The Volta River Basin

Author: Timothy O. Williams
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 131747953X
Size: 12,57 MB
Format: PDF
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The Volta River Basin (VRB) is an important transboundary basin in West Africa that covers approximately 410,000 square kilometres across six countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Mali and Togo. Its natural resources sustain the livelihoods of its population and contribute to economic development. This book provides a comprehensive, interdisciplinary review and assessment of the issues and challenges faced. The authors provide a science-based assessment of current and future scenarios of water availability, the demands of key sectors, including agriculture and hydropower, and the environment under changing demographic, economic, social and climatic conditions. They also identify solutions and strategies that will allow available water resources to be sustainably used to improve agricultural productivity, food security and economic growth in the VRB. Overall, the work examines from a multidisciplinary and multi-stakeholder perspective the solutions and strategies to improve the use of water and other natural resources in the VRB to achieve enhanced food security, livelihoods and economic growth.

The Zambezi River Basin

Author: Jonathan Lautze
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1315282038
Size: 11,49 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The Zambezi river is the fourth longest in Africa, crossing or bordering Zambia, Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe and Mozambique. The river basin is widely recognised as one of the most important basins in southern Africa and is the focus of contested development, including water for hydropower and for agriculture and the environment. This book provides a thorough review of water and sustainable development in the Zambezi, in order to identify critical issues and propose constructive ways forward. The book first reviews the availability and use of water resources in the basin, outlines the basin’s economic potential and highlights key concerns related to climate vulnerability and risk. Focus is then devoted to hydropower and the water-energy-food (WEF) nexus, sustainable agricultural water management, and threats and opportunities related to provision of ecosystem services. The impact of urbanisation and water quality is also examined, as well as ways to enhance transboundary water cooperation. Last, the book assesses the level of water security in the basin, and provides suggestions for achieving Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6. Throughout, emphasis is placed on entry points for basin-level management to foster improved paths forward.

The Ganges River Basin

Author: Luna Bharati
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317479475
Size: 18,41 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The Ganges is one of the most complex yet fascinating river systems in the world. The basin is characterized by a high degree of heterogeneity from climatic, hydrological, geomorphological, cultural, environmental and socio-economic perspectives. More than 500 million people are directly or indirectly dependent upon the Ganges River Basin, which spans China, Nepal, India and Bangladesh. While there are many books covering one aspect of the Ganges, ranging from hydrology to cultural significance, this book is unique in presenting a comprehensive inter-disciplinary overview of the key issues and challenges facing the region. Contributors from the three main riparian nations assess the status and trends of water resources, including the Himalayas, groundwater, pollution, floods, drought and climate change. They describe livelihood systems in the basin, and the social, economic, geopolitical and institutional constraints, including transboundary disputes, to achieving productive, sustainable and equitable water access. Management of the main water-use sectors and their inter-linkages are reviewed, as well as the sustainability and trade-offs in conservation of natural systems and resource development such as for hydropower or agriculture.

Water For Food Water For Life

Author: David Molden
Editor: Earthscan
ISBN: 1844073971
Size: 15,21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Managing water resources is one of the most pressing challenges of our times - fundamental to how we feed 2 billion more people in coming decades, eliminate poverty, and reverse ecosystem degradation. This Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture, involving more than 700 leading specialists, evaluates current thinking on water and its interplay with agriculture to help chart the way forward. It offers actions for water management and water policy - to ensure more equitable and effective use.This assessment describes key water-food-environment trends that influence our lives today and uses scenarios to explore the consequences of a range of potential investments. It aims to inform investors and policymakers about water and food choices in light of such crucial influences as poverty, ecosystems, governance, and productivity. It covers rainfed agriculture, irrigation, groundwater, marginal-quality water, fisheries, livestock, rice, land, and river basins. Ample tables, graphs, and references make this an invaluable work for practitioners, academics, researchers, and policymakers in water management, agriculture, conservation, and development.Published with IWMI.

Climate Change In Contrasting River Basins

Author: Jeroen C. J. H. Aerts
Editor: Cabi
ISBN: 9780851998350
Size: 11,55 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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1. Adaptation for Regional Water Management - J. Aerts and P. Droogers; 2. Evaluating Downscaling Methods for Preparing Global Circulation Model (GCM) Data for Hydrological Impact Modelling - L.M. Bouwe, J.C.J.H. Aerts, G.M. van de Coterlet, N. van de Giesen, A. Gieske and C. Mannaerts; 3. Adaptation Strategies to Climate Change to Sustain Food Security - P. Droogers, J. van Dam, J. Hoogeveen and R. Loeve; 4. Water for the Environment: Exploring Adaptations to Climate Change in River Basins - R. Lasage and J. Aerts; 5. How Much Water will be Available for Irrigation in the Future?" The Syr Darya Basin (Central Asia) - O.S. Savoskul and E.V. Chevnina; 6. Maintaining Sustainable Agriculture Under Climate Change. Zayandeh Rud Basin (Iran) - S. Morid, A.R. Massah, M. Agha Alikhani and K. Mohammadi; 7. Increasing Climate Variability in the Rhine Basin: Business as Usual? - H. Klein, K.J. Douben, W. van Deursen and E. de Ruyter van Steveninck; 8. Will We Produce Sufficient Food Under Climate Change? Mekong Basin (South East Asia) - C.T. Hoanh, H. Guttman, P. Droogers and J.C.J.H. Aerts; 9. Can We Maintain Food Production Without Losing Hydropower? The Volta Basin (West Africa) - W. Andah, N. van de Giessen, A. Huber-Lee and C.A. Biney; 10. Will There be Sufficient Water Under Internal and External Changes? Walawe Basin, Sri Lanka - H.M. Jayatillake and P. Droogers; 11. How Can We Sustain Agriculture and Ecosystems? The Sacramento Basin (California, USA) - A. Huber-Lee, D. Yates, D. Purkey, W. Yu, C. Young and B. Runkle; 12. Food Demand and Production: A Global and Regional Perspective - K. Strzepek, A. Mccluskey, J. Hoogeveen and J. van Dam; 13. Adaptation to Climate Change: A Research Agenda for the Future - J. Aerts, P. Droogers and S. Werners.

Dependence Of Riparian Communities On Ecosystem Services In Northern Ghana

Author: Mul, Marloes
Editor: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
ISBN: 9290908637
Size: 17,14 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The Hydropolitics Of Africa

Author: Marcel Kitissou
Editor: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443802271
Size: 19,90 MB
Format: PDF
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Water is both an essential resource and a source of disease and conflict in contemporary Africa. And we begin to learn that far distant processes of consumption and pollution can have their impact on the water systems of Africa: global warming produced by the material culture of the first world threatens the weather systems and very survival of developing countries. In this context, this volume – the product of an expert meeting at Cornell University’s Institute for African Development – traces and tracks the dynamics of the contemporary hydropolitics of Africa. The volume contains a variety of approaches to the study of the organisation of water within Africa ranging from technical essays on water borne diseases, through institutional analyses of the legal and political arrangements around the distribution of water to social policy analyses of the unmet demand for water amongst Africa’s poor. Taken as a whole, the volume provides the reader with a useful reference work on the contemporary hydropolitics of Africa whilst simultaneously providing a lively introduction to a critical and much neglected area of African development policy.

Sustainable Irrigation Development In The White Volta Sub Basin

Author: Eric Antwi Ofosu
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466552824
Size: 10,36 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Sub-Saharan Africa has an irrigation potential of about 42 million hectares of which only 17% is developed. Despite several investments in irrigation the growth is slow. This study aims at helping to achieve sustainable irrigation in sub-Saharan Africa, through gaining a better understanding of productive irrigation water use and effective management of irrigation development. The study is conducted in the White Volta sub-basin specifically in Northern Ghana and Southern Burkina Faso which have been experiencing rapid irrigation development since the mid 1990s. The study identified growing markets for irrigated products as an important driving force behind the expansion of irrigation which has given rise to new technologies. The new technologies have spread because they gave farmers direct control over water sources. These new technologies allow relatively small farm sizes which can be adequately managed by the surveyed farmers. As a result high productivities are achieved. The hydrological impact of upscaling irrigation in the sub-basin is sustainable and will maximize the overall benefits derived from water resources in the Volta Basin.

Water For People Water For Life

Author: World Water Assessment Programme (United Nations)
Editor: Unesco
ISBN: 9781571816276
Size: 10,24 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The world's freshwater resources are coming under growing pressure through such environmental hazards as human waste, urbanization, industrialization, and pesticides. The problems are exacerbated through drought in many parts of the world. The improvement of the water quality itself and access to it have been major concerns for politicians and development agencies for over a decade. First officially formulated at the Rio Earth Summit of 1992, they have been restated or expanded since then. The UN Millennium Declaration of 2000 transformed general guidelines into specific targets. The international community pledged "to halve by 2015 the proportion of people who are unable to reach, or to afford, safe drinking water" and "to stop the unsustainable exploitation of water resources, by developing water management strategies at the regional, national and local levels, which promote both equitable access and adequate supplies." Thus, ten years after Rio it is time to take stock. Based on the collective inputs of 23 United Nations agencies and convention secretariats, this Report offers a global overview of the state of the world's freshwater resources. It is part of an on-going assessment process to develop policies and help with their implementation as well as to measure any progress towards achieving sustainable use of water resources. Generously illustrated with more than 25 full-color global maps and numerous figures, the report reviews progress and trends and presents seven pilot case studies of river basins representing various social, economic and environmental settings: Lake Titicaca (Bolivia, Peru); Senegal river basin (Senegal, Mali, Mauritania, Guinea); Seine Normandy (France); Lake Peipsi/Chudskoe (Estonia, Russia); Ruhuna basin (Sri Lanka); Greater Tokyo region (Japan); and Chao Phraya (Thailand). It assesses progress in 11 challenge areas, including health, food, environment, shared water resources, cities, industry, energy, risk management, knowledge, valuing water and governance. Proposing methodologies and indicators for measuring sustainability, it lays the foundations for regular, system-wide monitoring and reporting by the UN, together with the development of standardized methodologies and data. With its comprehensive maps, glossary, references and coverage of a broad range of themes and examples of real-world river basins, the UN World Water Development Report will no doubt prove to be a most valuable reference work. Visit theUnited Nation's Water Portalfor more information on the report and on the International Year of Freshwater 2003.

Transboundary Water Management

Author: Anton Earle
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1136531092
Size: 18,21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The management of water resources across boundaries, whether sub-national or international, is one of the most difficult challenges facing water managers today. The upstream exploitation or diversion of groundwater or rivers can have devastating consequences for those living downstream, and transboundary rivers can provide a source of conflict between nations or states, particularly where water resources are scarce. Similarly, water based-pollution can spread across borders and create disputes and a need for sound governance. This book is the first to bring together in a concise and accessible way all of the main topics to be considered when managing transboundary waters. It will raise the awareness of practitioners of the various issues needed to be taken into account when making water management decisions and provide a practically-based overview for advanced students. The authors show clearly how vital it is to cooperate effectively over the management of shared waters to unlock their contribution to regional sustainable development. The book is largely based on a long-running and tested international training programme, run by the Stockholm International Water Institute and Ramboll Natura, and supported by the Swedish International Development Co-operation Agency (Sida), where the respective authors have presented modules on the programmes. It addresses issues not only of conflict, but also of managing power asymmetries, benefit-sharing, stakeholder participation, international water law, environmental water requirements and regional development. It will be particularly useful for those with a background in hydrology or engineering who wish to broaden their management skills.