No Boundaries

Author: Tom Diaz
Editor: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 0472034685
Size: 17,49 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 953
Download

An alarming report on Latino crime gangs and the efforts of U.S. law enforcement to contain them

Latinos And Criminal Justice An Encyclopedia

Author: José Luis Morín
Editor: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0313356610
Size: 20,74 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 611
Download

This unique compilation of essays and entries provides critical insights into the Latino/a experience with the U.S. criminal justice system. • Topical essays that provide context to major contemporary issues, such as immigrants and crime, drugs, youth, U.S.-Mexico border crime, policing, and prisons • Shorter, A–Z entries on a wide range of additional topics • Extensive bibliographies identifying further readings in the subject area

Gangland An Encyclopedia Of Gang Life From Cradle To Grave 2 Volumes

Author: Laura L. Finley
Editor: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1440844747
Size: 13,16 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 190
Download

This two-volume set integrates informative encyclopedia entries and essential primary documents to provide an illuminating overview of trends in gang membership and activity in America in the 21st century. • Comprises approximately 200 encyclopedia entries on gangs in the United States • Illustrates entries through 16 primary documents • Provides a chronology to help readers to contextualize developments related to gang activity • Includes a Guide to Related Topics to facilitate tangential discovery • Defines terms essential to understanding the subject matter of the text in a glossary

Mano Dura

Author: Sonja Wolf
Editor: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 1477311238
Size: 14,63 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 838
Download

In 1992, at the end of a twelve-year civil war, El Salvador was poised for a transition to democracy. Yet, after longstanding dominance by a small oligarchy that continually used violence to repress popular resistance, El Salvador’s democracy has proven to be a fragile one, as social ills (poverty chief among them) have given rise to neighborhoods where gang activity now thrives. Mano Dura examines the ways in which the ruling ARENA party used gang violence to solidify political power in the hands of the elite—culminating in draconian “iron fist” antigang policies that undermine human rights while ultimately doing little to address the roots of gang membership. Drawing on extensive ethnographic fieldwork and policy analysis, Mano Dura examines the activities of three nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) that have advocated for more nuanced policies to eradicate gangs and the societal issues that are both a cause and an effect of gang proliferation. While other studies of street gangs have focused on relatively distant countries such as Colombia, Argentina, and Jamaica, Sonja Wolf’s research takes us to a country closer to the United States, where forced deportation has brought with it US gang culture. Charting the limited success of NGOs in influencing El Salvador’s security policies, the book brings to light key contextual aspects—including myopic media coverage and the ironic populist support for ARENA, despite the party’s protection of the elite at the expense of the greater society.

Gangs In Central America

Author: Clare Ribando Seelke
Editor: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1437927637
Size: 15,27 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 870
Download

Contents: (1) Background on Violent Crime; (2) Scope of the Gang Problem: Defining Gangs; Transnational Gangs; Factors Exacerbating the Gang Problem; Poverty and a Lack of Educ. and Employ. Opport.; Societal Stigmas; Role of the Media; Anti-Gang Law Enforce. Efforts; Prisons in Need of Reform; U.S. Deportations; (3) Country Anti-Gang Efforts: Mano Dura (Heavy-Handed) Anti-Gang Policies; Effects of Mano Dura Policies?; Alternative Approaches; Prospects for Country Prevention and Rehab. Efforts; Regional and Multilateral Efforts; OAS; Multilateral Develop. Banks and Donor Agencies; (4) U.S. Policy: Congressional Interest; U.S. Internat. Anti-Gang Efforts; State Dept.; Justice Dept.; USAID; Policy Approaches and Concerns.

Space Of Detention

Author: Elana Zilberg
Editor: Duke University Press
ISBN: 082234730X
Size: 13,85 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Read: 278
Download

An ethnographic analysis of the purported transnational gang crisis between the United States and El Salvador, based on extensive research in Los Angeles and San Salvador.

Real Gangstas

Author: Timothy R. Lauger
Editor: Rutgers University Press
ISBN: 081355375X
Size: 19,24 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 161
Download

Street gangs are a major concern for residents in many inner-city communities. However, gangs’ secretive and, at times, delinquent tendencies limit most people’s exposure to the realities of gang life. Based on eighteen months of qualitative research on the streets of Indianapolis, Real Gangstas provides a unique and intimate look at the lives of street gang members as they negotiate a dangerous peer environment in a major midwestern city. Timothy R. Lauger interviewed and observed a mix of fifty-five gang members, former gang members, and non-gang street offenders. He spent much of his fieldwork time in the company of a particular gang, the “Down for Whatever Boyz,” who allowed him to watch and record many of their day-to-day activities and conversations. Through this extensive research, Lauger is able to understand and explain the reasons for gang membership, including a chaotic family life, poverty, and the need for violent self-assertion in order to foster the creation of a personal identity. Although the book exposes many troubling aspects of gang life, it is not a simple descriptive or a sensationalistic account of urban despair and violence. Steeped in the tradition of analytical ethnography, the study develops a central theoretical argument: combinations of street gangs within cities shape individual gang member behavior within those urban settings. Within Indianapolis, members of rival gangs interact on a routine basis within an ambiguous and unstable environment. Participants believe that many of their contemporaries claiming gang affiliations are not actually “real” gang members, but instead are imposters who gain access to the advantages of gang membership through fraud and pretense. Consequently, the ability to discern “real” gang members—or to present oneself successfully as a real gang member—is a critical part of gangland Indianapolis. Real Gangstas offers an objective and fair characterization of active gang members, successfully balancing the seemingly conflicting idea that they generally seem like normal teenagers, yet are abnormally concerned with—and too often involved in—violence. Lauger takes readers to the edge of an actual gang conflict, providing a rare and up-close look at the troubling processes that facilitate hostility and violence.

The Last Gun

Author: Tom Diaz
Editor: New Press, The
ISBN: 1595588418
Size: 19,10 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 987
Download

Newtown, Connecticut. Aurora, Colorado. Both have entered our collective memory as sites of unimaginable heartbreak and mass slaughter perpetrated by lone gunmen. Meanwhile, cities such as Chicago and Washington, D.C., are dealing with the painful, everyday reality of record rates of gun-related deaths. By any account, gun violence in the United States has reached epidemic proportions. A widely respected activist and policy analyst—as well as a former gun enthusiast and an ex-member of the National Rifle Association—Tom Diaz presents a chilling, up-to-date survey of the changed landscape of gun manufacturing and marketing. The Last Gun explores how the gun industry and the nature of gun violence have changed, including the disturbing rise in military-grade gun models. But Diaz also argues that the once formidable gun lobby has become a "paper tiger," marshaling a range of evidence and case studies to make the case that now is the time for a renewed political effort to attack gun violence at its source—the guns themselves. In the aftermath of Newtown, a challenging national conversation lies ahead. The Last Gun is an indispensable guide to this debate, and essential reading for anyone who wants to understand how we can finally rid America’s streets, schools, and homes of gun violence and prevent future Newtowns.

Global Organized Crime

Author: Mitchel P. Roth
Editor: Abc-Clio Inc
ISBN:
Size: 18,93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 906
Download

ABC-CLIO's celebrated Contemporary World Issues series---available in both print and eBook formats---provides accurate, unbiased reference handbooks on the major topics of the day. For details about all the titles in the Contemporary World Issues series, and information on how to buy them, visit www.abc-clio.com.

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment

Author: Federal Bureau of Investigation
Editor: Morgan James Publishing
ISBN: 1614481547
Size: 16,81 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 888
Download

Gangs continue to commit criminal activity, recruit new members in urban, suburban, and rural regions across the United States, and develop criminal associations that expand their influence over criminal enterprises, particularly street-level drug sales. The most notable trends for 2011 have been the overall increase in gang membership, and the expansion of criminal street gangs' control of street-level drug sales and collaboration with rival gangs and other criminal organizations.