Thermodynamics Of Crystalline States

Author: Minoru Fujimoto
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461450853
Size: 16,78 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Thermodynamics is a well-established discipline of physics for properties of matter in thermal equilibrium with the surroundings. Applying to crystals, however, the laws encounter undefined properties of crystal lattice, which therefore need to be determined for a clear and well-defined description of crystalline states. Thermodynamics of Crystalline States explores the roles played by order variables and dynamic lattices in crystals in a wholly new way. The book begins by clarifying basic concepts for stable crystals. Next, binary phase transitions are discussed to study collective motion of order variables, as described mostly as classical phenomena. New to this edition is the examination of magnetic crystals, where magnetic symmetry is essential for magnetic phase transitions. The multi-electron system is also discussed theoretically, as a quantum-mechanical example, for superconductivity in metallic crystals. Throughout the book, the role played by the lattice is emphasized and studied in-depth. Thermodynamics of Crystalline States is an introductory treatise and textbook on mesoscopic phenomena in solid states, constituting a basic subject in condensed matter physics. While this book serves as a guide for advanced students in physics and material science, it can also be useful as a reference for all professionals in related fields. Minoru Fujimoto is author of Physics of Classical Electromagnetism (Springer, 2007) and The Physics of Structural Phase Transitions (Springer, 2005).

Thermal Analysis Of Micro Nano And Non Crystalline Materials

Author: Jaroslav #esták
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9048131502
Size: 12,43 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Thermal Analysis of Micro-, Nano- and Non-Crystalline Materials: Transformation, Crystallization, Kinetics, and Thermodynamics complements and adds to volume 8 Glassy, Amorphous and Nano-Crystalline Materials by providing a coherent and authoritative overview of cutting-edge themes in this field. In particular, the book focuses on reaction thermodynamics and kinetics applied to solid-state chemistry and thermal physics of various states of materials. Written by an international array of distinguished academics, the book deals with fundamental and historical aspects of phenomenological kinetics, equilibrium background of processes, crystal defects, non-stoichiometry and nano-crystallinity, reduced glass-transition temperatures and glass-forming coefficients, determination of the glass transition by DSC, the role of heat transfer and phase transition in DTA experiments, explanation of DTA/DSC methods used for the estimation of crystal nucleation, structural relaxation and viscosity behaviour in glass and associated relaxation kinetics, influence of preliminary nucleation and coupled phenomenological kinetics, nucleation on both the strongly curved surfaces and nano-particles, crystallization of glassy and amorphous materials including oxides, chalcogenides and metals, non-parametric and fractal description of kinetics, disorder and dimensionality in nano-crystalline diamond, thermal analysis of waste glass batches, amorphous inorganic polysialates and bioactivity of hydroxyl groups as well as reaction kinetics and unconventional glass formability of oxide superconductors. Thermal Analysis of Micro-, Nano- and Non-Crystalline Materials: Transformation, Crystallization, Kinetics, and Thermodynamics is a valuable resource to advanced undergraduates, postgraduates, and researches working in the application fields of material thermodynamics, thermal analysis, thermophysical measurements, and calorimetry.

Thermodynamic Modeling Of Solid Phases

Author: Michel Soustelle
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1848218664
Size: 14,99 MB
Format: PDF
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This book offers advanced students, in 7 volumes, successively characterization tools phases, the study of all types of phase, liquid, gas and solid, pure or multi-component, process engineering, chemical and electrochemical equilibria, the properties of surfaces and phases of small sizes. Macroscopic and microscopic models are in turn covered with a constant correlation between the two scales. Particular attention is given to the rigor of mathematical developments. This book focuses on solid phases.

Physical Chemistry Of Solids

Author: H. F. Franzen
Editor: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789810211547
Size: 13,89 MB
Format: PDF
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This book is about the underlying principles of symmetry, thermodynamics and electronic structure that pertain to crystalline solids. After years of teaching graduate students in the areas covered, the author has a good idea of what major notions of group theory and thermodynamics are useful to students of solid state chemistry, and of what fundamental concepts are necessary for a clear understanding. Thus the book deals with lattice symmetry, space groups, reciprocal space, Landau theory, X-ray diffraction, heterogeneous equilibria and simple band theory, in a rigorous and thorough treatment.

Modern Thermodynamics Of Crystalline Processes

Author: Minoru Fujimoto
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781138626522
Size: 18,89 MB
Format: PDF
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"This book explores modern thermodynamics of crystalline states, through the lens of soliton theory. Right from the start, the book revises traditional theories of these concepts with soliton theory in mind. Although well-established as a mathematical nonlinear physics, this is the first time that a book uses soliton theory to deal with nonlinear processes in crystals, clarifying dynamical aspects logically, as demonstrated for superconductivity in modulated crystals. The book explores the soliton theory of crystalline processes, from irreversible processes in Crystals, to Phase Transitions and Mesoscopic Disorder, Statistical Thermodynamics of Modulated Lattices, and Superconductivity"--

Fundamentals Of Classical And Statistical Thermodynamics

Author: Bimalendu N. Roy
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470843130
Size: 11,79 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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"Fundamentals of Classical and Statistical Thermodynamics" provides a comprehensive introduction to this pivotal subject. Starting from basics, the book begins with a thorough introduction to the field, providing concise definitions and an overview of thermodynamics and its applications. The book discusses the fundamentals of classical equilibrium thermodynamics, thermal physics, kinetic theory and statistical mechanics. This comprehensive coverage enables the reader to understand not only the interrelationships between these subjects but also encourages an ability to interpret the thermodynamic quantities and laws in terms of statistical mechanics. Beginning with a detailed discussion of the four laws of thermodynamics the text introduces more advanced topics in later chapters, such as applications of the first and second laws, free energy and chemical equilibria, and equilibrium statististical mechanics and applications. Uniquely, this text includes a large number of worked examples throughout, with a range of problems at the end of each chapter and their solutions all at the end of the book. The most fundamental concepts of the subject are emphasised throughout and new derivations of many of the standard formulae have been developed to avoid excessive mathematical rigour. "Fundamentals of Classical and Statistical Thermodynamics: " Provides a comprehensive introduction to the field, covering both classical and statistical thermodynamics. Includes numerous worked examples and end of chapter problems with answers provided at the back of the book. Covers the essentials of the subject combined with cutting-edge material such as non-linear chemical physics, critical phenomena and transport theory. Ensures the necessary mathematics are limited to simple derivatives and integrals. Suitable for all undergraduate students of physics, chemistry, materials science and engineering. Will also be an ideal reference book for those working within science and engineering.

Statistical Thermodynamics Of Semiconductor Alloys

Author: Vyacheslav A Elyukhin
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128039930
Size: 14,41 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Statistical Thermodynamics of Semiconductor Alloys is the consideration of thermodynamic properties and characteristics of crystalline semiconductor alloys by the methods of statistical thermodynamics. The topics presented in this book make it possible to solve such problems as calculation of a miscibility gap, a spinodal decomposition range, a short-range order, deformations of crystal structure, and description of the order-disorder transitions. Semiconductor alloys, including doped elemental semiconductors are the basic materials of solid-state electronics. Their structural stability and other characteristics are key to determining the reliability and lifetime of devices, making the investigation of stability conditions an important part of semiconductor physics, materials science, and engineering. This book is a guide to predicting and studying the thermodynamic properties and characteristics of the basic materials of solid-state electronics. Includes a complete and detailed consideration of the cluster variation method (CVM) Provides descriptions of spinodal decomposition ranges of crystalline alloys Presents a representation of thermodynamics characteristics and properties as a miscibility gap by using the different approximations of CVM Covers a unique, detailed consideration of the valence force field model with the complete collection of formulas

Thermodynamics And Equations Of State For Matter

Author: Vladimir Fortov
Editor: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814749214
Size: 20,22 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The monograph presents a comparative analysis of different thermodynamic models of the equations of state. The basic ideological premises of the theoretical methods and the experiment are considered. The principal attention is on the description of states that are of greatest interest for the physics of high energy concentrations which are either already attained or can be reached in the near future in controlled terrestrial conditions, or are realized in astrophysical objects at different stages of their evolution. Ultra-extreme astrophysical and nuclear-physical applications are also analyzed where the thermodynamics of matter is affected substantially by relativism, high-power gravitational and magnetic fields, thermal radiation, transformation of nuclear particles, nucleon neutronization, and quark deconfinement. The book is intended for a wide range of specialists engaged in the study of the equations of state of matter and high energy density physics, as well as for senior students and postgraduates. Contents:PrefaceIntroductionPhase States of Matter, Their ClassificationEquations of State of Gases and LiquidsQuantum-Mechanical Models of a SolidPlasma ThermodynamicsMonte Carlo and Molecular Dynamics MethodsStatistical Substance ModelDensity Functional MethodPhase TransitionsSemi-Empirical Equations of StateRelativistic Plasma. Wide–Range DescriptionNuclear Transformations Under Strong CompressionQuark–Gluon Plasma and Strange MatterSemi-Empiric Nuclear ModelsBibliography Readership: The book is intended for a wide range of specialists engaged in the study of the equations of state of matter and high energy density physics, as well as for senior students and postgraduates.

The Vitreous State

Author: Ivan S. Gutzow
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662031876
Size: 18,62 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The present book is devoted to problems of a physically important state of condensed matter - the vitreous state. We tried to summarize here the experimental evidence and the different theoretical approaches - structural, thermodynamic and those of statistical physics - connected with the formation, the kinetic stability and with the general nature of glasses as a particular physical state. In addition, a summary is given on the information available concerning proces ses of nucleation and crystallization of glass-forming systems, on methods of preventing or, in contrast, catalyzing crystallization in vitrifying liquids, on the kinetics of nucleation, the modes of crystal growth in undercooled melts and the devitrification of glasses. It was our aim to summarize in the present volume the basic principles and the most significant developments of a newly emerging science - glass science - and to show that, at least, in principle, any substance can exist in the vitreous state. Moreover, we have tried to demonstrate that the characteristic properties of the vitreous state may be attributed under certain conditions not only to systems with an amorphous structure (like the common glasses) but also to a number of other states of condensed matter including the crystalline one.

Thermodynamics Of Systems Containing Flexible Chain Polymers

Author: V.J. Klenin
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080542836
Size: 11,58 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book deals with the problems of the thermodynamics of systems containing flexible-chain polymers as the basis of polymer material science. The main thermodynamic quantities and concepts are introduced and discussed in the order of the objects getting more and more complicated: gases, magnets, low-molecular-weight substances and mixtures, and finally, polymers and polymer blends. All topics are considered in a common clue, using the principle of universality. The stability conditions for the one-phase state of multi-component systems are given. Phase separation is regarded as a result of loss in stability. The critical state of a system, with the one-phase state being close to the boundary of stability conditions breaking, is discussed in detail. The effects of both light scattering (elastic and dynamic) and diffusion, as directly depending on the thermodynamic parameters characterizing the one-phase state stability, are considered in detail. One of the versions of colloid scattering, namely, the turbidity spectrum method, is described as useful for the characterization of various heterogeneous structures and for the phase analysis of polymer systems. In the approximation of mean field theories and advanced field theory, formalisms expound the following divisions of the thermodynamics of binary and polynary systems with flexible-chain polymers: conformation of the polymer coil, composition fluctuations, elastic and dynamic light scattering, diffusion in the one-phase state (including the critical range), phase separation, polymer fractionation, the coil-globule transition, phase equilibrium and separation in the system network polymer + low-molecular-weight liquid, polymer blends and multiphase separation.