The Battle Of Actium 31 Bc

Author: Lee Fratantuono
Editor: Pen & Sword Books
ISBN: 9781473847149
File Size: 57,53 MB
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A good argument could be made that the Battle of Actium was the most significant military engagement in Roman history. On a bright September day, the naval forces of Octavian clashed with those of Antony and Cleopatra off the coast of western Greece. The victory Octavian enjoyed that day set the state for forty-four years of what would come to be known as the Augustan Peace, and was in no small way the dawn of the Roman Empire.Yet, despite its significance, what exactly happened at Actium has been a mystery, despite significant labors and effort on the part of many classicists and military historians both amateur and professional. Professor Lee Fratantuono re-examines the ancient evidence and presents a compelling and solidly documented account of what took place in the waters off the promontory of Leucas in late August and early September of 31 B.C.

11 Battle Of Actium 31 Bc

Author: Patrick J. Parrelli
Editor: Patrick Parrelli
ISBN: 0984694307
File Size: 33,15 MB
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The eleventh of the twelve 'Octavian Chronicles' telling the story of the 'Rise to Power' of Octavian, the adoptive son Julius Caesar. The story takes place in Ancient Rome. It begins in 44 BC with the assassination of Julius Caesar and ends in 27 BC when Octavian takes the name Caesar Augustus and becomes Rome's first emperor.

Actium 31 Bc

Author: Si Sheppard
Editor: Osprey Publishing
ISBN: 9781846034053
File Size: 62,32 MB
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Osprey's examination of the Battle of Actium, which was the decisive confrontation of the Final War of the Roman Republic (32-30 BC). In 32 BC, the Roman Republic declared war on Egypt and set in motion a chain of events that would tear the Republic apart. In Rome, the forces of the western republic were marshaled together under Octavian (the future Emperor Augustus) and Marcus Agrippa. In the east, armies were gathered under the leadership of the famous lovers, Marc Antony and Cleopatra. On September 2, 31 BC, the forces of Octavian and Marcus Agrippa managed to trap their enemies in the Gulf of Actium. Although Anthony and Cleopatra managed to escape, their army and navy, along with their hopes for victory were crushed. A few months later, the lovers would commit suicide. Their death saw the end of the war and the end of the Roman Republic. Now wielding supreme power, Octavian declared himself Emperor. Actium has remained one of the most famous battles of the Ancient World thanks to its colorful cast of characters that have been reinvented by the writings of Shakespeare and the stars of the silver screen. This new book tells the true story of the decisive and bloody battle that would once and for all seal the fate of the Roman Republic.

Naval Battle Of Actium September 2nd 31 Bc

Author: André Geraque Kiffer
Editor: Clube de Autores
ISBN:
File Size: 58,16 MB
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Drawing on the technical features of having heavier ships rigged with masts and sails, Antonius and Cleopatra s fleet could have sailed into Agmen (column) to a safe distance that left the enemy in doubt as to their battle order, and at the last possible moment formed a large Orbis (yes, a square similar to the tactical terrestrial formation, but without spaces inside) and like a ruptured ram ahead and then sailed towards Egypt - with hoisted sails - like a large convoy.

Res Publica Constituta

Author: Carsten Hjort Lange
Editor: BRILL
ISBN: 9004175016
File Size: 72,61 MB
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The years surrounding the decisive battle of Actium in 31 BC, and the various measures undertaken by the victor Augustus to create and legitimate a new system of government in Rome are among the most discussed aspects of Roman history. This book re-evaluates Augustus' rise to power, first as triumvir along with Antonius and Lepidus, and then as sole ruler, focusing particularly on the part played by propaganda and ideological claims. Augustus is shown to have acknowledged the Actium war as a civil as well as an external war, and the commemorations of the battle at the site and in Rome are re-assessed, along with the role ascribed to Apollo in the victory. The celebrated settlement of 28-27 BC is shown to have constituted the accomplishment of the triumviral assignment.

The Battle Of Actium

Author: John Mackenzie Carter
Editor: Hamish Hamilton
ISBN:
File Size: 25,61 MB
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Examines the rule of Augustus Caesar, including his rise to power, politics, and final days, and describes everyday life in Rome during his reign.

31 Bc

Author: David Stuttard
Editor: British Museum Press
ISBN: 9780714122748
File Size: 28,65 MB
Format: PDF
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On 2 September 31 BC, two superpowers, Egypt and Rome, met head-on for the first and last time in history. The outcome was the Battle of Actium, which would change the course of history and lead directly to the foundation of the Roman Empire. In a compelling new chronicle, brought vividly to life with expressive anecdotes and moving eye-witness accounts, 31 BC explores the chain of events that culminated in the fall of Egypt. A sequel to the popular AD 410: the Year that Shook Rome, 31 BC reveals the tragic romance between Antony and Cleopatra, boldly characterising the central charismatic personalities of the time. Illustrated with evocative locations and iconic objects from the British Museum and elsewhere, 31 BC: Antony, Cleopatra and the Fall of Egypt is a dramatic story of a defining moment in history, retold with excitement and vigour from the Egyptian standpoint.

Actium And Augustus

Author: Robert Alan Gurval
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 77,37 MB
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What does it feel like when brother fights brother?

The War That Made The Roman Empire

Author: Barry Strauss
Editor: Simon & Schuster
ISBN: 9781982116675
File Size: 77,98 MB
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The gripping story of one of history’s most important and yet little-known wars, the campaign culminating in the Battle of Actium in 31 BC, whose outcome determined the future of the Roman Empire. Following Caesar’s assassination and Mark Antony’s defeat of the conspirators who killed Caesar, two powerful men remained in Rome—Antony and Caesar’s chosen heir, young Octavian, the future Augustus. When Antony fell in love with the most powerful woman in the world, Egypt’s ruler Cleopatra, and thwarted Octavian’s ambition to rule the empire, and another civil war broke out. In 31 BC one of the largest naval battles in the ancient world took place—more than 600 ships, almost 200,000 men, and one woman—the Battle of Actium. Octavian prevailed and subsequently defeated Antony and Cleopatra, who eventually committed suicide. The Battle of Actium had great consequences for the empire. Had Antony and Cleopatra won, the empire’s capital might have moved from Rome to Alexandria, Cleopatra’s capital, and Latin might have become the empire’s second language after Greek, which was spoken throughout the eastern Mediterranean, including Egypt. In this riveting and exciting history, Barry Strauss, ancient history authority, describes this consequential battle with the drama and expertise that it deserves. The War That Made the Roman Empire is essential history that features three of the greatest figures of the ancient world.

Handbook To Life In Ancient Rome

Author: Lesley Adkins
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195123326
File Size: 40,33 MB
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A one-volume reference on the history of the Roman Empire covers more than 1,200 years of Roman rule from the 8th century B.C. to the 5th century A.D.

Roman Centurions 753 31 Bc

Author: Raffaele D’Amato
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1849085420
File Size: 50,69 MB
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A detailed glimpse into the weapons, equipment and uniforms worn by Roman Centurions from the Roman Kingdom right through to the height of the Republic. Including new research, photographs of artefacts and the signature Men-at-Arms artwork, this is an essential addition to the series and includes several artwork reconstructions of actual named individuals and two lavish scenes depicting combat between Centurions and a Triumphal procession.

A General History For Colleges And High Schools

Author: Philip Van Ness Myers
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 24,38 MB
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A History Of Rome

Author: Philip Van Ness Myers
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 38,71 MB
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The Battle Of Actium

Author: 50 minutes
Editor: 50Minutes.com
ISBN: 2806273102
File Size: 80,59 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Keen to learn but short on time? Get to grips with the events of the Battle of Actium in next to no time with this concise guide. 50Minutes.com provides a clear and engaging analysis of the Battle of Actium. For 13 years after the assassination of Julius Caesar, Rome faced a series of destructive internal conflicts. These conflicts came to a head in 31 BC, when Caesar’s son Octavius and Mark Antony clashed at Actium. This battle played a decisive role in the fate of the Roman Empire, and Octavius’ victory ensured Roman domination in the Mediterranean for centuries to come. In just 50 minutes you will: • Understand the events leading up to the battle, including the assassination of Julius Caesar • Identify the main leaders and political figures in the conflict and the role they played • Analyse the outcome of the battle and the impact of the victory of Octavius on the future of Rome ABOUT 50MINUTES.COM | History & Culture 50MINUTES.COM will enable you to quickly understand the main events, people, conflicts and discoveries from world history that have shaped the world we live in today. Our publications present the key information on a wide variety of topics in a quick and accessible way that is guaranteed to save you time on your journey of discovery.

The Roman Near East 31 B C A D 337

Author: Fergus Millar
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 44,89 MB
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Annotation A veritable tome in which Millar (ancient history, Oxford U.) traces the expansion of the Roman Empire southward to the Red Sea and eastward across the Euphrates to the Tigris. He describes each culture and how the Roman policy and practice adapted to it, and the impact the conquest had on the later history of the region and the peoples. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.

Aspects Of Roman History 31 Bc Ad 117

Author: Richard Alston
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317976428
File Size: 35,40 MB
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This new edition of Aspects of Roman History 31 BC- AD 117 provides an easily accessible guide to the history of the early Roman Empire. Taking the reader through the major political events of the crucial first 150 years of Roman imperial history, from the Empire’s foundation under Augustus to the height of its power under Trajan, the book examines the emperors and key events that shaped Rome’s institutions and political form. Blending social and economic history with political history, Richard Alston’s revised edition leads students through important issues, introducing sources, exploring techniques by which those sources might be read, and encouraging students to develop their historical judgement. The book includes: chapters on each of the emperors in this period, exploring the successes and failures of each reign, and how these shaped the empire, sections on social and economic history, including the core issues of slavery, social mobility, economic development and change, gender relations, the rise of new religions, and cultural change in the Empire, an expanded timeframe, providing more information on the foundation of the imperial system under Augustus and the issues relating to Augustan Rome, a glossary and further reading section, broken down by chapter. This expanded and revised edition of Aspects of Roman History, covering an additional 45 years of history from Actium to the death of Augustus, provides an invaluable introduction to Roman Imperial history, surveying the way in which the Roman Empire changed the world and offering critical perspectives on how we might understand that transformation. It is an important resource for any student of this crucial and formative period in Roman history.

Actium Augustus And The Poets

Author: Robert Alan Gurval
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 72,57 MB
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The Greatest Battles In History

Author: Charles River Charles River Editors
Editor: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781985386211
File Size: 13,74 MB
Format: PDF
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*Explains the events that led up to the Battle of Actium, as well as the differences in the opposing navies and tactics. *Includes ancient accounts of the Battle of Actium. *Includes a comprehensive discussion of the facts and myths surrounding the battle. *Includes a bibliography for further reading. The names of history's most famous battles still ring in our ears today, their influence immediately understood by all. Marathon lent its name to the world's most famous race, but it also preserved Western civilization during the First Persian War. Saratoga, won by one of the colonists' most renowned war heroes before he became his nation's most vile traitor. Hastings ensured the Normans' success in England and changed the course of British history. Waterloo, which marked the reshaping of the European continent and Napoleon's doom, has now become part of the English lexicon. In Charles River Editors' Greatest Battles in History series, readers can get caught up to speed on history's greatest battles in the time it takes to finish a commute, while learning interesting facts long forgotten or never known. Every era has watershed moments that shape the arc of history, and for Ancient Rome, few were as decisive or monumental as the Battle of Actium in 31 B.C. The battle's importance is understandable given the stakes and people involved; Actium pitted the joint navies of Cleopatra and Mark Antony against the battle fleet of Octavian. In many ways, this climactic battle was the culmination of a years-long power struggle between the heirs of the assassinated Julius Caesar, with Octavian being his legally appointed heir and Antony being his longtime lieutenant and trusted advisor. Antony had even taken Caesar's Egyptian mistress as his own. As one of Rome's most famous battles, the Battle of Actium has taken on a life of its own in popular memory. One of the longest-held myths about the battle is that Cleopatra, sensing defeat, began to sail away from the fight in the middle of the day, and the lovestruck Antony followed her with his own ship, abandoning his men in the middle of the fight. While that popular myth would be in keeping with explaining Cleopatra's irresistible charm and magnetism, contemporary accounts of the battle do not suggest it was actually the case. As night approached, Antony and Cleopatra spotted a gap in the now thoroughly jumbled enemy line, and ordered their ships to speed through it without delay, making for Alexandria with all speed and abandoning their entire navy to its fate. Only 60 of Antony's ships, less than a fifth of his original strength, survived. It was a crushing blow, for Octavian and his generals had virtually annihilated Egypt's seaborne power, and Antony's with it. While Antony was able to limp away from the disaster which befell his fleet, he and Cleopatra were now reduced to hunted fugitives virtually bereft of an army, and the abortive siege in Alexandria was nothing but the mopping-up. The war would end with Antony and Cleopatra both famously committing suicide. The results of Actium implemented the most radical change in the history of Rome, at least until the Empire was split into East and West centuries later. Octavian's win ensured the creation of a hereditary imperial dynasty that would steer Rome to even further greatness and remain virtually unchallenged by any serious pretender for decades. In that sense, Actium also represented the final gasp of the moribund Roman Republic, which would be replaced by an Empire that would endure for a further 500 years. The Greatest Battles in History: The Battle of Actium comprehensively covers the events that led up to the battle, the battle itself, and the famous aftermath. Along with maps of the battle and pictures of important people and places, you will learn about Actium like you never have before.

The Penguin Historical Atlas Of Ancient Rome

Author: Christopher Scarre
Editor: Penguin Group USA
ISBN: 9780140513295
File Size: 20,97 MB
Format: PDF
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Uses maps, text, and illustrations to present the history of the Roman Empire, from its beginning as a modest village to its transformation into a Christian theocracy