Stigma

Author: Gerhard Falk
Editor:
ISBN:
Size: 20,15 MB
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What is it in human nature that leads us to label some as insiders and stigmatize others as outsiders? Sociologist Gerhard Falk examines the social psychology that motivates this process of exclusion, focusing on the outcasts in contemporary American society and comparing current experience with examples from the past. Referring to the work of Emile Durkheim and Erving Goffman, Falk reviews the whole range of stigmatized people from the mentally ill to ordinary people with unpopular occupations, like undertakers and trash collectors. Amid the wide diversity of stigmatized persons, he finds two basic types of outsiders: the "existential" and the "achieved." The first group comprises those who are stigmatized because of their very existence, regardless of their specific actions: the mentally handicapped, for example. The second group describes those whose actions or life conditions have resulted in stigma: from high achievers (often subject to resentment) to criminals. Falk also looks at the ways in which writers past and present have dramatized stigmatized characters in literature. This fascinating overview of a long-standing and widespread social problem will be of interest to all those concerned about creating a more fair-minded society.

Hijacked Brains

Author: Henrietta Robin Barnes, MD
Editor: Dartmouth College Press
ISBN: 1611686768
Size: 13,18 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book, written from the perspective of a practicing primary care physician, interweaves patientsÕ stories with fascinating new brain research to show how addictive drugs overtake basic brain functions and transform them to create a chronic illness that is very difficult to treat. The idea that drug and alcohol addiction are chronic illnesses and not character flaws is not newsÑthis notion has been around for many years. What Hijacked Brains offers is context and personal stories that demonstrate this point in a very accessible package. Dr. Barnes explores how the healthy brain works, how addictive drugs flood basic reward pathways, and what it feels like to grapple with addiction. She discusses how, for individuals, the combination of genetic and environmental factors determines both vulnerability for addiction and the resilience necessary for recovery. Finally, she shows how American culture, with its emphasis on freewill and individualism, tends to blame the addict for bad choices and personal weakness, thereby impeding political and/or health-related efforts to get the addict what she needs to recover.

Jesus And The Stigmatized

Author: Elia Shabani Mligo
Editor: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1630876119
Size: 20,50 MB
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Biblical scholars often read the Bible with their own interpretive interests in mind, without associating the Bible with the concerns of laypeople. This largely undermines the contributions laypeople can offer from reading the Bible in their own contexts and from their own life experiences. Moreover, such exclusively scholarly reading conceals the role of biblical texts in dealing with current social problems, such as HIV/AIDS-related stigmatization. Hence, the lack of lay participation in the process of Bible reading makes the Bible less visible in various common life situations. In this volume Elia Shabani Mligo draws on his fieldwork among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in Tanzania, selects stigmatization as his perspective, and chooses participant-centered contextual Bible study as his method to argue that the reading of texts from the Gospel of John by PLWHA (given their lived experiences of stigmatization) empowers them to reject stigmatization as unjust. Mligo's study shows that Christian PLWHA reject stigmatization because it does not comply with the attitude of Jesus toward stigmatized groups in his own time. The theology emerging from the readings by stigmatized PLWHA, through their evaluation of Jesus' attitudes and acts toward stigmatized people in the texts, challenges churches in their obligatory mission as disciples of Jesus. Churches are challenged to reconsider healing, hospitality and caring, prophetic voices against stigmatization, and the way they teach about HIV and AIDS in relation to sexuality. Churches must revisit their practices toward stigmatized groups and listen to their voices. Mligo argues that participant-centered Bible-study methods similar to the one used in this book (whereby stigmatized people are the primary interlocutors in the process) can be useful tools in listening to the voices of stigmatized groups.

Encyclopedia Of Trauma

Author: Charles R. Figley
Editor: SAGE
ISBN: 1412978793
Size: 12,82 MB
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This timely and authoritative two-volume set includes hundreds of signed entries by experts in the field of traumatology, exploring traditional subjects as well as emerging ideas, as well as providing further resources for study and exploration.

Youth Culture And The Generation Gap

Author: Gerhard Falk
Editor: Algora Publishing
ISBN: 087586368X
Size: 15,52 MB
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The youth culture has taken over in the Western world, and the United States is its champion. Has this cultural emphasis widened the generation gap, or is it just a natural by-product of the generational differences that exist in all societies? Is the generation gap such a problem as the media makes it out to be? Gerhard Falk discusses the dramatic ways that young people differentiate themselves from the parent generation as they seek to overcome the identity problem all adolescents face. He explores the development of a youth culture in the US, and its manifestations in daily life from recreation and music to dress codes, language, sex, and status games and cliques, gangs and reference groups. The book compares the competing influences of parents and peers, from homeless migrants and hippies, punks and rockers to the part-time workers earning money for family reasons or to revel in expensive amusements and status symbols. New media and entertainment forms confront younger and younger children with drugs, sex and other adult concerns in high school, middle school and even in the lower grades. This book reflects on changes in the concept of adolescence over the centuries and introduces the reader to aspects of the youth culture seldom known to those who do not live it. While a segment of our youth are the direct and indirect victims of divorce, poverty, homelessness and other forms of social instability, studies show that many young Americans maintain the values of their parents despite the much-touted generation gap. The authors contend that, in fact, most of today's youngsters have a great deal of sympathy for their parents and share their values. * Dr. Gerhard Falk is professor ofsociology at State University College at Buffalo, NY. He is the author of fourteen books including most recently Football and American Identity and Grandparents, The Supporting Generation with Ursula Falk. He is a recipient of the SUCB President's Award for Excellence in Research and the Chancellor's Award for Excellence in Teaching. Dr. Ursula Falk is a psychotherapist in private practice. She has published eight books, and is a recipient of the National Association of Social Workers Lifetime Achievement Award.

Grandparents

Author: Ursula A. Falk
Editor:
ISBN:
Size: 14,49 MB
Format: PDF
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What image comes to mind when we hear the term grandparents? Too often it is the Norman Rockwell view of innocuous, kindly white-haired folk or, conversely, the negative stereotype of doddering dim-witted burdens confined to nursing homes. Unfortunately, such notions shortchange not only older people but younger generations as well, who may never realize how much grandparents have to offer. This informative, well-researched book aims to add some perspective and depth to the stick-figure images of grandparents promulgated by contemporary culture. Psychotherapist Ursula Falk and sociologist Gerhard Falk provide an illuminating overview of the many facets of being a grandparent in todayÆs society. Among the topics discussed are the history of the grandparent role and its evolution, social forces that have affected the American family including grandparents, the distinctly different roles of grandmother and grandfather, the parental responsibilities that grandparents today are often forced to assume for their grandchildren in the absence of the childrenÆs parents, the ways in which other cultures treat grandparents, the usually negative and stereotypical depiction of grandparents in the media and in literature, and finally the supporting role that grandparents play with authentic examples. Also included is an appendix outlining the legal rights of grandparents. The authors stress that grandparents must be seen as individuals with their own lives to lead and that society needs to reassess the value of the elderly.

The Ring Of Representation

Author: Stephen David Ross
Editor: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791411094
Size: 20,49 MB
Format: PDF
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This book asks how we may undertake to represent representation.

Sociology In Our Times

Author: Diana Kendall
Editor: Wadsworth Publishing Company
ISBN: 0534626858
Size: 12,56 MB
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This cutting-edge, applied book highlights the relevance of sociology by including a diverse collection of theories, research, and "lived experiences" that accurately mirror the diversity in society itself. The author's vivid, applied, personal writing style engages students, and activates compelling everyday examples that make sociology particularly relevant to diverse students. A social issue or application opens each chapter and provides various topics for boxes, features, and examples that are carried throughout the entire chapter. Kendall's text is acclaimed in the field for being the first textbook to integrate race, class, and gender issues; as well as for its thorough presentation of sociological theory, which includes diverse theoretical viewpoints such as feminist and postmodernist theory. Kendall shows students that sociology involves important questions and issues that they confront both personally and vicariously.