The Economics Of Climate Change Policies

Author: Rainer Walz
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3790820784
Size: 10,96 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 601

In its latest Assessment Report, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC, 2007) projects that without further action the global average surface t- perature would rise by a further 1. 8–4. 0°C until the end of this century. But even if the rise in temperature could be limited to the lower end of this range, irreversible and possibly catastrophic changes are likely to occur. Consequently, the protection of the earth’s atmosphere requires substantial efforts to reduce CO and other green- 2 house gas emissions – especially in countries with very high per capita emissions. To limit the imminent rise in temperature, in the Kyoto-Protocol, the European Union has committed itself to reducing the emissions of greenhouse gases by 8% up to 2008–2012 compared to 1990 levels. Within the EU burden sharing agr- ment, some countries have to achieve even higher emissions reductions. Germany was assigned a reduction target of 21%. The entry into force of the Kyoto Protocol in February 2005 marks a first step towards meting global climate targets, but more ambitious action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions is needed after 2012, when the Kyoto targets expire. Under German presidency, the EU has committed itself to unilaterally reduce its greenhouse gas emissions until 2020 by 20%. In case a Post- Kyoto agreement can be reached, the EU reduction target would be 30% (CEU, 2007).

Creating A Sustainable Economy

Author: Gerardo Marletto
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1136307036
Size: 14,17 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 761

This book is designed for those scholars, students, policy-makers – or just curious readers– who are looking for heterodox thinking on the issue of environmental economics and policy. Contributions to this book draw on multiple streams of institutional and evolutionary economics and help build an approach to environmental policy that radically diverges from mainstream prescriptions. No 'silver bullet' solutions emerge from the analyses. Even market-based tools – such as green taxes or tradable pollution permits – are bound to fail if they are not incorporated into an integrated, multi-dimensional and multi-actor policy for structural change.

Innovative Economic Policies For Climate Change Mitigation

Author: Valentino Piana
Editor: EWI
ISBN: 1445285851
Size: 16,17 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 793

International Economics Of Resource Efficiency

Author: Raimund Bleischwitz
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783790826012
Size: 16,56 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 772

Human societies face a threatening future of resource scarcity and environmental damages. This book addresses the challenge of turning these risks into opportunities and policies. It is a collection of high level contributions from experts of sustainable growth and sustainable resource management. Focussing on economics, sustainability, technology and policy, the book highlights system innovation, leapfrogging strategies of emerging economies, possible rebound effects and international market development. It puts natural resources centre stage and will make an important contribution to achieving the goal of a 21st century Green Economy.

The Economy Of Ireland

Author: John W. O'Hagan
Editor: Gill & Macmillan Ltd
ISBN: 0717166643
Size: 16,81 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 324

An essential book for students of economics as well as economists and policymakers. The twelfth edition of this enduring and popular book surveys all major changes in the Irish economy in the past fifteen years, with particular emphasis on the last five years. In this new edition, the authors examine: The broad historical context to a study of the Irish economy. Ireland’s hard landing, recovery and prospects for economic growth and employment in the years ahead. The changing role of the state in policy making and the increasing importance of euro-zone governance and institutions, especially in the monetary area. Taxation in all its dimensions, including the issue of national debt. The importance of competitiveness as a major policy objective. The changing emphasis on quality-of-life indicators and distribution as objectives of policy. The role of regulation in various areas of the economy and society. Energy and the environment, in particular the issue of security of supply. Employment, unemployment and migration challenges facing Ireland. Evidence on and policy issues relating to income and wealth. The internationally traded sectors of manufacturing and services. The importance of the health and education sectors, the rationale for state intervention and measures of effectiveness. The importance of the agri-food sector in terms of production, distribution, and food safety. Through twelve editions, The Economy of Ireland holds an integral place in the literature on Ireland’s economy.

Economic Policies For Sustainable Development

Author: Thomas Sterner
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401108323
Size: 12,51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Read: 228

This book focuses on describing policy instruments in different countries. Its purpose is not only descriptive but also, to some extent, advocatory. We believe that economic instruments can make an important contribution to an environmentally less disruptive path of development. The design of economic instruments is however a fine art and depends among other things on their political acceptability and this acceptability is of course influenced by experience. It is therefore important to provide information on the use of policy instruments in other countries. Policies are currently developing quite fast and thus a book such as this one can inevitably not capture more than a "snapshot" view at a single moment of time. We would hope that the book encourages more experimentation with economic instruments and that countries will make a fuller use of the whole arsenal of economic policy instruments. If the book does succeed in this sense then it will soon become dated as policies change -but that would be a price well worth paying! The book combines a dozen country monographs together with a few international surveys on particular topics (gasoline pricing, vehicle regulations, acid rain, deforestation and global warming). These papers are intended to illustrate the diversity of policy options available. The actual policies adopted depend on economic as well as ecological conditions. The country studies cover two "Western" countries and then concentrate on formerly planned and developing countries. They show that economic instruments are still generally thought of as new and innovative.

Rethinking Capitalism

Author: Michael Jacobs
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119311632
Size: 18,87 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 479

"Thought provoking and fresh - this book challenges how we think about economics.” Gillian Tett, Financial Times For further information about recent publicity events and media coverage for Rethinking Capitalism please visit Western capitalism is in crisis. For decades investment has been falling, living standards have stagnated or declined, and inequality has risen dramatically. Economic policy has neither reformed the financial system nor restored stable growth. Climate change meanwhile poses increasing risks to future prosperity. In this book some of the world’s leading economists propose new ways of thinking about capitalism. In clear and compelling prose, each chapter shows how today’s deep economic problems reflect the inadequacies of orthodox economic theory and the failure of policies informed by it. The chapters examine a range of contemporary economic issues, including fiscal and monetary policy, financial markets and business behaviour, inequality and privatisation, and innovation and environmental change. The authors set out alternative economic approaches which better explain how capitalism works, why it often doesn’t, and how it can be made more innovative, inclusive and sustainable. Outlining a series of far-reaching policy reforms, Rethinking Capitalism offers a powerful challenge to mainstream economic debate, and new ideas to transform it.

Implementing Ecological Integrity

Author: Philippe Crabbé
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401158762
Size: 17,41 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 500

This book contains some of the papers which were presented at the NATO Science, Environmental Security, Advanced Research Workshop on "Implementing Ecological Integrity: Restoring Regional and Global Environmental and Human Health" held in Budapest from June 26 to July 1, 1999. All papers presented are summarized in the Introduction and, in some cases, shorter versions are published. A mUltidisciplinary core of American and Western European participants had met over the preceeding years to discuss the concept of ecological integrity. The term "ecological integrity" is found in environmental policy documents but, generally, is not defined. It competes with other recent terms, or environmental narratives, such as "ecosystem health" and "sustainable development" and also with older ones such as "conservation". Therefore, it is deemed important not only to sort out the definitions of these concepts but also to find out whether their practical implications differ. Moreover, it was interesting to find out whether participants from Central and Eastern European Countries (CEEC) and, more generally, from NATO partner countries would be, first, responsive to this concept and, second, would hold different views of it. This explains the broad, albeit not always consistent, range oftopics which are covered in this book. The core group learned that CEEC and other NATO partners participants were responsive to the concept but that they were less exclusive of human influence.

Green Japan

Author: Carin Holroyd
Editor: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1487502222
Size: 17,31 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 174

Green Japan critically examines the Japanese effort to combine economic growth with commitments to environmental sustainability.

Modeling Environment Improving Technological Innovations Under Uncertainty

Author: Alexander Golub
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1134041209
Size: 20,32 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 330

The issues of technology and uncertainty are very much at the heart of the policy debate of how much to control greenhouse gas emissions. The costs of doing so are present and high while the benefits are very much in the future and, most importantly, they are highly uncertain. Whilst there is broad consensus on the key elements of climate change science and agreement that near-term actions are needed to prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system, there is little agreement on the costs and benefits of climate policy. The book looks at different ways of reconciling the needs for sustainability and equity with the costs of action now. Presenting a compendium of methodologies for evaluating the economic impact of technological innovation upon climate-change policy, this book describes mathematical models and their predictions. The goal is to provide a practitioner’s guide for doing the science of economics and climate change. Because the assumptions motivating different problems in the economics of climate change have different complexities, a number of models are presented with varying levels of difficulty: reduced-form and structural, partial- and general-equilibrium, closed-form and computational. A unifying theme of these models is the incorporation of a number of price and quantity instruments and an analysis of their respective efficacies. This book presents models that contain structural uncertainty, i.e., uncertainty that economic agents respond to via their risk attitudes. The novelty of this book is to relate the effects of risk and risk attitudes to environment-improving technological innovation.