Rediscovering Empathy

Author: Karsten Stueber
Editor: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262264781
Size: 13,88 MB
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In this timely and wide-ranging study, Karsten Stueber argues that empathy is epistemically central for our folk-psychological understanding of other agents--that it is something we cannot do without in order to gain understanding of other minds. Setting his argument in the context of contemporary philosophy of mind and the interdisciplinary debate about the nature of our mindreading abilities, Stueber counters objections raised by some in the philosophy of social science and argues that it is time to rehabilitate the empathy thesis.Empathy, regarded at the beginning of the twentieth century as the fundamental method of gaining knowledge of other minds, has suffered a century of philosophical neglect. Stueber addresses the plausible philosophical misgivings about empathy that have been responsible for its failure to gain widespread philosophical acceptance.Crucial in this context is his defense of the assumption, very much contested in contemporary philosophy of mind, that the notion of rational agency is at the core of folk psychology. Stueber then discusses the contemporary debate between simulation theorists--who defend various forms of the empathy thesis--and theory theorists. In distinguishing between basic and reenactive empathy, he provides a new interpretive framework for the investigation into our mindreading capacities. Finally, he considers epistemic objections to empathy raised by the philosophy of social science that have been insufficiently discussed in contemporary debates. Empathy theorists, Stueber writes, should be prepared to admit that, although empathy can be regarded as the central default mode for understanding other agents, there are certain limitations in its ability to make sense of other agents; and there are supplemental theoretical strategies available to overcome these limitations.

Folk Psychological Narratives

Author: Daniel D. Hutto
Editor: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262263173
Size: 12,73 MB
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Established wisdom in cognitive science holds that the everyday folk psychological abilities of humans -- our capacity to understand intentional actions performed for reasons -- are inherited from our evolutionary forebears. In Folk Psychological Narratives, Daniel Hutto challenges this view (held in somewhat different forms by the two dominant approaches, "theory theory" and simulation theory) and argues for the sociocultural basis of this familiar ability. He makes a detailed case for the idea that the way we make sense of intentional actions essentially involves the construction of narratives about particular persons. Moreover he argues that children acquire this practical skill only by being exposed to and engaging in a distinctive kind of narrative practice. Hutto calls this developmental proposal the narrative practice hypothesis (NPH). Its core claim is that direct encounters with stories about persons who act for reasons (that is, folk psychological narratives) supply children with both the basic structure of folk psychology and the norm-governed possibilities for wielding it in practice. In making a strong case for the as yet underexamined idea that our understanding of reasons may be socioculturally grounded, Hutto not only advances and explicates the claims of the NPH, but he also challenges certain widely held assumptions. In this way, Folk Psychological Narratives both clears conceptual space around the dominant approaches for an alternative and offers a groundbreaking proposal.

Mentalisieren In Der Psychotherapeutischen Praxis

Author: Jon G. Allen
Editor: Klett-Cotta
ISBN: 360820122X
Size: 17,59 MB
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Die Einsatzmöglichkeiten: - Intervention bei bestimmten Störungsbildern wie Trauma und Borderline -Persönlichkeitsstörung - Arbeit in Familien und mit Eltern - Im Feld der sozialen Arbeit und der Anwendung in gesellschaftlichen Kontexten, etwa im Rahmen der Gewaltprävention oder in der Auseinandersetzung mit globalen Konflikten ZIELGRUPPE: - PsychotherapeutInnen aller Schulen - PsychoanalytikerInnen - Kognitive VerhaltenstherapeutInnen Mentalisieren bezeichnet - die Fähigkeit, das Verhalten anderer Menschen mit Bezugnahme auf ihre Grundhaltungen, Emotionen und Absichten zu verstehen und angemessen darauf zu reagieren, - das Wissen um die psychischen Beweggründe des eigenen Verhaltens. Mentalisierungsfähigkeit kann trainiert werden. Sie ist ausschlaggebend für die Organisation des eigenen Selbst und die Regulierung der Affekte.

Empathy By Design

Author: Eva Köppen
Editor: Herbert von Halem Verlag
ISBN: 3744510808
Size: 15,65 MB
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Empathie ist zum Modethema avanciert. Besonders im Bereich des Designs und des Managements wird sie zunehmend als professionelle Strategie und gleichzeitig moralische Kompetenz positioniert. Macht Empathie durch Design unsere Arbeitswelt also zu einem besseren Ort? Und was heißt es, Empathie programmatisch im Unternehmen einzuführen? Eva Köppen zeigt die überraschenden Effekte auf, die mit der Einführung von Empathie-geleiteten Arbeitsweisen wie Design Thinking einhergehen. Nicht nur mehr Freiräume, auch Frust, Dissonanzen sowie neue Kontrollstrukturen und Disziplinierungsformen sind die Konsequenzen. Die Autorin denkt die beiden Traditionen der Arbeits- und Emotionssoziologie zusammen, um die Bedeutung von Empathie als eines hoch aktuellen und kontrovers diskutierten Konzepts zu untersuchen. Durch eine Interviewstudie in einem IT-Unternehmen wird offenbart, welche Folgen Empathie-Anforderungen für Mitarbeiter und die Organisation haben. Dabei wird das aktuelle, positiv aufgeladene Bild von Empathie kritisch hinterfragt und die ambivalente Komplexität des Konstrukts aufgezeigt.

Dynamics Of Difference

Author: Ulrich Schmiedel
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 0567656861
Size: 20,50 MB
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This Festschrift in honour of Werner G. Jeanrond, currently Master of St Benet's Hall, University of Oxford, UK, investigates the challenge of alterity for Christianity, exploring and elaborating on this core concern in Jeanrond's hermeneutical theology. Blurring disciplinary boundaries, more than thirty of Jeanrond's colleagues and companions from ten countries track the dynamics of difference driven by the encounter with the self as other, the other as other, and God as the radical other. Who is my other? What do I encounter when I encounter my other? And what responses and responsibilities does the encounter with my other evoke? Grappling with questions like these, the contributions to this compilation analyse alterity in the Bible, alterity in philosophy, alterity in theology, alterity in interreligious dialogues, and the radical alterity of God. Tying in with Jeanrond's explorations of the many faces and facets of the other, this Festschrift ultimately aims to advocate openness to the other as a necessity for both religion and reflections on religion.

The Social Sciences And Democracy

Author: Jeroen Van Bouwel
Editor: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 9780230224391
Size: 10,54 MB
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In this book, the contributors present an overview of recent developments in philosophy of science by providing a collection of articles that together constitute a systematic and comprehensive investigation of how to understand the relation between the social sciences and democracy.

The Ethics Of Autism

Author: Deborah R. Barnbaum
Editor:
ISBN:
Size: 12,57 MB
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Understanding autism and the unique ethical questions it raises

American Book Publishing Record

Author:
Editor:
ISBN:
Size: 12,95 MB
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Ethical Sentimentalism

Author: Remy Debes
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107089611
Size: 13,60 MB
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In recent years there has been a tremendous resurgence of interest in ethical sentimentalism, a moral theory first articulated during the Scottish Enlightenment. Ethical Sentimentalism promises a conception of morality that is grounded in a realistic account of human psychology, which, correspondingly, acknowledges the central place of emotion in our moral lives. However, this promise has encountered its share of philosophical difficulties. Chief among them is the question of how to square the limited scope of human motivation and psychological mechanism - so easily influenced by personal, social, and cultural circumstance - with the seeming universal scope and objective nature of moral judgment. The essays in this volume provide a comprehensive evaluation of the sentimentalist project with a particular eye to this difficulty. Each essay offers critical clarification, innovative answers to central challenges, and new directions for ethical sentimentalism in general.