A Dictionary Of Varieties Of English

Author: Raymond Hickey
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470656417
File Size: 53,82 MB
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A Dictionary of Varieties of English presents a comprehensive listing of the distinctive dialects and forms of English spoken throughout the contemporary world. Provides an invaluable introduction and guide to current research trends in the field Includes definitions both for the varieties of English and regions they feature, and for terms and concepts derived from a linguistic analysis of these varieties Explores important research issues including the transportation of dialects of English, the rise of ‘New Englishes’, sociolinguistic investigations of various English-speaking locales, and the study of language contact and change. Reflects our increased awareness of global forms of English, and the advances made in the study of varieties of the language in recent decades Creates an invaluable, informative resource for students and scholars alike, spanning the rich and diverse linguistic varieties of the most widely accepted language of international communication

A Dictionary Of Cameroon English Usage

Author: Jean-Paul Kouega
Editor: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9783039110278
File Size: 76,42 MB
Format: PDF
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This book initiates the process of codification of a postcolonial variety of English, namely Cameroon English. It focuses on the present-day lexicon of this non-native variety of English. English has been in use in this territory for a long period of time and over the years, it has developed some characteristic lexical features which have not as yet been described fully. Previous researchers have been regarding linguistic innovations as cases of lexical errors or Cameroonisms; as a result, teachers and language purists have been discouraging their usage. Today, it is obvious that these innovations have come to stay; they are specific to Cameroon and therefore constitute Cameroon's contribution to the development of world language English. The book is divided into two parts. Part One gives background information on Cameroon (physical and human geography, economy and geopolitics), the language situation in Cameroon (ancestral and vehicular languages, major lingua francas and official languages) and the linguistic features of English in Cameroon (phonology, grammar and lexicology). Part Two describes the research design (textual material, method of data collection and informants) and provides a lexicographic description (spelling, word formative process, definition) of characteristic Cameroon English lexemes.

Standards Of English

Author: Raymond Hickey
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521763894
File Size: 36,66 MB
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The first book-length exploration of 'standard Englishes' with contributions by the leading experts on each major variety of English discussed.

A Dictionary Of Nigerian English Usage

Author: Herbert Igboanusi
Editor: Lit Verlag
ISBN: 9783825814533
File Size: 75,26 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A Dictionary of Nigerian English Usage illustrates the variety of English used in Nigeria thereby allowing Nigerians and foreigners alike to recognise and learn Nigerian English and gain more in-dept understanding of the state of the variety. The entries have been selected on the basis of frequency of usage in written texts and speech and for their cultural and historical importance. The dictionary contains a detailed introduction which explains the features of Nigerian English, the history of English in Nigeria and research techniques and methodology.

Variety In Contemporary English

Author: W.R. O'Donnell
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1134887841
File Size: 51,95 MB
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First Published in 1992. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Routledge Dictionary Of English Language Studies

Author: Michael Pearce
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 0415351871
File Size: 55,22 MB
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Serves as a guide to the richness and variety of the English language for both students and the general reader.

A Dictionary Of Hong Kong English

Author: Patrick J. Cummings
Editor: Hong Kong University Press
ISBN: 9888083309
File Size: 33,45 MB
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This book is the first dictionary of Hong Kong English. It includes only words and word senses that are particular to Hong Kong English, legitimizing it as a variety in its own right. While the main focus is on contemporary language use from all domains of Hong Kong life, historical terms and references are covered as well. Entries are designed according to state of the art lexicography and show pronunciation, source language, frequency, authentic usage, and cultural conceptualizations. The dictionary also provides a brief history of Hong Kong English, a list of acronyms and abbreviations, historical place names and their current equivalents, words of Hong Kong origin now in international use, as well as further reference material. Patrick J. Cummingshas taught English and science in Hong Kong for more than a decade.Hans-Georg Wolfis chair professor for development and variation of the English language at Potsdam University, Germany.

A Dictionary Of English Normative Grammar 1700 1800

Author: Bertil Sundby
Editor: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027245509
File Size: 66,45 MB
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Eighteenth-century English grammarians plead eloquently for purity, precision and perspicuity, but their method of teaching largely amounts to citing examples of impurity, imprecision and lack of clarity from contemporary writings. This book is the first of its kind to provide a detailed systematic account of such 'errors'. Apart from source and page references, the Dictionary gives the context of the error (I have not wept this forty years), the correct or 'target' form ('these forty years'), the name of the authors quoted by the grammarians ('Addison', 'Swift'), and the labels which sum up their assessment of the error ('absurd', 'solecism'). It operates with error categories such as ambiguity, ellipsis and government (fourteen in all), which are subdivided into grammatically described main entries, subentries, and so on. The Introduction includes a guide to the use of the Dictionary, the grammatical code, and a discussion of grammatical concepts, error typologies, problems of identifying literary sources, attitudes to correctness, grammatical figures, and other topics. A Bibliography and an Index of lexical items and technical terms round off the volume. The way the Dictionary is organized should make it possible to find in it the answer to a wide variety of questions pertaining to grammar, style and linguistic historiography.

Postcolonial English

Author: Edgar W. Schneider
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139463667
File Size: 68,92 MB
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The global spread of English has resulted in the emergence of a diverse range of postcolonial varieties around the world. Postcolonial English provides a clear and original account of the evolution of these varieties, exploring the historical, social and ecological factors that have shaped all levels of their structure. It argues that while these Englishes have developed new and unique properties which differ greatly from one location to another, their spread and diversification can in fact be explained by a single underlying process, which builds upon the constant relationships and communication needs of the colonizers, the colonized, and other parties. Outlining the stages and characteristics of this process, it applies them in detail to English in sixteen different countries across all continents as well as, in a separate chapter, to a history of American English. Of key interest to sociolinguists, dialectologists, historical linguists and syntacticians alike, this book provides a fascinating new picture of the growth and evolution of English around the globe.

Introduction To International Varieties Of English

Author: Laurie Bauer
Editor: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 1474400450
File Size: 80,17 MB
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This book looks at native speaker varieties of English, considering how and why they differ in terms of their pronunciation, grammar, vocabulary and spelling. It shows how the major national varieties of English have developed, why similar causes have given rise to different effects in different parts of the world, and how the same problems of description arise in relation to all 'colonial' Englishes.It covers varieties of English spoken in Britain, the USA, Canada, South Africa, Australia, New Zealand and the Falkland Islands.Key FeaturesIntroductory text, presupposes a minimum of previous knowledgeFocuses on common traits rather than on individual varietiesInformed by latest research on dialect mixingExercises included with each chapterReferences for further reading in each chapter

World Englishes

Author: Kingsley Bolton
Editor: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780415315081
File Size: 36,18 MB
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Shakespeare S Non Standard English

Author: Norman Blake
Editor: A&C Black
ISBN: 9780826491237
File Size: 36,15 MB
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Most scholarly attention on Shakespeare's vocabulary has been directed towards his enrichment of the language through borrowing words from other languages and has thus concentrated on the more learned aspects of his vocabulary. However, the bulk of Shakespeare's output consists of plays and to make these appear lifelike he needed to employ a colloquial and informal style. This aspect of his work has been largely disregarded apart from his bawdy language. This dictionary includes all types of non-standard and informal language and lists all examples found in Shakespeare's works. These include dialect forms, colloquial forms, non-standard and variant forms, fashionable words and puns. >

A Dictionary Of The English Language

Author: Samuel Johnson
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 65,83 MB
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A Dictionary Of The English Language Abstracted From The Folio Ed By The Author To Which Is Prefixed A Grammar Of The English Language

Author: Samuel Johnson
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 67,57 MB
Format: PDF
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Dictionary Of Jamaican English

Author: Frederic Gomes Cassidy
Editor: University of West Indies Press
ISBN: 9789766401276
File Size: 42,83 MB
Format: PDF
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The method and plan of this dictionary of Jamaican English are basically the same as those of the Oxford English Dictionary, but oral sources have been extensively tapped in addition to detailed coverage of literature published in or about Jamaica since 1655. It contains information about the Caribbean and its dialects, and about Creole languages and general linguistic processes. Entries give the pronounciation, part-of-speach and usage of labels, spelling variants, etymologies and dated citations, as well as definitions. Systematic indexing indicates the extent to which the lexis is shared with other Caribbean countries.

Different Types Of Dictionaries

Author: Mirja Schnoor
Editor: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 363820121X
File Size: 71,37 MB
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Seminar paper from the year 2003 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 2 (B), Bielefeld University (FB Anglistics), course: GK Linguistik 1b How to Make a Dictionary, 15 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: There is a vast amount of different dictionaries available for users of the English language. All these dictionaries share the aspect that they provide information about English words and items, but they are also very different and need to be distinguished from each other. One may need a dictionary in one case and the same dictionary may be absolutely useless when one tries to solve another problem. “Monolingual learners’, general monolingual, and bilingual dictionaries present a problem: in spite of what may be advertised on the outside cover of these texts, no single dictionary can adequately serve all users. A variety of dictionaries is required to suit the backgrounds, needs, and expectations of individual language learners” (BATTENBURG 24). So different users and different questions require different dictionaries. One needs to know where to find the information asked for in a particular case, and one certainly needs more than one dictionary for different aspects of the English language. To avoid getting lost here, it is necessary to distinguish between the different types of dictionaries that exist. This report provides some suggestions for distinction, amongst other things established through empiric research. First, an outline of the different types of dictionaries is given, including general dictionaries (monolingual, bilingual), learner’s dictionaries, historical dictionaries and encyclopedias. Moreover, the typical structure of an entry in a dictionary is explained, because the dictionary entries examined later are mainly checked according to these parts of an entry; it is looked what parts they in- or exclude and how the parts are realized. After the theoretical part, the empiric research is documented. Five dictionaries (monolingual American and British, bilingual English-German, learner’s dictionary, historical dictionary) and one encyclopedia are compared in the way that three different items (general, encyclopedic, and regional) are looked up and the entries are compared in order to find differences and in this way get a guideline how and when to consult what dictionary.

The Plan Of A Dictionary Of The English Language

Author: Samuel Johnson
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 12,74 MB
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A Dictionary Of The English Language

Author: Robert Gordon Latham
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 54,80 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Dictionary Of Newfoundland English

Author: George Morley Story
Editor: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 9780802068194
File Size: 16,38 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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First published in 1982 to international acclaim, the Dictionary of Newfoundland English introduced the world to an incredibly rich dialect with deep roots in Ireland and the English West Country.

A Dictionary Of Hiberno English

Author: Terence Patrick Dolan
Editor: Terence Patrick Dolan
ISBN: 9780717140398
File Size: 16,19 MB
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The paperback version of the a revised and expanded edition of the standard dictionary in the field. Dolan s seminal work has established its pre-eminent position as the leading reference authority on the form of English spoken in Ireland. "