawyer, but also the practitioner new to military justice-- receives a thorough and balanced overview of the military justice system. The book provides a comprehensive treatment of the current military justice system, enriched by enough history to make current practices understandable and future changes foreseeable. It addresses the system from the standpoint of society, which invests in the military; the command, through which good order and discipline are administered; and those who participate in the trial process.

Enemy Combatants Terrorism And Armed Conflict Law A Guide To The Issues

Author: David K. Linnan
Editor: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0275998150
Size: 10,86 MB
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With a renewed emphasis on national and homeland security, the United States is once again seeking to balance the needs of the state with both the rights of its citizens as well as those of other nations. This book represents an interdisciplinary approach to the legal dilemmas borne out by the war on terror-against the specific background of Afghanistan, Iraq, and this new kind of conflict. It is a strong contribution to a broader debate visible since 9/11, which will remain in the public eye for the foreseeable future. It addresses the overlap between religion, ethics, armed conflict, and law, within the context of the current conflict. While many issues in areas such as intelligence, reconciliation of civil liberties, dealing with terrorist threats, and the permissible bounds of interrogation, treatment of prisoners and laws governing armed conflict have long standing precedents under domestic and international law, this war has challenged even long standing legal interpretations. The contributors to this volume explore those precedents and contemporary challenges to them. Now that traditional wars between nation states are no longer the rule, the terrorist threat has gained credence (popularly, terrorism and its claimed breeding ground in failed states), linked in practice to issues of intervention on the territory of states harboring such groups. In military circles the idea of armed struggle between modern military forces and what were formerly called guerillas has now largely been replaced by asymmetric warfare and the concept of intelligence and preventive action interchangeably within U.S. borders and overseas. Opposing views contemplate that different-and presumably lower-legal standards may apply in internal armed conflicts. Such legal issues are visible under current circumstances of asymmetric warfare in conjunction with questions about prisoner status and detentions, including the permissible bounds of interrogation versus torture following the Abu Ghraib prison scandal in Iraq but also the treatment at the Guantanamo Bay facility of alleged Al Q'aeda captives from Afghanistan. All of the contributors in this book explore the changing circumstances against which these contentious new legal issues now unfold. The experts strike no consensus. Indeed, one of the work's many strengths can be attributed to the fact that the many facets of the ongoing debate are represented herein.

Emerging Military Technologies

Author: Wilson W. S. Wong
Editor: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0313396132
Size: 17,74 MB
Format: PDF
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This book examines emerging defense technologies such as directed energy weapons, nanotech devices, and bioscience applications that have the potential to dominate international relations in the future, just as nuclear weapons and space infrastructure-assisted conventional weapons do now.

Private Armed Forces And Global Security

Author: Carlos Ortiz
Editor: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0313355924
Size: 17,48 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Through an array of theoretical approaches and empirical material, this comprehensive and accessible volume surveys private armed forces and directly challenges conventional stereotypes of security contractors. * Extracts of key legal documents related to mercenary activity and the regulation of the export of defense articles and services help illuminate the laws under which private military forces operate * A bibliography highlights significant material focusing on the study of the privatization of security and private military companies and cites key authors and sources of important empirical evidence

Transnational Terrorism And State Accountability

Author: Vincent-Joël Proulx
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1782250387
Size: 16,51 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Every State has an obligation to prevent terrorist attacks emanating from its territory. This proposition stems from various multilateral agreements and UN Security Council resolutions. This study exhaustively addresses the scope of this obligation of prevention and the legal consequences flowing from its violation, so as to provide greater clarity on governments' counterterrorism duties and to enhance State accountability for preventable wrongs. It defines the contents and contours of the obligation while placing critical emphasis on the mechanics of State responsibility. Whether obscured by new technologies like the Internet, the sophisticated cellular structure of some terrorist organisations or convoluted political realities, the level of governmental involvement in terrorist activities is no longer readily discernible in every instance. Furthermore, the prospect of governments waging surrogate warfare through proxies also poses intractable challenges to the mechanism of attribution in the context of State responsibility. This monograph sets out the shortcomings of the extant scheme of State responsibility while identifying a paradigm shift towards more indirect modes of accountability under international law, a trend corroborated by recent State and institutional practice. Drawing on varied legal and theoretical influences, the study devises and prescriptively argues for the implementation of a strict liability-inspired model grounded in the logic of indirect responsibility with a view to enhancing State compliance with counterterrorism obligations. This shifts the policy focus squarely to prevention, while promoting multilateralism and transnational cooperation. Ultimately, the legal and policy sensibilities underlying the book converge into a new theory of prevention in counterterrorism contexts. From the Foreword by Judge Bruno Simma, International Court of Justice "Even if one might disagree with the bases on which the author constructs his argument, the execution of the argument is solid and thorough. The coverage of the major policy arguments and the available legal source materials is equally impressive. Moreover, the author's positions are genuinely progressive and present a fairly innovative solution, in the form of a strict liability mechanism...It behoves all scholars and practitioners of international law with an interest in combating international terrorism to consider the proposals outlined in this book." Transnational Terrorism and State Accountability by Vincent-Joël Proulx has been awarded the 2014 Myres McDougal Prize for best book in Law, Science, and Policy from the Society of Policy Scientists.

Military Space Power

Author: Wilson Wong
Editor: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0313356807
Size: 18,94 MB
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This handbook examines the militarization of space, providing a fair and balanced discussion of the emerging issues concerning space security and defense. * Excerpts from key documents * A chronology * Select glossary of terms * Illustrations * Sidebars with additional detail

Environmental Security

Author: Elizabeth L. Chalecki
Editor: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0313391513
Size: 10,76 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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This timely volume presents the key concepts, issues, and debates surrounding environmental security, illustrating through a range of examples and cases how global environmental matters and international security are closely linked. * Wide-ranging cases and examples, from climate change to energy to water * Primary source documents * A chronology * A glossary * A bibliography

War Crimes Genocide And The Law

Author: Arnold Krammer
Editor: Praeger Publishers
ISBN: 9780313359378
Size: 16,56 MB
Format: PDF
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This timely handbook offers an examination of man's history of war crimes and the parallel development of rules of war to prevent them in the future.

Guide To International Legal Research

Author: George Washington University Law School International Law Review
Editor:
ISBN:
Size: 12,56 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The Oxford Handbook Of Military Psychology

Author: Janice H. Laurence
Editor: OUP USA
ISBN: 0195399323
Size: 20,99 MB
Format: PDF
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The Oxford Handbook of Military Psychology describes the critical link between psychology and military activity. The extensive coverage includes topics in of clinical, industrial/organizational, experimental, engineering, and social psychology. The contributors are leading international experts in military psychology.