Tools And Modes Of Representation In The Laboratory Sciences

Author: U. Klein
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402001000
Size: 17,44 MB
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constitutive of reference in laboratory sciences as cultural sign systems and their manipulation and superposition, collectively shared classifications and associated conceptual frameworks,· and various fonns of collective action and social institutions. This raises the question of how much modes of representation, and specific types of sign systems mobilized to construct them, contribute to reference. Semioticians have argued that sign systems are not merely passive media for expressing preconceived ideas but actively contribute to meaning. Sign systems are culturally loaded with meaning stemming from previous practical applications and social traditions of applications. In new local contexts of application they not only transfer stabilized meaning but also can be used as active resources to add new significance and modify previous meaning. This view is supported by several analyses presented in this volume. Sign systems can be implemented like tools that are manipulated and superposed with other types of signs to forge new representations. The mode of representation, made possible by applying and manipulating specific types of representational tools, such as diagrammatic rather than mathematical representations, or Berzelian fonnulas rather than verbal language, contributes to meaning and forges fine-grained differentiations between scientists' concepts. Taken together, the essays contained in this volume give us a multifaceted picture of the broad variety of modes of representation in nineteenth-century and twentieth-century laboratory sciences, of the way scientists juxtaposed and integrated various representations, and of their pragmatic use as tools in scientific and industrial practice.

Representation And Productive Ambiguity In Mathematics And The Sciences

Author: Emily R. Grosholz
Editor: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0199299730
Size: 18,81 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Emily Grosholz offers an original investigation of demonstration in mathematics and science, examining how it works and why it is persuasive. Focusing on geometrical demonstration, she shows the roles that representation and ambiguity play in mathematical discovery. She presents a wide range of case studies in mechanics, topology, algebra, logic, and chemistry, from ancient Greece to the present day, but focusing particularly on the seventeenth and twentieth centuries. She argues that reductive methods are effective not because they diminish but because they multiply and juxtapose modes of representation. Such problem-solving is, she argues, best understood in terms of Leibnizian 'analysis' - the search for conditions of intelligibility. Discovery and justification are then two aspects of one rational way of proceeding, which produces the mathematician's formal experience. Grosholz defends the importance of iconic, as well as symbolic and indexical, signs in mathematical representation, and argues that pragmatic, as well as syntactic and semantic, considerations are indispensable for mathematical reasoning. By taking a close look at the way results are presented on the page in mathematical (and biological, chemical, and mechanical) texts, she shows that when two or more traditions combine in the service of problem solving, notations and diagrams are sublty altered, multiplied, and juxtaposed, and surrounded by prose in natural language which explains the novel combination. Viewed this way, the texts yield striking examples of language and notation that are irreducibly ambiguous and productive because they are ambiguous. Grosholtz's arguments, which invoke Descartes, Locke, Hume, and Kant, will be of considerable interest to philosophers and historians of mathematics and science, and also have far-reaching consequences for epistemology and philosophy of language.

Collected Papers On Philosophy Of Chemistry

Author: Eric R. Scerri
Editor: Imperial College Press
ISBN: 1848161387
Size: 15,51 MB
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This book represents a collection of papers from one of the founders of the new Philosophy of Chemistry. It is only the second single-author collection of papers on the Philosophy of Chemistry.The author is the editor-in-chief of Foundations of Chemistry, the leading journal in the field. He has recently gained worldwide success with his book on the periodic table of the elements titled The Periodic Table: Its Story and Its Significance. This volume provides an in-depth examination of his more philosophical and historical work in this area and further afield.

Models As Make Believe

Author: Adam Toon
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137292237
Size: 14,96 MB
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Scientists often try to understand the world by building simplified and idealised models of it. Adam Toon develops a new approach to scientific models by comparing them to the dolls and toy trucks of children's imaginative games, and offers a unified framework to solve difficult metaphysical problems and help to make sense of scientific practice.

Hermeneutic Philosophy Of Science Van Gogh S Eyes And God

Author: B.E. Babich
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401717672
Size: 16,56 MB
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This richly textured book bridges analytic and hermeneutic and phenomenological philosophy of science. It features unique resources for students of the philosophy and history of quantum mechanics and the Copenhagen Interpretation, cognitive theory and the psychology of perception, the history and philosophy of art, and the pragmatic and historical relationships between religion and science.

Boston Studies In The Philosophy Of Science

Author: Davis Baird
Editor:
ISBN:
Size: 10,36 MB
Format: PDF
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Research Report

Author: Max-Planck-Institut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte
Editor:
ISBN:
Size: 15,40 MB
Format: PDF
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Partners In Science

Author: Robert E. Kohler
Editor: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226450605
Size: 12,30 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Robert Kohler shows exactly how entrepreneurial academic scientists became intimate "partners in science" with the officers of the large foundations created by John D. Rockefeller and Andrew Carnegie, and in so doing tells a fascinating story of how the modern system of grant-getting and grant-giving evolved, and how this funding process has changed the way laboratory scientists make their careers and do their work. "This book is a rich historical tapestry of people, institutions and scientific ideas. It will stand for a long time as a source of precise and detailed information about an important aspect of the scientific enterprise. . .It also contains many valuable lessons for the coming years."—John Ziman, Times Higher Education Supplement

Internet Accessible Remote Laboratories Scalable E Learning Tools For Engineering And Science Disciplines

Author: Azad, Abul K.M.
Editor: IGI Global
ISBN: 1613501870
Size: 18,99 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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"This book presents current developments in the multidisciplinary creation of Internet accessible remote laboratories, offering perspectives on teaching with online laboratories, pedagogical design, system architectures for remote laboratories, future trends, and policy issues in the use of remote laboratories"--Provided by publisher.

Elsevier S Medical Laboratory Science Examination Review E Book

Author: Linda Graeter
Editor: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0323292410
Size: 17,26 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Elsevier's Medical Laboratory Science Examination Review is a brand-new resource that offers all the review, practice, and support you need to prepare for the either the MLS or MLT certification examination. Each chapter in the book offers a thorough review on one of the core areas of Medical Laboratory Science as outlined by the ASCP Board of Certification. Practice questions are also featured at the end of each chapter and explanations and rationales for each correct answer appear at the end of the text. Plus, an eight-page full-color insert displays photomicrographs of hematological and microbiological specimens exactly as they appear under the microscope and on the MLS and MLT certification exams. A mock certifications exam is included in the print book as well as online at the companion Evolve website – which also houses additional practice questions – totaling 1,000 questions in all. Inclusion of both MLS and MLT level content and questions enables the book to be used for both certification exams Print mock exam at the end of the book contains 100 certification examination preparation questions. Content reviews in outline form enables each topic to be easily reviewed but covered in an appropriate depth. Online mock exams on the companion Evolve website include all the practice questions from the book plus additional unique questions that can be used to create mock exams for extra practice. Eight-page full-color insert within the book features 50 illustrations that show hematological and microbiological photomicrographs. Test-taking tips and suggestions discuss the exam, how it’s set up and scored, when to answer, guess and not answers questions, how to identify distracters, and more.