Polymer Solutions

Author: H. Fujita
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444596631
Size: 20,54 MB
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Remarkable progress has been made in the last two decades in the study of concentrated polymer solutions leading to many new concepts, theories, and techniques in the field of polymer science. Any description of the theory of polymer solutions is now insufficient unless both concentrated and dilute solutions are given equal attention. This book reviews recent developments in the study of dilute and concentrated polymer solutions, emphasizing mainly the typical equilibrium and steady-state dynamic properties of linear homopolymers. The author strives to clarify the gap which still remains open between current theories and well-documented experimental results, thereby stimulating further efforts toward a more accurate understanding of polymer solutions. The book contains a collection of typical experimental data and their comparison with current theories, molecular or phenomenological, a summary of recent advances in the physics of concentrated polymer solutions and melts, and an elementary account of the renormalization group theory as applied to dilute solutions. Polymer Solutions should prove invaluable as a reference work for graduate students and specialists in this field.

Fundamentals Of Polymer Science For Engineers

Author: Stoyko Fakirov
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527341315
Size: 18,70 MB
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Filling a gap in the market, this textbook provides a concise, yet thorough introduction to polymer science for advanced engineering students and practitioners, focusing on the chemical, physical and materials science aspects that are most relevant for engineering applications. After covering polymer synthesis and properties, the major section of the book is devoted to polymeric materials, such as thermoplastics and polymer composites, polymer processing such as injection molding and extrusion, and methods for large-scale polymer characterization. The text concludes with an overview of engineering plastics. The emphasis throughout is on application-relevant topics, and the author focuses on real-life, industry-relevant polymeric materials.

Fluid Mechanics Of Surfactant And Polymer Solutions

Author: Victor Starov
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3709127661
Size: 14,78 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Colloidal systems and dispersions are of great importance in oil recovery, waist water treatment, coating, food and beverage industry, pharmaceutical industry, medicine, environmental protection etc. Colloidal systems and dispersions are always multi-component and multiphase systems. In these systems at least one dimension is in a range of colloidal forces action: colloidal dispersions/emulsions are examples of three dimensional colloidal systems, while thin liquid films are examples of one dimensional colloidal systems. The contribution presented in this issue deals with flow, distribution and redistribution, coating and deposition of surfactant and polymer molecules in colloidal systems. The book presents reviews of recent advances and trends by well-know scientists and engineers in this area.

The Elements Of Polymer Science And Engineering

Author: Alfred Rudin
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123821797
Size: 19,58 MB
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Whether you are an upper or graduate level student studying polymer science and engineering or an engineer new to the field of polymers, you'll benefit from reading The Elements of Polymer Science and Engineering 3e. Since the publication of the second edition in 1999, the field of polymers has advanced considerably. A key feature of the third edition is the inclusion of new concepts in existing chapters as well as new chapters covering selected contemporary topics such as behavior of natural polymers, polymer nanocomposites, and use of polymers in nanotechnology. There are also several enhancements to the book’s pedagogy, including the addition of numerous worked examples and new figures to better illustrate key concepts and the addition of a large number of end-of-chapter exercises, many of which are based on recently published research and relevant industrial data. Focuses on applications of polymer chemistry, engineering, and technology Explains terminology, applications, and versatility of synthetic polymers Connects polymerization chemistry with engineering applications Contains practical lead-ins to emulsion polymerization, viscoelasticity, and polymer rheology

Polymer Solutions Blends And Interfaces

Author: I. Noda
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444600612
Size: 18,15 MB
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The behaviour of polymers in multi-component and multiphase systems such as solutions, blends and interfaces derived from both natural and synthetic sources and the subsequent influence of this on their physical properties is the theme of this book. Important new material on multiphase polymer systems such as block copolymers and liquid crystalline polymers is provided, and the solution and surface properties of enzymes and surface active polymers is described both theoretically and experimentally. The application of theory to the development of new cellulosic materials is particularly noteworthy. The relationship between end-use properties, such as adhesion, wetting, and colloidal stability, and molecular structure at the interface is addressed. Examples include the capillary pressure of nylon microporous membranes, a new technique for characterizing the adhesion between incompatible polymers, and the influence of the glass transition temperature at the fiber/matrix interface on interfacial shear strength. Characterization of polymer films, both electrochemically and via optical techniques is covered and the interactions of amphiphilic ions with polyacrylate polymer are described. The final two chapters introduce the topic of enzyme mobility at an interface and show how this may affect their role as biological catalysts.

Polymer Science

Author: I. S. Bhardwaj
Editor: Allied Publishers
ISBN: 9788170231547
Size: 20,70 MB
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Papers presented at the Polymers '94, a symposium held at Indian Petrochemicals Corporation, Vadodara, February 8-10, 1994.

Polymer Science And Engineering

Author: Committee on Polymer Science and Engineering
Editor: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309566746
Size: 12,91 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Polymers are used in everything from nylon stockings to commercial aircraft to artificial heart valves, and they have a key role in addressing international competitiveness and other national issues. Polymer Science and Engineering explores the universe of polymers, describing their properties and wide-ranging potential, and presents the state of the science, with a hard look at downward trends in research support. Leading experts offer findings, recommendations, and research directions. Lively vignettes provide snapshots of polymers in everyday applications. The volume includes an overview of the use of polymers in such fields as medicine and biotechnology, information and communication, housing and construction, energy and transportation, national defense, and environmental protection. The committee looks at the various classes of polymers--plastics, fibers, composites, and other materials, as well as polymers used as membranes and coatings--and how their composition and specific methods of processing result in unparalleled usefulness. The reader can also learn the science behind the technology, including efforts to model polymer synthesis after nature's methods, and breakthroughs in characterizing polymer properties needed for twenty-first-century applications. This informative volume will be important to chemists, engineers, materials scientists, researchers, industrialists, and policymakers interested in the role of polymers, as well as to science and engineering educators and students.

Fluorescence Studies Of Polymer Containing Systems

Author: Karel Procházka
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319267884
Size: 11,93 MB
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This volume describes the application of fluorescence spectroscopy in polymer research. The first chapters outline the basic principles of the conformational and dynamic behavior of polymers and review the problems of polymer self-assembly. Subsequent chapters introduce the theoretical principles of advanced fluorescence methods and typical examples of their application in polymer science. The book closes with several reviews of various fluorescence applications for studying specific aspects of polymer-solution behavior. It is a useful resource for polymer scientists and experts in fluorescence spectroscopy alike, facilitating their communication and cooperation.

Microdomains In Polymer Solutions

Author: Paul Dubin
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461321239
Size: 19,28 MB
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In the first half of this century, great strides were made in under standing the behavior of polymers in dilute solutions or in the solid state. Concentrated solutions, on the other hand, were commonly regarded as mainly of interest to practitioners, being too complex for the rigorous application of statistical theory. Given the preoccupation with the isolated polymer molecule and the attendant focus on the state of infinite dilution, it is not surprising that aggregation, and inter-polymer associ ation in general, was the bugaboo of experimentalists. These attitudes have changed remarkably over the last few decades. The application of sealing theory to polymer solutions has stimulated investigation of the semi-dilute state, and the region between infinite dilution and swollen gel is no longer perceived as terra incognita. New techniques, such as dynamic light scattering, have proven to be of much value in such investigations. At the same time, it has become clear that consideration of strong inter- and intra-polymer forces, superimposed on the familiar description of the statistical chain, is prerequisite to the application of polymer science to numerous systems of interest. Para mount among these, of course, are biopolymers, their complexes and assemblies. The isolated random coil must be viewed as tl rarity in nature.

Lasers In Polymer Science And Technology

Author: Jan F. Rabek
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849348440
Size: 16,19 MB
Format: PDF
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The purpose of this 4-volume book is to examine some of the applications of lasers in polymer science and technology. Now available for the first time, up-to-date information on this fascinating subject is compiled and presented in compact form. This book focuses on current research and developments in the application of lasers in polymer and biopolymer chemistry. It includes experimental and theoretical details, apparatus, techniques, and applications. This book is a useful source for researchers, students, polymer chemists, and physicists involved in this astonishing field of high technology.