Particle Detectors

Author: Claus Grupen
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139469533
Size: 20,20 MB
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The scope of the detection techniques in particle detectors is very wide, depending on the aim of the measurement. Detectors cover the measurement of energies from the very low to the highest of energies observed in cosmic rays. Describing the instrumentation for experiments in high energy physics and astroparticle physics, this edition describes track detectors, calorimeters, particle identification, neutrino detectors, momentum measurement, electronics, and data analysis. It also discusses applications of these detectors in other fields such as nuclear medicine, radiation protection and environmental science. Problem sets have been added to each chapter and additional instructive material has been provided, making this an excellent reference for graduate students and researchers in particle physics.

The Physics Of Particle Detectors

Author: Dan Green
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521662260
Size: 14,61 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This text provides a comprehensive introduction to the physical principles and design of particle detectors, covering all major detector types in use today. Emphasis is placed on explaining the physical principles behind particle detection, showing how those principles are best utilised in real detectors. The book will be of interest and value to undergraduates, graduates and researchers in both particle and nuclear physics. Exercises and detailed further reading lists are included.

Particle Physics

Author: Brian R. Martin
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118912217
Size: 14,22 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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An accessible and carefully structured introduction to Particle Physics, including important coverage of the Higgs Boson and recent progress in neutrino physics. Fourth edition of this successful title in the Manchester Physics series Includes information on recent key discoveries including: An account of the discovery of exotic hadrons, byond the simple quark model; Expanded treatments of neutrino physics and CP violation in B-decays; An updated account of ‘physics beyond the standard model’, including the interaction of particle physics with cosmology Additional problems in all chapters, with solutions to selected problems available on the book’s website Advanced material appears in optional starred sections

Gaseous Radiation Detectors

Author: Fabio Sauli
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139992767
Size: 10,93 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Widely used in high-energy and particle physics, gaseous radiation detectors are undergoing continuous development. The first part of this book provides a solid background for understanding the basic processes leading to the detection and tracking of charged particles, photons, and neutrons. Continuing then with the development of the multi-wire proportional chamber, the book describes the design and operation of successive generations of gas-based radiation detectors, as well as their use in experimental physics and other fields. Examples are provided of applications for complex events tracking, particle identification, and neutral radiation imaging. Limitations of the devices are discussed in detail. Including an extensive collection of data and references, this book is ideal for researchers and experimentalists in nuclear and particle physics.

Spin In Particle Physics

Author: Elliot Leader
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521020770
Size: 10,45 MB
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Motivated by recent dramatic developments in the field, this book provides a thorough introduction to spin and its role in elementary particle physics. Starting with a simple pedagogical introduction to spin and its relativistic generalisation, the author successfully avoids the obscurity and impenetrability of traditional treatments of the subject. The book surveys the main theoretical and experimental developments, as well as discussing exciting plans for the future. Emphasis is placed on the importance of spin-dependent measurements in testing QCD and the Standard Model. This book will be of value to graduate students and researchers working in all areas of quantum physics and particularly in elementary particle and high energy physics. It is suitable as a supplementary text for graduate courses in theoretical and experimental particle physics.

Production Yield Of Muon Induced Neutrons In Lead

Author: Holger Kluck
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319185276
Size: 13,10 MB
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The work presented in this book is a major step towards understanding and eventually suppressing background in the direct search for dark matter particles scattering off germanium detectors. Although the flux of cosmic muons is reduced by many orders of magnitude in underground laboratories, the remaining energetic muons induce neutrons through various processes, neutrons that can potentially mimic a dark matter signal. This thesis describes the measurement of muon-induced neutrons over more than 3 years in the Modane underground laboratory. The data are complemented by a thorough modeling of the neutron signal using the GEANT4 simulation package, demonstrating the appropriateness of this tool to model these rare processes. As a result, a precise neutron production yield can be presented. Thus, future underground experiments will be able to reliably model the expected rate of muon-induced neutrons, making it possible to develop the necessary shielding concept to suppress this background component.

Detektoren F R Teilchenstrahlung

Author: Konrad Kleinknecht
Editor: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322822052
Size: 20,70 MB
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Der Leser erhält einen umfassenden Überblick über Aufbau und Funktionsweise von Teilchendetektoren. In der 4. Auflage werden neuere Entwicklungen wie Silizium-Streifendetektoren, Pixeldetektoren, szintillierende Fasern, neue elektromagnetische Kalorimeter und kompensierende Hadronkalorimeter behandelt. Vertiefend wird nun auch auf aktuelle Forschungsgebiete wie Astroteilchenphysik, kosmische Strahlung, Neutrinophysik und die dunkle Materie im Kosmos eingegangen.

Cern Courier

Author: European Organization for Nuclear Research
Editor:
ISBN:
Size: 11,53 MB
Format: PDF
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Data Analysis Techniques For High Energy Physics

Author: R. K. Bock
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521635486
Size: 19,53 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Up-dated indispensable guide to handling and analysing data obtained from high-energy and nuclear physics experiments.

Third Generation Susy And T T Z Production

Author: Josh McFayden
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319071912
Size: 18,63 MB
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This thesis describes searches for new particles predicted by the super symmetry (SUSY) theory, a theory extending beyond the current Standard Model of particle physics, using the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. The thesis focuses on searches for stop and sbottom squarks, the SUSY partners of the top and bottom quarks, which are expected to be lighter than the partners of the first and second generation quarks and therefore good candidates for the first evidence of SUSY. It describes novel techniques for estimating and rejecting the Standard-Model backgrounds to searches for these particles. It also includes an independent analysis seeking to constrain the Standard Model ttZ background process, which also represents the first ATLAS search for this rare process at the LHC. The stop squark analysis described, with substantial leading contributions from the author, is the first search for these particles at the LHC to use the jets plus missing transverse energy plus 0-lepton signature and provides the world's best limits on the stop mass for light neutralino LSPs. All in all, the thesis describes three different world-leading analyses in both Standard Model and SUSY physics and therefore represents a major contribution to the field.