The Phylogenetic Handbook

Author: Philippe Lemey
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139478618
Size: 10,82 MB
Format: PDF
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The Phylogenetic Handbook is a broad, hands on guide to theory and practice of nucleotide and protein phylogenetic analysis. This second edition includes six new chapters, covering topics such as Bayesian inference, tree topology testing and the impact of recombination on phylogenies, as well as a detailed section on molecular adaptation. The book has a stronger focus on hypothesis testing than the previous edition, with more extensive discussions on recombination analysis, detecting molecular adaptation and genealogy-based population genetics. Many chapters include elaborate practical sections, which have been updated to introduce the reader to the most recent versions of sequence analysis and phylogeny software, including BLAST, FastA, Clustal, T-coffee, Muscle, DAMBE, Tree-puzzle, Phylip, MEGA, PAUP*, IQPNNI, CONSEL, ModelTest, Prottest, PAML, HYPHY, MrBayes, BEAST, LAMARC, SplitsTree, and RDP. Many analysis tools are described by their original authors, resulting in clear explanations that constitute an ideal teaching guide for advanced-level undergraduate and graduate students.

Evolution In Action

Author: Matthias Glaubrecht
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642124259
Size: 10,14 MB
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Radiations, or Evolution in Action We have just celebrated the “Darwin Year” with the double anniversary of his 200th birthday and 150th year of his masterpiece, “On the Origin of Species by means of Natural Selection”. In this work, Darwin established the factual evidence of biological evolution, that species change over time, and that new organisms arise by the splitting of ancestral forms into two or more descendant species. However, above all, Darwin provided the mechanisms by arguing convincingly that it is by natural selection – as well as by sexual selection (as he later added) – that organisms adapt to their environment. The many discoveries since then have essentially con?rmed and strengthened Darwin’s central theses, with latest evidence, for example, from molecular genetics, revealing the evolutionary relationships of all life forms through one shared history of descent from a common ancestor. We have also come a long way to progressively understand more on how new species actually originate, i. e. on speciation which remained Darwin’s “mystery of m- teries”, as noted in one of his earliest transmutation notebooks. Since speciation is the underlying mechanism for radiations, it is the ultimate causation for the biological diversity of life that surrounds us.

Modern Phylogenetic Comparative Methods And Their Application In Evolutionary Biology

Author: László Zsolt Garamszegi
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3662435500
Size: 12,26 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Phylogenetic comparative approaches are powerful analytical tools for making evolutionary inferences from interspecific data and phylogenies. The phylogenetic toolkit available to evolutionary biologists is currently growing at an incredible speed, but most methodological papers are published in the specialized statistical literature and many are incomprehensible for the user community. This textbook provides an overview of several newly developed phylogenetic comparative methods that allow to investigate a broad array of questions on how phenotypic characters evolve along the branches of phylogeny and how such mechanisms shape complex animal communities and interspecific interactions. The individual chapters were written by the leading experts in the field and using a language that is accessible for practicing evolutionary biologists. The authors carefully explain the philosophy behind different methodologies and provide pointers – mostly using a dynamically developing online interface – on how these methods can be implemented in practice. These “conceptual” and “practical” materials are essential for expanding the qualification of both students and scientists, but also offer a valuable resource for educators. Another value of the book are the accompanying online resources (available at: http://www.mpcm-evolution.com), where the authors post and permanently update practical materials to help embed methods into practice.

The Phylogenetic Handbook

Author: Marco Salemi
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521803908
Size: 16,92 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Introduction to the theory and practice of phylogenetic analysis for molecular evolution students and professionals.

Genetics And Evolution Of Infectious Diseases

Author: Michel Tibayrenc
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128001534
Size: 19,38 MB
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Genetics and Evolution of Infectious Diseases, Second Edition, discusses the constantly evolving field of infectious diseases and their continued impact on the health of populations, especially in resource-limited areas of the world. Students in public health, biomedical professionals, clinicians, public health practitioners, and decisions-makers will find valuable information in this book that is relevant to the control and prevention of neglected and emerging worldwide diseases that are a major cause of global morbidity, disability, and mortality. Although substantial gains have been made in public health interventions for the treatment, prevention, and control of infectious diseases during the last century, in recent decades the world has witnessed a worldwide human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pandemic, increasing antimicrobial resistance, and the emergence of many new bacterial, fungal, parasitic, and viral pathogens. The economic, social, and political burden of infectious diseases is most evident in developing countries which must confront the dual burden of death and disability due to infectious and chronic illnesses. Takes an integrated approach to infectious diseases Includes contributions from leading authorities Provides the latest developments in the field of infectious disease

Die Kunst Der Benennung

Author: Michael Ohl
Editor: Matthes & Seitz Berlin Verlag
ISBN: 3957571340
Size: 13,28 MB
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1942, mitten im Zweiten Weltkrieg, führt Hitler einen ganz persönlichen Kampf: den Kampf für die Spitzmaus. Biologen, die sich erdreistet hatten, dem irrtümlich als "Maus" bezeichneten Tier einen anderen Namen zu verpassen, drohte er mit einem Arbeitseinsatz an der Ostfront. Um die richtigen Namen für die Natur wird - wenn auch weniger dramatisch - seit jeher gerungen. Entgegen der ausgefeilten Systematik der Tierkategorisierung unterliegt die Namensgebung selbst der Freiheit des Entdeckers und gestaltet sich entsprechend kunstvoll wie kontrovers. Doch wie passt das mit dem Exaktheitsanspruch der Naturwissenschaft zusammen? In einer unterhaltsamen Expedition durch die Geschichte der Naturkunde, durch Museen und Wildnis, eröffnet uns Michael Ohl eine eigentümliche, faszinierende Sprachwelt, die sich von volkstümlichen Bezeichnungen über die Systematisierung bei Linné bis hin zur Genetik stetig weiterentwickelt hat. Er erzählt die Geschichte von waghalsigen Abenteurern und sammelwütigen Sonderlingen und erkärt, warum der Maulwurf sein Maul bei sich behält und das Murmeltier pfeift und nicht murmelt. Mit diesem Verständnis des sinnlichen Wechselspiels von Kultur und Natur können wir begreifen, warum die "Diva unter den Pferdebremsen" mit goldenem Hinterteil den Namen von Beyoncé trägt, und was es mit der merkwürdigen Art "Homo sapiens" auf sich hat.

Bringing Fossils To Life

Author: Donald R. Prothero
Editor: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231536909
Size: 18,48 MB
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One of the leading textbooks in its field, Bringing Fossils to Life applies paleobiological principles to the fossil record while detailing the evolutionary history of major plant and animal phyla. It incorporates current research from biology, ecology, and population genetics, bridging the gap between purely theoretical paleobiological textbooks and those that describe only invertebrate paleobiology and that emphasize cataloguing live organisms instead of dead objects. For this third edition Donald R. Prothero has revised the art and research throughout, expanding the coverage of invertebrates and adding a discussion of new methodologies and a chapter on the origin and early evolution of life.

Vorlesungen Ber Zahlentheorie

Author: Helmut Hasse
Editor: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642886787
Size: 19,73 MB
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Grundz Ge Einer Theorie Der Phylogenetischen Systematik

Author: Willi Hennig
Editor:
ISBN: 9783874291880
Size: 15,99 MB
Format: PDF
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Gentechnologie F R Einsteiger

Author: Terence A. Brown
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 9783827413024
Size: 17,31 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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T. A. Browns "Gentechnologie fA1/4r Einsteiger" hat sich in mehreren Auflagen international als StandardeinfA1/4hrung in die Genklonierung und DNA-Analyse etabliert. Das Grundlagenlehrbuch setzt nur wenig Kenntnisse in Molekularbiologie und Genetik voraus und erlAutert in klarer Sprache sowohl die fundamentalen Prinzipien der wichtigsten gentechnologischen Methoden als auch die immer breiter werdende Palette ihrer Anwendungen. Die groAe Bedeutung der Gentechnologie fA1/4r die Grundlagenforschung und fA1/4r neue Entwicklungen in Biotechnologie und Medizin wird klar herausgearbeitet. Aoeber 250 zweifarbige Illustrationen erleichtern das VerstAndnis des Stoffes und machen die Konzepte und Arbeitstechniken der Gentechnologen anschaulich. Die neue Auflage ist vollstAndig A1/4berarbeitet und enthAlt zwei neue Kapitel. Eines prAsentiert die Methoden, mit denen man ganze Genome sequenziert, und beschreibt, was man aus den gewonnenen Sequenzinformationen ablesen kann. Das zweite widmet sich den Anwendungen der Gentechnologie in der Gerichtsmedizin - ein spannendes und aufschlussreiches Beispiel des Einsatzpotenzials der DNA-Analyse. Der groAen Bedeutung der Polymerasekettenreaktion (PCR) entsprechend wird diese Technik jetzt in einem frA1/4hen Abschnitt des Buches behandelt und durchgehend stArker berA1/4cksichtigt.