Reactive Intermediates In The Gas Phase

Author: D. W. Setser
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483220214
Size: 19,32 MB
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Reactive Intermediates in the Gas Phase: Generation and Monitoring covers methods for reactive intermediates in the gas phase. The book discusses the generation and measurement of atom and radical concentrations in flow systems; the high temperature flow tubes, generation and measurement of refractory species; and the electronically excited long-lived states of atoms and diatomic molecules in flow systems. The text also describes the production and detection of reactive species with lasers in static systems; the production of small positive ions in a mass spectrometer; and the discharge-excited rare gas halide lasers. Chemists, physicists, and people working in aerochem laboratories will find the book invaluable.

Gas Phase Metal Reactions

Author: A. Fontijn
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483291219
Size: 20,46 MB
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The book brings together, for the first time, all aspects of reactions of metallic species in the gas phase and gives an up-to-date overview of the field. Reactions covered include those of atomic, other free radical and transient neutral species, as well as ions. Experimental and theoretical work is reviewed and the efforts to establish a closer link between these approaches are discussed. The field is mainly approached from a fundamental point-of-view, but the applied problems which have helped stimulate the interest are pointed out and form the major subject of the final chapters. These emphasize the competition between purely gas-phase and gas-surface reactions.

Special Topics

Author: H. S. W. Massey
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 148328171X
Size: 19,99 MB
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Applied Atomic Collision Physics, Volume 5: Special Topics deals with topics on applications of atomic collisions that were not covered in the first four volumes of the treatise. The book opens with a chapter on ultrasensitive chemical detectors. This is followed by separate chapters on lighting, magnetohydrodynamic electrical power generation, gas breakdown and high voltage insulating gases, thermionic energy converters, and charged particle detectors. Subsequent chapters deal with the operation of multiwire drift and proportional chambers and streamer chambers and their use in high energy physics experiments; photoelectron spectroscopy of negative ions and the chemical information that can be obtained from such studies; and the determination of intermolecular potentials. Also discussed are studies on the determination of ion molecular potential curves using photodissociative processes; determination of negative ion thermo chemical data using ion-neutral reactions; gas-phase chemical reactions; collision phenomena in electrical discharge lamps; and military applications of atomic and molecular physics.

Reactive Intermediates

Author: Leonardo S. Santos
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527628735
Size: 19,43 MB
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During the last two decades there has been considerable growth in the development of electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) as a practical method in the study of reaction mechanisms. This method allows the interception and characterization of key intermediates, either as transient species or as protonated/deprotonated forms of neutral species by API-MS. The outstanding features and advantages of ESI-MS make it one of the most suitable tools for the fast screening of intermediates directly from solution, providing hitherto unavailable chemical information to organic chemists. This monograph provides an overview of the mechanisms involved in ESI-MS, the historical perspectives before looking further in-depth at specific reactions and intermediates. Written by researchers in the field, this book is an unique resource for the understanding of this cutting-edge technique.

Advances In Multi Photon Processes And Spectroscopy

Author: S H Lin
Editor: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814507954
Size: 10,23 MB
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This volume focuses on the recent rapid growth in both experimental and theoretical studies of multiphoton processes and multiphoton spectroscopy of atoms, ions and molecules in chemistry, physics, biology, material sciences, etc. It contains papers readable by active researchers and by those who intend to enter it. Theory and experiment are equally emphasized, and each review article is written in a self-contained manner by experts in the field so that readers learn the subject without much preparation. Contents:Theory of Molecular Multiphoton Transitions (Y Fujimura)Photochemistry, Photophysics and Spectroscopy of Molecular Infrared Multiple Photon Excitation (J Francisco & J Steinfeld)Dynamics and Symmetries in Intense Field Multiphoton Processes: Floquet Theoretical Approaches (Shih I Chu)Time-Resolved Resonance Raman Spectroscopy (W Hub, S Schneider & F Dörr)Detection and Spectroscopy of Methyl and Substituted Methyl Radicals by Resonance Enhanced Multiphoton Ionization (M Lin & W Sanders) Readership: Atomic physicists, chemists and materials scientists.

Surface Chemistry And Catalysis

Author: Meirion Wynn Roberts
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780306473937
Size: 20,27 MB
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Exciting results are still emerging from the many research groups working in this fertile area and the book is an excellent stimulus to researchers at the start of the 21st century."--BOOK JACKET.

Chemical Reaction Engineering

Author: Martin Schmal
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203145631
Size: 20,61 MB
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Chemical Reaction Engineering: Essentials, Exercises and Examples presents the essentials of kinetics, reactor design and chemical reaction engineering for undergraduate students. Concise and didactic in its approach, it features over 70 resolved examples and many exercises. The work is organized in two parts: in the first part kinetics is presented focusing on the reaction rates, the influence of different variables and the determination of specific rate parameters for different reactions both homogeneous and heterogeneous. This section is complemented with the classical kinetic theory and in particular with many examples and exercises. The second part introduces students to the distinction between ideal and non-ideal reactors and presents the basic equations of batch and continuous ideal reactors, as well as specific isothermal and non-isothermal systems. The main emphasis however is on both qualitative and quantitative interpretation by comparing and combining reactors with and without diffusion and mass transfer effects, complemented with several examples and exercises. Finally, non-ideal and multiphase systems are presented, as well as specific topics of biomass thermal processes and heterogeneous reactor analyses. The work closes with a unique section on the application of theory in laboratory practice with kinetic and reactor experiments. This textbook will be of great value to undergraduate and graduate students in chemical engineering as well as to graduate students in and researchers of kinetics and catalysis.

Advanced Organic Chemistry

Author: Francis A. Carey
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527292172
Size: 20,17 MB
Format: PDF
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Endlich gibt es ein weiterführendes Lehrbuch der Organischen Chemie in deutscher Sprache! Es wird die Studenten auf den Gebieten Reaktionsmechanismen, Stereochemie und insbesondere Organische Synthese bis zum Diplom begleiten, und darüber hinaus ist es ein äußerst nützliches Nachschlagewerk auch für Diplomanden und Doktoranden. Die deutsche Ausgabe wurde gegenüber dem Original nochmals erweitert und aktualisiert. Erste Dozentenstimmen: 'Die erste deutsche Ausgabe des Carey/Sundberg erfüllt alle Erwartungen an ein modernes Lehrbuch der Organischen Chemie.' - 'Es ist zur Zeit das beste Lehrbuch der Organischen Chemie und unentbehrlich für fortgeschrittene Studenten, Diplomanden und Doktoranden.' - 'Endlich! Ich empfehle dieses Buch bereits seit Jahren fortgeschrittenen Studenten.' - 'Es ist bezeichnend, daß es immer besonders motivierte und leistungsstarke Studenten waren, die mich fragten, ob ich ihnen den Carey/Sundberg empfehlen kann. Ich kann es.' - 'Endlich wird es ein ausgewogenes Lehrbuch zur Organischen Chemie für Fortgeschrittene in deutscher Sprache geben. Die Kompetenz der Herausgeber bürgt für hohen Standard.'

Predictive Simulation Of Semiconductor Processing

Author: Jaroslaw Dabrowski
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540204817
Size: 19,66 MB
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Predictive Simulation of Semiconductor Processing enables researchers and developers to extend the scaling range of semiconductor devices beyond the parameter range of empirical research. It requires a thorough understanding of the basic mechanisms employed in device fabrication, such as diffusion, ion implantation, epitaxy, defect formation and annealing, and contamination. This book presents an in-depth discussion of our current understanding of key processes and identifies areas that require further work in order to achieve the goal of a comprehensive, predictive process simulation tool.

Ultradian Rhythms From Molecules To Mind

Author: David Lloyd
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402083521
Size: 14,53 MB
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5. 1. 1 Biological Rhythms and Clocks From an evolutionary perspective, the adaptation of an organism’s behavior to its environment has depended on one of life’s fundamental traits: biological rhythm generation. In virtually all light-sensitive organisms from cyanobacteria to humans, biological clocks adapt cyclic physiology to geophysical time with time-keeping properties in the circadian (24 h), ultradian (24 h) domains (Edmunds, 1988; Lloyd, 1998; Lloyd et al. , 2001; Lloyd and Murray, 2006; Lloyd, 2007; Pittendrigh, 1993; Sweeney and Hastings, 1960) By definition, all rhythms exhibit regular periodicities since they constitute a mechanism of timing. Timing exerted by oscillatory mechanisms are found throughout the biological world and their periods span a wide range from milliseconds, as in the action potential of n- rons and the myocytes, to the slow evolutionary changes that require thousands of generations. In this context, to understand the synchronization of a population of coupled oscillators is an important problem for the dynamics of physiology in living systems (Aon et al. , 2007a, b; Kuramoto, 1984; Strogatz, 2003; Winfree, 1967). Circadian rhythms, the most intensively studied, are devoted to measuring daily 24 h cycles. A variety of physiological processes in a wide range of eukaryotic organisms display circadian rhythmicity which is characterized by the following major properties (Anderson et al. , 1985; Edmunds, 1988): (i) stable, autonomous (self-sustaining) oscillations having a free-running period under constant envir- mental conditions of ca.