A Critical Introduction To Scientific Realism

Author: Paul Dicken
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 147257589X
File Size: 55,75 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 7232
Download

What are the reasons for believing scientific theories to be true? The contemporary debate around scientific realism exposes questions about the very nature of scientific knowledge. A Critical Introduction to Scientific Realism explores and advances the main topics of the debate, allowing epistemologists to make new connections with the philosophy of science. Moving from its origins in logical positivism to some of the most recent issues discussed in the literature, this critical introduction covers the no-miracles argument, the pessimistic meta-induction and structural realism. Placing arguments in their historical context, Paul Dicken approaches scientific realism debate as a particular instance of our more general epistemological investigations. The recurrent theme is that the scientific realism debate is in fact a pseudo-philosophical question. Concerned with the methodology of the scientific realism debate, Dicken asks what it means to offer an epistemological assessment of our scientific practices. Taking those practices as a guide to our epistemological reflections, A Critical Introduction to Scientific Realism fills a gap in current introductory texts and presents a fresh approach to understanding a crucial debate.

Reclaiming Reality

Author: Roy Bhaskar
Editor: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1136911960
File Size: 20,85 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Read: 9243
Download

Reclaiming Reality provides the most accessible introduction to the increasingly influential multi-disciplinary and international body of thought, known as critical realism. It is designed to "underlabour" both for the sciences, especially the human sciences, and for the projects of human emancipation which such sciences may come to inform; and provides an enlightening intervention in current debates about realism and relativism, positivism and poststucturalism, modernism and postmodernism, etc.

Critical Realism

Author: Margaret Scotford Archer
Editor: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415196321
File Size: 54,65 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Read: 5085
Download

This reader is designed to make accessible in one volume, to lay person and academic, student and teacher alike, key readings to stimulate debate about and within critical realism.

A Critical Introduction To Fictionalism

Author: Frederick Kroon
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1472506960
File Size: 61,26 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 9822
Download

A Critical Introduction to Fictionalism provides a clear and comprehensive understanding of an important alternative to realism. Drawing on questions from ethics, the philosophy of religion, art, mathematics, logic and science, this is a complete exploration of how fictionalism contrasts with other non-realist doctrines and motivates influential fictionalist treatments across a range of philosophical issues. Defending and criticizing influential as well as emerging fictionalist approaches, this accessible overview discuses physical objects, universals, God, moral properties, numbers and other fictional entities. Where possible it draws general lessons about the conditions under which a fictionalist treatment of a class of items is plausible. Distinguishing fictionalism from other views about the existence of items, it explains the central features of this key metaphysical topic. Featuring a historical survey, definitions of key terms, characterisations of important subdivisions, objections and problems for fictionalism, and contemporary fictionalist treatments of several issues, A Critical Introduction to Fictionalism is a valuable resource for students of metaphysics as well as students of philosophical methodology. It is the only book of its kind.

Critical Realism And The Social Sciences

Author: Frank Pearce
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 26,55 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 9648
Download

Critical Realism and the Social Sciences brings together contributors from both sides of the Atlantic, all of whom engage with tenets of critical realism, juxtaposing them with traditional representations of social scientific enquiry.

International Relations Theory

Author: Cynthia Weber
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 113470044X
File Size: 58,59 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 7594
Download

The fourth edition of this innovative textbook introduces students to the main theories in international relations. It explains and analyzes each theory, allowing students to understand and critically engage with the myths and assumptions behind them. Each theory is illustrated using the example of a popular film. Key features of this textbook include: Discussion of all the main theories: realism and neo-realism, idealism and neo-idealism, liberalism, constructivism, postmodernism, gender, globalization, environmentalism, anarchism A new chapter on anarchism, debt and the Occupy Movement including use of the film, The Hunger Games New chapter brings the textbook up to date with reflections on the 2008 Global Financial Crisis and reactions to it by focusing on the myth this crisis generated, ‘We are the 99%’ Innovative use of narratives from films that students will be familiar with: Lord of the Flies, Independence Day, Wag the Dog, Fatal Attraction, The Truman Show, East is East, Memento, WALL-E and The Hunger Games Accessible and exciting writing style which is well-illustrated with film stills in each chapter, boxed key concepts and guides to further reading. This breakthrough textbook has been designed to unravel the complexities of international relations theory in a way that gives students a clearer idea of how the theories work, and of the myths associated with them.

Theory And Reality

Author: Peter Godfrey-Smith
Editor: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226300610
File Size: 32,51 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 8380
Download

How does science work? Does it tell us what the world is "really" like? What makes it different from other ways of understanding the universe? In Theory and Reality, Peter Godfrey-Smith addresses these questions by taking the reader on a grand tour of one hundred years of debate about science. The result is a completely accessible introduction to the main themes of the philosophy of science. Intended for undergraduates and general readers with no prior background in philosophy, Theory and Reality covers logical positivism; the problems of induction and confirmation; Karl Popper's theory of science; Thomas Kuhn and "scientific revolutions"; the views of Imre Lakatos, Larry Laudan, and Paul Feyerabend; and challenges to the field from sociology of science, feminism, and science studies. The book then looks in more detail at some specific problems and theories, including scientific realism, the theory-ladeness of observation, scientific explanation, and Bayesianism. Finally, Godfrey-Smith defends a form of philosophical naturalism as the best way to solve the main problems in the field. Throughout the text he points out connections between philosophical debates and wider discussions about science in recent decades, such as the infamous "science wars." Examples and asides engage the beginning student; a glossary of terms explains key concepts; and suggestions for further reading are included at the end of each chapter. However, this is a textbook that doesn't feel like a textbook because it captures the historical drama of changes in how science has been conceived over the last one hundred years. Like no other text in this field, Theory and Reality combines a survey of recent history of the philosophy of science with current key debates in language that any beginning scholar or critical reader can follow.

Author:
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 12,51 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 2743
Download


New Realism And Old Reality

Author: Daniel Luther Evans
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 59,63 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 3193
Download


Philosophy Of Language And The Challenge To Scientific Realism

Author: Christopher Norris
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1134336594
File Size: 69,17 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Read: 2289
Download

In this book Christopher Norris develops the case for scientific realism by tackling various adversary arguments from a range of anti-realist positions. Through a close critical reading he shows how they fail to make adequate sense on any rational, consistent, and scientifically-informed survey of the evidence. Along the way he incorporates a number of detailed case-studies from the history and philosophy of science. Norris devotes much of his discussion to some of the most prominent and widely influential source-texts of anti-realism. Also included are the sophisticated versions of verificationism developed - albeit in very different ways - by thinkers such as Michael Dummett and Bas van Fraassen. Central to Norris's argument is a prolonged engagement with the once highly influential but nowadays neglected work of Norwood Russell Hanson. This book will be welcomed especially by readers who possess some knowledge of the background debate and who wish to deepen and extend their understanding of these issues beyond an introductory level.

Education Epistemology And Critical Realism

Author: David Scott
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1134027338
File Size: 41,10 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 2952
Download

This book addresses fundamental questions in relation to education and its epistemology. The position taken by the author is critical realist; and thus throughout the relationship between education and critical realism is foregrounded. Themes and issues that surface at different times in the book are: a critical realist view of education research; a resolution of the quantitative/qualitative divide; criteria for judging the worth of educational texts and practices; differences between scientific and critical realisms; empirical research methods in education; structure-agency relationships; pragmatist views of educational research; foundations and paradigmatic differences; and educational critique and transformation.

South African Journal Of Philosophy

Author:
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 46,20 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Read: 9834
Download


Ernan Mcmullin And Critical Realism In The Science Theology Dialogue

Author: Paul L. Allen
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317141768
File Size: 67,89 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 4399
Download

Scientists, philosophers and theologians have wrestled repeatedly with the question of whether knowledge is similar or different in their various understandings of the world and God. Although agreement is still elusive, the epistemology of critical realism, associated with Ian Barbour, John Polkinghorne and Arthur Peacocke, remains widely credible. Relying on the lifetime work of philosopher Ernan McMullin, this book expands our understanding of critical realism beyond a permanent stand-off between the subjective and objective, whether in science or theology. Critical realism illuminates the subject and the objectively known simultaneously. Responding to criticisms made against it, this book defends critical realism in science and theology with a specific role to play in our understanding of God.

Applied Linguistics

Author:
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 55,42 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 8119
Download


A Realist Theory Of Science

Author: Roy Bhaskar
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1134050852
File Size: 46,47 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Read: 2706
Download

First Published in 2008. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Ageing Key Dimensions

Author: Susan A. McDaniel
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 70,34 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 6080
Download


Revue Internationale De Philosophie

Author:
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 63,30 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Read: 521
Download


Philosophy And Scientific Realism

Author: John Jamieson Carswell Smart
Editor: London : Routledge & K. Paul ; New York : Humanities Press
ISBN:
File Size: 52,14 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 6339
Download


Foundations Of Education

Author: Allan C. Ornstein
Editor: Houghton Mifflin College Division
ISBN:
File Size: 30,71 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 6081
Download

Foundations of Education provides complete coverage of all foundational areas; superior coverage of social foundations; updates on key issues in education; and strong, thought-provoking pedagogy. Completely updated, the Sixth Edition focuses more on technology with new sections on the history of technology in education; the place of technology in school reform; and the effects of digital technologies on children. Getting to the Source one-page excerpts familiarize students with a wide variety of primary source materials. Taking Issues charts present controversial topics in the field of education, offering arguments on both sides of a question.