Neurochemistry Of Abused Drugs

Author: Steven B. Karch, MD, FFFLM
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420054422
Size: 14,10 MB
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Extracted from the Drug Abuse Handbook, 2nd edition, to give you just the information you need at an affordable price. Beginning with a detailed look at individual drugs and their effects on the brain, Neurochemistry of Abused Drugs considers the changes in neurotransmitter levels and discusses the relationship of these changes to the nature and phenomenon of addiction. New studies highlight the addictive capacity of nicotine as well as introduce novel compounds that may aid in tobacco cessation. Chapters examine nicotine dependant neuroplasticity and the various neurochemical substrates that support and promote addiction including cholinergic, dopaminergic, and GABAergic adaptations. The book also offers detailed information on the neurochemical and neurobehavioral consequences of MDMA, methamphetamine, and cocaine use. Recent discoveries on the neurotransmitter systems involved in each of these drugs reveal new therapeutic targets for alleviating addiction including ibogaine, and GABA and glutamate receptors. Extensively referenced and citing numerous up-to-date studies, this book provides unparalleled insight into the action and potential inhibition of drugs of abuse.

The Neurochemistry Of Drugs Of Abuse

Author: Syed F. Ali
Editor:
ISBN:
Size: 11,29 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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These proceedings of the satellite meeting of the International Society for Neurochemistry/American Society for Neurochemistry (July 16-18, 1997) present an examination of the cellular and molecular mechanisms of abused drugs. It covers topics such as gene expression, the role of free radicals in drugs of abuse-induced neurotoxicity, specific neuronal marks in substituted amphetamines-induced neurotoxicity, and prenatal exposure and postnatal outcome.

Drug Abuse Handbook

Author: Steven B. Karch, MD, FFFLM
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420048292
Size: 14,79 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This is the handbook that professionals who deal with problems related to drugs and drug abuse have been waiting for. The impressive list of more than 80 contributors, each experts and leaders in their field, testifies to the importance of this outstanding new handbook. The volume contains detailed discussions of drug-related issues in criminalistics, pathology, and toxicology. Impairment testing and the pharmacokinetics of abused drugs are examined in detail, as is the field of workplace drug testing, the use of alternate testing matrices, drugs in sports, addiction medicine, and drug-related medical emergencies. The handbook focuses on the most urgent drug abuse-related problems of today An entire section is devoted to alcohol abuse, including a scientific appraisal of the most common drunk driving defenses, complete with sample calculations. Problems of postmortem toxicology are thoroughly detailed and an appendix lists key references for the most widely used analytic methods. An in-depth analysis of legal questions, including fetal rights and workplace testing Examination of the principles of addiction medicine and how doctors handle substance abuse problems A section addressing drug use by athletes, including a summary of current Olympic Committee Regulations regarding substance use and the latest information on detecting abuse of Human Growth Hormone and Erythropoietin Whether you are approaching the issue of drug abuse from a medical, psychological, toxicological, or legal perspective, the Drug Abuse Handbook is the most authoritative and complete resource available.

Nonclinical Assessment Of Abuse Potential For New Pharmaceuticals

Author: Carrie Markgraf
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 0124202160
Size: 17,21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Nonclinical Assessment of Abuse Potential for New Pharmaceuticals offers a complete reference on the current international regulatory guidelines and details best practice methodology for the three standard animal models used to evaluate abuse potential: physical dependence, self-administration and drug discrimination. This book also includes chapters on alternative models and examples of when you should use these alternatives. Case histories are provided at the end of the book to show how the data generated from the animal models play a pivitol role in the submission package for a new drug. By incorporating all of this information into one book, Nonclinical Assessment of Abuse Potential for New Pharmaceuticals is your single resource for everything you need to know to understand and implement the assessment of abuse liability. Provides a consolidated overview of the complex regulatory landscape Offers best practice methodology for conducting animal studies, including selection of doses and positive control agents that will help you improve your own abuse potential studies Includes real-life examples to illustrate how nonclinical data fit into the submission strategy

Addictive Substances And Neurological Disease

Author: Ronald Ross Watson
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128092963
Size: 12,82 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Addictive Substances and Neurological Disease: Alcohol, Tobacco, Caffeine, and Drugs of Abuse in Everyday Lifestyles is a complete guide to the manifold effects of addictive substances on the brain, providing readers with the latest developing research on how these substances are implicated in neurological development and dysfunction. Cannabis, cocaine, and other illicit drugs can have substantial negative effects on the structure and functioning of the brain. However, other common habituating and addictive substances often used as part of an individual’s lifestyle, i.e., alcohol, tobacco, caffeine, painkillers can also compromise brain health and effect or accentuate neurological disease. This book provides broad coverage of the effects of addictive substances on the brain, beginning with an overview of how the substances lead to dysfunction before examining each substance in depth. It discusses the pathology of addiction, the structural damage resulting from abuse of various substances, and covers the neurobiological, neurodegenerative, behavioral, and cognitive implications of use across the lifespan, from prenatal exposure, to adolescence and old age. This book aids researchers seeking an understanding of the neurological changes that these substances induce, and is also extremely useful for those seeking potential treatments and therapies for individuals suffering from chronic abuse of these substances. Integrates current research on the actions of addictive substances in neurological disease Includes functional foods, such as caffeine beverages, that have habituating effects on the brain Provides a synopsis of key ideas associated with the consequences of addictive and habituating lifestyle substances

Drugs Addiction And The Brain

Author: George F. Koob
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123869595
Size: 10,31 MB
Format: PDF
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Drugs, Addiction, and the Brain explores the molecular, cellular, and neurocircuitry systems in the brain that are responsible for drug addiction. Common neurobiological elements are emphasized that provide novel insights into how the brain mediates the acute rewarding effects of drugs of abuse and how it changes during the transition from initial drug use to compulsive drug use and addiction. The book provides a detailed overview of the pathophysiology of the disease. The information provided will be useful for neuroscientists in the field of addiction, drug abuse treatment providers, and undergraduate and postgraduate students who are interested in learning the diverse effects of drugs of abuse on the brain. Full-color circuitry diagrams of brain regions implicated in each stage of the addiction cycle Actual data figures from original sources illustrating key concepts and findings Introduction to basic neuropharmacology terms and concepts Introduction to numerous animal models used to study diverse aspects of drug use. Thorough review of extant work on the neurobiology of addiction

Pathways Of Addiction

Author: Committee on Opportunities in Drug Abuse Research
Editor: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309520789
Size: 10,66 MB
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Drug abuse persists as one of the most costly and contentious problems on the nation's agenda. Pathways of Addiction meets the need for a clear and thoughtful national research agenda that will yield the greatest benefit from today's limited resources. The committee makes its recommendations within the public health framework and incorporates diverse fields of inquiry and a range of policy positions. It examines both the demand and supply aspects of drug abuse. Pathways of Addiction offers a fact-filled, highly readable examination of drug abuse issues in the United States, describing findings and outlining research needs in the areas of behavioral and neurobiological foundations of drug abuse. The book covers the epidemiology and etiology of drug abuse and discusses several of its most troubling health and social consequences, including HIV, violence, and harm to children. Pathways of Addiction looks at the efficacy of different prevention interventions and the many advances that have been made in treatment research in the past 20 years. The book also examines drug treatment in the criminal justice setting and the effectiveness of drug treatment under managed care. The committee advocates systematic study of the laws by which the nation attempts to control drug use and identifies the research questions most germane to public policy. Pathways of Addiction provides a strategic outline for wise investment of the nation's research resources in drug abuse. This comprehensive and accessible volume will have widespread relevance--to policymakers, researchers, research administrators, foundation decisionmakers, healthcare professionals, faculty and students, and concerned individuals.

The Effects Of Drug Abuse On The Human Nervous System

Author: Bertha Madras
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0124186858
Size: 15,17 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Drug use and abuse continues to thrive in contemporary society worldwide and the instance and damage caused by addiction increases along with availability. The Effects of Drug Abuse on the Human Nervous System presents objective, state-of-the-art information on the impact of drug abuse on the human nervous system, with each chapter offering a specific focus on nicotine, alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, methamphetamine, MDMA, sedative-hypnotics, and designer drugs. Other chapters provide a context for drug use, with overviews of use and consequences, epidemiology and risk factors, genetics of use and treatment success, and strategies to screen populations and provide appropriate interventions. The book offers meaningful, relevant and timely information for scientists, health-care professionals and treatment providers. A comprehensive reference on the effects of drug addiction on the human nervous system Focuses on core drug addiction issues from nicotine, cocaine, methamphetamine, alcohol, and other commonly abused drugs Includes foundational science chapters on the biology of addiction Details challenges in diagnosis and treatment options

Memoirs Of An Addicted Brain

Author: Marc Lewis
Editor: PublicAffairs
ISBN: 1610391489
Size: 11,44 MB
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Marc Lewis's relationship with drugs began in a New England boarding school where, as a bullied and homesick fifteen-year-old, he made brief escapes from reality by way of cough medicine, alcohol, and marijuana. In Berkeley, California, in its hippie heyday, he found methamphetamine and LSD and heroin. He sniffed nitrous oxide in Malaysia and frequented Calcutta's opium dens. Ultimately, though, his journey took him where it takes most addicts: into a life of addiction, desperation, deception, and crime. But unlike most addicts, Lewis recovered and became a developmental psychologist and researcher in neuroscience. In Memoirs of an Addicted Brain, he applies his professional expertise to a study of his former self, using the story of his own journey through addiction to tell the universal story of addictions of every kind. He explains the neurological effects of a variety of powerful drugs, and shows how they speak to the brain—itself designed to seek rewards and soothe pain—in its own language. And he illuminates how craving overtakes the nervous system, sculpting a synaptic network dedicated to one goal—more—at the expense of everything else.

Advances In The Neuroscience Of Addiction

Author: Cynthia M. Kuhn
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420007351
Size: 15,91 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Understanding the phenomenon of long-lasting vulnerability to addiction is essential to developing successful treatments. Written by an international team of authorities in their respective fields, Advances in the Neuroscience of Addiction provides an excellent overview of the available and emerging approaches used to investigate the biologic mechanisms of drug addiction. It also delineates the promising research discoveries being made in relapse prevention. The book begins with current animal models of addiction, which mimic the state of humans entering treatment: recently-abstinent animals that receive common triggers for relapse (classical conditioning, stress, and neuroadaptive dysregulation). Coverage then shifts to the use of electrophysiologic approaches, which enable researchers to characterize the discharge patterns of single neurons during drug self-administration. After exploring advances in voltammetry and enzyme-linked biosensors for measuring glutamate, the book discusses the theoretical background and results of neuroimaging studies related to neuronal networks that are activated by drug-specific cues. It then describes modern genetic approaches to manipulate target proteins that influence addictive behavior. The book rounds out its coverage by illustrating how a neuroeconomic approach can inform studies of reward processing in general and addiction in particular. It is a comprehensive introduction to the methodologies of the field for students and beginning researchers and an essential reference source for established investigators.