Thermodynamics Of Crystalline States

Author: Minoru Fujimoto
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461450853
Size: 13,56 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 814

Thermodynamics is a well-established discipline of physics for properties of matter in thermal equilibrium with the surroundings. Applying to crystals, however, the laws encounter undefined properties of crystal lattice, which therefore need to be determined for a clear and well-defined description of crystalline states. Thermodynamics of Crystalline States explores the roles played by order variables and dynamic lattices in crystals in a wholly new way. The book begins by clarifying basic concepts for stable crystals. Next, binary phase transitions are discussed to study collective motion of order variables, as described mostly as classical phenomena. New to this edition is the examination of magnetic crystals, where magnetic symmetry is essential for magnetic phase transitions. The multi-electron system is also discussed theoretically, as a quantum-mechanical example, for superconductivity in metallic crystals. Throughout the book, the role played by the lattice is emphasized and studied in-depth. Thermodynamics of Crystalline States is an introductory treatise and textbook on mesoscopic phenomena in solid states, constituting a basic subject in condensed matter physics. While this book serves as a guide for advanced students in physics and material science, it can also be useful as a reference for all professionals in related fields. Minoru Fujimoto is author of Physics of Classical Electromagnetism (Springer, 2007) and The Physics of Structural Phase Transitions (Springer, 2005).

Solid State Physics

Author: Henry Ehrenreich
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780126077599
Size: 15,96 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Read: 353

This volume contains two articles on topics in materials science of great importance: the thermodynamics of stressed solids, a fundamental problem that goes back to Gibbs, and hydrogen in materials, an area that is both scientifically rich and of great current technological importance.

Thermochemistry And Thermodynamics

Author: Henry Alistair Skinner
Size: 17,95 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 361

Thermodynamics And Equations Of State For Matter

Author: Vladimir Fortov
Editor: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814749214
Size: 14,46 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 145

The monograph presents a comparative analysis of different thermodynamic models of the equations of state. The basic ideological premises of the theoretical methods and the experiment are considered. The principal attention is on the description of states that are of greatest interest for the physics of high energy concentrations which are either already attained or can be reached in the near future in controlled terrestrial conditions, or are realized in astrophysical objects at different stages of their evolution. Ultra-extreme astrophysical and nuclear-physical applications are also analyzed where the thermodynamics of matter is affected substantially by relativism, high-power gravitational and magnetic fields, thermal radiation, transformation of nuclear particles, nucleon neutronization, and quark deconfinement. The book is intended for a wide range of specialists engaged in the study of the equations of state of matter and high energy density physics, as well as for senior students and postgraduates. Contents:PrefaceIntroductionPhase States of Matter, Their ClassificationEquations of State of Gases and LiquidsQuantum-Mechanical Models of a SolidPlasma ThermodynamicsMonte Carlo and Molecular Dynamics MethodsStatistical Substance ModelDensity Functional MethodPhase TransitionsSemi-Empirical Equations of StateRelativistic Plasma. Wide–Range DescriptionNuclear Transformations Under Strong CompressionQuark–Gluon Plasma and Strange MatterSemi-Empiric Nuclear ModelsBibliography Readership: The book is intended for a wide range of specialists engaged in the study of the equations of state of matter and high energy density physics, as well as for senior students and postgraduates.

Introduction To The Thermodynamics Of Materials Sixth Edition

Author: David R. Gaskell
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498757030
Size: 14,62 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 962

Maintaining the substance that made Introduction to the Thermodynamic of Materials a perennial best seller for decades, this Sixth Edition is updated to reflect the broadening field of materials science and engineering. The new edition is reorganized into three major sections to align the book for practical coursework, with the first (Thermodynamic Principles) and second (Phase Equilibria) sections aimed at use in a one semester undergraduate course. The third section (Reactions and Transformations) can be used in other courses of the curriculum that deal with oxidation, energy, and phase transformations. The book is updated to include the role of work terms other than PV work (e.g., magnetic work) along with their attendant aspects of entropy, Maxwell equations, and the role of such applied fields on phase diagrams. There is also an increased emphasis on the thermodynamics of phase transformations and the Sixth Edition features an entirely new chapter 15 that links specific thermodynamic applications to the study of phase transformations. The book also features more than 50 new end of chapter problems and more than 50 new figures.

Thermodynamic And Kinetic Aspects Of The Vitreous State

Author: Sergei Vladimir Nemilov
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849337826
Size: 12,81 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 900

This is the first book to logically present the major problems of the vitreous state within the framework of irreversible thermodynamics. Filled with elementary explanations for difficult problems, this easily understood text/reference treats in detail the criteria of glass transition, the peculiarities of relaxing structural parameters, and the Prigogine-Defay ratio. Based on the author's rigorous generalization of the Second Law for non-equilibrium, the book systematizes all known thermodynamic data for glasses and melts. The thermodynamic essence of structural relaxation and memory effects are considered. The viscous flow theories are treated as a constituent of the kinetic description. All theoretical questions are illustrated by comparison of calculations with the experiments for glasses of inorganic and organic nature, with special attention to structural classification. An informative review of modern structural investigations is included. The bibliography follows the history of the main problems from the nineteenth century.

Fundamentals Of Classical And Statistical Thermodynamics

Author: Bimalendu N. Roy
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470843130
Size: 11,48 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 185

"Fundamentals of Classical and Statistical Thermodynamics" provides a comprehensive introduction to this pivotal subject. Starting from basics, the book begins with a thorough introduction to the field, providing concise definitions and an overview of thermodynamics and its applications. The book discusses the fundamentals of classical equilibrium thermodynamics, thermal physics, kinetic theory and statistical mechanics. This comprehensive coverage enables the reader to understand not only the interrelationships between these subjects but also encourages an ability to interpret the thermodynamic quantities and laws in terms of statistical mechanics. Beginning with a detailed discussion of the four laws of thermodynamics the text introduces more advanced topics in later chapters, such as applications of the first and second laws, free energy and chemical equilibria, and equilibrium statististical mechanics and applications. Uniquely, this text includes a large number of worked examples throughout, with a range of problems at the end of each chapter and their solutions all at the end of the book. The most fundamental concepts of the subject are emphasised throughout and new derivations of many of the standard formulae have been developed to avoid excessive mathematical rigour. "Fundamentals of Classical and Statistical Thermodynamics: " Provides a comprehensive introduction to the field, covering both classical and statistical thermodynamics. Includes numerous worked examples and end of chapter problems with answers provided at the back of the book. Covers the essentials of the subject combined with cutting-edge material such as non-linear chemical physics, critical phenomena and transport theory. Ensures the necessary mathematics are limited to simple derivatives and integrals. Suitable for all undergraduate students of physics, chemistry, materials science and engineering. Will also be an ideal reference book for those working within science and engineering.

Kinetics And Thermodynamics Of Multistep Nucleation And Self Assembly In Nanoscale Materials

Author: Gregoire Nicolis
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111816783X
Size: 18,61 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 888

The Advances in Chemical Physics series—the cutting edge of research in chemical physics The Advances in Chemical Physics series provides the chemical physics and physical chemistry fields with a forum for critical, authoritative evaluations of advances in every area of the discipline. Filled with cutting-edge research reported in a cohesive manner not found elsewhere in the literature, each volume of the Advances in Chemical Physics series presents contributions from internationally renowned chemists and serves as the perfect supplement to any advanced graduate class devoted to the study of chemical physics. This volume explores: Kinetics and thermodynamics of fluctuation-induced transitions in multistable systems (G. Nicolis and C. Nicolis) Dynamical rare event simulation techniques for equilibrium and nonequilibrium systems (Titus S. van Erp) Confocal depolarized dynamic light scattering (M. Potenza, T. Sanvito, V. Degiorgio, and M. Giglio) The two-step mechanism and the solution-crystal spinodal for nucleation of crystals in solution (Peter G. Vekilov) Experimental studies of two-step nucleation during two-dimensional crystallization of colloidal particles with short-range attraction (John R. Savage, Liquan Pei, and Anthony D. Dinsmore) On the role of metastable intermediate states in the homogeneous nucleation of solids from solution (James F. Lutsko) Effects of protein size on the high-concentration/low-concentration phase transition (Patrick Grosfils) Geometric constraints in the self-assembly of mineral dendrites and platelets (John J. Kozak) What can mesoscopic level in situ observations teach us about kinetics and thermodynamics of protein crystallization? (Mike Sleutel, Dominique Maes, and Alexander Van Driessche) The ability of silica to induce biomimetic crystallization of calcium carbonate (Matthias Kellermeier, Emilio Melero-GarcÍa, Werner Kunz, and Juan Manuel GarcÍa-Ruiz)

Introduction To The Thermodynamics Of Materials Fifth Edition

Author: David R. Gaskell
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1560329920
Size: 12,96 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 563

Thermodynamics Of Flowing Systems

Author: Antony N. Beris
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195344882
Size: 19,22 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 105

This much-needed monograph presents a systematic, step-by-step approach to the continuum modeling of flow phenomena exhibited within materials endowed with a complex internal microstructure, such as polymers and liquid crystals. By combining the principles of Hamiltonian mechanics with those of irreversible thermodynamics, Antony N. Beris and Brian J. Edwards, renowned authorities on the subject, expertly describe the complex interplay between conservative and dissipative processes. Throughout the book, the authors emphasize the evaluation of the free energy--largely based on ideas from statistical mechanics--and how to fit the values of the phenomenological parameters against those of microscopic models. With Thermodynamics of Flowing Systems in hand, mathematicians, engineers, and physicists involved with the theoretical study of flow behavior in structurally complex media now have a superb, self-contained theoretical framework on which to base their modeling efforts.