Privatizing Water

Author: Karen Bakker
Editor: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801467004
Size: 10,44 MB
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Water supply privatization was emblematic of the neoliberal turn in development policy in the 1990s. Proponents argued that the private sector could provide better services at lower costs than governments; opponents questioned the risks involved in delegating control over a life-sustaining resource to for-profit companies. Private-sector activity was most concentrated-and contested-in large cities in developing countries, where the widespread lack of access to networked water supplies was characterized as a global crisis. In Privatizing Water, Karen Bakker focuses on three questions: Why did privatization emerge as a preferred alternative for managing urban water supply? Can privatization fulfill its proponents' expectations, particularly with respect to water supply to the urban poor? And, given the apparent shortcomings of both privatization and conventional approaches to government provision, what are the alternatives? In answering these questions, Bakker engages with broader debates over the role of the private sector in development, the role of urban communities in the provision of "public" services, and the governance of public goods. She introduces the concept of "governance failure" as a means of exploring the limitations facing both private companies and governments. Critically examining a range of issues-including the transnational struggle over the human right to water, the "commons" as a water-supply-management strategy, and the environmental dimensions of water privatization-Privatizing Water is a balanced exploration of a critical issue that affects billions of people around the world.

Blaues Gold

Author: Maude Barlow
Editor:
ISBN: 9783888973758
Size: 16,61 MB
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Modernization And Urban Water Governance

Author: Thomas Bolognesi
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137592559
Size: 19,71 MB
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This book describes the impact of modernization on the organization and sustainability of Urban Water Systems in Europe (UWSEs). Bolognesi explains that the modernization of UWSEs was a regulatory shock that began in the 1990s and was put into action with the EU Water Framework Directive in the year 2000. This process sought to reorganize water governance in order to achieve certain sustainability goals, but it fell short of expectations. Modernization and Urban Water Governance provides an update on the organization and sustainability of UWSEs, while drawing from a comparative analysis of German, French, and English water models and an institutionalist explanation of the current situation. With a focus on transaction costs, property rights allocation and institutional environments, this book argues that the modernization of UWSEs tends to depoliticize these systems and make them more resilient but also limits their potential for sustainable management. This book will be relevant to those wishing to understand the real impacts of water reform in Europe according to national contingencies.

The Private Sector And Water Pricing In Efficient Urban Water Management

Author: Cecilia Tortajada
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317652711
Size: 14,93 MB
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This book focuses on participation of the public and private sectors in urban water management and on the role of water pricing. It discusses in-depth topics such as public choices of urban water service management; dynamics of privatization and regulation of water services; adoption of water demand instruments; impacts of price and non-price policies on residential water demand; quality of water services; lessons from not-for-profit public-private partnerships; and critical examinations of models and projections of demands in water utility resource planning in England and Wales. Appropriateness of water prices and tariffs in achieving socially desirable outcomes is also analyzed and a global survey of urban water tariffs is approached with a focus on sustainability, efficiency and fairness. This book was originally published as a special issue of the International Journal of Water Resources Management.

Contemporary Water Governance In The Global South

Author: Leila M. Harris
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1135125058
Size: 18,19 MB
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The litany of alarming observations about water use and misuse is now familiar—over a billion people without access to safe drinking water; almost every major river dammed and diverted; increasing conflicts over the delivery of water in urban areas; continuing threats to water quality from agricultural inputs and industrial wastes; and the increasing variability of climate, including threats of severe droughts and flooding across locales and regions. These issues present tremendous challenges for water governance. This book focuses on three major concepts and approaches that have gained currency in policy and governance circles, both globally and regionally—scarcity and crisis, marketization and privatization, and participation. It provides a historical and contextual overview of each of these ideas as they have emerged in global and regional policy and governance circles and pairs these with in-depth case studies that examine manifestations and contestations of water governance internationally. The book interrogates ideas of water crisis and scarcity in the context of bio-physical, political, social and environmental landscapes to better understand how ideas and practices linked to scarcity and crisis take hold, and become entrenched in policy and practice. The book also investigates ideas of marketization and privatization, increasingly prominent features of water governance throughout the global South, with particular attention to the varied implementation and effects of these governance practices. The final section of the volume analyzes participatory water governance, querying the disconnects between global discourses and local realities, particularly as they intersect with the other themes of interest to the volume. Promoting a view of changing water governance that links across these themes and in relation to contemporary realities, the book is invaluable for students, researchers, advocates, and policy makers interested in water governance challenges facing the developing world.

Wasser

Author: Marq De Villiers
Editor: München : Econ
ISBN: 9783430193726
Size: 11,26 MB
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Wenn Die Fl Sse Versiegen

Author: Fred Pearce
Editor:
ISBN: 9783888974717
Size: 11,99 MB
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Alle Welt redet von schwindenden Energieressourcen; dass sich daneben eine ungleich gravierendere Wasserkrise anbahnt, ist bis jetzt kaum ins Bewusstsein gedrungen. Selbst wer umweltbewusst zu Hause Wasser spart, weiss selten, wieviel ”virtuelles Wasser“ er über Nahrung und Kleidung tatsächlich verbraucht: 5.000 Liter Wasser sind nötig, um ein Kilo Reis zu erzeugen, 11.000 Liter für das Rindfleisch eines Hamburgers, unglaubliche 20.000 Liter stecken in 1 kg Kaffeepulver. Kein Wunder, dass sich die Flüsse der Welt in atemberaubendem Tempo leeren, während durch Überregulierung andererseits die Flutgefahr dramatisch steigt. Längst weiss man, dass gigantomanische Bewässerungs- und Staudammprojekte eine enorme ökologische und ökonomische Verschwendung darstellen. Doch schon geht man weltweit dazu über, auch die unterirdischen Wasserreservoirs leer zu pumpen. Ressourcenkriege um Wasser bahnen sich an, denn: Ohne Öl können wir zur Not leben, ohne Wasser sicher nicht. Fred Pearces Berichte lesen sich wie Kriminalgeschichten und geben zugleich einen umfassenden Überblick über die Wasserkrise und ihre Auswirkungen.

Feuer Und Zivilisation

Author: Johan Goudsblom
Editor: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658065060
Size: 18,95 MB
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Für Johan Goudsblom brachte die Entdeckung des Feuers und seiner Kontrolle in der Vorgeschichte eine radikale Umstellung der menschlichen Kultur. Dieser ersten grundlegenden ökologischen Wende folgten mit dem Ackerbau und der industriellen Revolution weitere Entwicklungsphasen im Umgang mit Feuer und deshalb mit der materiellen Umwelt und der ganzen Gesellschaft. Bis in unsere Tage ist die Kontrolle des Feuers ein integraler Bestandteil der Gesellschaften, die Menschen miteinander bilden. Die erste Auflage erschien 1995 beim Suhrkamp Verlag.

Wem Geh Rt Das Wasser

Author: Klaus Lanz
Editor: Lars Muller Publishers
ISBN: 9783037780152
Size: 14,63 MB
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Who owns the Water? discusses the phenomenon of water, marvels at its uniqueness and addresses the dangers and opportunities water offers to life. The book looks at the most important questions about providing drinking water and producing food, but also deals with water as a destructive force, and investigates the chemical qualities of the molecule. Who owns the Water? points out the risks of unlimited privatization of water, and records how dependence on water is exploited. Committed picture sequences and detailed texts explain how water can belong to no one, but has to be treated responsibly and held in appropriate esteem by the whole of mankind.

Handbuch Diskurs

Author: Ingo H. Warnke
Editor: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110296071
Size: 13,20 MB
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Das Handbuch behandelt ‚Diskurs‘ als linguistisches Konzept. Mit theoretischer Verankerung in einer Diskursanalyse nach Foucault ist darunter ein unauflösbarer Zusammenhang von linguistischen Aussagen und Praxisformen der Sprache zu verstehen, die Wissen gleichermaßen referenzieren und konstruieren. Da Diskurs aber nicht nur ein systematischer Terminus zur Hierarchisierung des sprachlichen Konstituentensystems ist, sondern auch und je nach Konzeption vor allem eine transversale Dimension der Sprache und ihrer Analyse bezeichnet, ergeben sich aus diskurslinguistischen Erkenntnisinteressen vielfältige innerdisziplinäre und interdisziplinäre Bezüge. Das Handbuch reflektiert diese Bezüge in vier Teilen. In Teil I. werden Basiskonzepte und Anschlusstheorien vorgestellt. In II. wird die Frage nach angemessenen Methoden der Diskurslinguistik durch sechs grundlegende methodische Angebote behandelt. In III. werden linguistische Ansätze der Analyse von Diskursen als dynamische, heterogene und auch agonale Konstellationen dargestellt. In Teil IV. wird die Materialität des Diskurses als wissensbezogene Kodierung von sozialen Aushandlungen und Überzeugungen behandelt. Der Band erfasst damit die gesamte aktuelle Diskussion der Diskurslinguistik.