Strategies For Sustainable Financing Of Secondary Education In Sub Saharan Africa

Autore: Keith M. Lewin
Editore: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821371169
Grandezza: 12,97 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub
Vista: 9325
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Investment in secondary schooling in Sub-Saharan Africa has been neglected since the World Conference on Education for All at Jomtien. The World Education Forum at Dakar began to recognize the growing importance of post-primary schooling for development. Only 25 percent of school-age children attend secondary school in the region--and fewer complete successfully, having consequences for gender equity, poverty reduction, and economic growth. As universal primary schooling becomes a reality, demand for secondary schools is increasing rapidly. Gaps between the educational levels of the labor force in Sub-Saharan Africa and other regions remain large. Girls are more often excluded from secondary schools than boys. Secondary schooling costs are high to both governments and households. This study explores how access to secondary education can be increased. Radical reforms are needed in low-enrollment countries to make secondary schooling more affordable and to provide more access to the majority currently excluded. The report identifies the rationale for increasing access, reviews the status of secondary education in Sub-Saharan Africa, charts the growth needed in different countries to reach different levels of participation, identifies the financial constraints on growth, and discusses the reforms needed to make access affordable. It concludes with a road map of ways to increase the probability that more of Africa's children will experience secondary schooling.

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Grandezza: 17,73 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub
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Senry Chi T Ji Oyobi Sengo Kensetsushi Ob Ei

Autore: Sōryokusen Kenkyūjo
Editore:
ISBN:
Grandezza: 48,86 MB
Formato: PDF, Mobi
Vista: 3011
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The Link Between Health Social Issues And Secondary Education

Autore:
Editore: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821370693
Grandezza: 51,35 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub
Vista: 6835
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The Link between Health, Social Issues and Secondary Education is based on country studies in six Sub-Saharan African countries - Eritrea, Mali, Namibia, Senegal, South Africa and Tanzania, and a literature review. It looks at the role of secondary education and training in promoting health, civics and life skills among the African youth. Specifically, this study focuses on examining which schooling programs are effective in equipping young people with life skills, which programs reduce drop-out and increase participation and how schools can become agents in tackling health and social issues.

Developing Science Mathematics And Ict Education In Sub Saharan Africa

Autore: Wout Ottevanger
Editore: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821370715
Grandezza: 41,15 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub
Vista: 4430
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Developing Science, Mathematics and ICT (SMICT) in Secondary Education is based on country studies from ten Sub-Saharan African countries: Botswana, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Namibia, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Uganda, Tanzania and Zimbabwe, and a literature review. It reveals a number of huge challenges in SMICT education in sub-Saharan Africa: poorly-resourced schools; large classes; a curriculum hardly relevant to the daily lives of students; a lack of qualified teachers; and inadequate teacher education programs. Through examining country case studies, this paper discusses the lessons for improvement of SMICT in secondary education in Africa.

Harness The Sun

Autore: Philip Warburg
Editore: Beacon Press
ISBN: 0807054321
Grandezza: 79,98 MB
Formato: PDF, Kindle
Vista: 8867
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Going from the inner city to the open desert, a seasoned environmental advocate looks at solar energy's remarkable ascent and its promise for America's future Solar power was once the domain of futurists and environmentally minded suburbanites. Today it is part of mainstream America. Scan the skyline of downtown neighborhoods, check out the rooftop of the nearest Walmart, and take a close look at your local sports arena. Chances are you'll find solar panels in those and many other unexpected places. In Harness the Sun, Philip Warburg takes readers on a far-flung journey that explores America's solar revolution. Beginning with his solar-powered home in New England, he introduces readers to the pioneers who are spearheading our move toward a clean energy economy. We meet the CEOs who are propelling solar power to prominence and the intrepid construction workers who scale our rooftops installing panels. We encounter the engineers who are building giant utility-scale projects in prime solar states like Nevada, Arizona, and California, and the biologists who make sure wildlife is protected at those sites. Warburg shows how solar energy has won surprising support across the political spectrum. Prominent conservatives embrace solar power as an emblem of market freedom, while environmental advocates see it as a way to reduce America's greenhouse gas emissions. At the same time, economic-justice activists celebrate solar's potential to lift up low-income communities, and Native American leaders welcome the income and jobs that the industry will bring to their communities. Yet solar energy has its downsides and detractors too. Conservationists worry about the impact of large solar farms on protected animal species, and some local citizens groups resent the encroachment of solar projects on farmland and open spaces. Warburg gives voice to those at the epicenter of these conflicts and points the way to constructive solutions. Harness the Sun offers a grounded, persuasive vision of America's energy future. It is a future fueled by clean, renewable sources of power, with solar at center stage.

Recruiting Retaining And Retraining Secondary School Teachers And Principals In Sub Saharan Africa

Autore:
Editore: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821370677
Grandezza: 63,25 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Docs
Vista: 9480
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This working paper is based on country case studies of Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Madagascar, Tanzania, and Uganda, and an extensive literature review. In many parts of Africa, the demand for secondary teachers substantially exceeds the supply, due to factors such as secondary teacher attrition, bottlenecks in the teacher preparation system, and perceived unattractive conditions of service. Few countries have strong policies, strategies, and programs for recruiting able secondary school graduates to secondary teaching. The paper suggests several critical and promising areas for improvement in th.

The Rough Guide To Portugal

Autore: Rough Guides
Editore: Rough Guides UK
ISBN: 024130167X
Grandezza: 31,92 MB
Formato: PDF, Mobi
Vista: 5990
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The Rough Guide to Portugal is the ultimate travel guide to one of the world's most popular holiday destinations. With in-depth coverage to guide you and stunning photography to inspire you, The Rough Guide to Portugal will ensure you make the most of your time in Portugal, whether you plan to relax on the Algarve's vast swathes of golden sand, surf the wave-lashed west coast or hike through the country's unspoilt mountainous interior. Crystal clear maps help you explore Portugal further, from tracking down fashionable hangouts in Lisbon to discovering the port wine lodges in Porto. Insider reviews reveal the best places to eat, drink and sleep with something for every budget, whether you plan to enjoy the country's pousadas by staying in a stunningly converted monastery or castle, gorge on pastéis de Belém in Lisbon, or sip your way along a wine route in the Alentejo. Make the most of your trip with The Rough Guide to Portugal.

The Europeanization Of British Environmental Policy

Autore: A. Jordan
Editore: Springer
ISBN: 140391849X
Grandezza: 45,36 MB
Formato: PDF
Vista: 6638
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Almost all aspects of modern politics have been deeply Europeanized, yet we know surprisingly little about how the EU affects the inner workings of national government. This book conceptualizes the profound Europeanization of British environmental government and policy both as a lagged response to European integration and as an important determinant of Britain's contribution to that process. By combining political theories of the EU with new empirical research, Andrew Jordan offers a genuinely fresh perspective on the evolution of modern European governance.

Environmental Impact Assessment

Autore: Anji Reddy Mareddy
Editore: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 0128112387
Grandezza: 14,40 MB
Formato: PDF
Vista: 222
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Environmental Impact Assessment: Theory and Practice describes the various pieces of knowledge necessary to speak the language of EIA and carry out EIAs focusing on a variety of environmental issues, including impacts on environmental components, like air, water, soils, land, noise and biological environments. Organized into 15 chapters, the book provides engineers with the tools and methods to conduct an effective assessment, including report preparations, design measures and relevant mitigation steps that can be taken to reduce or avoid negative effects. Case Studies are presented, providing guidance professionals can use to better understand, plan and prepare environmental impact assessments. Presents detailed methodologies for air pollution control, waste treatment schemes, phytoremediation, bioremediation, hazardous waste, green belt development and rainwater harvesting Highlights concepts and important definitions of EIA and the planning and management of EIA study Discusses the impacts on valued environmental components, like air, water, soils, land, noise, and biological and socioeconomic environments in a systematic manner