Political Philosophy

Author: Steven Cahn
Editor: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780190201081
Size: 18,65 MB
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Now greatly expanded in its third edition, Political Philosophy: The Essential Texts is ideal for survey courses in political philosophy. Offering unprecedented coverage from antiquity to the present, this historically organized collection presents the most significant works from nearly 2,500 years of political philosophy. The readings are substantial or complete texts, not fragments. An especially valuable feature of this volume is that the works of each author are introduced with an engaging essay by a leading contemporary authority. Political Philosophy moves from classical thought (Plato, Aristotle, Cicero) through the medieval period (Augustine, Aquinas) to modern perspectives (Machiavelli, Hobbes, Spinoza, Locke, Montesquieu, Rousseau, Hume, Adam Smith, Kant, Hamilton and Madison, Burke, Bentham, Tocqueville). The book includes work from major nineteenth-century thinkers (Hegel, Marx and Engels, Mill, Nietzsche) and twentieth-century theorists (Arendt, Hayek, Berlin, Taylor, Rawls, Sandel, Nozick, Foucault, Habermas, Held, Nussbaum, Young, Appiah) and also presents a variety of notable documents and addresses, including The Declaration of Independence, The Constitution of the United States, and speeches by Abraham Lincoln, John Dewey, and Martin Luther King, Jr. In addition to the new selections noted above in bold, the third edition also includes the complete text of Mill's On Liberty, an excerpt from Rawls's Political Liberalism, and expanded selections from Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, and The Federalist Papers.

Politische Philosophie Heute

Author: Will Kymlicka
Editor:
ISBN: 9783593358918
Size: 17,75 MB
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Eine grundlegende und umfassende Einführung in die modernen Strömungen der politischen Philosophie: Utilitarismus, Liberalismus, Libertarismus, Marxismus, Kommunitarismus und Feminismus.

Black Rights White Wrongs

Author: Charles W. Mills
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190245433
Size: 12,25 MB
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Liberalism is the political philosophy of equal persons - yet liberalism has denied equality to those it saw as sub-persons. Liberalism is the creed of fairness - yet liberalism has been complicit with European imperialism and African slavery. Liberalism is the classic ideology of Enlightenment and political transparency - yet liberalism has cast a dark veil over its actual racist past and present. In sum, liberalism's promise of equal rights has historically been denied to blacks and other people of color. In Black Rights/White Wrongs: The Critique of Racial Liberalism, political philosopher Charles Mills challenges mainstream accounts that ignore this history and its current legacy in self-conceivable liberal polities today. Mills argues that rather than bracket as an anomaly the role of racism in the development of liberal theory, we should see it as shaping that theory in fundamental ways. As feminists have urged us to see the dominant form of liberalism as a patriarchal liberalism, so too Mills suggests we should see it as a racialized liberalism. It is unsurprising, then, if contemporary liberalism has yet to deliver on the recognition of black rights and the correction of white wrongs. These essays look at racial liberalism, past and present: "white ignorance" as a guilty ignoring of social reality that facilitates white racial domination; Immanuel Kant's role as the most important liberal theorist of both personhood and sub-personhood; the centrality of racial exploitation in the United States; and the evasion of white supremacy in John Rawls's "ideal theory" framing of social justice and in the work of most other contemporary white political philosophers. Nonetheless, Mills still believes that a deracialized liberalism is both possible and desirable. He concludes by calling on progressives to "Occupy liberalism!" and develop accordingly a radical liberalism aimed at achieving racial justice.

Gerechtigkeit F R Igel

Author: Ronald Dworkin
Editor: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518780204
Size: 19,92 MB
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»Der Fuchs weiß viele Dinge, aber der Igel weiß eine große Sache.« Der griechische Dichter Archilochos hat diesen Satz formuliert, Isaiah Berlin hat ihn mit seinem Tolstoi-Essay berühmt gemacht. Aber was ist diese »eine große Sache«? Ronald Dworkin liefert eine Antwort: Es sind Werte in all ihren Erscheinungsformen. Wenn wir verstehen wollen, was Wahrheit und Schönheit sind, was dem Leben Sinn verleiht, was die Moral fordert und die Gerechtigkeit verlangt, so müssen wir der Spur jener moralischen Einstellungen nachgehen, die menschliches Denken, Fühlen und Handeln durchdringen und zu einer Einheit formen. »Gerechtigkeit für Igel« ist eines jener Bücher, wie es sie in Zeiten der Füchse – der Spezialisten und Skeptiker – immer seltener gibt: eines, das aus einem einzigen Prinzip eine ganze Welt erklären und zugleich Orientierung geben möchte.

Ber Den Gemeinspruch Das Mag In Der Theorie Richtig Sein Taugt Aber Nichts F R Die Praxis

Author: Immanuel Kant
Editor:
ISBN:
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Inventors Of Ideas Introduction To Western Political Philosophy

Author: Donald Tannenbaum
Editor: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 049590824X
Size: 11,60 MB
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INVENTORS OF IDEAS connects the major philosophers' original political and societal views with current politics and political thought. Significantly revised to give increased coverage to the major thinkers, the Third Edition covers the traditional canon of writers. INVENTORS OF IDEAS gives students the practical and historical foundations with which to look at contemporary political issues. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Das Terrestrische Manifest

Author: Bruno Latour
Editor: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518758047
Size: 20,33 MB
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Eine Serie politischer Unwetter hat die Welt durcheinandergebracht. Die Instrumente, mit denen wir uns früher orientierten, funktionieren nicht mehr. Verstanden wir Politik lange als einen Zeitstrahl, der von einer lokalen Vergangenheit in eine globale Zukunft führen würde, realisieren wir nun, dass der Globus für unsere Globalisierungspläne zu klein ist. Der Weg in eine behütetere Vergangenheit erweist sich ebenfalls als Fiktion. Wir hängen in der Luft, der jähe Absturz droht. In dieser brisanten Situation gilt es zuallererst, wieder festen Boden unter den Füßen zu gewinnen und sich dann neu zu orientieren. Bruno Latour unternimmt den Versuch, die Landschaft des Politischen neu zu vermessen und unsere politischen Leidenschaften auf neue Gegenstände auszurichten. Jenseits überkommener Unterscheidungen wie links und rechts, fortschrittlich und reaktionär plädiert er für eine radikal materialistische Politik, die nicht nur den Produktionsprozess einbezieht, sondern auch die ökologischen Bedingungen unserer Existenz.

Das Egoistische Gen

Author: Richard Dawkins
Editor: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642553915
Size: 12,66 MB
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p”Ein auch heute noch bedeutsamer Klassiker“ Daily Express Sind wir Marionetten unserer Gene? Nach Richard Dawkins ́ vor über 30 Jahren entworfener und heute noch immer provozierender These steuern und dirigieren unsere von Generation zu Generation weitergegebenen Gene uns, um sich selbst zu erhalten. Alle biologischen Organismen dienen somit vor allem dem Überleben und der Unsterblichkeit der Erbanlagen und sind letztlich nur die "Einweg-Behälter" der "egoistischen" Gene. Sind wir Menschen also unserem Gen-Schicksal hilflos ausgeliefert? Dawkins bestreitet dies und macht uns Hoffnung: Seiner Meinung nach sind wir nämlich die einzige Spezies mit der Chance, gegen ihr genetisches Schicksal anzukämpfen.

Marxismus

Author: Rupert Woodfin
Editor:
ISBN: 9783935254304
Size: 16,67 MB
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Law And Morality

Author: David Dyzenhaus
Editor: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 0802094899
Size: 18,10 MB
Format: PDF
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Since its first publication in 1996, Law and Morality has filled a long-standing need for a contemporary Canadian textbook in the philosophy of law. Now in its third edition, this anthology has been thoroughly revised and updated, and includes new chapters on equality, judicial review, and terrorism and the rule of law. The volume begins with essays that explore general questions about morality and law, surveying the traditional literature on legal positivism and contemporary debates about the connection between law and morality. These essays explore the tensions between law as a protector of individual liberty and as a tool of democratic self-rule, and introduce debates about adjudication and the contribution of feminist approaches to the philosophy of law. New material on the Chinese Canadian head tax case is also featured. The second part of Law and Morality deals with philosophical questions as they apply to contemporary issues. Excerpts from judicial decisions as well as essays by practicing lawyers are included to provide theoretically informed legal analyses of the issues. Striking a balance between practical and more analytic, philosophical approaches, the volume's treatment of the philosophy of law as a branch of political philosophy enables students to understand law in its function as a social institution. Law and Morality has proved to be an essential text in both departments of philosophy and faculties of law and this latest edition brings the debates fully up to date, filling gaps in the previous editions and adding to the array of contemporary issues previously covered.