The Cayo Santiago Macaques

Autore: Richard G. Rawlins
Editore: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780887061356
Grandezza: 39,80 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub
Vista: 4770
Scaricare Leggi Online

This volume presents a broad spectrum of research on the Cayo Santiago macaques, a unique free-ranging colony of rhesus macaques in Puerto Rico. It includes thirteen scientific studies on the behavior and biology of the Cayo Santiago macaques, as well as a detailed history of the colony and a complete bibliography of over 260 scientific publications based on work at Cayo Santiago from 1938 through 1984. The chapters represent examples of both short- and long-term research conducted on the island over the past several years. Some are reviews, providing a synopsis of complex longitudinal studies of behavior, vocal communication, functional morphology, genetics, and population dynamics. Others document the results of opportunistic studies of behavior or biological surveys. The chapters cover a broad range of topics, but all share a common dependence on the detailed life history and genealogical data which make the Cayo Santiago macaque colony an important international research resource.

Locomotor Ontogeny Of The Cayo Santiago Macaques

Autore: Richard G. Rawlins
Editore: Richard Rawlins, Ph.D HCLD
ISBN:
Grandezza: 19,83 MB
Formato: PDF, Kindle
Vista: 9658
Scaricare Leggi Online

This is a study of the functional morphology and behavioral dynamics underlying locomotor ontogeny in a free-ranging group of rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) at Cayo Santiago, Puerto Rico. It tests the hypothesis that developmental modifications of morphology in the shoulder gird le and forelimb of Macaca mulatta are associated with changes in the frequencies of locomotor and postural behavior, and it demonstrates systematic study of the morphological and behavioral development of primates can be used to assess the validity of predicting habitual locomotor pat terns from anatomical evidence.Eight osteometric features of the scapula, clavicle and humerus, which reflect myological ada ptations to locomotor function, are statistically combined through discriminant function analysis and indicate differential modification of shoulder gird le locomotor morphology occurs in the Cayo Santiago population with age and by sex. Hypothetical shifts in positional behavior, derived from analysis of the skeletal data, are checked against actual behavioral frequencies observed in a free-ranging troop of macaques over a period of 13 months. The effects of seasonal changes in rainfall and flora, the annual reproductive cycle and an animal's sex, dominance rank, and genealogical affiliation are also considered as additional factors that can pattern frequencies of positional behavior.

Bones Genetics And Behavior Of Rhesus Macaques

Autore: Qian Wang
Editore: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461410461
Grandezza: 20,13 MB
Formato: PDF, Kindle
Vista: 3457
Scaricare Leggi Online

Foreword by Phillip V. Tobias The introduction of rhesus macaques to Cayo Santiago, Puerto Rico in 1938, and the subsequent development of the CPRC for biomedical research, continues its long history of stimulating studies in physical anthropology. The CPRC monkey colonies, and the precise demographic data on the derived skeletal collection in the Center’s Laboratory of Primate Morphology and Genetics (LPMG), provide rare opportunities for morphological, developmental, functional, genetic, and behavioral studies across the life span of rhesus macaques as a species, and as a primate model for humans. The book grows out of a symposium Wang is organizing for the 78th annual meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists to be held in April 2009. This symposium will highlight recent and ongoing research in, or related to, physical anthropology, and reveal the numerous research opportunities that still exist at this unusual rhesus facility. Following an initial historical review of CPRC and its research activities, this book will emphasize recent and current researches on growth, function, genetics, pathology, aging, and behavior, and the impact of these researches on our understanding of rhesus and human morphology, development, genetics, and behavior. Fourteen researchers will present recent and current studies on morphology, genetics, and behavior, with relevance to primate and human growth, health, and evolution. The book will include not only papers presented in the symposium, but also papers from individuals who could not present their work at the meeting due to limitations in the maximum number (14) of permitted speakers.

Macachiavellian Intelligence

Autore: Dario Maestripieri
Editore: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226501213
Grandezza: 16,98 MB
Formato: PDF, Kindle
Vista: 9978
Scaricare Leggi Online

Judged by population size and distribution, homo sapiens are clearly the most successful primates. A close second, however, would be rhesus macaques, who have adapted to—and thrived in—such diverse environments as mountain forests, dry grasslands, and urban sprawl. Scientists have spent countless hours studying these opportunistic monkeys, but rhesus macaques have long been overshadowed in the public eye by the great apes, who, because of their greater intelligence, are naturally assumed to have more to teach us, both about other primates and about humans as well. Dario Maestripieri thinks it is high time we shelve that misperception, and with Macachiavellian Intelligence he gives rhesus macaques their rightful turn in the spotlight. The product of more than twenty years studying these fascinating creatures, Macachiavellian Intelligence caricatures a society that is as much human as monkey, with hierarchies and power struggles that would impress Machiavelli himself. High-status macaques, for instance, maintain their rank through deft uses of violence and manipulation, while altruism is almost unknown and relationships are perpetually subject to the cruel laws of the market. Throughout this eye-opening account, Maestripieri weds his thorough knowledge of macaque behavior to his abiding fascination with human society and motivations. The result is a book unlike any other, one that draws on economics as much as evolutionary biology, politics as much as primatology. Rife with unexpected connections and peppered with fascinating anecdotes, Macachiavellian Intelligence has as much to teach us about humans as it does about macaques, presenting a wry, rational, and wholly surprising view of our humanity as seen through the monkey in the mirror.

American Journal Of Physical Anthropology

Autore: Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology. Philadelphia
Editore:
ISBN:
Grandezza: 17,42 MB
Formato: PDF, Docs
Vista: 5168
Scaricare Leggi Online


Human Biology

Autore: Sara Stinson
Editore: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118108043
Grandezza: 57,24 MB
Formato: PDF, Docs
Vista: 3022
Scaricare Leggi Online

This comprehensive introduction to the field of human biology covers all the major areas of the field: genetic variation, variation related to climate, infectious and non-infectious diseases, aging, growth, nutrition, and demography. Written by four expert authors working in close collaboration, this second edition has been thoroughly updated to provide undergraduate and graduate students with two new chapters: one on race and culture and their ties to human biology, and the other a concluding summary chapter highlighting the integration and intersection of the topics covered in the book.

Social Bioarchaeology

Autore: Sabrina C. Agarwal
Editore: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781444390520
Grandezza: 77,76 MB
Formato: PDF, Docs
Vista: 5400
Scaricare Leggi Online

Illustrates new methodological directions in analyzing human social and biological variation Offers a wide array of research on past populations around the globe Explains the central features of bioarchaeological research by key researchers and established experts around the world

Dna Fingerprinting

Autore: Sergio D. Pena
Editore: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783764329068
Grandezza: 33,46 MB
Formato: PDF
Vista: 1367
Scaricare Leggi Online

DNA fingerprinting had a well-defined birthday. In the March 7, 1985 issue of Nature, Alec Jeffreys and coworkers described the first develop ment ofmu1tilocus probes capable of simultaneously revealing hypervari ability at many loci in the human genome and called the procedure DNA fingerprinting. It was a royal birth in the best British tradition. In a few months the emerging technique had permitted the denouement of hith erto insoluble immigration and paternity disputes and was already heralded as a major revolution in forensic sciences. In the next year (October, 1986) DNA fingerprinting made a dramatic entree in criminal investigations with the Enderby murder case, whose story eventually was turned into a best-selling book ("The Blooding" by Joseph Wambaugh). Today DNA typing systems are routinely used in public and commercial forensic laboratories in at least 25 different countries and have replaced conventional protein markers as the methods of choice for solving paternity disputes and criminal cases. Moreover, DNA fingerprinting has emerged as a new domain of intense scientific activity, with myriad applications in just about every imaginable territory of life sciences. The Second International Conference on DNA Fingerprinting, which was held in Belo Horizonte, Brazil in November of 1992, was a clear proof of this.