Reading And Language Processing

Author: John M. Henderson
Editor: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317759567
Size: 12,53 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This volume was designed to identify the current limits of progress in the psychology of reading and language processing in an information processing framework. Leaders in their fields of interest, the chapter authors couple current theoretical analyses with new, formally presented experiments. The research -- cutting-edge and sometimes controversial -- reflects the prevailing analysis that language comprehension results in numerous levels of representation, including surface features, lexical properties, linguistic structures, and idea networks underlying a message as well as the situations to which a message refers. As a group, the chapters highlight the impact that input modality -- auditory or written -- has on comprehension. Finally, the studies also capture the evolution of new topic matter and ongoing debates concerning the competing paradigms, global proposals, and methods that form the foundation of the enterprise. The book presents current accounts of research on word-, sentence-, and text-processing. It will prove informative for experimental psychologists as well as investigators in cognitive science disciplines such as computer science, linguistics, and educational psychology. The book will also be very helpful to graduate students who wish to develop expertise in the psychology of language processes. For them, it collects, in a single volume, readings that are representative of progress concerning many central problems in the field. As such, it is distinct from the numerous collected volumes that concentrate on a single issue. Complete author and subject indexes facilitate effective use of the volume.

Natural Language Processing

Author:
Editor: I. K. International Pvt Ltd
ISBN: 9380578776
Size: 16,42 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Language Processing Problems

Author: Cindy Gaulin
Editor: Xlibris Corporation
ISBN: 1462834612
Size: 13,71 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 389
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Language Processing Problems: A Guide for Parents and Teachers is an easy-to-read but thorough treatment of a problem which is quite prevalent but often overlooked. Children (and adults) vary in their language processing capacities. Recognizing this variation can be very useful in understanding why certain children are having unexpected difficulties with school or social interactions. Split-second delays in recognizing words, problems remembering what was said, difficulties finding the word needed or organizing a complex sentence can all interfere with communication. For some children these problems are quite significant in spite of perfectly adequate or even exceptional knowledge of words and grammatical rules. The book explains, in laymans terms, how people use language to communicate, the components of the language processing system and the types of problems that can arise with its use. In particular an attempt is made to discriminate between language processing problems and other disorders such as Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), Central Auditory Processing Disorder (CAPD), Specific Language Impairment (SLI) and Dyslexia. Guidelines are provided for recognizing language processing problems and for deciding how to proceed toward a solution. The book ends with many suggestions which parents, teachers and children can use to address specific and general language processing problems. A quick pass through the book finds that it begins with several examples of children who have language processing problems. It then provides down-to-earth descriptions of what language processing is and how we use speech to communicate. This is followed by discussions of the difference between language knowledge and language processing and other psycholinguistic topics such as word recognition and working memory. Distinctions are drawn between input and output processing and between auditory and visual language processing. These topics are followed by a chapter about how children learn to process language. After this introduction to the workings of language processing, problems with language processing are treated in detail. What are the problems? Who has them? And what causes language processing problems? Confusions of terminology are dealt with and then come two chapters which lay out the intrinsic (genetic) and extrinsic (environmental) factors related to language processing problems. In these chapters I compare and integrate information about related problems which can co-occur or be confused with language processing problems. The next two long chapters help parents and teachers recognize whether a child has a language processing problem and then decide what to do about it. The first of these chapters is divided into sections dealing with preschoolers, school-age children and high school students. The second chapter helps parents and teachers decide whether a speech-language evaluation is needed, what that evaluation should include, and details various possible treatment routes. There are four chapters which provide suggestions for improving listening and following directions, verbal memory, word retrieval and organization of language output, respectively. In each chapter there are suggestions for external strategies (to be used by parents and teachers) and internal strategies (to be used by the child) as well as descriptions of the kinds of treatment available from speech-language pathologists for these problems. A short, final summary is followed by a glossary and references.

Natural Language Processing And Text Mining

Author: Anne Kao
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1846287545
Size: 14,62 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Natural Language Processing and Text Mining not only discusses applications of Natural Language Processing techniques to certain Text Mining tasks, but also the converse, the use of Text Mining to assist NLP. It assembles a diverse views from internationally recognized researchers and emphasizes caveats in the attempt to apply Natural Language Processing to text mining. This state-of-the-art survey is a must-have for advanced students, professionals, and researchers.

An Introduction To Natural Language Processing Through Prolog

Author: Clive Matthews
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317898346
Size: 17,30 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Research into Natural Language Processing - the use of computers to process language - has developed over the last couple of decades into one of the most vigorous and interesting areas of current work on language and communication. This book introduces the subject through the discussion and development of various computer programs which illustrate some of the basic concepts and techniques in the field. The programming language used is Prolog, which is especially well-suited for Natural Language Processing and those with little or no background in computing. Following the general introduction, the first section of the book presents Prolog, and the following chapters illustrate how various Natural Language Processing programs may be written using this programming language. Since it is assumed that the reader has no previous experience in programming, great care is taken to provide a simple yet comprehensive introduction to Prolog. Due to the 'user friendly' nature of Prolog, simple yet effective programs may be written from an early stage. The reader is gradually introduced to various techniques for syntactic processing, ranging from Finite State Network recognisors to Chart parsers. An integral element of the book is the comprehensive set of exercises included in each chapter as a means of cementing the reader's understanding of each topic. Suggested answers are also provided. An Introduction to Natural Language Processing Through Prolog is an excellent introduction to the subject for students of linguistics and computer science, and will be especially useful for those with no background in the subject.

A Guide To Readiness Reading

Author: Philip J. McInnis
Editor:
ISBN:
Size: 14,96 MB
Format: PDF
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Describes the Assured Readiness for Learning program (ARL), a language training program for kindergarten and first grade that can be used with the upper elementary grades for remedial instruction.

Changing Perspectives On Research In Reading Language Processing And Instruction

Author: Helen Newton
Editor:
ISBN:
Size: 19,51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Language Processing And The Reading Of Literature

Author: George L. Dillon
Editor:
ISBN:
Size: 18,62 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Multilingual Natural Language Processing Applications

Author: Daniel Bikel
Editor: IBM Press
ISBN: 0137047819
Size: 10,47 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Multilingual Natural Language Processing Applications is the first comprehensive single-source guide to building robust and accurate multilingual NLP systems. Edited by two leading experts, it integrates cutting-edge advances with practical solutions drawn from extensive field experience. Part I introduces the core concepts and theoretical foundations of modern multilingual natural language processing, presenting today’s best practices for understanding word and document structure, analyzing syntax, modeling language, recognizing entailment, and detecting redundancy. Part II thoroughly addresses the practical considerations associated with building real-world applications, including information extraction, machine translation, information retrieval/search, summarization, question answering, distillation, processing pipelines, and more. This book contains important new contributions from leading researchers at IBM, Google, Microsoft, Thomson Reuters, BBN, CMU, University of Edinburgh, University of Washington, University of North Texas, and others. Coverage includes Core NLP problems, and today’s best algorithms for attacking them Processing the diverse morphologies present in the world’s languages Uncovering syntactical structure, parsing semantics, using semantic role labeling, and scoring grammaticality Recognizing inferences, subjectivity, and opinion polarity Managing key algorithmic and design tradeoffs in real-world applications Extracting information via mention detection, coreference resolution, and events Building large-scale systems for machine translation, information retrieval, and summarization Answering complex questions through distillation and other advanced techniques Creating dialog systems that leverage advances in speech recognition, synthesis, and dialog management Constructing common infrastructure for multiple multilingual text processing applications This book will be invaluable for all engineers, software developers, researchers, and graduate students who want to process large quantities of text in multiple languages, in any environment: government, corporate, or academic.

Graph Based Natural Language Processing And Information Retrieval

Author: Rada Mihalcea
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139498827
Size: 19,43 MB
Format: PDF
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Graph theory and the fields of natural language processing and information retrieval are well-studied disciplines. Traditionally, these areas have been perceived as distinct, with different algorithms, different applications and different potential end-users. However, recent research has shown that these disciplines are intimately connected, with a large variety of natural language processing and information retrieval applications finding efficient solutions within graph-theoretical frameworks. This book extensively covers the use of graph-based algorithms for natural language processing and information retrieval. It brings together topics as diverse as lexical semantics, text summarization, text mining, ontology construction, text classification and information retrieval, which are connected by the common underlying theme of the use of graph-theoretical methods for text and information processing tasks. Readers will come away with a firm understanding of the major methods and applications in natural language processing and information retrieval that rely on graph-based representations and algorithms.