Reactive Intermediates In The Gas Phase

Author: D. W. Setser
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483220214
Size: 17,12 MB
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Reactive Intermediates in the Gas Phase: Generation and Monitoring covers methods for reactive intermediates in the gas phase. The book discusses the generation and measurement of atom and radical concentrations in flow systems; the high temperature flow tubes, generation and measurement of refractory species; and the electronically excited long-lived states of atoms and diatomic molecules in flow systems. The text also describes the production and detection of reactive species with lasers in static systems; the production of small positive ions in a mass spectrometer; and the discharge-excited rare gas halide lasers. Chemists, physicists, and people working in aerochem laboratories will find the book invaluable.

Gas Phase Metal Reactions

Author: A. Fontijn
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483291219
Size: 13,23 MB
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The book brings together, for the first time, all aspects of reactions of metallic species in the gas phase and gives an up-to-date overview of the field. Reactions covered include those of atomic, other free radical and transient neutral species, as well as ions. Experimental and theoretical work is reviewed and the efforts to establish a closer link between these approaches are discussed. The field is mainly approached from a fundamental point-of-view, but the applied problems which have helped stimulate the interest are pointed out and form the major subject of the final chapters. These emphasize the competition between purely gas-phase and gas-surface reactions.

Special Topics

Author: H. S. W. Massey
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 148328171X
Size: 18,59 MB
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Applied Atomic Collision Physics, Volume 5: Special Topics deals with topics on applications of atomic collisions that were not covered in the first four volumes of the treatise. The book opens with a chapter on ultrasensitive chemical detectors. This is followed by separate chapters on lighting, magnetohydrodynamic electrical power generation, gas breakdown and high voltage insulating gases, thermionic energy converters, and charged particle detectors. Subsequent chapters deal with the operation of multiwire drift and proportional chambers and streamer chambers and their use in high energy physics experiments; photoelectron spectroscopy of negative ions and the chemical information that can be obtained from such studies; and the determination of intermolecular potentials. Also discussed are studies on the determination of ion molecular potential curves using photodissociative processes; determination of negative ion thermo chemical data using ion-neutral reactions; gas-phase chemical reactions; collision phenomena in electrical discharge lamps; and military applications of atomic and molecular physics.

Reactive Intermediates

Author: Leonardo S. Santos
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527628735
Size: 20,21 MB
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During the last two decades there has been considerable growth in the development of electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) as a practical method in the study of reaction mechanisms. This method allows the interception and characterization of key intermediates, either as transient species or as protonated/deprotonated forms of neutral species by API-MS. The outstanding features and advantages of ESI-MS make it one of the most suitable tools for the fast screening of intermediates directly from solution, providing hitherto unavailable chemical information to organic chemists. This monograph provides an overview of the mechanisms involved in ESI-MS, the historical perspectives before looking further in-depth at specific reactions and intermediates. Written by researchers in the field, this book is an unique resource for the understanding of this cutting-edge technique.

Advances In Multi Photon Processes And Spectroscopy

Author: S H Lin
Editor: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814507954
Size: 13,76 MB
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This volume focuses on the recent rapid growth in both experimental and theoretical studies of multiphoton processes and multiphoton spectroscopy of atoms, ions and molecules in chemistry, physics, biology, material sciences, etc. It contains papers readable by active researchers and by those who intend to enter it. Theory and experiment are equally emphasized, and each review article is written in a self-contained manner by experts in the field so that readers learn the subject without much preparation. Contents:Theory of Molecular Multiphoton Transitions (Y Fujimura)Photochemistry, Photophysics and Spectroscopy of Molecular Infrared Multiple Photon Excitation (J Francisco & J Steinfeld)Dynamics and Symmetries in Intense Field Multiphoton Processes: Floquet Theoretical Approaches (Shih I Chu)Time-Resolved Resonance Raman Spectroscopy (W Hub, S Schneider & F Dörr)Detection and Spectroscopy of Methyl and Substituted Methyl Radicals by Resonance Enhanced Multiphoton Ionization (M Lin & W Sanders) Readership: Atomic physicists, chemists and materials scientists.

Surface Chemistry And Catalysis

Author: Albert F. Carley
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780306473937
Size: 17,55 MB
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In 2001 Wyn Roberts celebrated both his 70th birthday and 50 years of working in surface science, to use the term "surface science" in its broadest meaning. This book aims to mark the anniversary with a contribution of lasting value, something more than the usual festschrift issue of a relevant journal. The book is divided into three sections: Surface Science, Model Catalysts and Catalysis, topics in which Wyn has always had interests. The authors for each chapter were chosen from some of the many eminent scientists who have worked with Wyn in various ways and are all internationally acknowledged as leaders in their field. The authors have produced authoritative reviews of their own specialties which together result in a book with an unrivalled combination of breadth and depth exploring the most recent developments in surface chemistry and catalysis.

Mass Spectrometry

Author: Edmond de Hoffmann
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118681940
Size: 14,43 MB
Format: PDF
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The latest edition of a highly successful textbook, Mass Spectrometry, Third Edition provides students with a complete overview of the principles, theories and key applications of modern mass spectrometry. All instrumental aspects of mass spectrometry are clearly and concisely described: sources, analysers and detectors. Tandem mass spectrometry is introduced early on and then developed in more detail in a later chapter. Emphasis is placed throughout the text on optimal utilisation conditions. Various fragmentation patterns are described together with analytical information that derives from the mass spectra. This new edition has been thoroughly revised and updated and has been redesigned to give the book a more contemporary look. As with previous editions it contains numerous examples, references and a series of exercises of increasing difficulty to encourage student understanding. Updates include: Increased coverage of MALDI and ESI, more detailed description of time of flight spectrometers, new material on isotope ratio mass spectrometry, and an expanded range of applications. Mass Spectrometry, Third Edition is an invaluable resource for all undergraduate and postgraduate students using this technique in departments of chemistry, biochemistry, medicine, pharmacology, agriculture, material science and food science. It is also of interest for researchers looking for an overview of the latest techniques and developments.

Ten Steps To A Results Based Monitoring And Evaluation System

Author: Jody Zall Kusek
Editor: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821389076
Size: 16,13 MB
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This Handbook provides a comprehensive ten-step model that will help guide development practitioners through the process of designing and building a results-based monitoring and evaluation system.

Chemical Reaction Engineering

Author: Martin Schmal
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203145631
Size: 17,97 MB
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Chemical Reaction Engineering: Essentials, Exercises and Examples presents the essentials of kinetics, reactor design and chemical reaction engineering for undergraduate students. Concise and didactic in its approach, it features over 70 resolved examples and many exercises. The work is organized in two parts: in the first part kinetics is presented focusing on the reaction rates, the influence of different variables and the determination of specific rate parameters for different reactions both homogeneous and heterogeneous. This section is complemented with the classical kinetic theory and in particular with many examples and exercises. The second part introduces students to the distinction between ideal and non-ideal reactors and presents the basic equations of batch and continuous ideal reactors, as well as specific isothermal and non-isothermal systems. The main emphasis however is on both qualitative and quantitative interpretation by comparing and combining reactors with and without diffusion and mass transfer effects, complemented with several examples and exercises. Finally, non-ideal and multiphase systems are presented, as well as specific topics of biomass thermal processes and heterogeneous reactor analyses. The work closes with a unique section on the application of theory in laboratory practice with kinetic and reactor experiments. This textbook will be of great value to undergraduate and graduate students in chemical engineering as well as to graduate students in and researchers of kinetics and catalysis.

Volcanism And Global Environmental Change

Author: Anja Schmidt
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107058376
Size: 19,28 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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A multidisciplinary volume describing the effects of volcanism on the environment, past and present, for researchers and advanced students.