Quantifying Research Integrity

Author: Michael Seadle
Editor: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 1627059679
Size: 16,25 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Institutions typically treat research integrity violations as black and white, right or wrong. The result is that the wide range of grayscale nuances that separate accident, carelessness and bad practice from deliberate fraud and malpractice often get lost. This lecture looks at how to quantify the grayscale range in three kinds of research integrity violations: plagiarism, data falsification, and image manipulation. Quantification works best with plagiarism, because the essential one-to one matching algorithms are well known and established tools for detecting when matches exist. Questions remain, however, how many matching words of what kind in what location in which discipline constitute reasonable suspicion of fraudulent intent. Different disciplines take different perspectives on quantity and location. Quantification is harder with data falsification, because the original data are often not available, and because experimental replication remains surprisingly difficult. The same is true with image manipulation, where tools exist for detecting certain kinds of manipulations, but where the tools are also easily defeated. This lecture looks at how to prevent violations of research integrity from a pragmatic viewpoint, and at what steps can institutions and publishers take to discourage problems beyond the usual ethical admonitions. There are no simple answers, but two measures can help: the systematic use of detection tools and requiring original data and images. These alone do not suffice, but they represent a start. The scholarly community needs a better awareness of the complexity of research integrity decisions. Only an open and wide-spread international discussion can bring about a consensus on where the boundary lines are and when grayscale problems shade into black. One goal of this work is to move that discussion forward.

Strategic Communication Social Media And Democracy

Author: W. Timothy Coombs
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317554906
Size: 19,40 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Today almost everyone in the developed world spends time online and anyone involved in strategic communication must think digitally. The magnitude of change may be up for debate but the trend is unstoppable, dramatically reconfiguring business models, organisational structures and even the practice of democracy. Strategic Communication, Social Media and Democracy provides a wholly new framework for understanding this reality, a reality that is transforming the way both practitioners and theoreticians navigate this fast-moving environment. Firmly rooted in empirical research, and resisting the lure of over-optimistic communication dreams, it explores both the potential that social media offers for changing the relationships between organisations and stakeholders, and critically analyses what has been achieved so far. This innovative text will be of great interest to researchers, educators and advanced students in strategic communications, public relations, corporate communication, new media, social media and communication management.

Offenders Or Victims

Author: Olaf Blaschke
Editor: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 0803225229
Size: 19,42 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Antisemitism is generally thought to derive from chimerical images of Jews, who became the victims of these projections. Some scholars, however, allege that the Jews? own conduct was the main cause of the hatred directed toward them in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Olaf Blaschke takes up this provocative question by considering the tensions between German Catholicism and Judaism in the period of the KulturkÜmpfe. Did Catholic resentments merely construct ?their? secular Jew? Or did their antisemitism in fact derive from their perceptions of the conduct of liberal Jewish ?offenders? during a period of social stress? Blaschke?s deeper look at this crucial period of German history, particularly as revealed in the Catholic and Jewish presses, provides new and sometimes surprising insights.

Brand Culture And Identity Concepts Methodologies Tools And Applications

Author: Management Association, Information Resources
Editor: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522571175
Size: 15,64 MB
Format: PDF
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The world of brands is undergoing a sea change in the domain of consumer culture, and it has become a challenge to cater to the taste and needs of audiences. The process of creating iconic brands varies from product to product and market to market. Effective branding strategies are imperative for success in a competitive marketplace. Brand Culture and Identity: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications is a vital reference source for the latest research findings on the use of theoretical and applied frameworks of brand awareness and culture. Highlighting a range of topics such as consumer behavior, advertising, and emotional branding, this multi-volume book is ideally designed for business executives, marketing professionals, business managers, academicians, and researchers actively involved in the marketing industry.

Bionics By Examples

Author: Werner Nachtigall
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319058584
Size: 18,69 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Bionics means learning from the nature for the development of technology. The science of "bionics" itself is classified into several sections, from materials and structures over procedures and processes until evolution and optimization. Not all these areas, or only a few, are really known in the public and also in scientific literature. This includes the Lotus-effect, converted to the contamination-reduction of fassades and the shark-shed-effect, converted to the resistance-reduction of airplanes. However, there are hundreds of highly interesting examples that contain the transformation of principles of the nature into technology. From the large number of these examples, 250 were selected for the present book according to "prehistory", "early-history", "classic" and "modern time". Most examples are new. Every example includes a printed page in a homogeneous arrangement. The examples from the field "modern time" are joint in blocks corresponding to the sub-disciplines of bionics.

German English Dictionary Of Idioms

Author: Hans Schemann
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1136783024
Size: 15,10 MB
Format: PDF
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This unique dictionary covers all the major German idioms and is probably the richest source of contemporary German idioms available, with 33,000 headwords. Within each entry the user is provided with: English equivalents; variants; contexts and precise guidance on the degree of currency/rarity of an idiomatic expression. This dictionary is an essential reference for achieving fluency in the language. It will be invaluable for all serious learners and users of German. Not for sale in Germany, Austria and Switzerland.

The Originality Requirement For Integrated Circuits

Author: Jozef A. Keustermans
Editor:
ISBN:
Size: 17,78 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Amerikastudien

Author:
Editor:
ISBN:
Size: 11,87 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Das Gitarrenbuch

Author: Alexander Schmitz
Editor:
ISBN:
Size: 20,86 MB
Format: PDF
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The Message

Author: Claudia Dichter
Editor: Walther Konig
ISBN:
Size: 12,58 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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"Occult practices, voices of higher beings and magical moments have often been met with suspicion in the fine arts. Yet, they have an astounding influence on art from 1850 until today, something which this book shows for the first time, based on unusual paintings, drawings and thought photographs. Higher powers dictate entire texts, spirits issues painting directions, while voices from the beyond manifest themselves by knocking, and cause mediums to speak in unknown languages. The Message Art and Occultism introduces this largely unknown phenomenon for the first time. With paintings, drawings, photographs, and sound recordings, the book presents an overview ranging from the earliest mediumistic works of the second half of the 19th century to the present."--BOOK JACKET.