## Proving Darwin

**Author**: Gregory Chaitin

**Editor:**Vintage

**ISBN:**1400077982

**Size**: 12,28 MB

**Format:**PDF, ePub, Docs

**Read:**798

A metamathematician best known for his discovery of the Omega number explains how Darwin's theory of evolution succeeds on a mathematic level and argues that no one can be certain about evolution without a proven mathematical theory. Original.

## Proving Darwin

**Author**: Gregory J. Chaitin

**Editor:**Pantheon

**ISBN:**0375423141

**Size**: 18,50 MB

**Format:**PDF

**Read:**121

Explains how evolution works on a mathematical level, arguing that mathematical theory is an essential part of evolution while highlighting mathematical principles in the biological world.

## Proving Darwin

**Author**: Gregory Chaitin

**Editor:**Vintage

**ISBN:**0307907465

**Size**: 10,21 MB

**Format:**PDF, ePub, Mobi

**Read:**360

Groundbreaking mathematician Gregory Chaitin gives us the first book to posit that we can prove how Darwin’s theory of evolution works on a mathematical level. For years it has been received wisdom among most scientists that, just as Darwin claimed, all of the Earth’s life-forms evolved by blind chance. But does Darwin’s theory function on a purely mathematical level? Has there been enough time for evolution to produce the remarkable biological diversity we see around us? It’s a question no one has yet answered—in fact, no one has even attempted to answer it until now. In this illuminating and provocative book, Gregory Chaitin argues that we can’t be sure evolution makes sense without a mathematical theory. He elucidates the mathematical scheme he’s developed that can explain life itself, and examines the works of mathematical pioneers John von Neumann and Alan Turing through the lens of biology. Chaitin presents an accessible introduction to metabiology, a new way of thinking about biological science that highlights the mathematical structures underpinning the biological world. Fascinating and thought-provoking, Proving Darwin makes clear how biology may have found its greatest ally in mathematics.

## Exploring Randomness

**Author**: Gregory J. Chaitin

**Editor:**Springer Science & Business Media

**ISBN:**1447103076

**Size**: 18,38 MB

**Format:**PDF, ePub

**Read:**246

This essential companion to Chaitin's successful books The Unknowable and The Limits of Mathematics, presents the technical core of his theory of program-size complexity. The two previous volumes are more concerned with applications to meta-mathematics. LISP is used to present the key algorithms and to enable computer users to interact with the authors proofs and discover for themselves how they work. The LISP code for this book is available at the author's Web site together with a Java applet LISP interpreter. "No one has looked deeper and farther into the abyss of randomness and its role in mathematics than Greg Chaitin. This book tells you everything hes seen. Don miss it." John Casti, Santa Fe Institute, Author of Goedel: A Life of Logic.'

## Meta Maths

**Author**: Gregory J. Chaitin

**Editor:**Vintage Books USA

**ISBN:**1400077974

**Size**: 18,72 MB

**Format:**PDF, Kindle

**Read:**254

One of the world's leading mathematicians explores the enigmas, paradoxes, and random qualities that exist within the field of mathematics and discusses his ground-breaking discovery of the Omega number, a complex representation of unknowability. Reprint. 10,000 first printing.

## Algorithmic Information Theory

**Author**: Gregory J. Chaitin

**Editor:**Cambridge University Press

**ISBN:**9780521616041

**Size**: 14,70 MB

**Format:**PDF, ePub

**Read:**161

Chaitin, the inventor of algorithmic information theory, presents in this book the strongest possible version of Gödel's incompleteness theorem, using an information theoretic approach based on the size of computer programs. One half of the book is concerned with studying the halting probability of a universal computer if its program is chosen by tossing a coin. The other half is concerned with encoding the halting probability as an algebraic equation in integers, a so-called exponential diophantine equation.

## Introduction To Evolutionary Informatics

**Author**: Marks Ii Robert J

**Editor:**World Scientific

**ISBN:**9813142162

**Size**: 13,39 MB

**Format:**PDF, Mobi

**Read:**392

Science has made great strides in modeling space, time, mass and energy. Yet little attention has been paid to the precise representation of the information ubiquitous in nature. Introduction to Evolutionary Informatics fuses results from complexity modeling and information theory that allow both meaning and design difficulty in nature to be measured in bits. Built on the foundation of a series of peer-reviewed papers published by the authors, the book is written at a level easily understandable to readers with knowledge of rudimentary high school math. Those seeking a quick first read or those not interested in mathematical detail can skip marked sections in the monograph and still experience the impact of this new and exciting model of nature's information. This book is written for enthusiasts in science, engineering and mathematics interested in understanding the essential role of information in closely examined evolution theory.

## Computation And Its Limits

**Author**: W. Paul Cockshott

**Editor:**Oxford University Press

**ISBN:**0199640327

**Size**: 14,75 MB

**Format:**PDF, Mobi

**Read:**330

Although we are entirely unaware of it, computation is central to all aspects of our existences. Every day we solve, or try to solve, a myriad of problems, from the utterly trivial to the bafflingly complex. This book explains why it is possible to do computation and what the ultimate limits of it are, as understood by modern science.

## The Limits Of Mathematics

**Author**: Gregory J. Chaitin

**Editor:**Springer

**ISBN:**1852336684

**Size**: 14,28 MB

**Format:**PDF, ePub

**Read:**576

As a teenager, Greg created independently of Kolmogorov and Solomonoff, what we call today algorithmic information theory, a sub ject of which he is the main architect. His 1965 paper on gedanken experiments on automata, which he wrote when he was in high school, is still of interest today. He was also heavily involved in IBM, where he has worked for almost thirty years, on the development of RISC technology. Greg's results are widely quoted. My favorite portrait of Greg can be found in John Horgan's-a writer for Scientific American-1996 book The End 01 Science. Greg has gotten many honors. He was a guest of distinguished people like Prigogine, the King and Queen of Belgium, and the Crown Prince of Japan. Just to be brief, allow me to paraphrase Bette Davis in All About Eve. She said, "Fasten your seat belts, it's going to be a bumpy talk!" Ladies and Gentlemen, Greg Chaitin! [Laughter & Applause] CRISTIAN CALUDE introducing GREGORY CHAITIN at the DMTCS'96 meeting at the University of Auckland.

## The Origin Of Species And The Voyage Of The Beagle

**Author**: Charles Darwin

**Editor:**Random House

**ISBN:**1407021125

**Size**: 13,33 MB

**Format:**PDF, ePub

**Read:**954

WITH AN INTRODUCTION BY DARWIN'S GREAT-GREAT-GRANDDAUGHTER, RUTH PADEL When the eminent naturalist Charles Darwin returned from South America on board the H.M.S Beagle in 1836, he brought with him the notes and evidence which would form the basis of his landmark theory of evolution of species by a process of natural selection. This theory, published as The Origin of Species in 1859, is the basis of modern biology and the concept of biodiversity. It also sparked a fierce scientific, religious and philosophical debate which still continues today.