The Making Of A Human Bomb

Author: Nasser Abufarha
Editor: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822392119
Size: 16,71 MB
Format: PDF
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In The Making of a Human Bomb, Nasser Abufarha, a Palestinian anthropologist, explains the cultural logic underlying Palestinian martyrdom operations (suicide attacks) launched against Israel during the Al-Aqsa Intifada (2000–06). In so doing, he sheds much-needed light on how Palestinians have experienced and perceived the broader conflict. During the Intifada, many of the martyrdom operations against Israeli targets were initiated in the West Bank town of Jenin and surrounding villages. Abufarha was born and raised in Jenin. His personal connections to the area enabled him to conduct ethnographic research there during the Intifada, while he was a student at a U.S. university. Abufarha draws on the life histories of martyrs, interviews he conducted with their families and members of the groups that sponsored their operations, and examinations of Palestinian literature, art, performance, news stories, and political commentaries. He also assesses data—about the bombers, targets, and fatalities caused—from more than two hundred martyrdom operations carried out by Palestinian groups between 2001 and 2004. Some involved the use of explosive belts or the detonation of cars; others entailed armed attacks against Israeli targets (military and civilian) undertaken with the intent of fighting until death. In addition, he scrutinized suicide attacks executed by Hamas and Islamic Jihad between 1994 and 2000. In his analysis of Palestinian political violence, Abufarha takes into account Palestinians’ understanding of the history of the conflict with Israel, the effects of containment on Palestinians’ everyday lives, the disillusionment created by the Oslo peace process, and reactions to specific forms of Israeli state violence. The Making of a Human Bomb illuminates the Palestinians’ perspective on the conflict with Israel and provides a model for ethnographers seeking to make sense of political violence.

Author: إسماعيل ناشف
Editor: المركز العربي للأبحاث ودراسة السياسات
ISBN: 6144450408
Size: 12,78 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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يعالج الكاتب الفلسطيني إسماعيل ناشف في كتابه صور موت الفلسطيني، قضية ذات خصوصية، وهي قضية موت الفلسطيني وصوره المتعددة. ويرى الكاتب أنّ طريقة موت الإنسان مرهونة إلى حدٍ بعيد بشكل النظام الاجتماعي الذي يعيش فيه؛ فطريقة الموت، مثل المرض والقتل والموت الطبيعي وغير ذلك، نسق سلوكي مثل أيّ ممارسة اجتماعية أخرى، يُشتق من النظام الاجتماعي العام ويتحقق في سياق حياة الفرد الذي سيموت. ويقود هذا الفهم إلى طرح سؤالين رئيسين بخصوص إمكانية دراسة المجتمع وفهمه من خلال دراسة أنماط الموت السائدة فيه، وإمكانية دراسة الموت من خلال دراسة أنماطه المتباينة نتيجة تنوّع المجتمعات عبر أزمنة وأمكنة مختلفة. ويتناول هذا الكتاب الصادر عن المركز العربي للأبحاث ودراسة السياسات؛ هذين السؤالين في سياق محدد جدًا: الضحية والشهادة والاستشهاد بما هي طرائق موت، والمجتمع الفلسطيني الذي يحتِّم هذه الطرائق.

Routledge Handbook Of Critical Terrorism Studies

Author: Richard Jackson
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317801628
Size: 18,37 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 820

This new handbook is a comprehensive collection of cutting-edge essays that investigate the contribution of Critical Terrorism Studies to our understanding of contemporary terrorism and counterterrorism. Terrorism remains one of the most important security and political issues of our time. After 9/11, Critical Terrorism Studies (CTS) emerged as an alternative approach to the mainstream study of terrorism and counterterrorism, one which combined innovative methods with a searching critique of the abuses of the war on terror. This volume explores the unique contribution of CTS to our understanding of contemporary non-state violence and the state’s response to it. It draws together contributions from key thinkers in the field who explore critical questions around the nature and study of terrorism, the causes of terrorism, state terrorism, responses to terrorism, the war on terror, and emerging issues in terrorism research. Covering a wide range of topics including key debates in the field and emerging issues, the Routledge Handbook of Critical Terrorism Studies will set a benchmark for future research on terrorism and the response to it. This handbook will be of great interest to students of terrorism studies, political violence, critical security studies and IR in general.

Gender And Conflict

Author: Georg Frerks
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317130812
Size: 11,46 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Through an in-depth analysis of the multifaceted manifestations of gender and conflict, this book shows how cognition and behaviour, agency and victimization, are gendered beyond the popular stereotypes. Conflict not only reconfirms social hierarchies and power relations, but also motivates people to transgress cultural boundaries and redefine their self-images and identities. The contributions are a mix of classical ethnography, performance studies and embodiment studies, showing ’emotions and feelings’ often denied in scientific social research. Strong in their constructivist approach and unorthodox in theory, the articles touch upon the dynamic relation between the discourses, embodiments and symbolic practices that constitute the gendered world of conflict. The localities and research sites vary from institutional settings such as a school, rebel movements, public toilets and the military to more artistic domains of gendered conflicts such as prison theatre classes and the capoeira ring. At the same time, these conflicts and domains appropriate wider discourses and practices of a global nature, demonstrating the globalised and institutionalised nature of the nexus gender-conflict. A first set of chapters deals with ’breaking the gender taboos’ and renegotiating the stereotypical gender roles - masculinities or femininities - during conflict. A second set of chapters focuses more explicitly on the bodily experience of conflict either physically of symbolically, while the last set straddle body and narrative. The inductive quality of the work leads to unexpected insights and does give access to worlds that are new, and often surprising and unconventional.

Resilience In Social Political And Cultural Spheres

Author: Martin Endreß
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3658153296
Size: 20,41 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Read: 129

Resilience is one of the most important concepts in contemporary sociology. This volume offers a broad overview over the different theories and concepts of this category focusing on the cultural and political aspects of resilience.

Dissertation Abstracts International

Size: 10,87 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 995

Journal Of Anthropological Research

Size: 19,71 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Read: 724