The Lobotomist

Author: Jack El-Hai
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470098309
Size: 16,91 MB
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Walter J. Freeman ranks as one of the most scorned physicians of the 20th century. Many people still believe a number of myths about his lobotomies. Yet, many important medical figures during Freeman's time lent their support to his work. This intriguing biography offers a profound look into the life of a complex scientific genius.

Der Nazi Und Der Psychiater

Author: Jack El-Hai
Editor:
ISBN: 9783847703570
Size: 20,95 MB
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Wie Bastel Ich Mir Einen Zombie

Author: Frank Swain
Editor: btb Verlag
ISBN: 364117029X
Size: 14,94 MB
Format: PDF
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Seit tausenden von Jahren versuchen wir Mittel und Wege zu finden, Körper und Geist unserer Mitmenschen zu beeinflussen und zu kontrollieren. Von giftigem Honig, der ganze Armeen niederstrecken kann bis zu den Voodoo-Zaubern auf Haiti – Frank Swain erzählt ebenso fundiert wie mitreißend wahre Geschichten aus der Wissenschaft. Von Hundeköpfen, die ohne ihre Körper zum Leben erweckt werden, von Geheimgesellschaften, die tief in die Psyche des Menschen vordringen, mit dem Wunsch, den Tod zu überlisten. Und von Parasiten, die ihren Wirt so beeinflussen können, dass er zu Suizid oder zur Geschlechtsumwandlung getrieben werden kann.

Spannungsherde

Author: Marietta Meier
Editor: Wallstein Verlag
ISBN: 3835328441
Size: 19,61 MB
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Eine packende Studie, die dafür plädiert, unseren Blick auf Emotionen, das Gehirn und das Selbst in einen breiteren Kontext zu stellen. 1935 entwickelte ein portugiesischer Neurologe die Lobotomie. Die Operation sollte schwere psychische Störungen lindern, stieß aber in der Fachwelt auf harsche Kritik. Sie brach ein Tabu, weil sie direkt ins Gehirn eingriff und die Persönlichkeit der Patienten veränderte. Nach dem Ende des Zweiten Weltkriegs setzte sich das Verfahren jedoch breit durch. Da die Zahl psychochirurgischer Eingriffe schnell zunahm, erschlossen sich auch der Forschung neue Chancen. Nun hieß es, die Lobotomie löse die »affektive Spannung" psychisch Kranker, wirke sogar in »hoffnungslosen Fällen" und entlaste neben der Anstaltspsychiatrie auch die Gesellschaft. Obwohl Experten die Methode schon im Laufe der 1950er Jahre immer skeptischer beurteilten, kam die Ära der Lobotomie erst zum Abschluss, als die Psychiatrie um 1970 zunehmend ins Kreuzfeuer öffentlicher Kritik geriet. Marietta Meier untersucht die Geschichte eines Behandlungsverfahrens, das körperliche, psychische und soziale Spannungen lösen sollte, gleichzeitig aber grundsätzliche ethische, wissenschaftliche und gesellschaftspolitische Fragen aufwarf. Sie legt den Fokus auf die Schweiz, nimmt jedoch den ganzen deutsch- und französischsprachigen Raum Europas und dessen Verbindungen zur angelsächsischen Welt in den Blick. Auf diese Weise lässt sich nicht nur zeigen, wie lokale Praktiken, nationale Rahmenbedingungen und internationale Debatten ineinandergriffen. Der vielschichtige Ansatz macht auch klar, wie Subjekt-, Wissens-, Geschlechter- und Gesellschaftsordnung in der Nachkriegszeit zusammenspielten.

Encyclopedia Of Emotion

Author: Gretchen Reevy
Editor: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 9780313345760
Size: 18,56 MB
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Topics include the neurological foundations of emotional function, competing theories of emotion, multicultural perspectives on emotions, emotional disorders, their diagnosis and treatment. Provides profiles of important organizations and key figures who have shaped our understanding of how and why we feel the way we do.

Stumme Stimmen

Author: Oliver W. Sacks
Editor:
ISBN: 9783499191985
Size: 14,67 MB
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A Curious Madness

Author: Eric Jaffe
Editor: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1451612125
Size: 18,92 MB
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From an “illuminating and entertaining” (The New York Times) young writer, the story that explores the fateful intersection of two men at the Tokyo war crimes trial that followed World War II: a Japanese nationalist charged with war crimes and the American doctor assigned to determine his sanity—and thus his fate. In the wake of World War II, the Allied forces charged twenty-eight Japanese men with crimes against humanity. Correspondents at the Tokyo trial thought the evidence fell most heavily on ten of the accused. In December 1948, five of these defendants were hanged while four received sentences of life in prison. The tenth was a brilliant philosopher-patriot named Okawa Shumei. His story proved strangest of all. Among all the political and military leaders on trial, Okawa was the lone civilian. In the years leading up to World War II, he had outlined a divine mission for Japan to lead Asia against the West, prophesized a great clash with the United States, planned coups d’etat with military rebels, and financed the assassination of Japan’s prime minister. Beyond “all vestiges of doubt,” concluded a classified American intelligence report, “Okawa moved in the best circles of nationalist intrigue.” Okawa’s guilt as a conspirator appeared straightforward. But on the first day of the Tokyo trial, he made headlines around the world by slapping star defendant and wartime prime minister Tojo Hideki on the head. Had Okawa lost his sanity? Or was he faking madness to avoid a grim punishment? A U.S. Army psychiatrist stationed in occupied Japan, Major Daniel Jaffe—the author’s grandfather—was assigned to determine Okawa’s ability to stand trial, and thus his fate. Jaffe was no stranger to madness. He had seen it his whole life: in his mother, as a boy in Brooklyn; in soldiers, on the battlefields of Europe. Now his seasoned eye faced the ultimate test. If Jaffe deemed Okawa sane, the war crimes suspect might be hanged. But if Jaffe found Okawa insane, the philosopher patriot might escape justice for his role in promoting Japan’s wartime aggression. Meticulously researched, A Curious Madness is both expansive in scope and vivid in detail. As the story pushes both Jaffe and Okawa toward their postwar confrontation, it explores such diverse topics as the roots of belligerent Japanese nationalism, the development of combat psychiatry during World War II, and the complex nature of postwar justice. Eric Jaffe is at his best in this suspenseful and engrossing historical narrative of the fateful intertwining of two men on different sides of the war and the world and the question of insanity.

Great Myths Of The Brain

Author: Christian Jarrett
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118312708
Size: 20,12 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Great Myths of the Brain introduces readers to the fieldof neuroscience by examining popular myths about the humanbrain. Explores commonly-held myths of the brain through the lens ofscientific research, backing up claims with studies and otherevidence from the literature Looks at enduring myths such as “Do we only use 10% ofour brain?”, “Pregnant women lose their mind”,“Right-brained people are more creative” and manymore. Delves into myths relating to specific brain disorders,including epilepsy, autism, dementia, and others Written engagingly and accessibly for students and lay readersalike, providing a unique introduction to the study of thebrain Teaches readers how to spot neuro hype and neuro-nonsenseclaims in the media