A Nation Upon The Ocean Sea

Author: Daviken Studnicki-Gizbert
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198039112
Size: 13,40 MB
Format: PDF
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With the opening of sea routes in the fifteenth century, groups of men and women left Portugal to establish themselves across the ports and cities of the Atlantic or Ocean sea. They were refugees and migrants, traders and mariners, Jews , Catholics, and the Marranos of mixed Judaic-Catholic culture. They formed a diasporic community known by contemporaries as the Portuguese Nation. By the early seventeenth century, this nation without a state had created a remarkable trading network that spanned the Atlantic, reached into the Indian Ocean and Asia, and generated millions of pesos that were used to bankroll the Spanish empire. A Nation Upon the Ocean Sea traces the story of the Portuguese Nation from its emergence in the late fifteenth century to its fragmentation in the middle of the seventeenth and situates it in relation to the parallel expansion and crisis of Spanish imperial dominion in the Atlantic. Against the backdrop of this relationship, the book reconstitutes the rich inner life of a community based on movement, maritime trade, and cultural hybridity. We are introduced to mariners and traders in such disparate places as Lima, Seville and Amsterdam, their day-to-day interactions and understandings, their houses and domestic relations, their private reflections and public arguments. This finaly-textured account reveals how the Portuguese Nation created a cohesive and meaningful community despite the mobility and dispersion of its members; how its forms of sociability fed into the development of robust transatlantic commercial networks; and how the day-to-day experience of trade was translated into the sphere of Spanish imperial politics of commercial reform based on religious-ethnic toleration and the liberalization of trade. A microhistory, A Nation Upon the Ocean Sea contributes to our understanding of the broader histories of capitalism, empire, and diaspora in the early Atlantic.

Admiral Of The Ocean Sea

Author: Samuel Eliot Morison
Editor: Morison Press
ISBN: 1443727350
Size: 15,13 MB
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1917 edition. Excerpt: ... (6) Columns for Discount on Purchases and Discount on Notes on the same side of the Cash Book; (c) Columns for Discount on Sales and Cash Sales on the debit side of the Cash Book; (d) Departmental columns in the Sales Book and in the Purchase Book. Controlling Accounts.--The addition of special columns in books of original entry makes possible the keeping of Controlling Accounts. The most common examples of such accounts are Accounts Receivable account and Accounts Payable account. These summary accounts, respectively, displace individual customers' and creditors' accounts in the Ledger. The customers' accounts are then segregated in another book called the Sales Ledger or Customers' Ledger, while the creditors' accounts are kept in the Purchase or Creditors' Ledger. The original Ledger, now much reduced in size, is called the General Ledger. The Trial Balance now refers to the accounts in the General Ledger. It is evident that the task of taking a Trial Balance is greatly simplified because so many fewer accounts are involved. A Schedule of Accounts Receivable is then prepared, consisting of the balances found in the Sales Ledger, and its total must agree with the balance of the Accounts Receivable account shown in the Trial Balance. A similar Schedule of Accounts Payable, made up of all the balances in the Purchase Ledger, is prepared, and it must agree with the balance of the Accounts Payable account of the General Ledger." The Balance Sheet.--In the more elementary part of the text, the student learned how to prepare a Statement of Assets and Liabilities for the purpose of disclosing the net capital of an enterprise. In the present chapter he was shown how to prepare a similar statement, the Balance Sheet. For all practical...

City On The Ocean Sea

Author: Kevin C. Robbins
Editor: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004108806
Size: 17,75 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Robbins presents a comprehensive history of early modern La Rochelle, one of the largest and most fractious French Protestant towns. Grounded upon a mass of local serial sources unprecedented in scope, this study reassesses the Reformation's urban impact in France, the comportment of French Protestants, the violent nature of French civic politics, and the capacity of the French crown to police effectively a rebel Atlantic port town.

Ocean Sea

Author: Alessandro Baricco
Editor: Canongate Books
ISBN: 1782111611
Size: 19,12 MB
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A handful of disparate lives converge at a remote seaside inn: a lovelorn professor, a renowned painter, an inscrutable seductress - and a beautiful young girl, fatally ill, brought to the sea by a desperate father's last hope. An intricate web of destinies and associations begins to reveal itself, but it is not until the arrival of a mysterious sailor called Adams that the truth in all its dreamlike beauty and cruelty becomes clear. Adams may furnish the key to the girl's salvation, but only the fulfilment of his obsessive secret purpose - to answer murder with murder - can conclude the journey that has brought him from the ends of the earth. Alternately playful and profoundly serious, Baricco's novel surges with the hypnotic power of the ocean sea.

Legendary Islands Of The Ocean Sea

Author: Robert Henderson Fuson
Editor: Pineapple PressInc
Size: 12,80 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 410

An account of ealy maritime exploration and the new lands, both real and mythical, that were charted by pre-Columbian seamen in the Atlantic and the fleets of the Ming Dynasty in the Pacific.

Oceano Mare

Author: Alessandro Baricco
Editor: Hoffmann und Campe
ISBN: 3455171141
Size: 13,56 MB
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Gestrandet in einer abgelegenen Pension am Meer treffen Menschen zusammen, die vom Leben gezeichnet sind und unterschiedlicher nicht sein könnten: Ein einsamer Maler, der das Meer mit Meerwasser malt, ein seltsamer Wissenschaftler, der die Wellen erforscht, um die Grenzen des Ozeans festzulegen, ein junges Mädchen, das an einer seltsamen Krankheit leidet. Über philosophisch anregende Gespräche versuchen sie, ihre jeweiligen Sehnsüchte - nach Liebe, Erkenntnis oder gar Vollkommenheit - zu stillen. Jenseits jeglicher zeitlichen oder räumlichen Einordnung erzählt dieses poetische Märchen von den vielen Facetten des Lebens, die von unendlicher Liebe und Angst bis hin zu Hoffnungslosigkeit und sogar Hass reichen.

Christopher Columbus

Author: Janet Benge
Editor: YWAM Publishing
ISBN: 9781932096231
Size: 10,46 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 341

A biography of the man famous for his travels, and his discoveries.

Interannual Variability And Future Changes Of The Southern Ocean Sea Ice Cover

Author: Wouter Lefebvre
Editor: Presses univ. de Louvain
ISBN: 9782874630958
Size: 19,41 MB
Format: PDF
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The interannual variability of the sea ice in the Southern Ocean and its evolution projected for the end of the 21st century are investigated using observations and different types of models. First of all, none of the known atmospheric modes of variabilit

Across The Ocean Sea

Author: George William Sanderlin
Size: 13,17 MB
Format: PDF
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Selection from Columbus's Journal for his voyage of 1492-93 and from original sources for earlier voyages and legends of the Atlantic.


Author: Albert Manucy
Editor: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 156164692X
Size: 12,55 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 357

Everyone knows of Columbus and Ponce de Leon, but the name of Menendez is not as familiar. Yet Pedro Menendez de Aviles might truly be called one of the founding fathers of America, for he was the founder of the nation's oldest city—St. Augustine. This book is the first to be written about Menendez. It is based on scholarly research, but it is not just a work for the scholar. It was written for the education and enjoyment of any reader who wants to meet this remarkable man. Manucy has dramatized historic moments so that history comes alive and we find ourselves in the midst of it.